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ARAGON, King Ramiro I

ARAGON, King Ramiro I

Male 1006 - 1063  (~ 56 years)  Submit Photo / DocumentSubmit Photo / Document

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  • Name ARAGON, Ramiro 
    Prefix King 
    Born Jul 1006  Aibar, Navarra, España Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Male 
    _TAG Request Submitted for Permission 
    _TAG Temple 
    Buried May 1063  Monasterio de San Juan de la Peña, Spain Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Died 8 May 1063  Sierra de San Juan de la Peña, Aragón, Spain Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Headstones Submit Headstone Photo Submit Headstone Photo 
    Person ID I46387  Joseph Smith Sr and Lucy Mack Smith | Joseph Sr., Lucy Mack
    Last Modified 2 Jan 2020 

    Father ARAGON, King Sancho III ,   b. 994, Navarra, Navarra, Spain Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 18 Jan 1035, Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 41 years) 
    Mother SANCHEZ, Countess Muniadona Mayor ,   b. 990, Toledo, Castilla-La Mancha, España Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 13 Jul 1066, Frómista, Palencia, Castilla y León, Spain Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 76 years) 
    Married 1011  Castile, España Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Family ID F19548  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family BIGORRE, Countess Gerberge ,   b. 1015, Foix, Mediodía-Pirineos, Francia Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1 Dec 1049, Aragon, Spain Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 34 years) 
    +1. ARAGON, King Sancho V ,   b. 1053, Aragon, Spain Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 4 Jun 1094, Huesca, Aragón, España Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 41 years)
    Last Modified 6 Oct 2020 
    Family ID F19493  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Photos
    As a young man
    Escudo de la corona de Aragón
    From Ancestory.com

  • Notes 
    • He ruled Aragon as his father's deputy "kinglet" since 1015, and conceded his brothers supremacy in Navarre. Satisfied with Aragon he expanded his power and territory. He did not style himself king (using the expression "as if ...king"), but he established the beginning of what was to be the kingdom of Aragon. Ramiriz was killed fighting Moors May 8, 1063.

      Ramiro I (bef. 1007 – 8 May 1063) was the first King of Aragon from 1035 until his death. Apparently born before 1007, he was the illegitimate son of Sancho III of Pamplona by his mistress Sancha de Aybar. Ramiro was reputed to have been adopted by his father's wife Muniadona after he was the only of his father's children to come to her aid when needed, although there is no surviving record of these events and the story is probably apocryphal.

      During his father's reign, he appeared as witness of royal charters starting in 1011, and was given numerous properties in the county of Aragon, and by the division of Sancho's realm on the latter's death in 1035, the county of Aragon fell to Ramiro with the title of baiulus or steward. This was part of what would prove to be a larger division: Navarre and the Basque country went to eldest half-brother García, the county of Castile, already held by Ferdinand, reverted to its feudal fealty[clarification needed] to the Kingdom of León, while the counties of Sobrarbe and Ribagorza fell to Gonzalo and Ramiro received lands in Aragon to hold under García.

      Ramiro's exact status is vague. He was called king by his vassals, neighbors, the church and even his sons, yet he always referred to himself simply as Ranimiro Sancioni regis filio (Ramiro, son of King Sancho). Likewise, in his two wills, he refers to his lands as having been given him in stewardship: in the first by García, and in the second by God. He is called regulus (rather than rex used for García) and quasi pro rege (acting as if king) in charters from Navarre. Due to his growing independence and the small size of his Pyrenean holdings, he is sometimes called a "petty king", Aragon a "pocket kingdom".

      Ramiro sought to enlarge his lands at the expense of both the Moors and his brother, García, the King of Navarre. Shortly after the death of his father (the date variously placed from 1036 to 1043), he supported the emir of Tudela in an invasion of the Navarre. While he was defeated in the Battle of Tafalla, he still was able to gain territory, including Sanguesa, and established a state of semi-autonomy. In 1043, apparently with the approval of García, he annexed Sobrarbe and Ribagorza, previously held by his youngest legitimate half-brother, Gonzalo. This union created a pseudo-independent Aragonese state, with its capital at Jaca, that would give rise to the Kingdom of Aragon.

      Before he was married, Ramiro had a mistress named Amuña with whom he had a natural son, Sancho Ramírez, in whom he confided the government of the county of Ribagorza.

      Ramiro wed his first wife, Gisberga, daughter of Bernard Roger of Bigorre, on 22 August 1036. She changed her name to Ermesinda on marrying him. Together the couple had five children: Sancho Ramírez, his successor; García, Bishop of Jaca; Sancha, married Armengol III of Urgel; Urraca, nun in Santa Cruz de la Serós; and Theresa, married William Bertrand of Provence.

      Ramiro's second wife was Agnes (Inés), was perhaps a daughter of the Duke of Aquitaine. After annexation of Ribagorza and Sobrarbe, Ramiro began the advance from Aragon toward Huesca and Zaragossa. The first charter for the royal town of Jaca is attributed to him. It included well defined laws of protection even to non residents, and would set an example for urban rights until late in the Middle Ages.

      Ramiro died at the Battle of Graus in 1063 while trying to take the city. He was buried at the monastery of San Juan de la Peña, in Santa Cruz de la Serós.