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MARSHALL, Countess Maud Mathilda[1]

Female 1192 - 1248  (~ 55 years)  Submit Photo / DocumentSubmit Photo / Document


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  • Name MARSHALL, Maud Mathilda 
    Prefix Countess 
    Born Sep 1192  Pembroke, Pembrokeshire, Wales Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Christened Sep 1201 
    Gender Female 
    Died 27 Mar 1248  Framlingham Castle, Suffolk, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [2
    Buried Apr 1248  Tintern Abbey, Tintern, Monmouthshire, Wales Find all individuals with events at this location 
    WAC 30 Jan 1931  SLAKE Find all individuals with events at this location  [3
    _TAG Reviewed on FS 
    Headstones Submit Headstone Photo Submit Headstone Photo 
    Person ID I12682  Joseph Smith Sr and Lucy Mack Smith
    Last Modified 19 Aug 2021 

    Father MARSHALL, Earl William ,   b. 1146, Pembroke, Pembrokeshire, Wales Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 14 May 1219, Caversham Manor, Oxfordshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 73 years) 
    Mother CLARE, Countess Isabell de ,   b. Feb 1172, Pembroke, Pembrokeshire, Wales Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 14 May 1220, Pembroke, Pembrokeshire, Wales Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 48 years) 
    Married Aug 1189  Edmonton, Middlesex, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Notes 
    • MARRIAGE: Also shown as Married Pembroke, Pembroke, Wales. MARRIAGE: Also shown as Married Jul 1189 ~SEALING_SPOUSE: Also shown as SealSp 23 Nov 1993, OAKLA. MARRIAGE: Also shown as Married London, Middlesex, England.

      ~SEALING_SPOUSE: Also shown as SealSp 10 Nov 1941, SLAKE.
    Family ID F6887  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 1 BIGOD, Earl Hugh ,   b. 18 Feb 1186, Thetford, Norfolk, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 11 Feb 1225, Thetford, Norfolk, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 38 years) 
    Married 1207  Pembroke, Pembrokeshire, Wales Find all individuals with events at this location  [4
    Notes 
    • MARRIAGE: Also shown as Married Bef 1206 ~SEALING_SPOUSE: Also shown as SealSp 17 Sep 1974, PROVO.
    Children 
    +1. BIGOD, Isabell ,   b. 1222, Thetford, Norfolk, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1239, Weobley, Hertsfordshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 17 years)
     2. BIGOD, Knight Ralph ,   b. Abt 1208, Norfolk, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Bef 28 Jul 1260, Stockton, Norfolk, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 52 years)
     3. BIGOD, Roger ,   b. Abt 1211, Thetford, Norfolk, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 26 Jun 1270, Thetford, Norfolk, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 59 years)
     4. BIGOD, John ,   b. Abt 1213, Thetford, Norfolk, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Aft 1236, Thetford, Norfolk, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 24 years)
    +5. BIGOD, Chief Justice Hugh ,   b. Abt 1214, Thetford, Norfolk, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Bef 7 May 1266, Norfolk, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 52 years)
     6. BIGOD, William Le ,   b. Abt 1217, Thetford, Norfolk, England Find all individuals with events at this location
     7. BIGOD, Sir Simon Le ,   b. Abt 1219, Thetford, Norfolk, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Jun 1270  (Age ~ 51 years)
    Last Modified 24 Jan 2022 
    Family ID F6885  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 2 WARREN, Earl William de ,   b. 2 Sep 1160, Surrey, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 27 May 1240, Lewes, Sussex, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 79 years) 
    Married 1222  Surrey, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [5
    Notes 
    • MARRIAGE: Also shown as Married Pembroke, Pembroke, Wales. MARRIAGE: Also shown as Married 1225 ~SEALING_SPOUSE: Also shown as SealSp 29 Mar 1995, IFALL.
    Children 
     1. WARREN, Margaret ,   b. 1227, Pembroke, Pembrokeshire, Wales Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1292, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 65 years)
     2. WARREN, Isabell Plantagenet ,   b. 1229, Warren, Sussex, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 20 Sep 1282, Marham, Norfolk, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 53 years)
    +3. WARREN, John de ,   b. 1234, Warren, Sussex, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 27 Sep 1304, Surrey, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 70 years)
    Last Modified 24 Jan 2022 
    Family ID F6886  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Photos At least one living or private individual is linked to this item - Details withheld.

  • Notes 
    • NOTE: IF YOU MERGE, PLEASE MAKE THIS THE SURVIVING PAGE.

      From Wikipedia, "Maud Marshal":
      Maud Marshal, Countess of Norfolk, Countess of Surrey (1192 – 27 March 1248) was an Anglo-Norman noblewoman and a wealthy co-heiress of her father William Marshal, 1st Earl of Pembroke, and her mother Isabel de Clare suo jure 4th Countess of Pembroke. Maud was their eldest daughter.[1] She had two husbands: Hugh Bigod, 3rd Earl of Norfolk, and William de Warenne, 5th Earl of Surrey.
      Maud was also known as Matilda Marshal.
      Maud's birth date is unknown other than being post 1191. She was the eldest daughter of William Marshal, 1st Earl of Pembroke and Isabel de Clare, 4th Countess of Pembroke, herself one of the greatest heiresses in Wales and Ireland. Maud had five brothers and four younger sisters. She was a co-heiress to her parents' extensive rich estates.
      Her paternal grandparents were John Fitz Gilbert Marshal and Sybilla of Salisbury, and her maternal grandparents were Richard de Clare, 2nd Earl of Pembroke, known as "Strongbow", and Aoife of Leinster.
      Marriages and issue:
      Sometime before Lent in 1207, Maud married her first husband, Hugh Bigod, 3rd Earl of Norfolk. It was through this marriage between Maud and Hugh that the post of Earl Marshal of England came finally to the Howard (Dukes of Norfolk).[2] In 1215, Hugh was one of the twenty-five sureties of the Magna Carta. He came into his inheritance in 1221, thus Maud became the Countess of Norfolk at that time. Together they had five (sic) children:
      Roger Bigod, 4th Earl of Norfolk (1209–1270) He died childless.
      Hugh Bigod (1212–1266), Justiciar of England. Married Joan de Stuteville, by whom he had issue.
      Isabel Bigod (c. 1215–1250), married firstly Gilbert de Lacy of Ewyas Lacy, by whom she had issue; she married secondly John Fitzgeoffrey, Lord of Shere, by whom she had issue.
      Ralph Bigod (born c. 1218, date of death unknown), married Bertha de Furnival, by whom he had one child.
      Contrary to the assertion of Frederick Lewis Weis, Ancestral Roots, there is no evidence for a fourth son called Simon Bigod. A man of that name appears as a witness to one of Earl Hugh's charters (Morris, HBII 2), but as the eighteenth name in a list of twenty, suggesting no close connection to the main branch of the family. He is also named among the knights who surrendered to King John at Framlingham Castle in 1216. He was a probably a descendant of Hugh or William Bigod, half-brothers to Earl Roger II Bigod.
      Hugh Bigod died in 1225. Maud married her second husband, William de Warenne, 5th Earl of Surrey before 13 October that same year. Together they had two children:
      Isabella de Warenne (c. 1228 – before 20 September 1282), married Hugh d'Aubigny, 5th Earl of Arundel. She died childless.
      John de Warenne, 6th Earl of Surrey (August 1231 – c. 29 September 1304), in 1247 married Alice de Lusignan, a half-sister of King Henry III of England, by whom he had three children.
      Maud's second husband died in 1240. Her youngest son John succeeded his father as the 6th Earl of Surrey, but as he was a minor, Peter of Savoy, uncle of Queen consort Eleanor of Provence, was guardian of his estates.
      Death: Maud died on 27 March 1248 at the age of about fifty-six years and was buried at Tintern Abbey with her mother, possibly her maternal grandmother, and two of her brothers.

      From the Medieval Lands Project:
      MATILDA ([before 1195]-1/7 Apr 1248). The Chronicle of Tintern Abbey, Monmouthshire, names (in order) ”Matilda…Johanna…Isabella” as the daughters of “Willielmi Marescalli comitis Penbrochiæ”, adding that Matilda married “Hugoni le Bigod comiti Norfolke et Suffolke” and secondly “Johanni de Garrene comiti de Surrey”[1551]. Her birth date is estimated from the birth of her first child in [1212/13]. The Annals of Dunstable record that “Hugo Bigot comes…uxor” married “comiti Warenniæ”[1552]. m firstly (before Lent 1207) HUGH Bigod Earl of Norfolk, son of ROGER Bigod Earl of Norfolk & his wife Ida --- (-[11/18] Feb 1225). m secondly (before 13 Oct 1225) WILLIAM [IV] de Warenne Earl of Surrey, son of HAMELIN d'Anjou Earl of Surrey & his wife Isabel de Warenne (1166-London 27 May 1240, bur Lewes Priory).

      Maud Marshal, Countess of Norfolk, Countess of Surrey (1192 – 27 March 1248) was an Anglo-Norman noblewoman and a wealthy co-heiress of her father William Marshal, 1st Earl of Pembroke, and her mother Isabel de Clare suo jure 4th Countess of Pembroke. Maud was their eldest daughter.[1] She had two husbands: Hugh Bigod, 3rd Earl of Norfolk, and William de Warenne, 5th Earl of Surrey.

      Maud was also known as Matilda Marshal.

      Family

      Maud's birthdate is unknown other than being post 1191. She was the eldest daughter of William Marshal, 1st Earl of Pembroke and Isabel de Clare, 4th Countess of Pembroke, herself one of the greatest heiresses in Wales and Ireland. Maud had five brothers and four younger sisters. She was a co-heiress to her parents' extensive rich estates.

      Her paternal grandparents were John FitzGilbert Marshal and Sybilla of Salisbury, and her maternal grandparents were Richard de Clare, 2nd Earl of Pembroke, known as "Strongbow", and Aoife of Leinster.
      Marriages and issue

      Sometime before Lent in 1207, Maud married her first husband, Hugh Bigod, 3rd Earl of Norfolk. It was through this marriage between Maud and Hugh that the post of Earl Marshal of England came finally to the Howard (Dukes of Norfolk).[2] In 1215, Hugh was one of the twenty-five sureties of the Magna Carta. He came into his inheritance in 1221, thus Maud became the Countess of Norfolk at that time. Together they had five children:[3]

      Roger Bigod, 4th Earl of Norfolk (1209–1270) He died childless.
      Hugh Bigod (1212–1266), Justiciar of England. Married Joan de Stuteville, by whom he had issue.
      Isabel Bigod (c. 1215–1250), married firstly Gilbert de Lacy of Ewyas Lacy, by whom she had issue; she married secondly John Fitzgeoffrey, Lord of Shere, by whom she had issue.
      Ralph Bigod (born c. 1218, date of death unknown), married Bertha de Furnival, by whom he had one child.
      William Bigod
      Sir Simon le Bigod (born c 1211) m Maud de Felbrigg (1215 - 1275)had issue.[4]

      Hugh Bigod died in 1225. Maud married her second husband, William de Warenne, 5th Earl of Surrey before 13 October that same year. Together they had two children:

      Isabella de Warenne (c. 1228 – before 20 September 1282), married Hugh d'Aubigny, 5th Earl of Arundel. She died childless.
      John de Warenne, 6th Earl of Surrey (August 1231 – c. 29 September 1304), in 1247 married Alice de Lusignan, a half-sister of King Henry III of England, by whom he had three children.

      Maud's second husband died in 1240. Her youngest son John succeeded his father as the 6th Earl of Surrey, but as he was a minor, Peter of Savoy, uncle of Queen consort Eleanor of Provence, was guardian of his estates.
      Death

      Maud died on 27 March 1248 at the age of about fifty-six years and was buried at Tintern Abbey with her mother, possibly her maternal grandmother, and two of her brothers.
      Maud Marshal in literature
      Maud Marshal is the subject of a novel by Elizabeth Chadwick, titled To Defy a King. In the book she is called Mahelt rather than Maud. She and her first husband Hugh Bigod appear as secondary characters in books chronicling their parents's lives: The Time of Singing (UK: Sphere, 2008) published in the USA as For the King's Favor; The Greatest Knight; and The Scarlet Lion.

      References

      Thomas B. Costain, The Magnificent Century, pp. 103-104
      Costain, The Magnificent Century, pp. 103-104
      Charles Cawley, Medieval Lands, Earls of Norfolk, Bigod

      Weis, Frederick Lewis (2004). Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (Eighth ed.). Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc. p. 207. ISBN 978-0-8063-17526.

      Thomas B. Costain, The Magnificent Century, published by Doubleday and Company, Garden City, New York, 1959
      Charles Cawley, Medieval Lands, Earls of Pembroke
      thePeerage.com/p 10677.htm#106761

  • Sources 
    1. [S11] Unknown, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (Reliability: 3).

    2. [S64] International Genealogical Index, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints.
      Maud Matilda Marshall; Female; Birth: About 1192 Pembroke, Pembroke, Wales; Death: 27 MAR 1248; Father: William le Marshall; Mother: Isabel De Clare; No source information is available.
      Record submitted after 1991 by a member of the LDS Church.
      Search performed using PAF Insight on 27 Sep 2004

    3. [S64] International Genealogical Index, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints.
      Maud Marshall; Female; Birth: About 1192 Of, Pembroke, Pembroke, Wales; Death: 27 MAR 1248; Baptism: 24 JAN 1931; Endowment: 30 JAN 1931; Sealing to Spouse: 01 FEB 1950 IFALL; Hugh Bigod; Father: William Marshall; Mother: Isabel de Clare; Spouse: Hugh Bigod; Marriage: 1207; Sealing to Spouse: 01 FEB 1950 Idaho Falls, Bonneville, Idaho; Relative/Proxy: Thomas Carr; Film Number: 458816
      Record of LDS Church ordinance (living or proxy).
      Search performed using PAF Insight on 27 Sep 2004

    4. [S64] International Genealogical Index, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints.
      Maud Marshall; Female; Birth: About 1192 Of, Pembroke, Pembroke, Wales; Death: 27 MAR 1248; Father: William Marshall; Mother: Isabel de Clare; Spouse: Hugh Bigod; Marriage: 1207; Sealing to Spouse: 01 FEB 1950 Idaho Falls, Bonneville, Idaho; Film Number: 458816
      Record submitted by a member of the LDS Church
      Search performed using PAF Insight on 27 Sep 2004

    5. [S64] International Genealogical Index, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints.
      Maud or Matilda MARSHALL; Female; Birth: About 1192; Father: William MARSHALL; Mother: Isabel DE CLARE; Spouse: William or John WARREN; Marriage: About 1222 Pembroke, Pembroke, Wales; No source information is available.
      Record submitted after 1991 by a member of the LDS Church.
      Search performed using PAF Insight on 27 Sep 2004