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GOUSHILL, Knight Robert

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  • Name GOUSHILL, Knight Robert 
    Prefix Knight 
    Born 1350  Hoveringham, Nottinghamshire, EnglandFind all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Male 
    Died 2 Jul 1404  Derbyshire, EnglandFind all individuals with events at this location 
    Buried Nottingham, Kent, EnglandFind all individuals with events at this location 
    Person ID I45991  Joseph Smith Sr and Lucy Mack Smith | Joseph Sr., Lucy Mack
    Last Modified 25 Oct 2014 

    Family FITZ-ALEN, Dutchess Elizabeth ,   b. 1376, Arundel, Sussex, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 8 Jul 1425, Hoveringham, Nottingham, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 49 years) 
    Married 19 Aug 1401  Derby, Derbyshire, EnglandFind all individuals with events at this location 
    Last Modified 9 Nov 2014 
    Family ID F19103  Group Sheet

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsBorn - 1350 - Hoveringham, Nottinghamshire, England Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsMarried - 19 Aug 1401 - Derby, Derbyshire, England Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsDied - 2 Jul 1404 - Derbyshire, England Link to Google Earth
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  • Notes 
    • The Families of Stewart, Baskerville, and Fitzalan Sir Robert WINGFIELD & Elizabeth GOUSELL "Wynkefeld The Saxon held honor and fee, ere William The Norman came over the sea" ....Ancient Suffolk, England Rhyme Wingfield Family Society Robert was Knight of Letheringham, a Member of Parliament for Suffolk, England and a steward to Sir John de Mowbray, the Duke of Norfolk, 1447. Through his wife's line are ties to the royal houses of England. Robert WINGFIELD Sir was born about 1403 in Letheringham, Suffolk, England. Letheringham Moated Letheringham Hall came to the Wingfields when his grandfather Sir Thomas Wingfield married Margaret Bovile. Sir Thomas was the brother of Sir John Wingfield of Wingfield. The noble Old Hall was pulled down in 1770 and an attractive farmhouse now sits on the site. The Church of Letheringham This ancient and historically interesting church reflects the Wingfield's 3-centuries presence and contains several Wingfield brasses including one of Sir John Wingfield of Suffolk, 1389. It is one of the largest brasses in England. He was Knight of Letheringham in 1426. He were politically involved as Member of Parliament in 1428 in Suffolk, England. He signed a will on 6 October 1454 in Cambridge, Cambridgeshire, England. He died before 21 November 1454 in Letheringham, Suffolk, England. He was imprisoned in the Tower of London about 1440 and had been in the service of Queen Margaret of Anjou, 1445-1447. He was Steward to John de Mowbray, the Duke of Norfolk, 1447. WINGFIELD, a parish in the hundred of HOXNE, county of SUFFOLK, 5 from Eye. The living is a perpetual curacy, in the archdeaconry of Suffolk, and diocese of Norwich, endowed with £1000 parliamentary grant, and in the patronage of the Bishop of Norwich. The church, dedicated to St. Andrew, was made collegiate in 1362: it is built of flints and stones of various colours, exhibiting a fine and rather uncommon appearance. In the chancel, of which the architecture is highly enriched, are some superb monuments and ancient brasses of the Wingfields and De la Poles: among those of the latter family is one to the memory of Michael, first Earl of Suffolk, who, in the reign of Richard II., built the castle, of which the south front still remains, and the west side has been converted into a farm-house: these ruins, which are surrounded by a moat, are situated about a quarter of a mile north-west of the church, on a thickly-wooded plain. Of the college, founded on the south side of the church by Sir John Wingfield, in 1362, for a provost and nine priests, all that remains is the west side of the quadrangle, now used as a farm-house; it was valued, at the dissolution, at £50 per annum. He was married to Elizabeth GOUSELL (daughter of Robert GOUSELL Sir and Elizabeth FITZ-ALAN) about 1427 in Derbyshire, England. Their marriage is entered in the Visitation of Suffolk taken in 1561 as 'Sir Robert Wingfield . . . maryed Elizabeth Daughtr and heyr of Robert Gowsell & of Elizabeth his wyfe Daughtr and one of theyres of Rychard erll of arondell . . .' A brass effigy formerly in Letheringham church confirms this identification. It shows the arms of Wingfield impaling Goushill and bears the inscription 'Her lieth S'r Thomas Wingfield, knyght, Richard Wyngfeld and William Wyngfeld, Squyres, sonns of S'r Rob't Wyngfeld, knyght, and of lady Elizabeth his wif, syster to the duke of Norff' Elizabeth Goushill's half brother, by her mother's second husband, was John Mowbray, Duke of Norfolk. The brass would date to a period not long after 1510 when the last two of the three brothers died. Elizabeth GOUSELL was born about 1402 in Derbyshire, England. She died after 1453 in England. Dorothy WINGFIELD was born about 1566 in Upton, Castre, Cambridgeshire, England. She died on 7 November 1619 in Northborough, Cambridgeshire, England. She was buried on 7 November 1619 in Northborough, Cambridgeshire, England. Dorothea, called the second daughter of Robert Wingfield and his wife Elizabeth Cecil, and as wife of Adam Claypole of Lolham, Northamptonshire, by Robert Wingfield, her brother's son, at the 1618 Visitation of co. Northampton (College of Arms, ms., Coll of Augustine Viscent [died 1626], later Windson Herald, under whose supervision the 1618-19 Visitation of co. Northampton was conducted.] For an unknown reason, the pedigree was not entered in the official record of that visitation. P.L. Dickinson suggests that one possibility is that the Wingfields did not pay the requisite fee. She was married to Adam CLAYPOOLE Esq. (son of James CLAYPOOLE Esq. and Joan HENSEN) on 30 September 1586 in St. George's Church, Stamford, Northamptonshire, England. Adam 'Cleapole' married 'Dorithye Wyngfelde', 1586/87 Adam CLAYPOOLE Esq. was born in June 1565 in Northborough, Cambridgeshire, England. He was baptised on 20 June 1565 in St. Andrews Church, Northborough, Cambridgeshire, England. He died on 2 March 1631 in Northborough, Cambridgeshire, England. Some sources say 1634. 'of Latham'. Heir to his brother, John's, estate. He held various lands including the manors of Northborough and Lolham (also called Lolsham, or Leham) Maxey and Deepingate, which were located about seven miles northwest of Peterborough. NORTHBOROUGH, a Parish in the liberty of PETERBOROUGH, County of NORTHAMPTON (now Cambridgeshire), 1¾ mile from Market-Deeping. The living is a rectory, in the Archdeaconry of Northampton, and Diocese of Peterborough, rated in the king's books at £10. 19. 7., and in the patronage of the Dean and Chapter of Peterborough. The church, dedicated to St. Andrew, has a fine admixture of the Norman and the various later styles of English architecture, and contains a monument, with other memorials, to the family of Claypole, of whom John married Elizabeth, daughter of Oliver Cromwell, who created him a Baronet in 1657, and made him Master of the Horse, and a Lord of the Bedchamber. Their ancient mansion, a beautiful specimen of the decorated style, has been converted into a farm-house. ---------------------- Source: 1. National Library of Indonesia "Tapel Adam" Bat Cedotschap Jar. Udos. B.G.v.K.e.W. 393. Kanjeng Nabi Adam to Kingdoms of Indonesia. 2. A Family Tree From Adam to Jesus by C. Hemmelman, Jerusalem Distributor The Three Arches Co Ltd. P. O. Box 214, Bethlehem, Israel. 3. Old Testament, Books of Tobit, Judith, Maccabees, The New Testament. In addition, partial genealogies of Josephus Flavius (Joseph ben Matthias) and of Herod the Great have been added for their inherent interest. 4. Bible: Genesis 10:24 and 11:14-17; 1 Chronicles 1:18; Luke 3:35. Jewish tradition suggests that the name Hebrew is derived from the name Eber. (Also from Early Families of the Earth) 5. The Davidson Genealogy - EBER of Heber ("fellowship") the father of the Hebrew so called spoke his language, born A.M. 1723 (B.C. 2287) died A.M. 2187 (B.C. 1817) aged 464. Thoroton's Nottinghamshire (18th Century) Thurgarton Hundred-Hoveringham. Also spelled Gaushill, Goushull. Knt., Lord of Hault Hucknall Manor, County Derby, who had been an Esquire to the first Duke of Norfolk. "Swayne, before the conquest, had a manor in Hoveringham, which answered the publick tax or for two car.two bov.(a). The land was four car. There afterwards Walter de Aincurt (whose fee it became) had one demesne, two car. and six sochm. on three bovats, and one third of a bovat of his land, nine villains, three bordars, having four car. There was a priest and a church, and two mills 40s. two piscaries, 8s. and fourty acres of meadow. In the Confessours time it was valued at 4l. and when the Book of Doomsday was made, at 10s. more, having soc in Fiscartune, Mortune, and Farnesfeld.(b). Hugo de Hoveringham paid four marks for two knights fees, in the time of H. 3. he was a benefactor to Thurgarton, as was also Robert his father, and Hugh his grandfather, and Emme his grandmother, named in that place, to which this church was given, by Robert his said father. They had interest in Flintham, and Radcliffe on Trent, as in those towns may be perceived; as had also the family of Gousell, who continued here long after them, (c). whereof Raph de Gousle, son of Robert, had a son called Sir Walter de Goushill, who married Matilda, one of the two Co-heirs of Matthew de Hatersege, the other sister Cecilia was the wife of ___ Langford, and mother of Nigellus, father of Oliver, father of John, father of Nicholas de Langford, who lived 4 E. 3. (d). (e). Matilda who had been wife of Sir Walter de Goushill, purchased of William, son of Hugh de Hoveringham, a certain place in the west part of the meadow of Hoveringham, called Yirne, or Thirne, (f). upon which the meadow of the prior of Thurgarton, and John de Gousill abutted on the west part, and common meadow of Hoveringham on the east, for which she gave him 40s. and a quarter of barley, he reserving only a penny rent yearly, to be paid at Christmas to him and his heirs, which said rent Hugh Sharpe, and Matilda his wife released to the prior and covent of Thurgarton, to whom Simon de Gousil, son of Matilda first named, together with some other meadow, which his said mother gave him, conveyed it, (g). and Walter de Goushull, knight, grandson of the said Matilda, (by her eldest son Walter (or John) confirmed the gift of the said Sir Simon, his uncle. (Thereafter is recorded the descendancy of the Goushill Family as recorded in notes of this file under the name of Robertus de Gousle.) The jury, 20 E/ 2. (h). found that Walter de Goushull, and Matilda his wife, who 30 E. 1. (i). levyed a fine at York, to Lambert de Trickingham, then held in Hoverham, Flintham, Kneveton, and Radcliff on Trent, in this county; and the manor of Barlegurgh, with its members, viz. in Cressewell, Whitewell, and Columbes, and Kinwalmerst, Barleburgh, Woodheus, and Rouley, & c. in Darbyshire; and that Thomas de Goushill, son and heir of the said Walter, was then above thirty years of age. The father of this Walter was certainly John de Gousehull (though in some pleading or other I have seen it Walter also) for Adam de Gousehull, 4 E. 3. (k) claiming son of John, son of Matilda, daughter of Matthew de Hetersege, to be one of the heirs of the said Matthew, to whom it was granted, Oct 25. 33 H. 3. as Nicholas de Langford, before named, was the other. And I find that 53 H. 3. (l). John de Gousell offered himself in a plea at Darby, against Peter de Monteford (Lord of Gunthorp) and others, demanding by what right they exacted common in his land of Hoveringham, seeing he had none in theirs, and they did no service to him for it. The jury, 15 E. 2 (m). found that Stainwath was in Hoveringham, and not in Gunthorp; and that William Baron, and others had forceably pastured the separate grass of Walter de Goushull, with their cattle, to his damage 100s. The jury, 48 E. 3. (n). found that Thomas de Goushill, knight, with Agnes his wife, joyntly held when he died, the manor of Kynwaldmersh, and two parts of Barleburgh &c. and that Nicholas de Goushill Chr. his son and heir was then above sixty years old. In 7 H. 4. o. it was found that Nicholas Gouxhill Chr. held when he died, the moycty of the manor of Kynwaldmersh, &c. and left Nicholas Gouxhill, his son and heir. The seal of Sir Nicolas Goushill, of Hoveringham, to his deed concerning lands in Flintham, dated 16 R. 2. (p). is Barry of six, with a Canton Ermine. (q). Sir Robert Goushill, knight, by his wife Elizabeth Dutchess of Norfolk (who was daughter and heir of Richard, Earl of Arundell, and widow of Thomas Mowbray, Duke of Norfolk, had two daughters and heirs, Elizabeth wife of Sir Robert Wingfield, and Joan wife of Thomas Baron Standley. Anthony Wingfeld, Esquire, 5 H. 8. r. suffered a recovery of the manor of Barleburgh, with the appurtenances in Darbyshire: And at the same time Humfrey Wyngfeld, Esquire, Francis Hall, and others claimed against him the moyeties of the manors of Hoveringham, and Flintham, as in that place is said; (s). which Arthur Hall is supposed long after to fell to Trinity College in Cambridge, to which it now belongs. There was a fine levied at York, 10 and 11 E. 3. (t). between Thomas de Hotot (mentioned in Radcliff) quer. and William de Hotot, deforcient, of the manor of Hoveringham, with the appurtenances, two mess. two tosts, six bovats, and one acre of land with the appurtenances in Radcliff, on Trent, and Kneveton, whereby the premises were settled on Thomas de Hotot for life, remainder on Walter, son of the said William de Hotot, and on Alianor his wife, and the heirs of their bodies, remainder to the right heirs of William. (u). In the 27 E. 3. William Buxhum, of Hekelinge, and Robert Cok, of Thorgarton, chaplains, and Roger of the Halle, of the fame, seossees of Tho. de Hotot, gave the manor of Hovingham, with the homages, rents, and services of the free-holders, named in his deed, to Robert, the prior, and the covent of Thurgarton, and their successors. This lordship, Thurgarton tenements, and those in Flintham, which belonged to this fame priory now belong to Trinty College, in Cambridge, and Mr. Cecil Cooper continueth grand tenant to that society, as his family hath been formerly. In Hoveringham Church North Ile, Paly of six Arg. and Gules on a chief Azure a feffe double dance, Or, Hatherfege. Or 3. Chevrons Gules A Chief varry. (St. Quintin perhaps.) In the South Ile, and Chancel, Azure a feffe double dancy and Billitte, Or, Deincourt. Ona Plain Stone in the South Ile, Nicholas de Gozill miles, filius Thomas de Goufell militis, qui obitt mortem die S. Prifce Anno dom. 1393. Upon the wall is painted, "Here lyeth the boy of Sir Nicholas Goufhill son of Sir Thomas Gozill, which Sir Nicholas died in the year 1393." (St. Prifca the Virgin is 18. January. By stone is a fair tomb for Sir Robert Gousell, and the Dutchess of Norfolk his lady, upon which are their statues, as by the coronet on the head of hers is supposed.--Under his head lyeth the figure of a blackamores head crowned, and part of the body, with a wreath about his neck. About the tomb were the arms of Leek, Langford, Babington, Chaworth impaling Caltofts, (Caythorpe), Rempstons, and divers others which were worn out in Mr. St. Lo Knivetons (u). time, who notes that Sir Robert Gousell and the Dutchess were married 2 H. 4. Footnotes Sources as follows: (a)Lib. Dooms. (b)Test. de Nev. (c)Regist. de Russord. penes Geor. vic. Halifax p. 47. (d)Quo, War. 4 E 3. rot. 2. Derb. (e)Regist. de Thurg. p. 56. (f)lb. (g)lb (h)Esc. 20 E. 2. n. 47. (i)Hill,30 E.1. Fin. Ebor. (k)Quo War. 4 E. 3. rot. 2. Derb. (l)Pl. de Jur. & Assis. apud Derb. 53 H. 3-ro. 18. (m)Pl. de banc. Trin. 15 E. 2. ro.42. (n)Esc. 48 E.3.n.31. (o)Esc. 7H.4.n.7 (p)Autogr. penes Tho. Shipman, gen. (q)Ex Geneal. dom. Byron per Sam. Roper. (r)Trin. 5 H. 8. rot. 321. Derb. (s)rot. 325. (t) Fin. apud Ebor. Mich. 10 E. 3. & postea Hill, 11 E. 3. (u) Regist. de Thurg.p. 168 b. Added note: Many of the "f"s are "s or ss." Ref: The English Ancestry of Peter Bulkeley, Grace Chetwood and Sarah Chauncy A compilation of Ancestral Tables by Frank Wayne Ayers found in the British Section of the Family History Library/SLC P 423-424. "Sir Robert Goushill of Hoveringham, attorney for the Duke of Norfolk when banished by Richard II in 1398. In 1403 Robert was wounded fighting for Henry IV at the Battle of Shrewsbury. For his conduct on the field, Robert was knighted, before being treacherously stabbed to death by his servant for his ring and money. 1403; sumptuous tomb in the Church of Hoveringham." (Visited twice by David and Alice Clarkson Turley) HOVERINGHAM CHURCH: Lordship was purchased lately by Sir Richard Sutton, bart. of John Gilbert Cooper, Esquire; enclosed. The village and lordship are both small. The church is dedicated to St. Michael, has a spire which was lately only a tower, altered, at the expense of Sir Richard. It is but a small church, which contains nothing material besides the old sumptuous tomb, was noticed by Thoroton. It has a Saxon porch with a curious base relief of St. Michael, the patron of the chapel, and the dragon, now nearly hidden by a modern buttress built to support that side of the church. THE ALABASTER TOMB AT HOVERINGHAM: The sumptuous tomb with recumbent effigies are those of Sir Robert Goushill and his wife Elizabeth FitzAlan, great-great granddaughter of Edward I and sister of Thomas, 15th Duke of Arundel. Elizabeth married Robert Goushill of Hoveringham in 1401 after the death of her second husband Thomas Mowbray, Duke of Norfolk, in the previous year. The Knight wears a camail and hawberk of mail with plate armour upon arms and legs. The collar, which shows his Lancastrian allegiance, and the elaborate sword-belt, are both well-preserved. His head, surmounted by a bascinet with its wreath, rests upon his haulm with its devices of a Saracen head. The Duchess is clothed as a Peeress, with a Coronet denoting her rank. The original Church is of Norman perios, c. 1120. Alice, David, Florence, and Jennifer Turley, and Christine Stewart visited this tomb in Hoveringham in 1991. Pictures and map are in Family Archives - A magnificent experience! ----------------------------------------------------------------------------- FOREWORD: The early 15th century alabaster tomb and effigies of Sir Robert Goushill and his wife Elizabeth Fitz-Alan Duchess of Norfolk are found at the parish church of the village of Hoveringham in Nottinghamshire, England. The tomb is located just to the right as you enter the church. The original medieval St. Michael church at Hoveringham was razed in 1865, and the present plain, small brick church (above left) was erected in it's place. The above copyright photographs were taken during a visit to Hoveringham in 1991 by Bruce Morrison of Lexington, Kentucky, a descendant of Robert Goushill and Elizabeth Fitz-Alan. THE TOMB & EFFIGIES: The effigies show effects of earlier vandalism and mutilation incurred during earlier centuries. The right arms of both effigies are broken and missing--they originally were holding hands. Some damage also occured when the monumemt was relocated when the present church was erected. The figures are of alabaster with Sir Robert Goushill shown wearing a camail and hawberk and plate armor on his arms and legs. His feet rest upon the figure of a dog, and his collar shows the badge of his Lancastrian loyalty. He wears a Bacinet on his head with a wreath which rests on a crowned Saracen's head. The Saracen's head was derived from the Goushill family crest. The Goushill of Hoveringham coat of arms was a barry of six or and gules with a canton ermine. The figure of Elizabeth Fitz-Alan is shown wearing a peeress gown with a coronet on her head emblematic of her rank as a duchess. The tomb was created after Sir Robert Goushill's tragic death in 1403, probably by the design of his widow Elizabeth Fitz-Alan who lived to 1425. It is likely that she was also buried in the tomb, but no definitive proof or evidence exists. Robert Thoroton's description of the tomb in the 17th century states that about the fair tomb were the arms of Leek, Longford, Babington, Chaworth impaling Caltofts, Remptons, and divers others. These are long lost as well as the tomb of Sir Nicholas Goushill, the son of Sir Thomas Goushill, who died in 1393. This stone was in the south isle of the original St. Michael Church. The lower base portion of the Goushill Fitz-Alan tomb is decorated by a series of shields on all sides which were probably the location of the large number of now lost coats of arms described in Thoroton's History. ROBERT GOUSHILL: Sir Robet Goushill was knighted by King Henry IV at the battle of Shrewsbury on July 21,1403. At the Battle of Shrewsbury the loyalist forces of Henry IV were opposed by the rebel army of Henry Percy (Hotspur). The army of King Henry IV won the day with the killing of Hotspur during the conflict. Casulties on both sides were high with estimates of 3000 killed or wounded on each side. Sir Robert Goushill was knighted the day of the battle for his gallantry, but was badly wounded in the side. Found lying wounded by his servant on the eve of the battle, Goushill asked that his armor be removed and a note sent to his wife Elizabeth in case of his death. The servant then stabbed and murdered Sir Robert Goushill and made off with his purse and ring. Another wounded man lying nearby recognized the servant, and he was later caught and hanged for the crime. The arms of Sir Robert Goushill would be placed in the Shrewsbury Battlefield Church by King Henry IV. Robert Goushill was the son and heir of Sir Nicholas Goushill of Hoveringham. The date of his birth is unknown, but can be estimated to be circa 1360-1365. Likewise, the name of his mother also remains unknown. The Goushill family had held extensive lands in Nottinghamshire and Derbyshire since the 13th century. Walter Goushill, an early ancestor in the direct line, gained a number of these considerable holdings for the Goushills through his marriage to Maud (Matilda) Hathersage, the co-heiress of Mathew Hathersage in Derbyshire. (The early pedigree of the Goushill family of Hoveringham can be found in the History of Nottinghamshire by Dr. Robert Thoroton). In the calendar of patent rolls of Richard II on March 12, 1386, the King orders the arrest of Sir Nicholas Goushill the elder and his son Robert Goushill to answer the suit brought by William Birkes accusing the Goushills of threatning him with the loss of life and limb that he dare go about his business. On July 16, 1385, Sir Nicholas Goushill received the King's pardon. During 1387, Nicholas Goushill knight of Hoveringham and his son Robert Goushill are found in the chancery records to owe a debt of 22 pounds to Robert Wells of London. The next mention of Robert Goushill occurs in 1390 when he receives the King's pardon for alleged outlawry and other felonies through the supplication of Thomas Mowbray. Thomas Mowbray was at that time Earl of Nottingham and later would become the Duke of Norfolk. This evidences that Robert Goushill was already a supporter of Thomas Mowbray of whom he would be an employee of for the next decade. Elizabeth Fitz-Alan, the future wife of Robert Goushill, had been the wife of Mowbray since 1384. During the 1390's, Robert Goushill would be in the retinue of Thomas Mowbray, Earl of Nottingham, Marshal of England, and Duke of Norfolk, serving as Mowbray's esquire and attorney. When Thomas Mowbray received his ducal elevation in 1397, he gave to his esquire Robert Goushill a 20 pound annuity for life from his manor at Willington. This grant was confirmed by Henry IV in November of 1399. In 1398, after the Duke of Norfolk was banished by Richard II, Robert Goushill was appointed one of the attorneys for Mowbray. At the coronation of King Edward IV on October 13, 1399, Robert Goushill would make a plea for the return of the banished Duke of Norfolk as Earl Marshall, not knowing Mowbray had already died of the plague in Venice, Italy on September 22, 1399. In the mid 1390's, Robert Goushill had married as a first wife Joan Bracebrugge, who was the widow of Sir Ralph Bracebrugge of Kingsbury, Warwickshire. Joan (maiden name unknown) had married Ralph Bracebrugge in 1380 and his death occured in August, 1395. The marriage of Robert Goushill and Joan Bracebrugge likely was in 1396, and Joan would die early in the year 1400. (IPM Henry IV, 1-6). In 1397 Richard II appointed Sir William Bagot and Robert Goushill to seize into his hands the goods and chattels of Thomas the late Earl of Warwick. (Goushill served as Warwickshire sheriff in 1396/97). After Richard II was deposed, the new King Henry IV made a grant on Feb. 23, 1400 to his kinswoman Elizabeth, the wife of the late Duke of Norfolk, of the remaining goods of the late Duke as well as clearing the debts that the Duke had owed to the deposed Richard II. Others to share in the remaining goods of the deceased Duke of Norfolk included Robert Goushill. Robert Goushill would marry the widowed Elizabeth Fitz-Alan, Duchess of Norfolk, in the latter part of 1400 or early 1401 without license. On August 19, 1401, King Henry IV seized the lands of Elizabeth, late widow of Thomas Mowbray, for marrying Robert Goushill without license. On September 28, 1401, Henry IV would pardon Robert Goushill esquire and Elizabeth, late wife of Thomas, Duke of Norfolk, for their trespass for inter-marrying without license and that they shall have restitution of all lands assigned to her in dower with the issues from the time of their marriage. Joan Goushill, the 1st daughter of Robert and Elizabeth, would be born in 1401, and a 2nd daughter Elizabeth Goushill would be born in 1402. Many present day descendants of these two daughters trace their ancestry to the Plantagenet Kings of England through Joan Goushill who married Sir Thomas Stanley, 1st Baron Stanley, and Elizabeth Goushill who married Sir Robert Wingfield of Letheringham, Suffolk. (My own descent is through the Goushill-Wingfield marriage). A 3rd daughter named Joyce is now credited to Robert and Elizabeth. She was found in a 1407 lawsuit being named after older daughters Joan and Elizabeth. As she is not named in Robert Goushill's Inq. Post Mortum of 1403, she would certainly seem to have been born after Robert Goushill's death. No further trace of Joyce Goushill has been found. After the tragic death of Sir Robert Goushill at the battle of Shrewsbury on July 21, 1403, his Inquisition Post Mortum was held August 6, 1403. His heirs are given as his daughters Joan and Elizabeth, aged two years and one year respectively. A final thought regarding the pedigree of the Goushill family of Hoveringham as given by Thoroton: the pedigree lists the Sir Nicholas Goushill dying in 1393 as the grandfather of Robert Goushill and Robert's father as another Nicholas Goushill. This 2nd Nicholas Goushill listed in the pedigree was very likely confused with the Sir Nicholas Goushill of Barlborough, Derbyshire who was also at the battle of Shrewsbury. He was certainly a relative and contemporary of Robert Goushill and either brother or first cousin, but not his father. The first 1380's records that mention Robert Goushill appear with Sir Nicholas Goushill the ELDER given as the father of Robert Goushill. I believe the evidence stongly suggests that the father of Robert Goushill was the Sir Nicholas Goushill who died in 1393 and was buried at St. Michael's Church Hoveringham. (Also in his wife file.) ELIZABETH FITZ-ALAN: Elizabeth was the eldest daughter of Richard Fitz-Alan the 11th Earl of Arundel and his wife Elizabeth de Bohun. Both the Fitz-Alan and Bohun family lines were among the highest in the peerage of medieval England. Elizabeth Fitz-Alan had a double line of direct descent from the Plantagenet Kings of England. Through her mother's Bohun line she was a direct descendant of King Edward I and Eleanor of Castile, and through her Fitz-Alan ancestry a direct descendant of King Henry III and Eleanor of Provence. She was also related by cousinship to both King Henry IV and to his first wife Mary Bohun. Elizabeth was born before 1372, (in 1415 she was given as aged 40 or more), and a best estimate would be closer to 1367. By December of 1378 she would be married to her first husband William de Montagu, son of the Earl of Salisbury. This marriage for Elizabeth would certainly have been in her childhood. William de Montagu was killed in a tilting match at Windsor in 1382. Elizabeth Fitz-Alan would marry as her 2nd husband Thomas Mowbray, the Earl of Nottingham and later the Duke of Norfolk, in July of 1384. This marriage would last for 15 years until Thomas Mowbray's death in Venice on September 22, 1399. Elizabeth would have 2 sons and 2 daughters during her marriage with Thomas Mowbray. The sons were Thomas Mowbray 1385-1405 and John Mowbray 1390-1432, (both of these sons would assume the title Earl of Nottingham), the 2 daughters were Margaret who married Sir Robert Howard, and Isabel who married Henry Ferrers. In 1397 Thomas Mowbray was among those who accused and condemed Elizabeth's father Richard Fitz-Alan, the Earl of Arundel. Richard Fitz-Alan was found guilty of treason and be-headed at Cheapside on September 21, 1397. One apocryphal rumor even had Thomas Mowbray as the actual executioner of his father-in-law Richard Fitz-Alan. The now twice widowed Duchess of Norfolk would next marry Sir Robert Goushill as previously discussed in length. After the death of Sir Robert Goushill at Shrewsbury in 1403, she would marry Sir Gerald Usflete of Yorkshire as her fourth husband before April 18, 1411. Sir Gerald Usflete was the steward of the Duchy of Lancaster in Lincolnshire. Elizabeth Fitz-Alan would become a co-heiress of her brother Thomas, Earl of Arundel and Surrey, in 1415. (Thomas had died sans progeny on October 13, 1415, and his sisters had become his heirs). Sir Gerald Usflete died by Feb. 1420/21, having written his will on September 13, 1420. No children were born to Elizabeth Fitz-Alan and Gerald Usflete. Elizabeth Fitz-Alan would live on after the death of her fourth husband Gerald Usflete until her own death on July 8, 1425. It is believed that she returned to Hoveringham in her final years. Born in the reign of King Edward III, she would live through the reigns of Richard II, Henry IV, Henry V, and into the reign of Henry VI. Through blood and marriage, Elizabeth Fitz-Alan would be closely touched by nearly all of the events in this period of turbulence, violence, and political turmoil in English history. Bruce Morrison is a professor emeritus of the University of Kentucky and lives in Lexington, Ky. He and his wife Barbara have been engaged in genealogical research since 1985, and have published a number of genealogy and biographical web sites in recent years. The photographs of the Hoveringham tomb were taken in May of 1991 during one of several genealogy related trips to Europe between 1985 and 2008. Bruce & Barbara Morrison 3488 Elmendorf Way Lexington, Ky. USA 40517 859-272-4192 © 2008