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FRANCE, King Phillip IV

FRANCE, King Phillip IV

Male 1268 - 1314  (46 years)  Submit Photo / DocumentSubmit Photo / Document

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  • Name FRANCE, Phillip 
    Prefix King 
    Suffix IV 
    Born 28 May 1268  Fontainebleau, Seine-et-Marne, Île-de-France, France Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Male 
    Died 29 Sep 1314  Fontainebleau, Seine-et-Marne, Ile-de-France, France Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Buried 17 Dec 1314  Saint Denis, Seine-St.-Denis, France Find all individuals with events at this location 
    WAC 12 Sep 1917  LOGAN Find all individuals with events at this location 
    _TAG Reviewed on FS 
    Headstones Submit Headstone Photo Submit Headstone Photo 
    Person ID I53009  Joseph Smith Sr and Lucy Mack Smith | Joseph Sr., Lucy Mack
    Last Modified 6 Aug 2020 

    Father FRANCE, King Philippe III ,   b. 30 Apr 1245, Poissy-Sud, Saint-Germain-en-Laye, Yvelines, Île-de-France, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 5 Oct 1285, Perpignan, Pyrénées-Orientales, Languedoc-Roussillon, France Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 40 years) 
    Mother BRABANT, Marie ,   b. 13 May 1254, Leuven, Brabant, Belgium Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 12 Jan 1321, Murel, Lot, Pyrenees, France Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 66 years) 
    Married 21 Aug 1274  Vincennes, Val-de-Marne, France Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Family ID F17739  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsWAC - 12 Sep 1917 - Logan Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Earth 

  • Photos
    AMBROSE SHURTZ
    dist.jpg?ctx=ArtCtxPublic
    As a young man
    Felipe IV el de Francia el Hermoso de la casa real de los capetos
    Felipe IV el de Francia el Hermoso de la casa real de los capetos
    https://sg30p0.familysearch.org/service/records/storage/das-mem/patron/v2/TH-904-99749-1339-79/dist.jpg?ctx=ArtCtxPublic
    https://sg30p0.familysearch.org/service/records/storage/das-mem/patron/v2/TH-904-99749-1339-79/dist.jpg?ctx=ArtCtxPublic
    https://sg30p0.familysearch.org/service/records/storage/das-mem/patron/v2/TH-904-100779-1095-13/dist.jpg?ctx=ArtCtxPublic
    https://sg30p0.familysearch.org/service/records/storage/das-mem/patron/v2/TH-904-100779-1095-13/dist.jpg?ctx=ArtCtxPublic
    https://sg30p0.familysearch.org/service/records/storage/das-mem/patron/v2/TH-904-66555-1036-31/dist.jpg?ctx=ArtCtxPublic
    https://sg30p0.familysearch.org/service/records/storage/das-mem/patron/v2/TH-904-66555-1036-31/dist.jpg?ctx=ArtCtxPublic

  • Notes 
    • Early life

      Philip was born in Poissy to King Saint Louis IX of France[2] and Margaret of Provence, queen consort of France. As Count of Orléans, he accompanied his father on the Eighth Crusade to Tunisia in 1270. The plans failed when the French forces were struck by an epidemic which, on 25 August, took the life of King Louis himself.[3] Philip immediately acceded to the kingship at 25 years of age.
      Coronation and inheritances

      Philip, proclaimed king, quickly set his uncle, king Charles I of Naples, Sicily, and Albania, on negotiations with Muhammad I al-Mustansir to conclude the crusade with a truce. Charles signed a treaty with the emir, and there was little else to do but return to Sicily. The crusade was postponed until next spring, but a devastating storm off the coast of Sicily dissuaded Philip from any further campaigning. Philip returned to France to claim his throne at the formal coronation of the French monarch at Reims Cathedral on 30 August 1271.

      Alphonse, Count of Poitiers and Toulouse, uncle of the newly crowned king Philip III, returning from the crusade, died childless in Italy on 21 August 1271. Philip inherited counties from his nephew and united them to the Crown lands of France, the royal demesne. His inheritance included a portion of Auvergne, then the Terre royale d'Auvergne, later the Duchy of Auvergne. In accordance with wishes of Alphonse, he granted the Comtat Venaissin to Blessed Pope Gregory X in 1274. This inheritance also included the Agenais. Several years of negotiations yielded the Treaty of Amiens (1279) with King Edward I of England, which restored this territory to the English.
      Sicilian Vespers

      King Philip III of France meanwhile supported policy of his uncle, King Charles I of Naples, Sicily, and Albania, in Italy.

      King Peter III of Aragon and Valencia in 1282 triggered the Sicilian Vespers rebellion against King Charles I of Naples, Sicily, and Albania. The success of rebellion and invasion led to the coronation of Peter III of Aragon as king of Sicily also, beginning the dynasty of the House of Barcelona in Sicily.

      King Peter II of Aragon in 1205 put under his realm the suzerainty of the pope. Pope Martin IV excommunicated king Peter III of Aragon, the conqueror, and declared his kingdom forfeit.[4] The pope then granted Aragon to Charles, Count of Valois, son of Philip III, king of France.
      Family matters

      Joan I of Navarre, daughter of the deceased king Henry I of Navarre, reigned as queen regnant of Navarre. Philip IV of France, son of Philip III and heir to the French throne, took her as his wife in 1284.

      In 1284, Peter, Count of Perche and Alençon, died without surviving children; therefore, his oldest living brother, Philip III, king of France, inherited his domains.

      King Philip III of France meanwhile supported policy of his uncle, King Charles I of Naples, Sicily, and Albania, in Italy.

      King Peter III of Aragon and Valencia in 1282 triggered the Sicilian Vespers rebellion against King Charles I of Naples, Sicily, and Albania. The success of rebellion and invasion led to the coronation of Peter III of Aragon as king of Sicily also, beginning the dynasty of the House of Barcelona in Sicily.

      King Peter II of Aragon in 1205 put under his realm the suzerainty of the pope. Pope Martin IV excommunicated king Peter III of Aragon, the conqueror, and declared his kingdom forfeit.[4] The pope then granted Aragon to Charles, Count of Valois, son of Philip III, king of France.
      Family matters

      Joan I of Navarre, daughter of the deceased king Henry I of Navarre, reigned as queen regnant of Navarre. Philip IV of France, son of Philip III and heir to the French throne, took her as his wife in 1284.

      In 1284, Peter, Count of Perche and Alençon, died without surviving children; therefore, his oldest living brother, Philip III, king of France, inherited his domains.
      Marriage of Philip and Marie of Brabant, Queen of France
      Aragonese Crusade and death

      Philip III of France in 1284 responded to the Sicilian Vespers in support of his partially dethroned uncle. With his sons, the king entered Roussillon at the head of a large army on the ultimately unsuccessful Aragonese Crusade. The war took the name "crusade" from its papal sanction; nevertheless, one historian labelled it "perhaps the most unjust, unnecessary and calamitous enterprise ever undertaken by the Capetian monarchy.".[5] On 26 June 1285, Philip III the Bold entrenched himself before Girona in an attempt to besiege the city. Despite the strong resistance, the French took Girona on 7 September 1285.

      Philip quickly experienced a reversal, however, as an epidemic of dysentery hit hard the French camp. The disease afflicted king Philip III personally. The French retreated, and the Aragonese enemy handily defeated the French at the Battle of the Col de Panissars on 1 October 1285.

      Philip III died in dysentery in Perpignan, the capital of his ally James II of Majorca, on 5 October 1285. His son, Philip IV of France the Fair, succeeded him as king of France. The attempt of Philip to conquer Aragon nearly bankrupted the French monarchy, causing challenges for his successor.[6]

      Survivors buried king Philip in Narbonne. His body currently lies with that of his wife Isabella of Aragon, Queen of France, in Basilica of St Denis in Paris.

      Marriage and children
      French Monarchy
      Direct Capetians
      Arms of the Kingdom of France (Ancien).svg
      Philip III
      Louis of France
      Philip IV
      Charles, Count of Valois
      Louis, Count of Évreux
      Blanche, Duchess of Austria
      Margaret of France, Queen of England

      On 28 May 1262, Philip married Isabella of Aragon, Queen of France, daughter of King James I of Aragon and his second wife Yolande of Hungary.[8] They had the following children:

      Louis of France (1264–1276) (died May 1276). He was poisoned, possibly by orders of his stepmother.
      Philip IV of France (1268 – 29 November 1314), his successor, married Joan I of Navarre
      Robert (1269–1271)
      Charles, Count of Valois (12 March 1270 – 16 December 1325), Count of Valois from 1284, married first to Margaret of Anjou in 1290, second to Catherine I of Courtenay in 1302, and last to Mahaut of Chatillon in 1308
      Stillborn son (1271)

      After death of queen consort Isabella, he married on 21 August 1274 Marie of Brabant, Queen of France, daughter of the late Henry III, Duke of Brabant, and Adelaide of Burgundy, Duchess of Brabant. Their children were:

      Louis, Count of Évreux (May 1276 – 19 May 1319), Count of Évreux from 1298, married Margaret of Artois
      Blanche of France, Duchess of Austria (1278 – 19 March 1305, Vienna), married the duke, the future king Rudolf I of Bohemia and Poland, on 25 May 1300.
      Margaret of France, Queen of England (1282 – 14 February 1318), married king Edward I of England on 8 September 1299


      Philip III (30 April 1245 – 5 October 1285), called the Bold (French: le Hardi),[1] was a Capetian King of France who reigned from 1270 to 1285.

      Philip proved indecisive, soft in nature, and timid. The strong personalities of his parents apparently crushed him, and policies of his father dominated him. People called him "the Bold" on the basis of his abilities in combat and on horseback and not for on the basis of his political or personal character. He was pious but not cultivated. He followed the dictates of others, first of Pierre de La Broce and then of his uncle King Charles I of Naples, Sicily, and Albania.

      Contents

      1 Biography
      1.1 Early life
      1.2 Coronation and inheritances
      1.3 Sicilian Vespers
      1.4 Family matters
      1.5 Aragonese Crusade and death
      2 Review from Dante
      3 Marriage and children
      4 Ancestry
      5 Honours
      6 Notes
      7 Sources