BRADLEY, Isaac - I27330

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According to Franklin R. Holmes, in his Directory of Ancestral Heads (xxlx), the name Bradley "is Anglo Saxon, compounded of the words brad, broad, and lea, a field or meadow. In England numerous townships bear the name." Thomas G. Gentry, in Family Names (197) tells us it is from the Scotch brade or braide, broad, and lic, like, meaning broadlike, broadly. An early mention of the name was in 1183, when at the feast of Saint Cuthbert, in Lent, all the revenues of the district of Lord Hugh, Bishop of Durham, were, by his order, described, and Roger de Bradley was mentioned as holding forty acres at Bradley, Walsingham, in the Survey of Bolton (Burke), "and rendering half marc besides forest service." (New England Genealogies, Cutter, 3: 1080.) In the Normanton pedigree as given in the Herald's Visitation for the County of York, 1563 64, mention is made of the marriage of Arthur Normanton to Isabel, daughter of Sir Francis Bradley, in the early part of the fourteenth century. Fifteen coats of arms are given by Burke to the Bradleys, most of them being variations of the same coat containing a boar's head, which shows common origin. The arms here shown are accredited by Crozier (27) to our ancestor, William Bradley, of Yorkshire, England, and New Haven, Connecticut. They are engraved on a silver tankard owned by his granddaughter. Of them it is written: "The shield is red. Red in heraldry denotes boldness, daring blood and fire, ~a burning desire to spill blood for God and country.' Silver stands for purity, justice and peace. The chevron represents the rafters of a roof and was often given to ambassadors and eminent statesmen as a reward for the protection (as under a roof) they gave their king and country. The boar symbolizes a well armed, undaunted and courageous warrior, who resists his enemies bravely and never thinks of flight, the same as the boar who will fight to the bitter end." (Americana 22: 1: 102.) According to a writer in the Boston Transcript, 21 December 1925, Francis Bradley, of Fairfield, Connecticut, 1660, and William Bradley, of New Haven, 1644, were related, the father of Francis being a cousin of William, both being grandsons of William Bradley, of the city of Coventry, County Warwick, England. This was a branch of the Yorkshire family which may be traced to a remote period, Sir Francis Bradley living there in the time of Edward III. (Harlelan Society Publication xvi: 147.) Theophilus Eaton, who became a co leader with Reverend John Davenport, of the New Haven Colony, was born in Coventry in 1592, the son of a minister there. Davenport, also, was born in the same city, in 1597. "As they all belonged to Puritan families, there is little doubt that Francis Bradley, jr., whose father was a man of respectability, entitled to his coat of arms, was on intimate terms with both of these eminent men, and when, as happened in the course of time, Eaton became a prominent merchant, and Davenport a popular preacher, in London, it was quite natural that Francis Bradley, jr.~ should place his sons under their auspices in the great city, and entrust his younger son, Francis, to the personal care of his friend Eaton." (Boston Transcript, 21 December 1925.) I. This Francis Bradley, jr. (born 1595), had a younger brother, William Bradley, who lived in Coventry, and whose infant son, not yet named when the visitation of 1619 was made, is conjectured to be the William Bradley who came to this country and settled in New Haven. (Ibid.) The first Bradleys to come to America are said to have come from the West Riding of Yorkshire, near a small market town called Bingley, about twelve miles northeast of Leeds, on the river Aire, if another authority is to be believed. "The town of Bradley (or Broadlea) was about seven miles to the north of Bingley." (New England Genealogies, Cutter, 3: 1080.) According to the History of Bingley, England, William BRADLEY, whom universal tradition in the different branches of the family say was a friend of Cromwell, was a major in the Parliamentary Army, and removed to New Haven, United States of America. Attempting to combine or reconcile these two theories, it would seem William Bradley, not yet named in ,1619, would have been a very young major in the Parliamentary Army prior to coming to America. Compendium of American Genealogy, 1925 (969), says he came from England with Governor Theophilus Eaton, to New Haven in 1637. He sojourned a time at Branford and Guilford, Connecticut, and then moved to New Haven, where he took the oath of fidelity in August 1644. (New England Genealogies 3: 1080.) He obtained large holdings of land in North Haven, on the west side of the river, then called Quinniplac, now East River, about nine miles north of New Haven, where he soon gained possession of the "cotter's 189 acres," in, addition to his own. He is said to have been the first landowner in the village of North Haven. (History of North Haven, Thorpe.) He served as deputy at the General Court 1675, 1676, 16781680, 1683. (New Haven Town Records, Historical Society Collection 2: 303, 383, 391.) His stepmother, the Widow Elizabeth Bradley, followed him to America, bringing with her four sons and one daughter. They arrived in 1648, and later she married (2) John Parmalee, who died 8 November 1659. She married (3) 27 May 1663, John Evarts, who died in May, 1669, leaving her a widow for the third time. Both these men were residents of Guilford. Elizabeth died in 1683.

Concerning the CHILDREN of Elizabeth Bradley, (half brothers and sister to William, the ancestor of the line here considered) the following is of interest: (New England Historical and Genealogical Register 57: 134.) 1. Daniel, was of New Haven. He died, inventory taken 4 January 1658, unmarried. 2. Joshua, recorded at New Haven in 1653, as a "youth hardly of years of puberty." 3. Ellen (Ella) ; married 14 October 1652, John Allin. 4. Nathan, born 1638; married (1) 1668, Hester; married (2) 21 August 1694, Hannah, widow of Joseph Tuttle of New Haven, and daughter of Thomas Munson. She died 30 November 1695, and he married (3) 16 May 1698, Rachel, widow of Thomas Strong, and daughter of William Holton. Nathan Bradley lived at Guilford. He died 10 November 1713, Nathan Bradley's daughter Mary married as second wife Caleb Mix. (Mack Genealogy, Martin, 2: 1320 1.) She married (2) 2 February 1710 Joshua Tuttle. 5. Stephen, born 1642. He was a captain of militia. He married (1) 9 November 1663, Hannah, daughter of George and Sarah Smith, of New Haven. He married (2) Mary, widow of William Leete, jr. He died 20 June 1701. William Bradley married 18 February 1645, Alice, daughter of Roger and Frances PRICHARD, of Springfield, Massachusetts, and Milford, Connecticut. He died in 1690, and she in 1692, "1671," say Connecticut Genealogy 1:588 and Massachusetts Genealogies 3:1559. There was a William Bradley named among the first settlers of Dorchester, in 1664, where, also, his name is found among the signers of a petition to the deputy governor at General Court, Boston, 19 October 1664. (New England Historical and Genealogical Register 5: 393.) Seventh in descent from William Bradley, of New Haven, was Adjutant General Edward Elias Bradley, of Connecticut Militia, prominent also in legislative circles of the Statt. (Connecticut Genealogy 1: 81; New England Genealogies 3: 1081.) Concerning Isaac Bradley, he is not married among the children of William Bradley by some authorities. The Honorable Ralph D. Smythe, well known genealogist, places him there, however (New England Historical and Genealogical Register 57: 134.), as do also several other writers. (Connecticut Genealogy 1: 81; 2: 106t.) According to the record of baptisms in New Haven, there seems to be a gap of several years between the baptism of Joseph and that of Martha, and another between Abraham and Mary. Smythe, and the writer of Connecticut Genealogy, place him in the first gap mentioned, but an entry in New Haven Land Records, 1: 242, dated 22 March 1685, begins this way: "The testimony of Isaac Bradley, aged 35 or thereabouts, . . " This would place his birth at about 1650 or 1651, which might have occurred between that of his brother Abraham and sister Mary. CHILDREN: 1. Joseph, baptized 4 January 1646; died January 1705; married 25 October 1667, Silence Brockett. 2. Martha, baptized October 1648; died 9 January 1707; married 26 October 1665, Samuel Munson, baptized 7 August 1643. (Boston Transcript, 10 September 1924.) 3. Abraham, born 24 October 1650; died 19 October 1718. He married 25 December 1673, Hannah, daughter of John (or George) Thompson, born 22 September 1654, died at New Haven, 26 October 1718. He was a deacon in First (now Center) Church, and justice of the peace. There were four sons and three daughters. 4. ISAAC; born about 1651 (?); married Elizabeth ???? 5. Mary, born 30 April 1653; married 26 November 1668, Samuel Todd, born 26 April 1645; died April 1714. (Boston Transcript, 10 September 1924.) She died October 1724. 6. Benjamin, born 8 April 1657; died 1728. 7. Hester (Esther), born 29 September 1659. 8. Nathaniel, born 26 February 166011; died 17 August 1743. 9. Sarah, born 21 June 1665; married 23 May 1682, Samuel Brackett. II. Isaac BRADLEY, perhaps born about 1651, is mentioned in the records of Branford, Connecticut (volume 1, present page 319), as a signer to an agreement for the settlement of a minister. The document is dated 20 January 1667. He was at that time in his seventeenth year. Seven years later, 29 October 1674, "the town did grant unto Isaac Bradley, a sojourner at New Haven, a parcel of upland containing two acres, where he should find it most convenient for him, provided it be not prejudicial to any highway; or to any particular man; provided also be build upon it within two years, or else return it to the town again." (Descendants of Isaac Bradley, Leonard A. Bradley, 46.) The term sojourner is meant to imply that, while living then at New Haven, he did not expect to make it his permanent abode. The villagers at Branford, by their action in granting him two acres at Canoe Brook merely expressed their opinion that he would be a desirable addition to their colony. At that period no man could obtain land without first obtaining the consent of the town. In many instances a man could not sell his interests without first obtaining like consent. 'These rules were made for the purpose of keeping out undesirable settlers. Isaac Bradley was a carpenter by trade, or a "joiner," as it was sometimes called, and as was the case with those who were proficient in pioneer trades, was considered a valuable acquisition to a new settlement.

On 4 December that same year, more land was allotted to him, in Branford, and he built his house, and lived there about nine years, when he conveyed it to Christopher Todd, deed dated 10 March 1682 (Branford Land Records 2: 11), sold out all his other interests in the village and removed to East Haven. On 3 October 1683, at a meeting of the village proprietors of East Haven, land was granted him (Descendants of Isaac Bradley, 46), and he established his home adjoining that of Daniel Bradley (History of East Haven, Hughes, 317). It was later sold to Ebenezer Chedsey, father in law to Isaac’s son William. He seems to have had some interest in East Haven before he moved to that settlement, for in 1681 he contributed money towards building a house for the minister there. His lot is described as being "next to the river, and north of John Potter's." He also retained property at New Haven, for he is listed among the proprietors of that town in 1685, as also was his father. (New England Historical and Genealogical Register 1: 157 ) The family name of Isaac Bradley's wife seems lost in the oblivion of the years. Her given name was Elizabeth, and she died on 3 January 1712/3, aged 56 years. Her husband survived her but nine days, passing away on 12 January 1712, aged 62 years. Administration of his estate was granted to his eldest two sons, 3 February 1712. "Division of the estate, shows two shares set to William, eldest son, the 'joiner's tools' being equally divided between him and Samuel, and a right to the home lot being set to William, Samuel and Daniel. All the children survived the parents." (Descendants of Isaac Bradley, 49.) Isaac Bradley seems to have been, from his young manhood, deeply interested in church affairs. We find him contributing money for the establishment of a minister, both, at Branford and East Haven, and find his name on a list of signers to a church covenant before he was seventeen years of age. (New England Historical and Genealogical Register 3: 153.) This tendency was only to be expected in a descendant of such zealous supporters of Davenport and Eaton as were the Bradleys, with their ardent championship of the rights and viewpoints of the early Puritans. CHILDREN, order of birth uncertain: 1. Mary. 2. Sarah; married 1703, George Pardee, 3d. 3. WILLIAM, born 1682; married Elizabeth CHEDSEY. 4. Isaac; died 10 July 1716. He married Sarah Robinson. 5. Samuel, born 1686; died 23 March 1758, age 72. 6. Elizabeth; married 1 July 1710, John, son of Robert Anger (Augur), born 16 November 1686. 7. Daniel, born 20 December 1696; died 13 December 1780, age 84. He married Mehitable Hemenway. III. William BRADLEY, born 1682, became possessed of a part of his father's property by terms of the latter's will. (New Haven County Probate Records 4: 240, 417.) He lived and died in East Haven, Connecticut. He married on 7 January 1713, Elizabeth, daughter of Ebenezer and Priscilla (Thompson) CHEDSEY, born in East Haven, 6 February 1693. William died 27 January 1727 (East Haven Register, Dodd, 164), at the age of forty five years, and his widow married (2), as his second wife, Theophilus ALLING. (Families of Ancient New Haven, Donald Lines Jacobus, 1922, 16.) This man was her step-cousin, his father having married (1) Elizabeth Winton, mother to Theophilus, and (2) 26 October 1683, her aunt, Sarah Cbedsey. (Mack Genealogy, Martin, 2: 1320.) CHILDREN of William and Elizabeth: 1. Caleb, born 17 October 1714; died 17 March 1782; married Sarah Russell. 2. Ebenezer, born 2.5 March 1716;, married Mabel Grannis. Moved to Northbury. 3. Joseph, born 13 July 1718; died unmarried, his estate being divided (division approved 15 May 1778) among his three brothers and two sisters who survived him. 4. Elizabeth, born 1720; married John Thompson. 5. DESIRE, born 1722,, married (1) Eliphalet TUTTLE; married (2) Isaac Cotting. 6. James, born 15 June 1726; died 1806 in Jericho, Vermont. IV. Desire BRADLEY, born 1722, married in 1739, Eliphalet TUTTLE, born 2 December 1718. (East Haven Register, Dodd, 157.) After his death in the French and Indian Wars, she married Isaac COTTING, whose wife she was at the division of the estate of her brother Joseph. (New Haven Probate Records 12: 327.)

For continuation of this family line please see the TUTTLE biography.
  SOURCE:  The Ancestry & Posterity of Joseph Smith and Emma Hale by Audentia Smith Anderson (1926)