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MAJORCA, King Jaime

MAJORCA, King Jaime

Male 1243 - 1318  (74 years)  Submit Photo / DocumentSubmit Photo / Document

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  • Name MAJORCA, Jaime 
    Prefix King 
    Born 31 May 1243  Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Male 
    _TAG Reviewed on FS 
    Died 29 May 1318  Palma de Mallorca, Baleares, Spain Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Buried Jun 1318  Catedral de Santa María, Islas Baleares, Spain Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Headstones Submit Headstone Photo Submit Headstone Photo 
    Person ID I51693  Joseph Smith Sr and Lucy Mack Smith | Joseph Sr., Lucy Mack
    Last Modified 17 Jul 2020 

    Father ARAGON, Count Jaime Pedrez I ,   b. 1 Feb 1208, Montpellier, Hérault, Languedoc, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 25 Jul 1271, Valencia, Valencia, Spain Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 63 years) 
    Mother HUNGARY, Princess Jolan ,   b. 19 Dec 1213, Esztergom, Komárom-Esztergom, Hungary Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 12 Oct 1251, Huesca, Huesca, Aragon, Spain Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 37 years) 
    Married 8 Sep 1235  Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Family ID F18942  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family FOIX, Esclaramunde de ,   b. 1245, Spain Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Married 12 Oct 1272  Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Last Modified 6 Oct 2020 
    Family ID F22211  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsBorn - 31 May 1243 - Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsMarried - 12 Oct 1272 - Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Earth 

  • Photos
    AMBROSE SHURTZ
    dist.jpg?ctx=ArtCtxPublic
    As a young man

  • Notes 
    • BIOGRAPHY: James II (Catalan: "Jaume") was King of Majorca and Lord of Montpellier from 1276 until his death. He was the second son of James I of Aragon and his wife, Violant, daughter of Andrew II of Hungary. In 1279, by the Treaty of Perpignan, he became a vassal of the Crown of Aragon. James inherited from his father a realm including three of the Balearic Islands (Majorca, Ibiza, and Formentera), the counties of Roussillon and Cerdanya, the dominion of Montpellier, the barony of Aumelàs, and the viscounty of Carladès. He also gained tribute from the fourth Balearic island, Menorca, which remained under Muslim control throughout his life. He ruled as a vassal of his brother Peter III of Aragon, a subordinate status which he sought to escape. In 1276, his former seneschal, Ramon Llull, persuaded him to fund a language school for Franciscan missionaries at Miramar.

      France and Aragon contested for control of Sicily. James held rights over borderlands that were indefensible and, in anticipation of an invasion, reached an agreement with king Philip III of France (the widower of his sister, Isabella). This strained relations between Aragon and Majorca. Peter of Aragon seized Perpignan, and although James was able to escape, Peter sent two of James' sons to Barcelona. With this, James sided with the French. His nephew Alfonso III of Aragon annexed the Balearic Islands to Aragon in the conquest, but they were returned by the Treaty of Anagni in 1295.

      Following this reversion, James made an effort to improve the viability of the kingdom on the domestic front. He devoted himself to running his kingdom by reforming urbanism, establishing agricultural policy, emphasizing defense, and reforming the economy. He implemented a vast policy of agricultural colonization with the creation of rural centers; increase royal rents; favoured the creation of a consulates in the Kingdom of Granada; created a new monetary system for the kingdom; promoted the creation of textile industries; proceeded to increase the power of the crown over that of the nobility and the Church; and ordered the construction of several palaces and castles, including the palace at Perpignan, the Palace of Almudaina, the Cathedral of Santa María at Palma de Mallorca, known today as La Seu, and, finally, Bellver Castle. The opening of criminal proceedings against the Knights Templar and their later suppression would allow the seizure of the tithes of the Templars on the islands. Although a vassal of Aragon, in 1302 he began to create his own consulates along the North African coast.

      James wed Esclaramunda of Foix in 1275 through a marriage arranged by his own initiative and not that of his father's. Esclaramunda was a daughter of Roger IV of Foix. They had six children including: James, who became a Franciscan friar before his father's death; Sancho, James II's successor; Sancha, who married Robert of Naples; Elizabeth, wife of Juan Manuel, Prince of Villena; Ferdinand, father of James III; and Philip, Regent of Majorca during James III's minority.

      He also had an illegitimate daughter, Saura, who married Berengeur de Villaragut. They had a daughter, Violante of Vilaragut.

      -- Wikiwand: James II of Majorca