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GALICIA, Prince Lev

GALICIA, Prince Lev

Male 1235 - 1301  (66 years)  Submit Photo / DocumentSubmit Photo / Document

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  • Name GALICIA, Lev 
    Prefix Prince 
    Born 1235  Hungary Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Male 
    _TAG Reviewed on FS 
    Died 1301 
    Headstones Submit Headstone Photo Submit Headstone Photo 
    Person ID I48021  Joseph Smith Sr and Lucy Mack Smith | Joseph Sr., Lucy Mack
    Last Modified 30 Mar 2020 

    Family ÁRPáDHáZI, Princess Konstancia ,   b. 1237, Budapest, Pest, Hungary Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 8 May 1276, Şandra, Satu Mare, Romania Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 39 years) 
    Married 1251  Budapest, Pest, Hungary Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Last Modified 6 Oct 2020 
    Family ID F20259  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsBorn - 1235 - Hungary Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsMarried - 1251 - Budapest, Pest, Hungary Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Earth 

  • Photos
    AMBROSE SHURTZ
    dist.jpg?ctx=ArtCtxPublic
    As a young man
    Portrait of Leo I, with Lviv in the background
    Portrait of Leo I, with Lviv in the background

  • Notes 
    • BIOGRAPHY: Leo I of Galicia (Ukrainian: Лев Дани́лович, Lev Danylovych) (c. 1228 – c. 1301) was a Knyaz (prince) of Belz (1245–1264), Peremyshl, Halych (1264–1269), Grand Prince of Kiev (1271–1301) and King of Galicia-Volhynia.

      He was a son of King Daniel of Galicia and his first wife, Anna Mstislavna Smolenskaya (daughter of Mstislav Mstislavich the Bold). As his father, Lev was a member of the senior branch of Vladimir II Monomakh descendants. He was a third cousin of Alexander Nevsky.

      King of Rus'
      Reign
      1269–1301
      Predecessor
      Daniel of Galicia
      Successor
      Yuri I of Galicia
      Grand Prince of Kiev
      Reign
      1271–1301
      Predecessor
      Yaroslav of Tver
      Successor
      Ivan Vladimir
      Born
      1228
      Died
      1301
      Spouse
      Constance of Hungary
      Issue
      Yuri I of Galicia
      Svyatoslava of Halych
      Anastasia of Galicia
      House
      Rurik
      Father
      Daniel of Galicia
      Mother
      Anna Mstislavna Smolenskaya

      Reign Edit

      Lev moved his father's capital from Halych to the newly founded city of Lviv. This city was named after him by its founder, Lev's father, King Daniel of Galicia. In 1247 Lev married Constance, daughter of Béla IV of Hungary. Unlike his father, who pursued a Western political course, Lev worked closely with the Mongols and together with them invaded Poland. However, although his troops plundered territory as far west as Racibórz in Silesia, sending many captives and much booty back to Galicia, Lev did not ultimately gain much territory from Poland. Lev cultivated a particularly close alliance with the Tatar Nogai Khan. He also attempted, unsuccessfully, to establish his family's rule over Lithuania. Soon after his younger brother Shvarn ascended to the Lithuanian throne in 1267, Lev organized the murder of Grand Duke of Lithuania Vaišvilkas. Following Shvarn's loss of the throne in 1269, Lev entered into conflict with Lithuania. In 1274–1276 he fought a war with the new Lithuanian ruler Traidenis but was defeated, and Lithuania annexed the territory of Black Ruthenia with its city of Navahrudak.

      In 1279, Lev allied himself with King Wenceslaus II of Bohemia and invaded Poland, although his attempt to capture Kraków in 1280 ended in failure. That same year, however, Lev defeated the Kingdom of Hungary and temporarily annexed part of Transcarpathia, including the town of Mukachevo. In 1292, he defeated Poland and added Lublin with surrounding areas to the territory of Galicia-Volhynia. At the time of Lev's death in 1301, the state of Galicia-Volhynia was at the height of its power.

      Marriage and children Edit

      Lev I married Constance of Hungary, daughter of Béla IV of Hungary and Maria Laskarina. They had three children:

      Yuri I of Galicia (24 April 1252/1257 – 18 March 1308).
      Svyatoslava Lvovna of Halych (died 1302), a nun
      Anastasia Lvovna of Galicia (died 12 March 1335), who married Siemowit of Dobrzyń.