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OLMSTEAD, James IV

OLMSTEAD, James IV

Male 1580 - 1640  (59 years)  Submit Photo / DocumentSubmit Photo / Document

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  • Name OLMSTEAD, James 
    Suffix IV 
    Born 4 Dec 1580  Great Leighs, Essex, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [1
    Christened 4 Dec 1580  Great Leighs, Essex, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Male 
    Died 10 Sep 1640  Hartford, Hartford, Connecticut, United States Find all individuals with events at this location  [2
    Buried Bef 23 Sep 1640  Hartford, Hartford, Connecticut, United States Find all individuals with events at this location 
    WAC 21 Dec 1928  SLAKE Find all individuals with events at this location  [3, 4
    _TAG Reviewed on FS 
    Headstones Submit Headstone Photo Submit Headstone Photo 
    Person ID I27164  Joseph Smith Sr and Lucy Mack Smith | Joseph Sr., Lucy Mack
    Last Modified 24 Dec 2019 

    Father OLMSTEAD, James III ,   b. Abt 1551, Waltham, Essex, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 2 Dec 1595, Great Leighs, Essex, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 44 years) 
    Mother BRISTOW, Jane ,   b. 30 Sep 1551, Great Waltham, Essex, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 2 Dec 1595, Great Leighs, Essex, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 44 years) 
    Married 12 Aug 1576  Great Leighs, Essex, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [2
    Notes 
    • _UID5BDC230D3AD8D4119DA400B0D02B455CEB83MARRIAGE: Also shown as Married Great Waltham, Essex, England. ~SEALING_SPOUSE: Also shown as SealSp 14 Dec 1951, SLAKE.
    Family ID F10451  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family CORNISH, Joyce ,   b. 29 Sep 1580, Great Leighs, Essex, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 21 Apr 1621, Fairstead, Essex, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 40 years) 
    Married 26 Oct 1605  Great Leighs, Essex, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Notes 
    • _UID49DC230D3AD8D4119DA400B0D02B455CD963MARRIAGE: Also shown as Married 28 Oct 1605 ~SEALING_SPOUSE: Also shown as SealSp 23 Oct 1947, SLAKE.
    Children 
     1. OLMSTEAD, Faith ,   c. 7 Jan 1606, Great Leighs, Essex, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Feb 1628, Fairstead, Essex, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 22 years)
     2. OLMSTEAD, Frances ,   b. 14 Feb 1609, Great Leighs, Essex, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 14 Feb 1609, Fairstead, Essex, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 0 years)
     3. OLMSTEAD, Mabel ,   b. 1610, Great Leighs, Essex, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 18 Feb 1621, Fairstead, Essex, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 11 years)
    +4. OLMSTEAD, Captain Nicholas ,   b. 15 Feb 1612, Fairstead, Essex, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 31 Aug 1684, Hartford, Hartford, Connecticut, United States Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 72 years)
     5. OLMSTEAD, James V ,   b. 22 Jan 1615, Fairstead, Essex, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1621, Fairstead, Essex, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 5 years)
     6. OLMSTEAD, Nehemiah ,   b. Nov 1618, Fairstead, Essex, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Bef 2 Oct 1657, Fairfield, Fairfield, Connecticut, United States Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 38 years)
     7. OLMSTEAD, Mary ,   c. 18 Apr 1621, Fairstead, Essex, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Apr 1621, Fairstead, Essex, England Find all individuals with events at this location
    Last Modified 6 Oct 2020 
    Family ID F10491  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsBorn - 4 Dec 1580 - Great Leighs, Essex, England Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsChristened - 4 Dec 1580 - Great Leighs, Essex, England Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsMarried - 26 Oct 1605 - Great Leighs, Essex, England Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsDied - 10 Sep 1640 - Hartford, Hartford, Connecticut, United States Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsBuried - Bef 23 Sep 1640 - Hartford, Hartford, Connecticut, United States Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsWAC - 21 Dec 1928 - SLAKE Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Earth 
    Pin Legend  : Address       : Location       : City/Town       : County/Shire       : State/Province       : Country       : Not Set

  • Photos
    Olmstead Coat of Arms
    Olmstead Coat of Arms
    Olmstead Crest.jpg
    Olmstead Crest.jpg
    James Olmstead III headstone.jpg
    James Olmstead III headstone.jpg
    Olmstead, James emigration record from Farmington in Connecticut FHL BK 979.62/F1 H2b
    Olmstead, James emigration record from Farmington in Connecticut FHL BK 979.62/F1 H2b
    States James Olmstead came on Ship Lyon leaving London, Eng on 22 Jun 1632 and arriving 16 Sep 1632 in Boston, Suffolk, MA
    AMBROSE SHURTZ
    Olmstead, James emigration record from Farmington in Connecticut FHL BK 979.62/F1 H2b
    States James Olmstead came on Ship Lyon leaving London, Eng on 22 Jun 1632 and arriving 16 Sep 1632 in Boston, Suffolk, MA

    Headstones
    Olmstead Monument and others of the Colony
    Olmstead Monument and others of the Colony

  • Notes 
    • The Olmsteads were Puritans.

      James and Nicholas Olmstead/Omsted
      taken from “Dawes-Gates Ancestral Lines”
      vol. II, p. 611-618
      by Mary Walton Ferris

      James Olmstead (more commonly written as Olmsted in early records) was the first of the line to come to America. He was the son of James and Jane (Bristow) Olmstead of Great Leighs, County Essex, England. He was christened there on December 4, 1580 and was married at the same place on October 26, 1605 to Joyce Cornish. Joyce was buried at Fairsted, County Essex on April 21, 1621.

      In a large vellum bound volume in the Rolls Office, Chancery Lane, London, are lists of early emigrants to New England. One list dated June 22, 1632, showed thirty-three men who were transported and who were certified by Captain Mason as having taken the oath of allegiance according to statute. Included among these is the name of James Olmstead, a Puritan, who with his two sons and probably a niece and two nephews, sailed in the Lyon, Captain Pierce, Master, and arrived at Boston on September 16, 1632 after a voyage of twelve weeks.

      The Olmstead family first settled at Mount Wollaston, later called Braintree and now called Quincy, Massachusetts. After the course of a year, however, they “by order of the Court, removed to New Towne, now Cambridge,” where with their neighbors, were known as the Braintree Colony. James had his house lot at Newtown on the northerly side of what is now Harvard Street on a spot now occupied by the Wadsworth House, which was formerly called the President’s House, referring to the head of Harvard University. He was made a freeman in Newtown on November 6, 1632, and was chosen constable by popular vote on November 3, 1634. He was the constable chosen by popular vote since before that time, the Court appointed the position. On February 3, 1634/35, he was one of seven men selected to transact the business of the town and one of five to survey the town lands and to record them.

      The town’s people soon realized that their holdings and possible future grants would not be sufficient for their needs. Also, they felt an underlying dissatisfaction with the close relationship between the church and civil affairs in the Massachusetts Bay Colony, which at that time granted freemanship only to church members; therefore, they asked permission of the General Court to move again. On July 15, 1634, six of Newtowne went in the Blessing (bound to the Dutch plantation that had been established in October 1633 near the present site of Hartford, Connecticut) to explore the Connecticut River country, intending to find a town site. Among these men, who were called “Adventurers,” was James Olmstead.

      Upon the favorable reports to their hometowns by the adventurers, it was decided to begin plantations there at once. On October 15, 1635, about sixty men, women and children started toward Connecticut, driving before them their cows, horses and swine. After two or three weeks of traveling about ten miles per day, they arrived at the sites of their prospective homes, one group from Dorchester stopping at the “Great Meadow,” now Windsor, Connecticut, and another group from Newtown settling at what is now Hartford on the “moiety” already agreed upon and set aside for them to settle on.

      The people who moved had to endure much hardship. It took a high degree of courage to travel through an unbroken wilderness with only an Indian trail and a compass to guide them. They had no shelter along the way and wild animals and Indians were a constant menace to their livestock.

      The Newtown company arrived early in November. They had scarcely reached their destination before winter set in. By the middle of the month, the Connecticut River was frozen over and the snow was so deep and the season so tempestuous that a considerable number of the cattle brought with them could not be taken across the stream. There had been so little time to build even the most rudimentary homes and shelter for the livestock, that the suffering of man and beast was extreme.

      To carry much provision or furniture through a trackless wilderness was impractical, so their supplies had been put on board several small vessels sailing from Massachusetts. These, by reason of delays and stormy weather were either wrecked on the Massachusetts coast or frozen at the mouth of the Connecticut River. By late November and early December, provisions were dwindling and the settlers were threatened by starvation. Some of the people, driven by hunger, attempted to return through the wilderness to Boston, despite the bad weather. Indeed, such was the distress in general that by December 3rd or 4th, a considerable number of the settlers were obliged to abandon their hastily constructed homes and go down to the mouth of the river, hoping to meet their provision ships. Not finding the vessels, they embarked for Boston on a trading ship. The few who remained on the Connecticut River through the winter suffered several. A great number of cattle died, the supplies steadily diminished and, even with the addition of game and loans of food from friendly Indians, they were obliged to subsist on acorns, malt and grain.

      Such was the beginning of Hartford, but its permanence was assured by the addition of more settlers from Newtown in June 1636. Included in this new infusion of people was James Olmstead. He was, therefore, one of the original proprietors of Hartford and lived in a home on what is now Front Street. He lived only a few years longer and “slept sweetly in the Lord, having carried himself gratiously in his sickness.” He presumably died on September 28, 1640. On that day, his will was both witnessed and probated. His inventory shows that he left property valued at £397 and that his estate was to be equally divided between his two sons with a reservation for Joseph Loomis, whose daughter had married Nicholas Olmstead. He wrote concerning Loomis, “doe make his word good, to make my sonne Nicholas wifes portion as good as any child he hath, for so I vnderstand his prmise is, but if he shall refuse so to doe, I shall then refuse to giue my son any prte of my moueable goods, cattell or debts, but my will is to leaue the thing wth Richard Webb and William Wadsworth to see my Brother Lumus doe prforme his prmise.” After his death, his sons and overseer signed an agreement, which was recorded with the will, to the effect that they believed that James Olmstead would have wished them to make gifts to each of two relatives and to the church. They gave £5 to each of the two relatives and £20 to the church. They wording of this document shows that the illness of James was sudden and evidently of short duration. The subsequent settlement of the estate of Joseph Loomis gave an equal share to his daughter, Sarah, so undoubtedly; Nicholas Olmstead received the full half of his father’s estate.

      James Olmstead is believed to have been laid to rest in the burying ground behind the Centre Church in Hartford. This plot had been purchased by the town from James' nephew, Richard Olmstead, only the year before, on January 11,1639/40. Of the seven children of James and Joyce (Cornish) Olmstead, only two came to New England. They were Nicholas, see following.
      Nehemiah, chr. November 20, 1618 at Fairsted, County Essex, England; d. before October 2,1657; md. Elizabeth Burr.

      Nicholas Olmstead was christened on February 15, 1612 at Fairsted, County Essex, England and died on August 31, 1684 at Hartford, Connecticut. He married Sarah Loomis. He married, secondly, Mary, widow of Dr. Thomas Lord. There is some indication that Nicholas “sowed his wild oats” in his youth. In one instance, he laid himself open to official correction. In view of the very strict laws of the day, conduct now considered quite normal brought harsh criticism and punishment. For instance, one law required that “Whosoever shall inveigle or draw the affection of any maide or maide-servant, either for himself or others, without first gaining the consent of her parents or guardians…” should pay damages to the parents and also to the state. A repetition would carry the added penalty of corporal punishment or imprisonment. In March 1653/54, Nicholas Olmstead was before the court for aiding a man to act promiscuously with a servant girl.

      When his father emigrated from England to Massachusetts, he received land grants at Newtown, and later at Hartford, where he lived most of his life.
      The settlement at Hartford was not many months old when the inhabitants realized that the Pequot Indians were determined to destroy it. They had long troubled the colonies, but the crowning act which brought matters to a crisis happened in April 1637. The Pequots attacked Wethersfield, killing nine men and carrying two girls away captive. The General Court convened at Hartford on May 1, 1637 to deal with the matter. The first entry in the record of the meeting is as follows:

      “It is ordered that there shalbe an offensiue warr agt the Pequoitt, and that there shalbe 90 men levied out of the 3 Plantacons, Harteford, Weathersfield, Windsor (vizt) out of Harteford 42, Windsor 30, Weathersfield 18: vnder the cornande of Captaine Jo: Mason, & in Case of [his] death or sicknes vnder Command of Rob’te Seely Leif & the ‘ldest Srieant or military officer survivinge, if both of these miscary.”

      This was a momentous decision, notably brief, but far-reaching in its effect. preparation for the war, “It is ordered that Harteford shall send 14 Armour in this designe, Windsor 6. It is ordered that there shalbe 1hh of good beare for the Captaine & Mr & sick men, if there be only 3 or 4 gallons of stronge water, 2 gallons of sacke. It is ordered that Windsor shall pruide 60 bushells of Come, Hartford 84 bushells, Weathersfield 36 bushells; of this each plantacon to bake in biskett the on half if by any meanes they canne; the rest in grounde meale, Weathersfield ten bushells to bee allowed vppon Accompt. Harteford is to prvide 3 firkins of suett, 2 firkins of Butter, wth yt att Rivers mouth, 4 bushells of Oatemeale, 2 bushells of Pease, 500 of fish, 2 bushels of salt; Weathersfield 1 bushell of Indian Beanes; Windsor 50 peeces of Porke, 3db of Rice, 4 Cheeses. It is ordered that every soldier shall cary wth him 1lb pouder, 4lb of shott, 20 buletts; 1 barell of Powder from the Rivers mouth, [a light] Gunn if they cann.”

      In On May 10, 1637, the little army of Connecticut men, consisting of ninety colonists and seventy friendly Mohican Indians under the command of Captain John Mason, embarked on three floats to go down the Connecticut River. Nicholas Olmstead was included in this company. The river was low and the vessels ran aground several times. Progress was so slow that the Mohicans grew impatient and asked to be set ashore to finish the journey on foot. This was done and when they arrived at Saybrook before the boats, they had to prove their loyalty to the English settlers there, Their chiefs, Uncas and Sachem, sent a war party out to capture Pequots as proof of their allegiance to the colonists. They quickly defeated six of the enemy and returned to Saybrook with the living captives. After that, they all set sail for the Narragansett country to search for Pequot Indians.

      With the courtesy due non-hostile tribes, they made an apology to Canonicus, chief of the Narragansetts, for having entered his country armed for warfare and asked permission to cross it to reach the Pequots . When he granted this privilege, he warned the colonists that the enemy comprised of many hundred strong and crafty warriors, securely entrenched in two forts. Undaunted, they hurried to the attack, and within an hour after reaching the first stronghold, had burned it and killed between four hundred and seven hundred Indians. This victory assured the ultimate success, although other less important engagements followed.

      Nicholas Olmstead received a grant of land for his services in this battle, and in another in 1673.

      Nicholas’ public service included that of surveyor of highways in 1646 and 1647, townsman for the North side for nine years between 1653 and 1683, list and rate maker in 1669 and deputy to the General Court in 1672 and 1673. He became a freeman of Hartford before 1669 and served militarily as corporal of the Hartford Troop of Horse in 1658. He was ensign of that body from 1662 to 1673 in which year he was confirmed a Lieutenant with the instruction that if at any time it became necessary to send troops out of the county for the relief of another county, he should serve in that rank. After three months’ incumbency, he resigned from that position, but only temporarily.

      On July 1, 1675, he was again assigned to that rank and sent in command of a ,troop of dragoons to the assistance of Stonington and New London, Connecticut because of an Indian menace there. One requirement of this body of horsemen was to hold themselves ready to move at an hour's warning. In August 1675, he was made Captain of these troopers. While he was an ensign in 1662, he served on a jury, which tried two people for witchcraft and decreed execution. This sentence was carried out, but it was the last case of the hanging of so-called witches in Connecticut. He was one of fifteen colonists who received in 1675 by the will of Joshua Uncas, son of Mohican Sachem, equal rights to a considerable tract of land “in the sight of Hartford, northward” to what is now Coventry, and east to the Willimantic River.

      The will of Nicholas, signed August 20, 1683, and proved November 25, 1684, disposed of his property to his second wife and to his children. The children of Nicholas and Sarah (Loomis) Olmstead, all born at Hartford, were Sarah, b. 1641; d. November 7,1709 at East Haddam, Connecticut; md. George Gates.

      Mary, b. November 20, 1646; d. 1646.
      Rebecca, b. March 12, 1647/48; md. John Bigelow.
      John, chr. February 3, 1649/50; d. young.
      Samuel, b. 1653; d. January 13, 1726; md. Mary Lord.
      Joseph, b. 1654; d. October 5,1726; md. Elizabeth Butler.
      Thomas, d. before May 28, 1741; md. June 26, 1691, Hannah Mix.
      Mabel, md. 1st, Daniel Butler; md. 2nd, Michael Taintor.
      Elizabeth, d. October 12, 1681; md. Samuel Butler.

      ========================================================================
      “The name OLMSTEAD means a place or town by the green oaks, from holm, an oak, and stead, a place.”[1] Holme indicates low lands on a river, an island, such as Stockholm, in Scandinavia. The family name was variously spelled in early times, with or without an "a", also appearing in the forms of Holmsted, Elmsted, Almested, its Saxon meaning being, the place of elms.
      Under William the Conqueror a survey was made in 1086 of some of the lands he had acquired by his victories. In the “Domesday Book,” for the County of Essex, there appears the earliest mention of the family name, in a description of the Manor of Almesteda, originally held by Robert Fitz Wilmarc. It is a place remarkable for its growth of trees, especially of the elm variety, and is situated in the parish of Elmsted, in the Hundred of Tendring, Essex.
      The coat-of-arms here shown is that used by the Olmsted Family Association of America. Other coats-of-arms borne by ancient branches of the family, with

      Olmstead Coat of Arms
      various crests and mottoes are described in the Olmsted Genealogy, compiled by Henry King Olmsted (Edition Revised and Corrected by George K. Ward), in which also appear many interesting things about this family, and from which we quote liberally.
      The visit of an American Olmsted to the old Manor of Olmsted in Bumpsted-Helion, County Essex, is of interest. He describes the ancient moated hall owned in the eleventh century by Maurice de Olmestede, but which passed out of the family name in the fifteenth century. This book also has pictures and descriptions of several interesting heirlooms kept by members of the family in the United States, notably a christening blanket of which he says:
      When James Olmsted in 1632, with a small body of kinsman in a larger body of compatriots, disheartened from the civil and religous questions that vexed their country, came to face, at the age of 52, the unknown problems of her colonies in New England, he left a desolated home at Fairsted. In the God’s Acre of that “fair place” slept his wife and four of their seven children. Mary, baptized April 18, 1621, the mother buried April 21, and the baby following he on April 24, is the sorrowful chapter of his story as told by the parish register, and if for only this one association, it is easily understood why there was brought among the family possessions to New England, the christening blanket or “bearing cloth” such as was used at that time for infants upon ceremonial occasions.
      This interesting relic is still in existence, having been handed down from parent to child in the following line: James, died 1640; Nicholas, died 1684; Joseph, died 1726; Joseph, died 1762; Joseph, died 1861; Joseph, M.D., died 1864; The last person for whom the “bearing cloth” was used was Doctor Joseph Olmsted, who was eight months old when carried on it to the First Congregational Church, Enfield, Connecticut, 2 September 1821, to be christened by the Reverend Francis LeBaron Robbins. The blanket is now in the possession of Doctor Olmsted’s descendants. It is of yellow satin damask, not unlike cloth-of-gold in effect, handsome in itself but extremely trying to the infant complexion, which caused, perhaps, a fastidious parent to deny the present owners the honor of making their first church visitation in it! It measures 45 x 32 inches, there being two breadths of the woven fabric. A quilted lining once formed a part of the garment, but long since some thrifty ancestor , more housewifely than antique in taste, removed this moth-alluring feature, disclosing a seam “back-stitched” with exquisite nicery along the red silk sevage .... The design and texture are suggestive of the Orient. [2]. The author also describes a tankard of white cedar, with handle and cover of white pine and hoops of split willow, said to have come over in the good ship Lyon in 1632. It is now in the possession of another Olmsted descendant, of Hartford, Connecticut.
      I. In a large, vellum-bound volume now in the Rolls Office, Chancery Lane, London, are found records of some early emigrants to New England. On the cover of the earliest of such records yet discovered, is this inscription: “A book of Entrie for Passengers by ye Commission and Souldiers according to the Statute passing beyond the Seas, begun at Christmas, 1631, and ending Christmas, 1632. The names of such men transported to New England to the Plantacon there p’r Cert. from Capten Mason, have tendered and taken the oath of allegeance according to the Statute, are: . . . “ – and in the list of 33 men which followed is to be found the name of “James Olmstedd.”[3]
      These families were Puritans, and they came from Braintree, England, arriving at Boston, Massachusetts, 16 September 1632, “on the Lord’s Day,” the voyage having taken twelve weeks. The ship was the Lyon, with Captain Pierce in command, and there were one hundred twenty-three passengers, of whom fifty were children. With James Olmsted came two sons, two nephews (Richard and John), and a niece Rebecca.
      James Olmsted, son of James and Jane (Bristow) Olmsted, grandson of James, and great-grandson of Richard Olmsted born about 1430, was baptized in the parish church of Great Leighs, County Essex, England, on 4 December 1580, and there married, 26 October 1605, Joyce Cornish, who died and was buried at Fairsted, same county, 21 April 1621. James Olmsted made a home at new Town (Cambridge). His home-lot was on the north side of Harvard Street, the place now being called Wadsworth House. He was made freeman 6 November 1632, and on 3 November 1634, by popular vote, he was chosen constable, the first one in the plantation. He was among the seven chosen to do the whole business of the town; was made surveyor; and, in 1634, appointed with eleven others to examine lands on the Connecticut River, called then the Fresh River. These men were called “adventurers,” and were the earliest emigrants to Hartford. He moved there 29 October 1635, becoming an original proprietor, and receiving seventy acres in the land distribution of 1639.([4]
      James Olmsted died in the fall of 1640, at Hartford. Reverend Thomas Hooker, in a letter to a friend, mentions his death, saying he “slept sweetly in the Lord, having carried himself graciously in his sickness.” He is buried, probably, in the ancient burying-ground located back of Center Church, where a monument erected in 1835 to the memory of the first settlers, bears his name. His will was proved at Hartford, inventory taken 28 September 1640.([5]
      CHILDREN, all but the first one born at Fairsted:[6]
      Faith, baptized 7 January 1606, at Great Leighs; buried at Fairsted, 3 March 1627.
      Frances, baptized 14 February 1609.
      Mabel, baptized 30 September 1610; buried in Fairsted, 18 February 1621.
      Nicholas, baptized 15 February 1612; married (1) Sarah LOOMIS; married (2) Widow Hannah LORD.
      James, baptized 22 January 1615; probably died young.
      Nehemiah; probably under age when his father died. He removed to Fairfield 1649; was a sergeant 1657; married Elizabeth Burr. He died in 1658, leaving one child, a daughter, and his widow married (2) Obadiah Gilbert.[7].
      Mary, baptized 18 April 1621; buried 24 April 1621.
      Captain Nicholas OLMSTEAD[edit]
      II. Nicholas OLMSTED, born at Fairsted, County Essex, England, baptized there 15 February 1612, came with his father and brother in the Lyon, in 1632. In his youth he was evidently of a lively and independent disposition, which frequently got him into trouble. Once, notably, was when, because of irregularity of conduct, he was “adjudged” by the “P’ticular Court” to “pay twenty pounds fyne to the county, and to stand upon the Pillery at Hartford the next lecture day, during the time of the lecture. He is to be sett on a lytle before the beginning and to stay thereon a lytle after the end.”[8] His moral delinquency on this occasion is said to have been that he, in company with a Mary Bronson and another young couple or two, absented himself from services on the Lord’s Day, and went fishing instead.
      Notwithstanding this grave offense, young Olmsted seems to have become, in his more sedate years, a useful and respected citizen. As early as 1637 he was a soldier, and served[9] in the Pequot War under Captain Mason[10]. In 1646 he was a surveyor of highways. In 1654, 1658, 1667, 1671, 1679, and 1683 he was “townsman,” helping to guide the civic affairs of his community. In 1669 he was “list and rate maker,” i.e., tax assessor, and his name appears as freeman that year. In 1657, he was corporal in a troop of horseman, containing thirty-seven members, organized by Major John Mason, Commander in Chief of the military forces of Connecticut Colony.[11]. He gave constant and faithful service throughout the years of struggle against the Indians. Was lieutenant of the train band in 1673, and appointed captain of militia in 1675, going to the defense of New London and Stonington.[12] He received grants of land for his military services.[13]
      In 1672 and 1673 he was deputy to the General Court at Hartford, and in 1674 was one of a commission to view and settle Mattatuck, now Waterbury, Connecticut.[14]. Captain Nicholas Olmsted married (1) 28 September 1640, to Sarah, daughter of Joseph and Mary (White) LOOMIS, of Windsor, who was born in England in 1617, and died in 1667.[15] She was the mother of all his children, and, since his brother Nehemiah left only a daughter, they are ancestors of all the descendants of James Olmsted who bear the family name. Nicholas married (2) the widow of Doctor Thomas LORD, of Wethersfield, called by some historians, Mary[16], but from Doctor Lord’s will, dated 28 October 1661, in which he names his wife Hannah[17], it is believed the marriage record at Boston of Thomas Lord and Hannah Thurston, 28 September 1652[18] identifies the lady, and clears away the doubt. Doctor Lord is said to have been the first physician in Connecticut Colony, and was the son of Thomas Lord, immigrant in 1635, ancestor of Joseph Smith’s wife, Emma Hale.
      Nicholas Olmsted died 31 August 1684, and in his will[19], exhibited in court 25 November 1684, mentions sons Samuel, Joseph, and Thomas, daughters Sarah Gates, Mabel Butler, and Rebekah Bigelow, and son Samuel Butler. It is interesting to note that five days after the death of Nicholas Olmsted, his relative, Richard Olmsted, wrote a will in which he leave a “legacy of love unto my Cousen Nicholas Olmsted of Hartford, the sum of 20 shillings.”[20] This was done at Fairfield, Connecticut, abut fifty-five miles southwest of Hartford, on Long Island Sound. In these days of telegraph, telephone, and wireless, that would hardly have happened.
      CHILDREN (Nicholas and Sarah):[21]
      Sarah, born at Hartford, 1641; married George GATES.
      Mary, born 20 November 1646; “died 1646,” says the Olmsted Genealogy; “married Samuel Butler,” says the Genealogy of the Loomis Family: Female Branches (1:15).
      Rebecca, born 12 March 1647; married John, born 27 October 1643, son of John and Mary (Warren) Bigelow, of Watertown, Massachusetts. They were residents of Hartford, their home being in Cooper’s Lane, now Lafeyette Street.
      John, baptized 3 February 1649; died young.
      Samuel, born 1653; died at East Haddam, 13 January 1726. He married Mary, born in East Haddam, 1649; died 14 September 1736, daughter of William Lord, of Saybrook. William Lord was an ancestor of Emma Hale, and a brother of Doctor Thomas Lord whose widow married, as his second wife, Captain Nicholas Olmsted, the father of Samuel. Samuel and Mary are both buried in the Cone Cemetery, at East Haddam. Records of land transfers at Lyme, Connecticut, bearing name of Samuel Olmsted, mention the sons of William Lord as “brothers.”
      Joseph, born 1654, died 5 October 1726, at East Hartford. He married Elizabeth Butler, born 1643; died 28 April 1729. She was the daughter of Deacon Richard and Elizabeth (Bigelow) among the first settlers of Hartford. Joseph Olmsted was a deacon, a farmer by occupation, a man of influence, and frequently elected representative to the General Court. Among their numerous descendants are many men of prominence, such as the Honorable John Olmsted, of Hartford, and Professor Denison Olmsted, of Yale College.[22]
      Thomas; died before 28 May 1741; married 26 June 1691, Hannah, born 30 June 1666, daughter of Thomas and Rebecca (Turner) Mix, and granddaughter of Captain Nathaniel Turner whose sword is in the Historical Collections at Hartford. Thomas Olmsted settled in the west division of Hartford, and was one of the organizing members of the Second Church there, formed in 1712.
      Mabel; married (1) Sergeant Daniel Butler[23], son of Deacon Richard and Elizabeth (Bigelow) Butler, of Hartford and Wethersfield. He was a brother to Elizabeth who married Joseph Olmsted, and Samuel who married Elizabeth Olmsted. He died 28 March 1692, and she married (2) August 1697, Michael Taintor, of Colchester, Connecticut, born October 1652; died February 1730.[24]
      Sarah Olmstead[edit]
      III. Sarah OLMSTEAD, born at Hartford, Connecticut, 1641, married in 1661 or 1662, Captain George GATES, and lived in Haddam, Connecticut.[25]
      For continuation of this family line see the GATES biographical sketch, click here.
      SOURCE: The Ancestry & Posterity of Joseph Smith and Emma Hale by Audentia Smith Anderson (1926)
      Footnotes[edit]
      Jump up ? (Directory of Ancestral Heads of New England Families, Holmes clxxvi.)
      Jump up ? – Olmsted Genealogy xix
      Jump up ? (New England Historical and Genealogical Register 14:300-1).
      Jump up ? Olmsted Genealogy, 6.).
      Jump up ? Early Connecticut Probate Records, Manwaring, 1:28).
      Jump up ? (Olmsted Genealogy 5)
      Jump up ? (Memorial History Hartford County 12:253.)
      Jump up ? (History of Waterbury, Bronson, 7.)
      Jump up ? (ibid)
      Jump up ? (Olmsted Genealogy, 12)
      Jump up ? (Soldiers in King Philip’s War, Bodge, 466)
      Jump up ? (General Register Society Colonial Wars, 1899-1902, 721)
      Jump up ? (Olmsted Genealogy, 12.)
      Jump up ? (Ibid 12; History of Waterbury, Bronson, 6)
      Jump up ? (Olmsted Genealogy, 13.)
      Jump up ? (Olmsted Genealogy, 13)
      Jump up ? (Boston Transcript, 20 May 1925)
      Jump up ? (Memorial History of Hartford County 1:249)
      Jump up ? (Early Connecticut Probate Records, Manwaring, 1:344)
      Jump up ? (New England Historical and Genealogical Register 59:355)
      Jump up ? (Olmsted Genealogy 13, 16, 17.)
      Jump up ? (Memorial History Hartford County 1:253)
      Jump up ? (Memorial History of Hartford County 1:253)
      Jump up ? (Genealogical Notes, Goodwin, 26)
      Jump up ? (Olmsted Genealogy, 12.)

  • Sources 
    1. [S1091] International Genealogical Index(R), The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, citing microfilm 456243, downloaded 31 Oct 2009 (Reliability: 3).

    2. [S1091] International Genealogical Index(R), The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, downloaded 31 Oct 2009 (Reliability: 3).

    3. [S763] International Genealogical Index, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints.
      Ann PALMER; Female; Birth: About 1577 , , England; Baptism: 01 OCT 1998 OGDEN; Endowment: 15 OCT 1998 OGDEN; Sealing to Spouse: 19 AUG 1998 OGDEN; Thomas BLOSSOM; Spouse: Thomas BLOSSOM; Marriage: About 1590 Of Parham, , Somerset, England; No source information is available.
      Record submitted after 1991 by a member of the LDS Church to request LDS temple ordinances.
      Search performed using PAF Insight on 02 Oct 2004

    4. [S1091] International Genealogical Index(R), The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, citing microfilm 184277, page 1017, reference number 28216, downloaded 31 Oct 2009 (Reliability: 3).