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ANDECHS, Countess Gertrude

ANDECHS, Countess Gertrude

Female Abt 1185 - 1213  (~ 28 years)  Submit Photo / DocumentSubmit Photo / Document

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  • Name ANDECHS, Gertrude 
    Prefix Countess 
    Born Abt 1185  Andechs, Oberbayern, Bavaria, Germany Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Female 
    _TAG Reviewed on FS 
    Died 28 Sep 1213  Esztergom, Komárom, Hungary Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Buried Pilisszentkereszt Abbey, Pilisszentkereszt, Szentendrei járás, Pest, Hungary Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Headstones Submit Headstone Photo Submit Headstone Photo 
    Person ID I47528  Joseph Smith Sr and Lucy Mack Smith | Joseph Sr., Lucy Mack
    Last Modified 30 Mar 2020 

    Father ANDECHS MERAN, Duke Berthold ,   b. 1159, Andechs, Oberbayern, Bavaria, Germany Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 12 Aug 1204, Andechs, Starnberg, Bayern, Germany Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 45 years) 
    Mother GROITZSCH, Countess Agnes ,   b. 13 Sep 1159, Groitzsch, Delitzsch, Leipzig, Sachsen, Germany Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 25 Mar 1195, Andechs, Oberbayern, Bavaria, Germany Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 35 years) 
    Married 1185 
    Family ID F20094  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family HUNGARY, King Andras ,   b. 1176, Esztergom, Komárom, Hungary Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 21 Sep 1235, Eger, Heves, Hungary Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 59 years) 
    Married 1203  Hungary Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Children 
     1. ÁRPáDHáZI, Princess Maria ,   b. Abt 1204, Esztergom, Komárom, Hungary Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1237, Bulgaria Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 33 years)
    +2. HUNGARY, King Bela IV ,   b. 19 Nov 1206, Esztergom, Komárom, Hungary Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 3 May 1270, Budapest, Budapest, Hungary Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 63 years)
     3. ÁRPáDHáZI, Princess Erzsebet ,   b. 7 Jul 1207, Esztergom, Komárom, Hungary Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 17 Nov 1231, Marburg, Hesse-Darmstadt, Germany Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 24 years)
     4. ÁRPáDHáZI, Prince Koloman ,   b. 1208, Esztergom, Komárom, Hungary Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Aft 11 Apr 1241, Segesd, Somogy, Hungary Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age > 33 years)
     5. ÁRPáDHáZI, Prince Andras ,   b. Abt 1210, Esztergom, Komárom, Hungary Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Abt 12 Jun 1245, Esztergom, Komárom, Hungary Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 35 years)
    Last Modified 6 Oct 2020 
    Family ID F19957  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsBorn - Abt 1185 - Andechs, Oberbayern, Bavaria, Germany Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsMarried - 1203 - Hungary Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsDied - 28 Sep 1213 - Esztergom, Komárom, Hungary Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Earth 

  • Photos
    AMBROSE SHURTZ
    dist.jpg?ctx=ArtCtxPublic
    As a young man
    https://sg30p0.familysearch.org/service/records/storage/das-mem/patron/v2/TH-904-68180-98-84/dist.jpg?ctx=ArtCtxPublic
    https://sg30p0.familysearch.org/service/records/storage/das-mem/patron/v2/TH-904-68180-98-84/dist.jpg?ctx=ArtCtxPublic
    https://sg30p0.familysearch.org/service/records/storage/das-mem/patron/v2/TH-904-97694-1723-74/dist.jpg?ctx=ArtCtxPublic
    https://sg30p0.familysearch.org/service/records/storage/das-mem/patron/v2/TH-904-97694-1723-74/dist.jpg?ctx=ArtCtxPublic

  • Notes 
    • Gertrude of Merania (1185 – 28 September 1213) was Queen of Hungary as the first wife of Andrew II from 1205 until her assassination. She was regent during her husband's absence.
      She was the daughter of the Bavarian Count Berthold IV of Andechs, who had been elevated to the title Duke of Merania by Emperor Frederick Barbarossa, and his wife Agnes from the Saxon House of Wettin. Gertrude's elder sister was Agnes of Merania, a famous beauty, who married King Philip II of France. Her younger sister was St. Hedwig of Silesia, wife of the Piast duke Henry I the Bearded, the later High Duke of Poland. Their brother was Otto, who succeeded their father as Duke of Merania.

      Marriage[edit]
      Her parents wanted their daughters to all make important political marriages, which would create alliances for Duke Berthold IV. Gertrude married the Árpád prince Andrew II, younger son of late King Béla III of Hungary, before 1203. Andrew thereby took sides in the conflict over the German throne, joining his father-in-law in his support of Duke Philip of Swabia, while his elder brother King Emeric of Hungary backed King Otto IV of Germany.

      The Queen:
      mbitious Gertrude exerted much political influence over her husband. It was probably she who persuaded Andrew to conspire against his brother again, but when King Emeric, who had realised that Andrew's troops outnumbered his armies, went unarmed, wearing only the crown and the sceptre, to Andrew's camp near Varasd, Andrew surrendered voluntarily on the spur of the scene. The king had his brother arrested, but Andrew managed to escape shortly afterwards. During this time, Gertrude was sent back to her father. Things improved for her, when Prince Andrew took over the government of the Hungarian kingdom upon the death of King Emeric in 1204, officially as regent for his minor nephew Ladislaus III, who nevertheless died driven in exile one year later.

      Regent:
      Gertrude was killed in 1213, by Hungarian noblemen (magnates), who were jealous over the advancement of her German relatives at court. While the king was in battle, Gertrude gave out Hungarian land as "gifts" to her favorites. According to medieval chroniclers, one third of the country was given away but the magnates got it back after the queen's death. Thus, Hungary did not prosper. During the frequent absence of her husband, the queen was regent and, as Dietrich of Apolda states, conducted the affairs of the kingdom "like a man". In 1206 her younger brother Berthold was installed as Archbishop of Kalocsa, in 1212 he was also appointed Voivode of Transylvania.

      Murder:
      While King Andrew was campaigning in Galicia, the Hungarian nobles, led by Peter, son of Töre decided to get rid of the queen and in 1213 on a hunt with Berthold and their guest Duke Leopold VI of Austria in the Pilis Mountains, she was killed. Gertrude's body was torn to pieces, her brother and Duke Leopold narrowly escaped with their lives. Due to the current political situation most of her murderers remained unpunished during the rule of Andrew II. Only Gertrude's son King Béla IV took revenge after his accession to the throne.

      Gertrude's tomb was of a Gothic style. Her tomb was excavated between 1967 and 1980.[2]

      On Gertrude's death, Andrew married Yolanda de Courtenay.
      References:
      "Magyar Életrajzi Lexikon". Mek.niif.hu. Retrieved 2013-01-04.
      Jump up ^ Translation from German Wikipedia, with further sources, Retrieved 2014-03-18[better source needed]