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AUSTRIA, Margrave Leopold II

AUSTRIA, Margrave Leopold II

Male Abt 1055 - 1096  (~ 41 years)  Submit Photo / DocumentSubmit Photo / Document

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  • Name AUSTRIA, Leopold 
    Prefix Margrave 
    Suffix II 
    Born Abt 1055  Tullin, Niederoesterreich, Austria Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Male 
    _TAG Reviewed on FS 
    Buried Oct 1096 
    Died 12 Oct 1096  Tullin, Niederoesterreich, Austria Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Headstones Submit Headstone Photo Submit Headstone Photo 
    Person ID I46404  Joseph Smith Sr and Lucy Mack Smith | Joseph Sr., Lucy Mack
    Last Modified 28 Jan 2020 

    Father AUSTRIA, Margrave Ernst ,   b. 1024, Tullin, Niederoesterreich, Austria Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 10 Jun 1075, Unstrut-Hainich-Kreis, Thüringen, Germany Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 51 years) 
    Mother OSTMARK, Adelheid ,   b. Abt 1041, Meissen, Dresden, Saxony, Germany Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 26 Jan 1071, Austria Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 30 years) 
    Married Abt 1054  Meissen, Dresden, Saxony, Germany Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Family ID F19564  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family CHAM, Countess Ida ,   b. 1060, Cham, Oberpfalz, Bavaria, Germany Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Sep 1101, Holy Land, Palestine, Israel Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 41 years) 
    Married Abt 1075  Cham, Oberpfalz, Bavaria, Germany Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Children 
     1. ÖSTERREICH, Elisabeth Babenberg von ,   b. 1071, Wien, Österreich, Austria Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 11 Nov 1107, Garsten, Oberoesterreich, Österreich, Austria Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 36 years)
    +2. AUSTRIA, Duke Leopold ,   b. 29 Sep 1073, Melk, Niederösterreich, Austria Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 15 Nov 1136, Klosterneuburg, Tulln, Niederösterreich, Austria Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 63 years)
     3. BABENBERG, Kněžna Helbirga Gerberga Von ,   b. Abt 1075, Wien, Wien, Austria Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 13 Jul 1142, Prauge, Czechoslavakia Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 67 years)
     4. BABENBERG, Princess Ida Von ,   b. 1076, Wien, Wien, Austria Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 14 Apr 1115, Austria Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 39 years)
     5. VON ÖSTERREICH, Princess Adelheid ,   b. Abt 1078, Tullin, Niederoesterreich, Austria Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 14 Jun, Formbach, Germany Find all individuals with events at this location
     6. AUSTRIA, Princess Jutte ,   b. Abt 1082, Tullin, Niederoesterreich, Austria Find all individuals with events at this location
     7. ÖSTEREICH, Euphemia von ,   b. Abt 1086, Wien, Wien, Austria Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 16 Apr
     8. AUSTRIA, Sofie ,   b. Abt 1088, Wien, Wien, Austria Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 2 May 1154, Burghausen, Bavaria Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 66 years)
    Last Modified 6 Oct 2020 
    Family ID F19505  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsMarried - Abt 1075 - Cham, Oberpfalz, Bavaria, Germany Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Earth 

  • Photos
    AMBROSE SHURTZ
    dist.jpg?ctx=ArtCtxPublic
    As a young man
    https://sg30p0.familysearch.org/service/records/storage/das-mem/patron/v2/TH-904-50101-208-56/dist.jpg?ctx=ArtCtxPublic
    https://sg30p0.familysearch.org/service/records/storage/das-mem/patron/v2/TH-904-50101-208-56/dist.jpg?ctx=ArtCtxPublic

  • Notes 
    • Leopold the Fair was born in 1050, the son of Ernest and Adelaide of Eilenburg, the daughter of Dedi I, Margrave of the Saxon Ostmark.

      In the Investiture Dispute, he first sided with Emperor Henry IV, but in 1081 at the Diet of Tulln switched sides under the influence of his wife Ida and Bishop Altmann of Passau. Subsequently, he was deposed by the Emperor, who gave the fief to Vratislav II of Bohemia, who defeated Leopold in the Battle of Mailberg. Ultimately, Leopold managed to retain his position, but he lost some territory in Southern Moravia, but Luitpold of Znojmo, Duke of Moravia was his son in law. Leopold resided in Gars am Kamp.

      In 1089 Leopold helped pay for the construction of Melk Abbey in eastern Austria by donating the land for the new Abbey. A few miles away from Melk Abbey, in eastern Austria, are the ruins of Thunau a Kamp castle, once a summer residence of Leopold.

      In 1065 Leopold married Ida, countess of Cham (1060–1101), in Cham, Oberpfalz, Bavaria. Ida was the daughter of Rapoto IV and Mathilde. Ida is said to have died during the crusade of 1101.

      The two had a son, Leopold III, as well as six daughters who married Dukes and Counts from Carinthia, Bohemia and Germany.

      BIO: Margrave of Austria, 1070-1095. Crusader, 1101; by 1078, he joined the party of Rudolph of Hasburg.

      ** from http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/AUSTRIA.htm#_Toc153090727
      LIUTPOLD ([1058/63]-12 Oct 1095, bur Gars). The Auctarium Vindobonense names "Liutpoldus filius eius [=Ernust] quintus marchio"[96]. His birth date range is estimated from the estimated birth dates of his mother and his son Markgraf Leopold. He succeeded his father in 1075 as LIUTPOLD II Markgraf of Austria. The Chronica Boemorum records that "dux Wratislaus et sui fratres Chounradus atque Otto" fought against "orientalem marchionem Lupoldum filium Lucz", the passage being undated with the date 1082 inserted in the margin of the edition[97]. It is assumed that this refers to Markgraf Liutpold II, although the reference to "filium Lucz" is unexplained. The Continuatio Claustroneoburgensis records the death in 1095 of "Liupoldus marchio"[98]. The Chronicon of Mariano Scotti records the death in 1095 of "Liupoldus marchio"[99]. The necrology of Melk records the death "IV Id Oct" of "Liupoldus marchio qui monachum vitam hic instituit"[100]. The necrology of Kloster Neuburg records the death "IV Id Oct" of "Liupoldus prior marchio"[101]. m IDA, daughter of --- (-Asia Minor [Sep] 1101 or after). The parentage of Markgräfin Ida is uncertain. According to Europäische Stammtafeln[102], she was Ida von Ratelberg, daughter of Thiemo [II] Graf [Formbach] & his wife ---, although the primary source on which this is based has not yet been identified. Wegener quotes a 12th century document concerning travel tolls at Schärding dated [1060/70] which names "filios Tiemonis Ekkebertum et Henricum et dominam Itam" as participating in the foundation of Suben monastery but he does not make the connection between this Ita and the Margräfin of Austria[103]. The chronology is not favourable for Ida having been the daughter of Graf Thiemo [II], whose death is recorded in 1040. If this paternity was correct, Ida would therefore have been about twenty years older than her husband, and at least in her early to mid-forties when she gave birth to her son Liutpold, which seems improbable. The primary source which confirms her name "von Ratelberg" has not yet been identified. The Auctarium Mariaecellense in 1100 records that "Ita marchionisse Austrie, Liupoldi marchionis relicta" left for Jerusalem[104]. Albert of Aix records that "Guillaume comte et prince du Poitou de la famille d'Henri III empereur" crossed Hungary peacefully with Welf Duke of Bavaria and "la noble comtesse Ida de la marche d'Autriche", entered the territory of the Bulgars in which "le duc des Bulgares nommé Guzh" refused their passage into Adrianople[105], undated but a passage adjacent to this text records events in 1101. The army was scattered after being defeated by the Turks near Tarsus in Asia Minor in [Sep] 1101. It is not known what happened to Markgräfin Ida, but she was presumably killed. Albert of Aix says that "some say that she was taken into permanent exile in the kingdom of Khorazan[106]. According to later legend, she ended her days in a harem where she gave birth to the Muslim hero Zengi: the Historia Welforum records that "Itam comitissam, matrem Leopaldi marchionis orientalis" was kidnapped by "unus de principibus Sarracenorum…ex eaque Sanguinem illum sceleratissumum, ut aiunt, progenuit"[107].

      ** from Wikipedia listing for Leopold II, Margrave of Austria, as of 10/20/2014
      Leopold II (German: Luitpold, 1050 – 12 October 1095), known as Leopold the Fair (German: Luitpold der Schöne), was the Margrave of Austria from 1075 to his death in 1095. He was a member of the House of Babenberg.[1]

      Life
      Leopold the Fair was born in 1050, the son of Ernest and Adelaide of Eilenburg, the daughter of Dedi I, Margrave of the Saxon Ostmark.

      In the Investiture Dispute, he first sided with Emperor Henry IV, but in 1081 at the Diet of Tulln switched sides under the influence of his wife Ida and Bishop Altmann of Passau. Subsequently, he was deposed by the Emperor, who gave the fief to Vratislav II of Bohemia, who defeated Leopold in the Battle of Mailberg. Ultimately, Leopold managed to retain his position, but he lost some territory in Southern Moravia, but Luitpold of Znojmo, Duke of Moravia was his son in law. Leopold resided in Gars am Kamp.

      In 1089 Leopold helped pay for the construction of Melk Abbey in eastern Austria by donating the land for the new Abbey. A few miles away from Melk Abbey, in eastern Austria, are the ruins of Thunau a Kamp castle, once a summer residence of Leopold.

      In 1065 Leopold married Ida, countess of Cham (1060–1101), in Cham, Oberpfalz, Bavaria. Ida was the daughter of Rapoto IV and Mathilde. Ida is said to have died during the crusade of 1101.

      The two had a son, Leopold III, as well as six daughters who married Dukes and Counts from Carinthia, Bohemia and Germany.

      References
      Citations
      Lingelbach 1913, p. 90.

      Bibliography
      Beller, Steven (2007). A Concise History of Austria. New York: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0521478861.
      Brooke, Z. N. (1938). A History of Europe: From 911 to 1198. London: Methuen & Company Ltd. ISBN 978-1443740708.
      Lechner, Karl (1976). Die Babenberger: Markgrafen und Herzoge von Österreich 976–1246. Vienna: Böhlau. ISBN 978-3205085089.
      Leeper, Alexander W. (1941). History of Medieval Austria. London: Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0404153472.
      Lingelbach, William E. (1913). The History of Nations: Austria-Hungary. New York: P. F. Collier & Son Company. ASIN B000L3E368.
      Pohl, Walter (1995). Die Welt der Babenberger. Graz: Verlag Styria. ISBN 978-3222123344.
      Rickett, Richard (1985). A Brief Survey of Austrian History. Vienna: Prachner. ISBN 978-3853670019.
      Wegener, Wilhelm (1965). Genealogischen Tafeln zur mitteleuropäischen Geschichte. Vienna: Verlag Degener.