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AUSTIN, William

AUSTIN, William

Male 1800 - 1887  (87 years)  Submit Photo / DocumentSubmit Photo / Document

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  • Name AUSTIN, William 
    Born 10 Mar 1800  Westfield, Washington, New York, United States Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Male 
    WAC 5 Jan 1846  NAUVO Find all individuals with events at this location 
    _TAG Reviewed on FS 
    Died 3 Jul 1887  Trenton, Cache, Utah, United States Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Buried 5 Jul 1887  Cornish, Cache, Utah, United States Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Headstones Submit Headstone Photo Submit Headstone Photo 
    Person ID I20715  Joseph Smith Sr and Lucy Mack Smith | Joseph Sr.
    Last Modified 20 Jul 2020 

    Father WRAY, Sir Christopher ,   b. 29 Mar 1621, Glentworth, Lincolnshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 24 Nov 1664, Glentworth, Lincolnshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 43 years) 
    Mother FOLJAMBE, Frances ,   b. Dec 1626, Walton, Derbyshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 2 Nov 1667, Glentworth, Lincolnshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 40 years) 
    Family ID F28243  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family LEE, Olive ,   b. 1800, Yonge, Leeds, Ontario, Canada Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 31 Mar 1872, Manchester, Bennington, Vermont, United States Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 72 years) 
    Married 1 Jan 1828 
    Last Modified 6 Oct 2020 
    Family ID F8474  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsWAC - 5 Jan 1846 - NAUVO Link to Google Earth
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  • Photos
    William Austin
    William Austin
    Austin, William and wives
    Austin, William and wives
    Agnes Nicol, William Austin, and Agnes McIntier
    Agnes Nicol, William Austin, and Agnes McIntier
    William Austin and his wives
    AMBROSE SHURTZ
    Agnes Nicol, William Austin, and Agnes McIntier
    William Austin and his wives

  • Notes 
    • From Ancestral File (TM), data as of 2 January 1996.

      Austin – At Trenton, Cache County, July 3rd 1887, William Austin, born Marich 10th, 1800, in the State of New York, Washington County; baptized June 1st 1852, by John Young; ordained to the priesthood by John Young.
      He assisted in the building of the Temple in Nauvoo until its completion, helping to lay the top corner stone and getting lumber to make the stairs. He shared the mobbings and persecutions of the Saints in Nauvoo, and emigrated with his family to Salt Lake City. He died as he had lived firm in the faith of the gospel. Comforting remarks were made by Elders Thomas Godfrey, Andrew McCombs, Henry Yates and Bishop James B. Jardine


      William Austin, son of William Austin and Elizabeth Stevenson, was born 10 March 1800 at Fort Ann, Washington, New York during the years the town was named Westfield. He was around two years old when the family moved to Yonge, Leeds County, Ontario Canada. William married Agnes Nicol, daughter of William Nicol and Agnes Bronlee, 1 January 1822 at Hammond, St. Lawrence, New York. They were baptized into the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints on June 1, 1838 by Elder James Blakesley, who was the presiding Elder of the Conference at Hammond.

      They left Hammond in 1842 and moved to Nauvoo Illinois where William went to work quarrying rock for the Nauvoo Temple. He helped to bring lumber to make the stairs, and helped lay the top corner stone of the temple, assisting with its building until it completion. He was called to be doorkeeper to the house of the Lord. From original certificates issued to William Austin entitling him to the privilege of the Baptismal Font at Nauvoo Temple April 11, 1843 and October 14, 1844." This first dated certificate was signed by Joseph Smith, the prophet and William Clayton as recorder. The second is signed only by William Clayton, recorder.

      We are also in possession of a certificate showing that he was a shareholder of the capital stock of the arsenal of the Nauvoo Legion Association, transferable by endorsement of the Lieutenant or Major General. Signed E. Ellswroth, sec., Nauvoo October 8, 1844, Brigham Young, Lieut General of the Nauvoo Legion, Charles C. Rich, Major General of the Nauvoo Legion. (Recorded at Nauvoo, on License Record Book A, p. 129, W. Richard, recorder.)

      Sometime during the spring of 1844 William Austin was sent out to advocated for the rights of Joseph Smith to be president of the United States. But he found the mob spirit so strong he could do no good, so he returned to his home in Nauvoo. He arrived home just three days before Joseph and Hyrum Smith were arrested and incarcerated in Carthage jail.

      William Austin and his wife, Agnes Nicol Austin received their endowments in the Nauvoo Temple 5 January 1846. The mob spirit increased, and William assisted in gathering up boats to move the saints across the river. He was in charge of the boats that freighted the first company across and accompanied those saint through the settlements, then he was honorably discharged from this service to return to Nauvoo to bring his family out.
      (Source: March 17, 1846 "William Austin was honorably released to return to Nauvoo" (Utah Journal, page 13).

      Iowa
      William moved his family across the river March 28, 1846. They camped for several days and then moved on to Bentonsport, on the Des Moines River, and from there to Fox River, and on to White Pigeon. They endured the mobbing and persecution of the saints while at Nauvoo and shared the hardships of the saints as they moved west.
      William joined in with a friend in the spring of 1847 and worked his way into Winter Quarters and joined the main company of the saints at Omaha, Nebraska. Brigham Young had requested permission from the Indian nations to locate his followers on their land for a limited stay, as the Indians had been granted this land for "as long as the rivers run." The Omaha Indians became hostile however, and the Indian agent ordered the saints to move. They crossed the river and lived at Harris Grove where William took up a piece of land and built a house. He remained there until the spring of 1852 while they made preparations for the journey west to Utah.
      The company was organized into groups of 50 wagons and then later divided into companies of 35, William had charge of one company of 35 wagons and Robert Wimmer had charge of one company of 50 wagons. A sister-in-law Isabel Nicol McIntire and her family traveled with them. They were in Indian country all the way, so they tied up the stock at night and stood guard. They arrived in Salt Lake October 8, 1852 and settled in North Ogden.

      North Ogden, Utah
      William married Agnes McIntire in 1853. She was the daughter of Simeon McIntire and Isabel Nciol, and a niece of William's first wife, Agnes. Her mother, Isabel Nicol McIntire had died at Green River as they were entering the valley. They moved to Brigham City in 1855, but were forced to flee south when Johnson's Army arrived in 1857. They returned to Box Elder County and while here he deeded his property and personal and household belongings to the church. They moved to Logan in Cache Valley in the spring of 1860. He received his patriarchal blessing under the hands of Patriarch Isaac Morley, October 19, 1881 as recorded in book x, page 173 with H. C. Robinson as scribe.

      Bear Lake Valley
      William was called by Brigham Young to help settle Bear Lake Valley and he moved his family there in the spring of 1864, settling at Bloomington with a few other families. While they lived here the grasshoppers were sometimes so thick they would darken the sun and devour everything in sight. William was a minute man and helped guard the women and children from Indian raids. He was a great friend of the Indians. They came for miles to shake his hand.He had charge of the fast offerings which consisted of goods like flour, butter, eggs and such and the bishop often sent the Indians to the Austin house for food. They would gather so thick in and around the house that the children had to get in one corner and sit very still. There was hardly room to pass.

      William always kept a few sheep and in the spring of the year when they were sheared Agnes Elizabeth and Aunty (William's first wife, Agnes Nicol) would wash the wool, cared it into rolls, then spin it into yarn, and weave some of it into cloth.

      Brigham Young came to Stake conferences which were held in Paris and both grownups and children lined the streets of Bloomington to greet him. President Young rode in the first carriage followed by carriages containing apostles and other church leaders. After the company had passed everyone would fall in line and march back to Bloomington, then William hitched the team to the wagon and took his family to Paris to attend conference.

      He had to haul provisions by team and wagon through the mountains from Logan, and the trip required several days. This, together with the cold winters and heavy snowfall became too hard and strenuous. William, who was getting along in years, moved his family to Weston, Idaho then he homesteaded 160 acres of land at Trenton, Utah and moved his family there in the spring of 1875.

      Trenton, Utah

      From the Utah Journal page 1, I quote the following: "August 1, 1883, Cache County Agriculture Society meeting of the Board of Directors: William Austin, with others, appointed to award fruits and flowers on the Day of Exhibition at Trenton, Cache County, Utah."
      William died July 3, 1887, as he had lived, firm in the faith of the Gospel. Comforting remarks were made at his funeral by Elders Thomas Godfrey, Andrew McCombs, Henry Yates and Bishop James B. Jardine. He was buried at Tenton Utah. He was the father of eight children by his wife, Agnes McIntire (Mcintier) six of whom survived him.
      His ordinations in the priesthood, copied from the original certificates are as follows:
      Ordained a priest, September 28, 1838 by Elder James Blakesley.
      Ordained an Elder at a General Conference of the authorities of the church held at Navuoo April 6, 1844, signed Joseph Smith, President Willard Richard, clerk.
      Ordained a High Priest, February 34, 1853 under the hands of Elders John Young. Thomas Dunn and Charles Dalton.

      Works Cited:
      1. History of William Austin by Verna Ransom Sederholm, Brigham City, Utah January 27, 1947. Note: This history was prepared by Verna January 27, 1947 and edited by Lynn Ransome Burton, Nov 27, 1987, and published over
      http;//www/outer-chaos.net/austin/txt 4/28/03.
      2. Agnes Elizabeth Austin Ransom at http://freepages, genealogy.rootsweb.com
      3. Lynn Ransom Bruton (1994) Brigham City, Utah
      5. Austin Family Bible in possession of Flora Baldwin Newson, Hammond, New York
      5. The Journal of William Austin donated to the Church Historians Office, Church of Jesus Christ of Latter day Saints. by Verna Ransom Sederholm.

      WILLIAM AUSTIN
      By Narlynn N. Dickson
      2004
      1. BIOGRAPHY
      2. RESEARCH - Family Records
      Temple Records
      Correspondence 1967
      Published Histories
      The Webb
      3. RESEARCH - Ontario Canada 1958-2003
      Samuel Lee of Yonge Township
      Ephraim Lee of Elizabethtown
      Zenus Lee of Kitley and Augusta
      Olive Lee and John Cornell - A Marriage Record
      Seth Cornell and Phebe Shaw of Kitley and Yonge
      Olive Cornell of Yonge - Another Marriage Record
      William Austin
      Daniel Shipman
      Why
      Olive Lee
      Another Daniel Shipman
      .............................................................................................................................................

      BIOGRAPHY
      In the words of a popular song, Lucinda was no stranger to the rain. Being rejected disowned and finally left unclaimed was the story of her life. She gave her birth date as 22 December 1822 and her place of birth as Young U Canada. She was told she was the daughter of Olive Lee who had given her away when she was one or two and a half years old to William Austin and his young wife, Agnes Nicol, who had no children of their own. Grandchildren have written that her birth mother had called her Little Christina and that an uncle had told her that her real father was a wealthy timber man from Canada named Daniel Shipman.
      The only evidence I have that William Austin and Agnes Nichol raised her has come from her grandchildren, except for a family group record compiled by Donna A. Jorgensen, a great granddaughter of William Austin and his third wife, Agnes McIntyre. She wrote that Lucinda was born out of wedlock and given to William Austin when she was two and a half years old, and that his first wife, Agnes Nichol, raised her. I have no legal records of that adoption, and my history of William, Austin written by a granddaughter from his third marriage, does not mention Lucinda.

      William Austin and Agnes Nicol
      The history I have of William Austin shows he was born March 10, 1800 in Fort Ann, (known for a short time as Westfield) Washington County, New York, the son of William Austin and Elizabeth Stevenson. He moved with his parents to Yonge Township in Ontario Canada when he was two years old and the population in Yonge was 610 people. The census returns for the years 1802, 1803 and 1810 monitor the growth of the William and Elizabeth Austin family, as well as the growth of the township which in 1810 had a population of 1,688. The 1820 census returns show William and Elizabeth with 1 girl and five boys at home. The following year the census taker found only 3 boys at home and one girl. So it was likley during this year that William Jr. was across the river in Hammond New York where he married Agnes Nicol. She was the daughter of William Nicol and Agnes Bronlee who had recently emigrated from Lanarkshire, Scotland, and were among the first to settle in the town of Hammond. Records left by his grandchildren from his third marriage show they were married the first day of January 1822.
      They returned to Yonge where they are listed in the 1824 census returns, which show William living with a wife. The following census taken in the spring of 1827 lists them living with a girl under 16. It appears that sometime between 1824 and 1827 Lucinda became a member of the Austin family where she grew up with Austin and Nicol cousins who lived on both sides of the St. Lawrence River.

      Thomas William Callahan
      Lucinda was eight years old when the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints was organized in Fayette County New York and not long after that William and Agnes were converted to the new faith. My history read they were baptized in the spring of 1838 by James E. Blakesley, presiding elder of the conference of the church at Hammond. William was 38 years old and Agnes was 35. I have no record that Lucinda was baptized at this time but she likely attended church with them and took part in the activities of the branch in Hammond. She married Thomas William Callahan when she was fifteen, and my records show they were baptized into the church, November 19, 1840, a week after the birth of their first child. They named him Alma Austin Callahan for a Book of Mormon prophet and her stepfather, William Austin.

      Nauvoo
      Thomas and Lucinda moved to Illinois likely with her adopted parents and her Aunt Isobel and Uncle Simeon who had also joined the church. Isabel's daughter Agnes wrote that they left Hammond in 1838 and worked their way to the eastern part of Illinois where they sheltered Mormon missionaries and moved to Nauvoo during the year 1841. The Nauvoo 1st Ward Membership Records "showing the names of those who came into Nauvoo since 1841" reveal the names of Thomas W. Callahan, born April 2, 1812, and Lucinda Callahan. No birth date or parents given, and temple records show they went through the Nauvoo temple, February 7, 1846, and that Thomas held the office of Seventy in the priesthood.
      Thomas and Lucinda had two sons while living in Nauvoo: Andrew Nicol Callahan and Amasa Lyman Callahan. They might have named this youngest son for the apostle, Amasa Lyman. Euroca Brimhall (Dickson) told me Lucinda was a mid-wife in early Nauvoo and she used her skill to help in the homes of early church leaders. Mid-wives often lived in with the family both before and after babies were born in that day, when childbirth took such a heavy toil, and it's possible Lucinda and Thomas were well acquainted with the name-sake of their son.

      Iowa
      They left Nauvoo sometime that winter and joined the line of exiles moving slowly across Iowa. They had made their way to Mt. Pisgah when Captain James Allen arrived in the settlement asking for men to support the nation in its fight against Mexico. When the saints learned that Brigham Young supported the forming of a battalion as a way to raise money to move the body of the church west, several enlisted, including Thomas.
      Those who joined the Battalion moved quickly on to Council Bluffs where they were inducted into service and where Thomas marched away with Company B, under the command of Captain Jesse D. Hunter, leaving Lucinda with three small children to care for and a baby to arrive in a few months. The date was July 20, 1846.
      Their youngest son, Amasa, passed away three months to the day his father left, October 20, 1846, and Lucinda gave birth to a daughter six weeks later at Winter Quarters. She named her Agnes, for the mother who had raised her.

      EVALUATION - leaving Nauvoo
      Verna Ransom Sederholm wrote that William Austin helped escort the first company across the river and stayed with them until the middle of March, and it's possible he was helping his daughter and three grandchildren safely on their way. My history reads that Thomas and Lucinda went to the Nauvoo temple Saturday, February 7, 1846, just before leaving Illinois, and they arrived in Mt. Pisgah just as Captain Allen arrived. Note the words of those who fled with them that winter:

      Feb 8, 1846: Brigham Young spoke to the saints in the grove on Sunday and told them the first company to go west would start this week. (DHC vol 7, p 582).
      Monday, Feb. 9, 1846: We left Nauvoo Feb 9, 1846.... and arrived in Mt. Pisgah May 20th. (Eliza Maria P. Lyman)
      Monday, Feb. 9, 1846: I left my house in the city of Joseph at 12 pm with my family crossed the Mississippi river...(William Huntington)
      June 28, 1846: Mt. Pisgah. A United States officer from Fort Levingsworth arrived with an invitation from the president of the United States to inlist 500 Mormons to engage in the war between the US and Mexico. I gave him a letter of introduction to the authorities of the church at the bluffs. He left the same day. (Journal of William Huntington. Lyman & Huntington quotes are from Madsen, p 86,153)

      According to the journal of William Huntington, he and his family left Nauvoo with the Amasa Lyman Hundred on the 9th of February and traveled to Mount Pisgah where he was called to be presiding elder. (Madsen, p 130) So it appears that the Lymans, the Huntingtons, and the Callahans were all at Mt. Pisgah June 28th when Captain Allen arrived there, and it's possible Thomas and Lucinda had left Nauvoo February 9th with the Amasa Lyman group, escorted in part by her father who helped the first company move out. This supports the memories of Euroca Brimhall (Dickson) who told me Lucinda left Nauvoo with the first company to leave the city because she was a mid-wife and her skills were needed. Considering that nine babies were born that first week in Sugar Creek it's possible Lucinda's presence with those first companies was a matter of medical preparation.
      Lucinda crossed the plains to Utah with the Willard Richards Company in 1848. This company was divided into two sections: The Willard Richards section and the Amasa Lyman section. The Lyman section left the outfitting post on 30 or 31 June and the Richards section left on 3 July. Eliza Partridge Lyman, the wife of Amasa, gave birth while this company journeyed along the Platte River en-route to Utah, and as Lucinda was a mid-wife, this might be why she was traveling with this family. A list of those who traveled with this company includes the names of Lucinda Callahan, age 24, Andrew Callahan age 6, and Agnes A. Callahan age 2. The oldest son, Alma Austin Callahan, is not listed, and he might have crossed the plains with his grandfather, William Austin in 1852. This is an indication that Lucinda was in the care of someone who could help a single women and two small children cross the plains, for if she had to handle oxen and manage alone she surely would have kept her eight-year old son near to help.
      Some of her descendants have written that Lucinda crossed the plains with the Brigham Young Company. She left Nauvoo with the first company to leave the city, but remained east of the Mississippi River until June of 1848, and then crossed the plains under the supervision of Brigham Young. He had moved quickly across to Utah during the summer of 1847, but only stayed a month. He then traveled back to the stranded members of the church in Iowa where he and his two counselors, Heber C. Kimball and Willard Richards were sustained at General Conference as the first presidency of the church. Brigham Young then organized the removal of several thousand saints the following season, and the Willard Richards Company was the last company of this organization to leave that summer. Among those listed with this company are both Lucinda Callahan and Eliza Lyman, who wrote that they arrived in Salt Lake October 17th, 1848. (Madsen)
      When Brigham Young, Heber C. Kimball and Willard Richards stopped at Mt. Pisgah and asked the men to march with the Battalion they had promised their families they would help them move west, and as Lucinda crossed the plains with the Willard Richards Company two years later, it appears the promise was kept.
      *Note: Shirley Maynes reported that Thomas and Lucinda left Nauvoo by way of the frozen Missouri River. This line came from a history someone submitted to her for her publication and I think it was written by a family member who was aware that Lucinda left Nauvoo early and just assumed the first crossings were over the frozen river. Those who left the first week in February moved across a river of water, but during the second and third weeks of February large chunks of ice floating in the river hindered the crossing. Willard Richards walked safely over the ice on the 25th and during the last week of February many made their way across a frozen bridge. If the Callahan family crossed on ice they did not leave until the last week of February when the ice was thick enough to hold the weight of teams and wagons.

      North Ogden, Weber, Utah
      Lucinda's grandchildren claim that Thomas did not write or get in touch with their grandmother for several years after his enlistment was over, and Lucinda, believing he might be dead, married Johnathan Campbell, whose wife, Charity Fuller, had died at Winter Quarters leaving three young children in his care. They were married in 1849 with President Brigham Young officiating.
      Jonathan and Lucinda with their six children moved to North Ogden in the fall of 1850 and lived in a covered wagon. The 1850 census of Weber County lists Jonathan Campbell, age 38, born in Pennsylvania, with his wife Lucinda, age 28, born in Canada. Abial, age 16, Nephi, age 14, and Emma, 11. (Jonathan's children from Charity) and Andrew N. age 8, who was born in Illinois. Agnes A, age 4, born in Indian Territory, and Lucinda, age one, born in Deseret.
      Alma Austin Callahan, age 10, lived with his grandfather, William Austin, who raised him. Andrew spent much of his time in the two-room log home of the Montgomerys. "No one ever had a better home or was treated more kindly than I was by Dad and Mother Montgomery." (William Austin, Pioneers of North Ogden.)
      Lucinda was alone with the children one day when the alarm was sounded that Indians were attacking the settlers. She quickly harnessed the horses, hitched them to the wagon, loaded her children inside, and raced to the fort in Ogden. She hurried the team passed the body of a white man who lay on the ground, pierced with arrows, and reached the fort just ahead of the Indians who were swooping after her. Family histories read that Jonathan and Lucinda kept their family inside the fort that winter, and an early map of Farr's Fort, prepared by Merlin Jones Stone, shows Jonathan Campbell in the fort.
      They moved back to the foothills of North Ogden March 4, 1851, where they cleared sage brush, dug a canal, plowed and fenced gardens, and built a home. Lucinda was a midwife and a faithful worker in the church. The first North Ogden Relief Society was organized, 7 January 1868, with Lucinda Campbell as its President, and Ellen Holmes and Mary Chadwick as her counselors. The sisters raised money for the Salt Lake temple, the missionary fund and genealogy research, and did much good for the sick and needy. She and her counselors were released 6 August 1871, when she moved to Park Valley.

      Park Valley, Box Elder, Utah
      About this time Jonathan Campbell supported the practice of plural marriage and married Phoebe Ann Campbell. Shortly after that, Lucinda left North Ogden and joined her oldest living son, Andrew Nicol Callahan, who had homesteaded land in Rosette, Box Elder County, Utah. She took her children, 16 year old Jonathan, and 9 year old Helaman with her. Helaman's wife later wrote how close she was with her mother-in-law during the years they lived near each other on their ranch homes in Rosette. She was remembered as a wonderful grandmother. She died July 24, 1906 in Rigby, Idaho at the age of 84. She is buried at the Lewisville City Cemetery in Jefferson County.
      Thomas William Callahan and Lucinda were the parents of four children. Their youngest son, Amasa Lyman, died at two years. Alma Austin died in 1860 at age 20, and Agnes Ann died in 1884 at age 38. From this first family, only Andrew out-lived his mother.
      Jonathan Campbell and Lucinda were the parents of eight children, but only three grew to adulthood: Lucinda, Jonathan and Helaman, who all out-lived their mother.

      EVALUATION - June 1846 exiled on the plains of Iowa.
      What happened to Simeon Mcintier that might have left William Austin with the responsibility to remove Isabel and her family across the plains? My family records of William Austin bear an unexplained marriage to Isabella Nicol McIntier, 15 June 1846. I assumed Simeon McIntier died and William helped his sister-in-law and her family cross the plains to Utah, until I saw his death date in the Ancestral File as 1871 in North Ogden. I then looked for him in the Mormon Battalion, but he wasn't there. A history by his daughter, Agnes McIntier, who later married William Austin, sheds no light on the mystery of her father, and a history of William Austin by a granddaughter, Verna Ransom Sederholm, makes no mention of a marriage to Isabella Nicol, nor the presence of Lucinda.
      This family group sheet compiled by Donna A. Jorgensen, gives four wives for William Austin: Agnes Nichol, Isabel Nicol, Agnes McIntyre and Olive Lee, (who was sealed to him later). She has written on the back that "William Austin had Isabel sealed to him, but she had already been sealed to Simon McIntyre."
      Henry Christiansen, Superintendent of the Utah Genealogical Society in Salt Lake, acknowledged this marriage when he wrote: .. Why these two were later sealed to William Austin, a man who had three wives already, is difficult to understand... (Fern Hobbs letter) Apparently, it has been made a matter of public record that William had three wives, and Olive Lee was sealed later, which was the action the Superintendent was wondering about… likely because someone was complaining about it.
      These grandchildren, who became the record keepers of this family, did not mind leaving a record of this marriage without any explanation for it. And I'm simply left to wonder if Simeon wanted to stay back east, influenced by family members who had tried to wean Lucinda with stories of Daniel Shipman, or is that marriage connection to William Austin another reported mistake?
      Both Simeon McIntier and Thomas William Callahan have life stories that are like mirages. I can't catch up with them. It was here in the tent and wagon cities that were Bentonsport and Mt. Pisgah that both men disappeared from the family circle. It is a matter of history that Thomas left to march with the Battalion, but no one has left word on what happened to Simeon.
      Euroca Brimhall (Dickson) and Charlotte Barlow both said that Thomas was a heavy drinker, and I've often wondered who influenced him to march with the Battalion. Whose influence over him was that great? And whose devotion to the request of church leaders was that strong? The young Apostle, Amasa Lyman? Wlliam Austin, who later deeded all he owned to the church? Or even Lucinda, who might have seen the battalion as a solution to a drinking problem? Perhaps if we could find out why he inlisted, we might learn why he never returned.
      However, Simeon McIntier is not included on the records of those who marched to California with the battalion, so did he have a drinking problem, or did he simply not want to go west? Many were dismayed at the idea of following Brigham Young out west, and our numerous histories show there was plenty of conflict between family members over this challenge. It would be in keeping with the events of that day if Isobel was determined to follow Brigham Young while Simeon wanted to remain in Illinois or Iowa.
      Agnes and Isobel were the only two members of their family to join the church. The other family members remained in New York, except for William, a twin brother to Agnes, who was buried in Stacyville, Iowa. It might have been this man who told Lucinda she was the daughter of a wealthy timber man named Daniel Shipman.
      Alma Campbell is the only grandchild who wrote that Daniel Shipman was Lucinda's father and he also wrote that Shipman wanted her to come back and live with him. And I suspect these two stories naming Daniel Shipman have an origin in this uncle. Did he tell Lucinda about a wealthy father who wanted her to come back to discourage her from going west? This contention might have been the reason William was glad to hurry his daughter away from family pressure and keep her safely by the side of church leaders, and it might have been the reason he took upon himself the responsibility for his sister-in-law and her family.
      If Simon agreed with William Nicol, and also didn't want to go west, then Isabel had to find support to help her and her children cross the plains and William was it. Isabel died en-route to Utah, and the Ancestral File reads that Simeon died in North Ogden in 1871, so it appears he did go west at one time or another. William Nicol was buried in the Stacyville Protestant Cemetery in Iowa, so it appears he didn't.
      This guesswork is derived from putting undocumented information with historical trivia. But what do you do when you can't find answers? I have no idea why William Austin would have married Isabel Nicol McIntier in June of 1846, nor have I learned what happened. But apparently, both Thomas William Callahan and Simeon McIntier broke ranks with the William Austin family while they were strung out in exile on the plains of Iowa, leaving Lucinda in the care of church leaders and Isabel and her family in the care of William and Agnes.
      I'm aware these families were struggling just to survive, and marriage was sometimes the only solution for those who had no one to help them. This was not a time when live-in relationships, so common in today's society, were tolerated. Marriage was the option, which might be why so many marriages are reported on these old family group records.

      Cited Works
      1. Memories of Euroca Brimhall Dickson, great-granddaughter of Lucinda Austin Callahan Campbell, obtained by personal interviews with Narlynn N. Dickson, 1965. She told me Lucinda was a mid-wife for families of early church leaders, and she left Nauvoo with the first company to leave the city for that reason. My research hints the service was likley given in the family of Amasa Lyman.
      2. Condensed from a brief history on Lucinda and Jonathan Campbell, which can be found in the Mormon Battalion Headquarters in Midvale, Utah.
      3. A Biography of Lucinda Shipman Austin Callahan Campbell, written by Lovell A. Killpack, Jr. Orem, Utah.
      4. A history written on Jonathan Campbell, by Eva C. Bybee, Granddaughter.
      5. A Concise History of the Mormon Battalion, by Sgt. Daniel Tyler
      6. Combined Census Records of Yonge Township, Leeds County, Ontario, by J. J. Browne, 1992.
      7. Journey to Zion, by Carol Cornwall Madsen, 1997.
      8. History of the Church, Vol 7, by B. H. Roberts
      ....................................................................................................................................................
      RESEARCH - Part One
      1. Temple Records
      a. The Nauvoo Temple Endowment Register - 1846
      b. The Temple Index Bureau File
      Index Card No. 786 - Endowment House 1852
      Index Card No. 1491 - Endowment House 1852
      Index Card No. 1285 - Endowment House 1872
      c. The Ordinance List at FamilySearch - Logan Temple 1898
      d. Henry E. Christensen Letter - 1948
      2. Correspondence 1967
      a. The EB Dickson Letter
      b. Charlotte Barlow Letter
      c. Ruth Walker Letter
      d. Alma R. Campbell Letter
      e. Hazelton & Maria Campbell Letter
      f. The Fern Hobbs Letter
      g. A William Austin and Olive Lee Family Group Sheet sent by Ruth Waller
      h. A William Austin and Agnes McIntyre Family Group Sheet compiled by Donna A. Jorgenson
      3. Published Biographical Records
      a. Five Hundred Wagons Stood Still, by Shirley Maynes
      b. Pioneers of North Ogden, by North Ogden
      4. The Webb
      Lynn Ransom Burton
      Juanita Bitton

      1. TEMPLE RECORDS
      1. The Nauvoo Temple Endowment Register, page 328
      Name: Lucinda Callahan
      Born: 23 Dec. 1822
      Endowed: 7 Feb 1846 3rd Company
      *Note: Lucinda was 24 years old when she gave her year of birth as 1822. At this date she did not use a maiden name.

      2. The Temple Index Bureau File
      History: About the middle of this last century, volunteers extracted vital record information from the temple records, typed it onto cards and made it available to the public. The file became known as the TIB File, for temple index bureau and was used for many years as a primary source for temple work. Many cards in this file have been altered as from time to time the well-intentioned made changes as new information became available so searching the original temple records is a must if you are looking for the exact understanding your ancestor had. Some of the information in the Ordinance List and the IGI has been taken from this TIB File and these files also contain the changes.

      Index Card No. 786, to Endowment House Temple Records, book A1, p. 61. - 1852
      (a sealing to spouse record)
      Name: Lucinda Shipman
      Born: 23 Dec. 1822
      Where: Young, U. Canada.
      Married: Jonathan Campbell.
      Died: Living
      Heir: Self.
      Sealed: husband to wife: 15 Sep. 1852.
      *Note: This information was given 15 Sept 1852. Lucinda gave her birth year as 1822 and her birthplace as Young, U. Canada. No parents are given. The card below shows that Lucinda gave her name as Lucinda Campbell on this date.

      Index Card No. 1491 to Endowment House Temple Records, book A, p. 54. - 1852
      (an endowment record)
      Name: Lucinda Shipman
      Born: 23 Dec. 1822
      Where: Young, Ontario, Upper Canada
      Mother: Olive Lee (no father given)
      Married: Thomas Callahan.
      Died: Living (a death date of 24 July 1906 was written nearby)
      Heir: Self.
      Endowed: 15 Sep. 1852. (A stamped note on the card reads: Corrected from Lucinda Campbell)

      EVALUATION
      This card was extracted from the same information as the card above. Details on her self that Lucinda gave at the Endowment House 15 September 1852. The words living and self show evidence Lucinda was the informant. The stamped note on the card shows she had given her name as Lucinda Campbell. Whoever transcribed this information on Lucinda from the original temple record changed the name Campbell to Shipman, added a death date of 24 July 1906, and stamped: "Corrected from Lucinda Campbell" on the card. Other Changes:
      1. Lucinda had been married to Jonathan Campbell for two years when this record was made. I doubt she gave her husband's name as Thomas Callahan.
      2. The name Ontario was not in common use in 1852 and was likely added.
      3. Olive Lee and Shipman were both added later, as Card No. 786 pictured above shows that Lucinda did not name parents that day.
      However, there are two different souces cited: page 61 of book A, and page 54 of book A1, and only a search of those original pages would reveal if Lucinda gave more information on herself than appears on the first card.

      Index Card No. 1285 to Endowment House Temple Records, book H of Lvg. p. 100 - 1872
      (a sealing to spouse record)
      Name: Lucinda Shipman
      Born: 23 Dec. 1823
      Where: U Canada.
      Married: Jonathan Campbell.
      Instance of: Self
      Died: Living
      Heir: Self
      Sealed husband to wife: 11 Mar 1872

      EVALUATION
      Lucinda was fifty years old on 11 March 1872 when she was resealed to Jonathan Campbell. She had been married to him and known as Lucinda Campbell for twenty years when they returned to the temple and made their vows a second time. It is doubtful she used the name Lucinda Shipman in 1872, unless she had chosen that name to use after she left North Ogden and went to Park Valley in 1871, which might explain why some of her grandchildren have given Shipman as her maiden name. Note that at the age of fifty she gave her birth year as 1823, not 1822. Jonathan Campbell is listed as her husband and she was resealed to him 11 March 1872.
      *Note: I looked at a microfilm copy of the Endowment House record, and Jonathan had his wives resealed to him that day. The wives all gave their family names, including Lucinda, who gave the name Lucinda Shipman. Charity Fuller was listed with a proxy by her name.
      Lucinda's birth year on this record is questionable. It appears the clerk might have written the wrong date and attempted to change it. Or someone else did. It looks like someone wrote 1822 and tried to change it into 1823. Or they wrote 1823 and tried to change it to 1822. Reader's choice.

      c. The Ordinance List: Logan Temple Records - 1898
      Name: OLIVE LEE
      Birth: 1802
      Where: Canada
      Father-Mother: no parents listed
      Relative: Lucinda Shipman Campbell
      Baptized: 7 Jun 1898 Logan
      Endowed: Pre-1970
      Sealed to Parents: Pre-1970
      Source: Ordinance No. 734, page 21, FHL film 177857.

      EVALUATION
      This Logan temple record reads that Olive was born in Canada, not Germany. Charlotte Barlow wrote that Lucinda had done her mother's work in the Logan temple and it's possible this is the work she was referring to. If this was Lucinda who offered this information it tells us she was using the name Shipman and also that she believed her mother was born in Canada. Lucinda was 76 years old when this work was done and it's possible these details were submitted by one of her children and her name affixed as the relative. Either way, Lucinda likely was involved with offering the information.
      *Note: This was a family effort. I looked at a microfilm of this record and it reads Relative: Lucinda Shipman Campbell. And the birth date of Olive Lee is Canada. The proxies were: L. Peterson at Olive's baptism and J.E. Cowley at her confirmation. I didn't have the date for that endowment at that time to find who was proxy for the work, but later found the date on the Pedigree Resource File, courtesy of Jerry Ross, and that date is of interest - 7 June 1898.
      I have the baptism date of Agnes Ann Callahan as 7 Jun 1898, and her endowment date 9 June 1898 in the Logan temple. Also, Alma Austin Callahan, who died when he was twenty years old, was also endowed that day in the Logan temple. Apparently, Lucinda had the temple work done for her mother, Olive Lee, and two of her children the same day. This might be the sealing work Jonathan had done on behalf of his mother. I suspect Jonathan and Sarah were in the temple that day, and Lucinda was likely with them. A search of the original record would reveal if family members served as proxie.
      There is a stamped Pre-1970 after Sealed to Parents on this record that reads No Parent Listed. This is because the information was taken from old records kept in the temple and placed on a modern format used for the Ordinance List. The term Pre-1970 has only come into use this past few years as a way to alert patrons that early work still is not compiled for computer users.

      d. Letter from Henry E. Christiansen, Superintendent of the Utah Genealogical Society, dated 27 May 1948:
      " According to OLIVE LEE'S endowment card, (caps added) it appears that her daughter Lucinda had her mother and herself sealed to Daniel Shipman. Why these two were later sealed to William Austin, a man who had three wives already, is difficult to understand. A search in the temple records would show whether the sealing of Olive to William was cancelled."

      EVALUATION
      This note was sent by Ruth Walker and it is the only part of Brother Christensen's letter I have seen. I don't know the addressee, nor why there was an inquiry into the sealing of Lucinda to her foster father. However, an endowment card for Olive Lee would show ONLY Olive's sealing to her own parents. Brother Christensen wrote that he was looking at Olive Lee's endowment card, which doesn't show Lucinda's sealing. So I don't understand his reasoning, unless he had access to the work Fern Hobbs made reference to when she wrote that her grandfather had done sealings on the Shipman line. Jonathan might have sealed his mother to Daniel Shipman and Olive Lee and written Lucinda's name as the relative on the submission form, and when Brother Christensen saw that Lucinda was listed as the relative he assumed she had done it. It's possible this was done the same week the work was undertaken for Olive, Agnes Ann, and Alma William in the Logan temple.

      2. CORRESPONDENCE 1967
      This is the letter Lige sent to the grandchildren of Lucinda. Charlotte Barlow penned answers on it and returned his letter to him, which is why a copy of it is in this file.

      August 25, 1967
      Elijah Brimhall Dickson
      Buckley, Washington
      Dear Sister Barlow,
      We are seeking information concerning Olive Lee, the mother of Lucinda Austin or Shipman, who married Thomas William Callahan, and later Jonathan Campbell. Any answers you can give to the following questions will be appreciated. Thank you.
      1. Whom did Olive Lee marry? No infomation.
      2. Is her parentage known? No information.
      3. Who is Daniel Shipman? Answer: Olive's employer. A sea captain. She was a maid in his home.
      4. Is a family group sheet for Lucinda Austin or Shipman, and Thomas William Callahan available? Answer: I have tired to get one several times, but I have received no answer.
      5. Is a history of any of the following available? Lucinda Shipman or Austin, Olive Lee, William Austin, or Jonathan Campbell. (No answer)
      We have found a marriage record in Brockville, Leeds, Ontario of one Olive Lee of Yong to John Cornell on 19 Feb. 1824 and then later of an Olive Cornell of Yong to William Hallock Salts on April 19, 1837. These marriages were performed by Rev. Smart and are recorded in the Ontario Historical Society Publication Vo. 25. We do not know if this information pertains to the mother of Lucinda. Thank you for what help you can give.
      Sincerely, E.B. Dickson

      A. Charlotte C. Barlow, daughter of Jonathan, wrote:
      Dear Brother Dickson, I am glad to give you the little information I have. Lucinda Austin Callahan Campbell is my grandmother. She was born on 23 Dec. 1823 in Ontario, Upper Canada. She married Thomas William Callahan when very young. He was a heavy drinker. She bore him 3 or 4 children, then she left him. Later she married my grandfather, Jonathan Campbell, after Grandfather returned from the Mormon Battalion march. She had twelve children in all. She died on July 24, 1906 and is buried in Lewsiville Cemetery. Since Grandfather was a member of the battalion his history is recorded. He is buried in North Ogden Cemetery. I am so sorry I didn't get more information while my parents were alive. I have heard that Olive Lee was sealed to William Austin, but I am not sure of this. I think Grandmother did her work in the Logan Temple. Sincerely, Charlotte C. Barlow
      15345 Mendocino Street
      San Leandro, California
      *Note that Charlotte gave Lucinda's name as Lucinda Austin Callahan Campbell.

      B. Ruth Walker, daughter of Jonathan, wrote:
      Sept. 14, 1967
      Dear Mr. Dickson,
      Sorry I couldn't answer your questions sooner. My sister, Isable, has been doing more research work and at the time you wrote she had gone to Salt Lake so I had to wait until she returned. Olive Lee is my grandmother's mother. My sister wrote to the Public Archives in Ontario Canada and sent them $5.00 and from the Genealogical Society she got the information that Olive Lee was a lady in waiting in the Daniel Shipman home. It said she was also one of the help in that home. Daniel Shipman was a large landowner in Ontario, Canada. Daniel Shipman was also known as a Loyalist. He helped to take care of Lucinda when she was a child.
      If you write to Public Archives of Canada, Ontario Canada it might be that you can find out more. I am sending you what my sister's daughter got at the library in Los Angeles California last year on the yellow paper... also Olive Lee's family group sheet as far as we have found out yet. As you see she was born in Germany, might be why we can't find out more. If you find out this is the same Olive Lee that married John Cornell in 1824 we would surely like to know. I will keep this you have sent and maybe it will help us to find out.
      I am sending you my grandmother and grandfather's family group sheet. We have the Johnathan Campbell records back as far as Adam and Eve but I haven't them copied yet. We haven't the Callahan record but you could write to Margaret Callahan Eckersely 3482 Wall Street, Ogden, Utah for it. Please let us know who you are in this family. We have a good record of Johnathan Campbell, born 28 Jan 1812, my father's father. I do not have it copied.
      Sincerely, Mrs. Ruth Walker
      Rigby, Idaho

      EVALUATION
      This family group sheet for Olive Lee she wrote of shows, William Austin as husband and Olive Lee as wife with Lucinda Austin as child. She shows that William Austin was the son of William Austin and Elizabeth Stevenson. She writes William's three wives and the date he married them. This sheet shows that Olive Lee was born abt 1803 in Germany. Ruth wrote "residence Hammond, St. Lawrence, New York" underneath Germany. She wrote that Lucinda Austin was born 23 Dec. 1823 in Yonge, Leeds, Canada, married to Thomas William Callahan. Lucinda died 24 July 1906. End date: 7 Feb 1846 and Sealed to parent 12 Dec 1934. A note reads: As I do not type write this won't stand up but maybe you can do it over.
      In her letter about her sister's research Ruth named both the Genealogical Society and the Public Archives in Ontario. She didn't name the GS as being in Salt Lake, but I don't believe the Public Archives in Ontario is referred to as the Genealogical Society, while that was the common designation for the library in Salt Lake. The common practice in that day was for the patron to send the money to the Genealogical Society in Salt Lake and their staff members then searched both their files and contacted other repositories, so it's likely some of Isabel's information came from the library in Salt Lake. Any inquiry made back to Ontario on Daniel Shipman would invoke a response of sea captain, loyalist, and large land owner, but the information that Olive was a helper in his home could have come from family records donated to the files in the Utah library.
      A search needs to be made of both the public archives in Ontario for such information on Daniel Shipman and the library in Salt Lake for a microfische containing the research of Margaret Callahan Eckersley or other family members who might have contributed this information. Charlotte, Ruth and Isabel knew the name Daniel Shipman from family, but it is likely they received the details he was a sea captain, loyalist and large landowner from librarians. And it's possible the Daniel Shipman of our family records is not the same man as the Daniel Shipman librarians had in mind when they wrote sea captain, loyalist and landowner.

      C. Alma R. Campbell, son of Jonathan, wrote:
      30 Aug. 1967
      Elijah B. Dickson
      Buckley, Washington
      Dear Mr. Dickson, in reply to your letter of Olive Lee, the mother of Lucinda Shipman or Austin. Lucinda was my grandmother and as far as we know the daughter of Shipman and was sealed to Austin, as far as I can find out Margaret Callahan had her sealed to Austin. Olive Lee gave (her) to the Austins, later Shipman tried to get her to come back and live with him, but she didn't ever go back. I have been trying to find the records of Olive Lee and her parents for a long time, but haven't come up with anything yet. I would like to know if she is the same Olive Lee of Yong you are speaking about to John Cornell and William Hallock Salts. Her age does correspond with that time. You might correspond with the records of Maragart Callahan Eckersley at the Genealogical library in SLC and get some information. I haven't done much genealogy work the last two years acct of cataract in both eyes one of them taken care of the other one yet to go. I will keep your letter on file and if I get any information on the Lee line will let you know, and if you get any I would appreciate if you would let me know. I intend to search the library here, also the Salt Lake Library when I get so I can see better.
      Sincerely, Alma Releigh Campbell
      Logan, Utah

      D. Hazelton Campbell, son of Helaman, wrote:
      Sept 1, 1967
      Mr. Elijah B. Dickson
      Buckley, Washington
      Dear Brother Dickson,
      We received your letter of Aug. 25th a few days ago and after some searching of our records will give you what information we have on the people you inquired about. First I want to tell you that I am the wife of Hazelton J. Campbell, who is the grandson of Jonathan Campbell and Lucinda Shipman (Austin) and the son of Helaman and Mary B. Raleigh Campbell. By his request I am answering your letter at this time.
      We have very little record of Olive Lee, except she was born about 1803 in Germany, migrated to French part of Canada - Yong Canada, where she gave birth to a baby daughter 23, Dec 1823 (out of wedlock). Later she married Daniel Shipman, but he was cruel to Olive's little daughter, so when the little girl was about 2.5 years old Olive Lee took her to a couple who had no children by the name of William Austin and Agnes Nichol Austin, and gave the child to them. They adopted her and they named her Lucinda and raised her to womanhood.
      On Dec 12, 1934 Olive Lee was sealed to Wm Austin as his wife and Lucinda was sealed to them as their child, at the instance of Margaret Callahan Eckersley, granddaughter of Thomas W. and Lucinda Shipman Austin Callahan and with consent of the Temple President of Salt Lake Temple.
      My sister-in-law, Mrs. Eva C. Bybee of 250 N. 2nd W. Logan, Utah has a short history of Thomas W. and Lucinda S. Austin Callahan written by their 2nd great grandson, Lovell A. Killpack, but we do not have Mr. Killpack's address. He gave the following information: Thomas Wm and Lucinda S. Austin were baptised 19, Nov. 1840. Then were married abt. 1838 or 39. Thomas died 10 Nov 1889 at Park Valley, Box Elder County, Utah. He belonged to the Mormon battalion and went into California with that group where he remained for several years after being discharged. He went north into the gold fields. His wife Lucinda, believing he was dead, married Jonathan Campbell and he fathered and reared the four Callahan children as his own. Mr. Callahan returned in later years and married.
      Jonathan Campbell was also a member of the Mormon Battalion. He left a wife and 3 small children at Mt. Pisgah to move westward with the pioneers. He never saw his wife again as she passed away at winter Quarters. The three small children were cared for by the saints and brought to Utah where the father and children were reunited in the spring of 1848. My husband has a short sketch of Jonathan and Lucinda S. A. Campbell's life.
      According to our record these are the children of Thomas Wm and Lucinda Shipman Austin Callahan:
      1. Alma Austin Callahan born 13 Nov. 1840 at St. Lawrence, Hammond, New York.
      2. Andrew Nickel Callahan born 14 July 1843 at Nauvoo, Hancock, Illinois.
      3. Amasa Lyman Callahan born 30 Jan 1845 at Nauvoo, Hancock, Illinois.
      4. Agnes A. Callahan born 3 Dec 1846 at Winter Quarters, Omaha.
      This family along with the Campbell children were sealed to Jonathan Campbell and Lucinda S. Austin and we have a record the date as Nov. 1931 but Mrs. Bybee has on her record 15 Oct. 1951.
      We have a short bit of information given by my husband's Mother, Mary Blanche R. Campbell, while she was alive about Lucinda S. A. Campbell and also William Austin. Mother Campbell and Grandmother Lucinda were closely associated in life as they lived in their ranch homes at Rosette, Box Elder, Utah.
      Mrs. Margaret Callahan Eckersley did much research work on her family lines while she lived and her records may be filed in Salt Lake City, but we are not sure about this. Some records under her name may be found at the Salt Lake temple and at the Archives. I think it would be worthwhile to write there and see if you can get information.
      The information you have about Olive Lee and John Cornell etc. we do not know about but if you can get a line on Mrs. Margaret Callahan Eckersley records they may have something more about Olive Lee than we have. Wishing you success in your research efforts.
      Sincerely, Maria B. Campbell
      (Mrs. Hazelton J. Campbell)
      Hyde Park, Utah

      F. Fern Hobbs wrote this letter to her mother, Isabel Campbell Goff, who was a daughter of Jonathon.
      November 25, 1966
      Dear Mother,
      Enclosed please find the record of Temple Ordinances Sheet and two family group sheets, one for Agnes Nicol and another for Olive Lee, both wives of William Austin. The sheet for Agnes Nicol does not recognize the adoption of Lucinda Austin, since the father, William Austin, has stated as follows:

      "I, Margaret C. Eckersley have had sealed Olive Lee to William Austin, also Lucinda sealed to them. From letter written to Lucinda from her foster father William Austin to Lucinda where he wanted her and her mother Olive Lee sealed to him. Also, from a talk with William Austin's daughter, Agnes Elizabeth Austin Ransom who told me that her father told her that "Lucinda was his own daughter and God knew". So that is why I took this step."

      According to a letter from Henry E. Christiansen, Sup. at the Genealogical Society, under date of 27 May 1948:
      "Re: The sealing of Olive Lee to a husband (shown on) two family group sheets submitted by Margaret C. Eckersley of Ogden, Utah. According to Olive Lee's endowment card, it appears that her daughter, Lucinda, had her mother (Olive) and herself sealed to Daniel Shipman. Why these two were later sealed to William Austin, a man who had three wives already, is difficult to understand. A search in the temple records would show whether the sealing of Olive to William was cancelled."
      The enclosed sheet of William Austin and his first wife, Agnes Nicol, shows Lucinda S. Austin was adopted by them. When Grandfather Campbell was approached on the subject of the sealing, which he had done for the Shipman line he had forgotten all about it. Since 1960 we are free to follow the adopted line anyway, whenever worthiness is indicated. Therefore I have indicated the two enclosed sheets the way we should submit them and making the sheet for Agnes Nicol show no children, because the matter is clear on the records, and from an eternal stand point she has less to lose than does Olive Lee, since we do not judge in matters of this kind… the unacceptable ordinances will automatically be voided by the people involved anyway. Love Fern.
      7107 Arizona, Ave
      Los Angeles, California
      A hand written note on the bottom of this letter read: I, Ruth Walker, liked to help take care of my Grandmother. When I was a child, I remember seeing an Austin woman. I asked who she was, and they told me she was a sister of Grandmothers. I remember she looked like Grandma.

      EVALUATION
      Apparently at one time there was a (family group) sheet of William Austin and Agnes Nicol that showed Lucinda had been adopted by them. Fern wrote that her grandfather, who was Jonathan Campbell, had sealings performed on the Shipman line and it is possible Jonathan had his mother sealed to Daniel Shipman.
      Ruth wrote that someone in her family told her that her Grandmother Lucinda had a sister, suggesting that family members considered Lucinda a daughter of William Austin and half-sister to the children he had with Agnes McIntier. It might have been an adopted status but she was still considered part of his family. The mention that they looked alike gives some indication the relationship had been challenged by some. Lucinda was the oldest (adopted?) daughter of William Austin. He had four others who lived to adulthood:
      Agnes Elizabeth, who told Margaret C. Eckersley her father had told her Lucinda was his own daughter.
      Jannette, who married Joseph Ames, and died in 1936.
      Mary who died in 1944.
      Violet, who married Andrew C. Jensen, and died in 1950.
      Ruth was born in 1894 and was ten years old in 1904 when Lucinda died so the Austin women in her memory could have been any one of these sisters. I have read in family letters that Andrew C. Jensen wrote something of this family, likely influenced by his wife, Violet.

      G. A Family Group Sheet for William Austin and Agnes McIntyre, compiled by his great grand daughter, Mrs. Donna A. Jorgenson.
      Donna listed William Austin as husband and Olive Lee as wife. Lucinda Austin is shown as their child. On the line for William's other wives is listed, Agnes Nicol, Isabel Nicol, and Agnes McIntire.
      Donna typed this on the back: 4th wife: Olive Lee. born abt 1803 Germany. Residence: Hammond, St. Lawrence, New York. Olive Lee, mother of Lucinda, a child born from out of wedlock. She was given to William when 2 and a half years old. William and his first wife raised her. Sealed to William Austin. Olive Lee was the one that was sealed to him. The child was William's own daughter that is why this was done. William said, "God knows this as well as I do."
      2nd wife: Isabel Nicol is a sister to Agnes Nicol. Isabel Nicol was wife of Simon McIntyre, so I understand. Then Isabel Nicol (McIntyre) was married to William Austin. She died crossing the plains coming to Utah (at) Echo Canyon Utah. William Austin had Isabel sealed to him, but she had already been sealed to her first husband, Simon McIntyre.

      A SUMMARY of the Information given by Lucinda's Grandchildren:
      A. Charlotte Barlow: (dau of Jonathan)
      1. Lucinda was born 23 Dec. 1823
      2. Daniel Shipman was Olive Lee's employer. He was a sea captain. She was a maid in his home.
      3. She married Thom. Wm. Callahan when very young. He was a heavy drinker.
      4. I have heard that Olive Lee was sealed to William Austin, but I don't know.
      5. I think Grandmother did the work for Olive Lee in the Logan temple.

      B. Ruth Walker: ( dau of Jonathan)
      1. I am a great granddaughter of Olive Lee and granddaughter of Lucinda.
      2. My sister wrote to the Public Archive in Ontario and sent them $5.00 and from the Genealogical Society she got the information that Olive Lee was a lady in waiting in the Daniel Shipman home. It said that she was also one of the help in that home. He was a large land owner in Ontario and was known as a loyalist.
      3. Daniel Shipman helped to take care of Lucinda when she was a child.
      4. As you can see from this family group sheet Olive was born in Germany.
      5. I helped take care of my grandmother (Lucinda). I remember seeing an Austin woman and I asked who she was and they told me she was a sister of Grandmothers. I remember she looked like Grandmother.
      6. She mailed information she received from her sister, Isabel Campbell, and also a letter from Isabel's daughter, Fern Goff.
      *Note: The family group sheet she sent showing William Austin and Olive Lee as wife shows that Olive Lee was born abt 1803 in Germany. Her residence was Hammond, St Lawrence, New York.

      C. Alma Releigh Campbell: (son of Jonathan)
      1. As far as we know my grandmother, Lucinda Shipman or Austin, was the daughter of Shipman.
      2. Olive Lee gave her to the Austins.
      3. Later Shipman tried to get her to come back and live with him, but she didn't ever go back.
      4. Margaret Callahan had her sealed to Austin.

      D. Hazelton Campbell: (son of Helaman)
      1. Olive Lee was born abt. 1803 in Germany
      2. Migrated to French part of Canada - Yong, where she gave birth to a baby girl out of wedlock December 23, 1823.
      3. Later she married Daniel Shipman but he was cruel to Olive's little girl, so when the little girl was abt two and a half years old Olive Lee took her to a couple who had no children by the name of William Austin and Agnes Nichol Austin and gave the child to them. They adopted her and named her Lucinda and raised her to womanhood.
      4. Olive Lee was sealed to William Austin Dec. 12, 1934 and Lucinda was sealed to them at the instance of Margaret Callahan Eckersley, granddaughter of Thomas W. and Lucinda Shipman Austin Callahan, and with consent of the president of the SL temple.

      E. Fern Hobbs wrote to her mother, Isabel Campbell Goff, who was a daughter of Jonthan.
      1. Lucinda was born out of wedlock. She was given to William Austin when she was one and a half or two and a half years old and reared by William Austin and his wife, Agnes Nicol.
      2. Grandfather (Jonathan the son) Campbell did sealings on the Shipman line.
      3. The enclosed sheet of William Austin and his first wife, Agnes Nicol, shows Lucinda Austin was adopted by them.
      4. Margaret C. Eckersley had Olive Lee sealed to William Austin and Lucinda sealed to them. She gave two reaons why she assumed that responsibility:
      1. William Austin had written a letter saying he wanted Lucinda and her mother, Olive Lee, sealed to him.
      2. Agnes Elizabeth Austin Ransom, who was a daughter of William Austin, told Margaret C. Eckersley that her father had told her Lucinda was his own daughter.

      F. Mrs Donna A. Jorgensen was a great grand daughter of William Austin and his third wife, Agnes McIntire. She wrote on the back of a family group sheet: "Olive Lee was the mother of Lucinda, who was born out of wedlock. She was given to William Austin when she was 2 and a half years old. William and his first wife raised her. Olive was sealed to William because he said Lucinda was his own daughter."

      This information in these letters came from the following branches of the family.
      1. Thomas William Callahan Descendants:
      Euroca Brimhall (Dickson) Interviewed numerous times and helped supply these addresses.
      Margaret Callahan (Eckersley) a granddaughter of Thomas William Callahan and Lucinda.
      2. Jonathan Campbell Jr.'s children:
      Alma Campbell, Charlotte Barlow, Ruth Walker, Isabel Goff & and her dau Fern Hobbs.
      3. Helaman Campbell's son:
      Maria & Hazelton Campbell.
      4. William Austin and Agnes McIntier Descendants:
      Agnes Elizabeth Austin (Ramson)
      Verna Ramson (Sederholm)
      Donna A Jorgenson
      *Charlotte and Ruth, daughters of Jonathan, believed Daniel Shipman was Olive's employer.
      *Alma, son of Jonathan, believed Lucinda was the daughter of Daniel Shipman.
      *Hazelton, son of Helaman, believed Lucinda was adopted by Daniel Shipman and that Olive was the wife of Daniel Shipman.
      *Fern Hobbs wrote that Lucinda was born out of wedlock and was given to William Austin.
      *Donna A. Jorgenson wrote that Lucinda was born out of wedlock and given to William Austin.
      Again:
      The daughters of Jonathan believed Daniel Shipman was Olive's employer.
      The son of Jonathan believed Lucinda was the daughter of Daniel Shipman
      The son of Helaman, believed Lucinda was adopted by Daniel Shipman and Olive Lee, his wife.
      The daughter of Andrew Callahan, Margaret Callahan (Eckerlsey) had Olive sealed to William Austin. She claimed that Agnes Elizabeth Austin (Ransom) had said her father had told he was the father of Lucinda.
      I wonder what the descendants of Lucinda's daughter, Lucinda Phebe Campbell, believe? Note that only one out of six we contacted believed that Daniel Shipman was the father of Lucinda.
      I have no memory or evidence that I made contact with Margaret Callahan Eckersley, though I must have tried. I do carry a memory like that Juanita describes. Nan and I drove for miles to this corner in Utah called Park Valley and Nan can still remember the house we found full of genealogical binders and paperwork, and a lady who talked for hours with her sister about genealogy. I only remember the long trip, so I must not have learned much I didn't know. This is why I'm broadcasting these notes I have left, before they too disappear into the neverland of old age.

      3. PUBLISHED HISTORIES
      1. Five Hundred Wagons Stood Still: Mormon Battalion Wives, by Shirley N. Maynes, 1999
      Maynes writes that Lucinda Shipman was born on Dec. 23, 1822 just a few miles across the St. Lawrence River into Ontario at the north end of Lake Graham in a small town called Athens, the daughter of Olive Lee and Daniel Shipman. Olive called her daughter, 'Little Christina.'
      While Lucinda was in Nauvoo, the brother of her stepmother, Agnes Nicol, came to her and told her that her real father was a wealthy timber man from Canada by the name of Daniel Shipman. She believed it and thereafter used the name Shipman as her surname.
      Olive Lee married an Irishman who would not have the child. When Little Christina was about two and a half years old, Olive gave her to William Austin and his wife, Agnes Nicol. They named her Lucinda.
      Lucinda married Thomas William Callahan in 1837 at Lawrence County, New York. Their first child, Alma Austin, was born Nov. 13, 1840 on Hammond Street, in Lawrence County. The Callahans then moved to Nauvoo, Hancock County, Illinois where their second child, Andrew Nicol, was born, followed by another son, Amasa Lyman. They left