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STEWART, King Robert II

STEWART, King Robert II

Male 1316 - 1390  (74 years)  Submit Photo / DocumentSubmit Photo / Document

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  • Name STEWART, Robert 
    Prefix King 
    Suffix II 
    Christened 1316  Paisley, Renfrewshire, Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Born 2 Mar 1316  Paisley Abbey, Renfrewshire, Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Male 
    _TAG Request Submitted for Permission 
    _TAG Reviewed on FS 
    _TAG Temple 
    Died 19 Apr 1390  Dundonald Castle, Irvine, Ayrshire, Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Buried 24 Apr 1390  Scone Abbey, Scone, Perthshire, Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Headstones Submit Headstone Photo Submit Headstone Photo 
    Person ID I50015  Joseph Smith Sr and Lucy Mack Smith | Joseph Sr., Lucy Mack
    Last Modified 29 Jun 2020 

    Father STEWART, Walter III ,   b. Dec 1280, Dundonald, Ayrshire, Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 9 Apr 1326, Bathgate, Lothian, Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 45 years) 
    Mother BRUCE, Lady Marjorie ,   b. Abt 1297, Dundonald, Ayrshire, Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 2 Mar 1316, Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 19 years) 
    Married 2 Mar 1314  Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Family ID F21143  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 1 STEWART, Countess Margaret ,   b. Abt 1325, Innermeath, Perthshire, Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 23 Mar 1417, Angus, Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 92 years) 
    Children 
     1. STEWART, Princess Isabell Eupheme ,   b. 1348, Dundonald Castle, Kyle, Ayrshire, Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 26 Oct 1410, Castle Douglas, Lanarkshire, Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 62 years)
     2. STEWART, Knight Robert ,   b. Abt 1352, Innermeath, Perthshire, Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 21 Jul 1403, Shrewsbury, Shropshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 51 years)
    +3. STEWART, Sir John ,   b. 1358, Perth, Perthshire, Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 26 Apr 1421, Lorn, Argyleshire, Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 63 years)
    Last Modified 6 Oct 2020 
    Family ID F21106  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 2 CARNEY, Marion  
    Last Modified 6 Oct 2020 
    Family ID F21142  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 3 MURE, Countess Elizabeth ,   b. 2 Mar 1320, Rowallan Castle, Kilmarnock, Ayrshire, Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 2 May 1355, Paisley Abbey, Renfrewshire, Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 35 years) 
    Married 22 Nov 1335  Kyle, Ayrshire, Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Children 
    +1. STEWART, King Robert III ,   b. 14 Aug 1337, Dundonald Castle, Kyle, Ayrshire, Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 4 Apr 1406, Rothesay Castle, Rothesay, Bute, Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 68 years)
    +2. STEWART, Earl Alexander ,   b. 1343, Dundonald Castle, Kyle, Ayrshire, Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1 Aug 1405, Badenoch, Inverness-shire, Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 62 years)
     3. STEWART, Princess Marjory ,   b. Abt 1344, Dundonald, Ayrshire, Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 6 May 1417, Darnaway, Morayshire, Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 73 years)
     4. STEWART, Princess Elizabeth ,   b. Abt 1346, Dundonald, Ayrshire, Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1389, Kinnoul Castle, Perth, Perthshire, Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 43 years)
     5. STEWART, Princess Isabell Eupheme ,   b. Abt 1348, Dundonald, Ayrshire, Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 26 Oct 1410, Douglas, Ayrshire, Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 62 years)
     6. STEWART, Lady Jean ,   b. Abt 1350, Dundonald, Ayrshire, Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1404, Scone, Perthshire, Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 54 years)
     7. STEWART, Baron Walter ,   b. 27 Oct 1378, Dundonald Castle, Irvine, Ayrshire, Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 26 Mar 1437, Edinburgh, Mid Lothian, Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 58 years)
    Last Modified 6 Oct 2020 
    Family ID F19070  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 4 LEITCH, Moira ,   b. 1316, Kyle, Ayrshire, Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1356, Paisley, Renfrewshire, Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 40 years) 
    Married 1350  England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Children 
     1. STEWART, King Robert III ,   b. 14 Aug 1337, Dundonald Castle, Kyle, Ayrshire, Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 4 Apr 1406, Dundonald, Ayrshire, Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 68 years)
    Last Modified 6 Oct 2020 
    Family ID F21140  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 5 ROSS, Euphemia ,   b. 1332, Ross, Lanarkshire, Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1387, Paisley Abbey, Paisley, Renfrewshire, Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 55 years) 
    Married 2 May 1355  Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Children 
     1. STEWART, Earl David ,   b. Abt 1356, Dundonald, Ayrshire, Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Bef 5 Mar 1389, Dundonald, Ayrshire, Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 33 years)
     2. SCOTLAND, Princess Egidia Jill ,   b. Abt 1362, Dundonald, Ayrshire, Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Abt 1398, Dundonald Castle, Irvine, Ayrshire, Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 36 years)
     3. STEWART, Catherine Jean ,   b. Abt 1362, Dundonald, Ayrshire, Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Abt 1446  (Age ~ 84 years)
     4. STEWART, Earl Walter ,   b. 27 Oct 1378, Dundonald Castle, Irvine, Ayrshire, Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 26 Mar 1437, Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 58 years)
    Last Modified 6 Oct 2020 
    Family ID F21141  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsMarried - 22 Nov 1335 - Kyle, Ayrshire, Scotland Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsMarried - 1350 - , , , England Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsMarried - 2 May 1355 - Scotland Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Earth 

  • Photos
    AMBROSE SHURTZ
    dist.jpg?ctx=ArtCtxPublic
    As a young man
    Robert II Stewart, King of Scotland
    Robert II Stewart, King of Scotland
    https://sg30p0.familysearch.org/service/records/storage/das-mem/patron/v2/TH-904-87149-968-76/dist.jpg?ctx=ArtCtxPublic
    https://sg30p0.familysearch.org/service/records/storage/das-mem/patron/v2/TH-904-87149-968-76/dist.jpg?ctx=ArtCtxPublic

  • Notes 
    • Ref: http://www3.dcs.hull.ac.uk/cgi-bin/gedlkup/n=royal?royal101455 Was in command of the second division of the Scotch Army at Halidon Hill, and was one of the few who escaped the carnage of that disastrous day. See Euroaisch Stammtafeln Band II tafel 69 & The Complete Peerage vXIIpI, p. 389. There is some confusion over which daughter is which and who are their mothers which still needs some clarification. Ref: http://www3.dcs.hull.ac.uk/cgi-bin/gedlkup/n=royal?royal-1455 Children recorded here: Stuart, Margaret Stuart, Robert III (John) of Scotland, King of Scotland, b. 1337 3. Stuart, Walter, Earl of Fife 4. Stuart, Robert of Fife, Duke of Albany, b. Abt 1339 5. Stuart, Alexander "the Wolf" of Badenach, Earl of Buchan 1, b. Cir 1343 6. Stuart, Marjory 7. Stuart, Jean, Lady 8. Stuart, Katherine 9. Stuart, Elizabeth Ref: 973D2ba Americans of Royal Descent Pedigree XXXVI Dispensation (Marriage) AFN: Merged with a record that used the AFN 9FJ7-ZS BIRTH: Also shown as Born , Innermeath, Ireland. BIRTH: Also shown as Born 2 Mar 1316

      In 1336, he first married Elizabeth Mure (died 1355), daughter of Sir Adam Mure of Rowallan. The marriage was criticized for being uncanonical, so he remarried her in 1349 after receiving a papal dispensation in 1347.

      From this union, ten children reached adulthood:

      John (died 1406), who became King of Scotland as Robert III, married Anabella Drummond.
      Walter (died in 1363), husband of Isabella MacDuff, Countess of Fife.
      Robert, Earl of Fife and from 1398 Duke of Albany (died 1420), married in 1361 Margaret Graham, Countess of Menteith, and his second wife in 1381 Muriella Keith (died in 1449).
      Alexander Stewart, Earl of Buchan (died 1405), nicknamed "The Wolf of Badenoch", married in 1382 to Euphemia of Ross.
      Margaret, married John of Islay, Lord of the Isles.
      Marjorie, married John Dunbar, Earl of Moray, then Sir Alexander Keith.
      Elizabeth married Thomas de la Hay, Lord High Constable of Scotland.
      Isabella (died 1410), married James Douglas, 2nd Earl of Douglas (died in 1388), followed in 1389 by David Edmonstone.
      Johanna (Jean), married Sir John Keith (died 1375), then John Lyon, Lord of Glamis (died 1383) and finally Sir James Sandilands.
      Katherine, married Sir Robert Logan of Grugar and Restalrig, Lord High Admiral of Scotland.
      In 1355, Robert married his second wife Euphemia de Ross (died 1387), daughter of Hugh, Earl of Ross. They had four children:

      David Stewart, Earl of Strathearn, born about 1356 and died in 1389.
      Walter Stewart, Earl of Atholl, born about 1360, beheaded at Edinburgh in 1437 for being involved in the assassination of King James I.
      Elizabeth, who married in 1380 David Lindsay, 1st Earl of Crawford.
      Egidia, who married in 1387 William Douglas of Nithsdale.
      King Robert II has also many illegitimate children with several mistresses, including four sons with his favorite Mariota Cardeny, daughter of Sir Cardeny, and widow of Alexander Mac Naugthon:

      Alexander Stewart, of Inverlunan
      Sir John Stewart, of Cardeny
      James Stewart, of Abernethy and Kinfauna
      Walter Stewart
      By Moira Leitch (according to tradition):

      Sir John Stewart, Sheriff of Bute (1360 – d.1445/9), ancestor of the Marquesses of Bute[86][87]
      Other issue born by unknown women:[86]

      John Stewart, Lord of Burley (killed 1425)
      Sir John Stewart of Cairdney
      Alexander Stewart, canon of Glasgow
      Sir Alexander Stewart of Inverlunan
      Thomas Stewart, Archdeacon of St Andrews, Dean of Dunkeld
      James Stewart of Kinfauns
      Walter Stewart
      Maria or Mary Stewart, wife of Sir John de Danielstoun and mother of Sir Robert de Danielstoun of that Ilk (ancestor of Cunningham of Kilmaurs, and Maxwell of Calderwood)

      Robert II (2 March 1316 – 19 April 1390) reigned as King of Scots from 1371 to his death as the first monarch of the House of Stewart. He was the son of Walter Stewart, 6th High Steward of Scotland and of Marjorie Bruce, daughter of Robert the Bruce and of his first wife Isabella of Mar.

      Edward Bruce was named heir to the throne but he died without legitimate children on 3 December 1318 in a battle near Dundalk in Ireland. Marjorie by this time had died in a riding accident - probably in 1317. Parliament decreed her infant son, Robert Stewart, as heir presumptive, but this lapsed on 5 March 1324 on the birth of a son, David, to King Robert and his second wife, Elizabeth de Burgh. Robert Stewart inherited the title of High Steward of Scotland on his father's death on 9 April 1326, and a Parliament held in July 1326 confirmed the young Steward as heir should Prince David die without a successor. In 1329 King Robert I died and the six-year-old David succeeded to the throne with Sir Thomas Randolph, Earl of Moray appointed Guardian of Scotland.

      Edward Balliol, son of King John Balliol, assisted by the English and Scottish nobles disinherited by Robert I, invaded Scotland inflicting heavy defeats on the Bruce party on 11 August 1332 at Dupplin Moor and Halidon Hill on 19 July 1333. Robert fought at Halidon, where his uncle and former guardian, Sir James Stewart, was killed. Following this battle, Robert's lands in the west were given by Balliol to his supporter David Strathbogie, the titular Earl of Atholl. Robert took refuge in the fortress of Dumbarton Castle in the Clyde estuary to join his uncle, King David. In May 1334 David escaped to France leaving Robert and John Randolph, 3rd Earl of Moray as joint Guardians of the kingdom. Robert succeeded in regaining his lands but following Randolph's capture by the English in July 1335, his possessions were once again targeted by the forces of Balliol and King Edward III of England. This may have persuaded Robert to submit to Balliol and the English king and may explain his removal as Guardian by September 1335. The Guardianship transferred to Sir Andrew Murray of Bothwell but following his death in 1338 Robert was re-appointed and retained the office until King David returned from France in June 1341. Robert accompanied David into battle at Neville's Cross on 17 October 1346 but he and Patrick Dunbar, Earl of March escaped or fled the field and David was taken prisoner. In October 1357, the king was ransomed for 100,000 marks to be paid in installments over ten years.

      Robert married Elizabeth Mure around 1348, legitimising his four sons and five daughters. His subsequent marriage to Euphemia de Ross in 1355 produced two sons and two surviving daughters and provided the basis of a future dispute regarding the line of succession. Robert joined a rebellion against David in 1363 but submitted to him following a threat to his right of succession. In 1364, David presented a proposal to Parliament that would cancel the remaining ransom debt if it was agreed that a Plantagenet heir would inherit the Scottish throne should he die without issue. This was rejected and Robert succeeded to the throne at the age of 55 following David's unexpected death in 1371. England still controlled large sectors in the Lothians and in the border country so King Robert allowed his southern earls to engage in actions in the English zones to regain their territories, halted trade with England and renewed treaties with France. By 1384, the Scots had re-taken most of the occupied lands, but following the commencement of Anglo-French peace talks, Robert was reluctant to commit Scotland to all-out war and obtained Scotland's inclusion in the peace treaty. Robert's peace strategy was a factor in the virtual coup in 1384 when he lost control of the country, first to his eldest son, John, Earl of Carrick, afterwards King Robert III, and then from 1388 to John's younger brother, Robert, Earl of Fife, afterwards the first Duke of Albany. Robert II died in Dundonald Castle in 1390 and was buried at Scone Abbey.

      Name: King Robert II of Scotland
      Father: Walter Stewart
      Mother: Marjorie daughter of Robert Bruce
      Relation to Elizabeth II: 17th great-grandfather
      House of: Stewart
      Born: March 2, 1316 at Paisley
      Ascended to the throne: February 22, 1371 aged 54 years
      Crowned: March 26, 1371 at Scone Abbey, Perthshire
      Married:(1) Elizabeth Mure, 1336
      Married:(2) Euphemia of Moray, 1355
      Children: 10 by Elizabeth Mure including John (Robert III), 4 by Euphemia and several illegitimate.
      Died: April 19, 1390, at Dundonald Castle, Ayrshire, aged 74 years, 1 month, and 17 days
      Buried at: Scone Abbey
      Succeeded by: his son John who took the name Robert III

      Robert was a grandson of Robert Bruce, and the first in the House of Stewart dynasty. The name came from his ancestor Walter Stewart who was appointed High Steward of Scotland by David I. He had escaped following the defeat of David II at Halidon Hill in 1333 and took over as Guardian of Scotland while David was in exile in France.

      He was a mature man of 54 when he succeeded to the throne on the death of David, but he was weak king and did not rule well over the nobles who were critical of him leading to a loss of prestige of the crown. His heir John took over the rule to attempt to restore law and order.

      A truce with England in 1384 was short lived, and the border wars continued. In 1388 the Scots under James Douglas won a victory at Otterburn near Newcastle over Henry Percy ‘Hotspur’ of Northumberland.

      Robert had 14 legitimate children and at least 7 illegitimate. He was succeeded by his son John who took the name Robert III.

      **********

      Source:
      **********************************************


      Robert II (early 1316 – 19 April 1390) was King of Scots from 1371 to his death as the first monarch of the House of Stewart. He was the son of Walter Stewart, 6th High Steward of Scotland and of Marjorie Bruce, daughter of Robert the Bruce and of his first wife Isabella of Mar.

      Edward Bruce was named heir to the throne but he died without legitimate children on 3 December 1318 in a battle near Dundalk in Ireland. Marjorie by this time had died in a riding accident probably in 1317. Parliament decreed that her infant son, Robert Stewart, was to be heir presumptive, but this lapsed on 5 March 1324 on the birth of a son, David, to King Robert. Robert Stewart inherited the title of High Steward of Scotland on his father's death on 9 April 1326, and a Parliament held in July 1326 confirmed the young Steward as heir should Prince David die without a successor. In 1329 the king died and the six year-old David succeeded to the throne with Sir Thomas Randolph, Earl of Moray appointed Guardian of Scotland.

      Edward Balliol, son of King John Balliol, assisted by the English and Scottish nobles disinherited by Robert I, invaded Scotland inflicting heavy defeats on the Bruce party on 11 August 1332 at Dupplin Moor and Halidon Hill on 10 July 1333. Robert fought at Halidon, where his uncle and former guardian, Sir James Stewart, was killed. Following this battle, Robert's lands in the west were given by Balliol to his supporter David Strathbogie, the titular Earl of Atholl. Robert took refuge in the fortress of Dumbarton Castle in the Clyde estuary to join his uncle, King David. In May 1334 David escaped to France leaving Robert and John Randolph, 3rd Earl of Moray as joint Guardians of the kingdom. Robert succeeded in regaining his lands but following Randolph's capture by the English in July 1335, his possessions were once again targeted by the forces of Balliol and King Edward III of England. This may have persuaded Robert to submit to Balliol and the English king and may explain his removal as Guardian by September 1335. The Guardianship transferred to Sir Andrew Murray of Bothwell but following his death in 1338 Robert was re-appointed and retained the office until King David returned from France in June 1341. Robert accompanied David into battle at Neville's Cross on 17 October 1346 but he and Patrick Dunbar, Earl of March escaped or fled the field and David was taken prisoner. In October 1357, the king was ransomed for 100,000 marks to be paid in installments over ten years.

      Robert married Elizabeth Mure around 1348, legitimising his four sons and five daughters. His subsequent marriage to Euphemia de Ross in 1355 produced two sons and two surviving daughters and provided the basis of a future dispute regarding the line of succession. Robert joined a rebellion against David in 1363, but submitted to him following a threat to his right of succession. In 1364 David presented a proposal to Parliament that would cancel the remaining ransom debt if it was agreed that a Plantagenet heir would inherit the Scottish throne should he die without issue. This was rejected and Robert succeeded to the throne at the age of 55 following David's unexpected death in 1371. England still controlled large sectors in the Lothians and in the border country so King Robert allowed his southern earls to engage in actions in the English zones to regain their territories, halted trade with England and renewed treaties with France. By 1384 the Scots had re-taken most of the occupied lands, but following the commencement of Anglo-French peace talks, Robert was reluctant to commit Scotland to all-out war and obtained Scotland's inclusion in the peace treaty. Robert's peace strategy was a factor in the virtual coup in 1384 when he lost control of the country, first to his eldest son, John, Earl of Carrick, afterwards King Robert III, and then from 1388 to John's younger brother, Robert, Earl of Fife, afterwards the first Duke of Albany. Robert II died in Dundonald Castle in 1390 and was buried at Scone Abbey.