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So shall it be with my father: he shall be
called a prince over his posterity, holding
the keys of the patriarchal priesthood over the kingdom of God on earth, even the Church
of the Latter Day Saints, and he shall sit in the general assembly of patriarchs, even in
council with the Ancient of Days when he shall sit and all the patriarchs with him and shall
enjoy his right and authority under the direction of the Ancient of Days.
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DEVEREAUX, Countess Ela[1]

Female 1159 - 1261  (102 years)  Submit Photo / DocumentSubmit Photo / Document


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  • Name DEVEREAUX, Ela 
    Prefix Countess 
    Nickname Fitzpatrick 
    Born 1159  Le Mans, Sarthe, Pays de la Loire, France Find all individuals with events at this location  [2
    Christened Y  [2
    Gender Female 
    Buried Aug 1261  Lacock, Wiltshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Died 24 Aug 1261  Lacock, Wiltshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    WAC 1 Mar 1934  [3, 4
    _TAG Reviewed on FS 
    Headstones Submit Headstone Photo Submit Headstone Photo 
    Person ID I27916  Joseph Smith Sr and Lucy Mack Smith
    Last Modified 19 Aug 2021 

    Father PATRICK, Earl William Fitz ,   b. 1145, Salisbury, Wiltshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 17 Apr 1196, Salisbury, Wiltshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 51 years) 
    Mother DE VITRÉ, Eléonore ,   b. 1146, Brittany, Normandy, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Aug 1233, Dorking, Surrey, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 87 years) 
    Married Abt 1184 
    Family ID F15403  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family LONGESPEE, Prince William ,   b. 1160, Le Mans, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 7 Mar 1225, Salisbury, Canterbury, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 65 years) 
    Married 1190  Amesbury, Wiltshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [5
    Notes 
    • MARRIAGE: Also shown as Married Salisbury, Wiltshire, England. ~SEALING_SPOUSE: Also shown as SealSp 1 Apr 1936
    Children 
    +1. LONGESPEE, Ida Camvile ,   b. Abt 1222, Salisbury, Wiltshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 10 Jan 1267, Salisbury, Wiltshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 45 years)
    +2. LONGESPEE, Stephan ,   b. 1197, Sutton, Northamptonshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 25 Jun 1260, Sutton Bassett, Kettering, Northamptonshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 63 years)
    +3. LONGESPEE, Earl William ,   b. Abt 1212, Salisbury, Wiltshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 7 Feb 1250, Al Mansura, Ad Daqahlīyah, Egypt Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 38 years)
     4. LONGESPEE, Isabell ,   b. Abt 1208, Salisbury, Wiltshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Bef 1244, Holton, Yorkshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 35 years)
     5. LONGESPEE, Petronilla ,   b. Abt 1209, Salisbury, Wiltshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Feb 1297, Bradenstoke, Wiltshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 88 years)
     6. LONGESPEE, Richard ,   b. Abt 1214, Salisbury, Wiltshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Lacock, Wiltshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location
     7. LONGESPEE, Bishop Nicholas ,   b. Abt 1218, Salisbury, Wiltshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 18 May 1297, Salisbury, Wiltshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 79 years)
    +8. LONGESPEE, Countess Ela ,   b. Abt 1220, Salisbury, Wiltshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 9 Feb 1298, Oxford, Oxfordshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 78 years)
     9. LONGESPEE, Lora ,   b. Abt 1224, Salisbury, Wiltshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location
    Last Modified 25 Sep 2021 
    Family ID F15402  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Photos At least one living or private individual is linked to this item - Details withheld.

  • Notes 
    • Ela of Salisbury, 3rd Countess of Salisbury (1187 – 24 August 1261) was a wealthy English heiress and the suo jure Countess of Salisbury, having succeeded to the title in 1196 upon the death of her father, William FitzPatrick, 2nd Earl of Salisbury. Her husband William Longespée, an illegitimate half-brother of kings Richard I of England and John of England assumed the title of 3rd Earl of Salisbury by right of his marriage to Ela, which took place in 1196 when she was nine years old.
      Ela held the post of High Sheriff of Wiltshire for two years after William's death, then became a nun, and eventually Abbess of Lacock Abbey in Wiltshire, which she had founded in 1229.
      Contents
      1 Family
      2 Marriage and issue
      3 Later life
      4 Ancestry
      5 References
      Family
      Ela was born in Amesbury, Wiltshire in 1187, the only child and heiress of William FitzPatrick, 2nd Earl of Salisbury, Sheriff of Wiltshire and Eléonore de Vitré (c.1164- 1232/1233). In 1196, she succeeded her father as suo jure 3rd Countess of Salisbury. There is a story that immediately following her father's death she was imprisoned in a castle in Normandy by one of her paternal uncles who wished to take her title and enormous wealth for himself. According to the legend, Ela was eventually rescued by William Talbot, a knight who had gone to France where he sang ballads under windows in all the castles of Normandy until he received a response from Ela.
      In 1198, Ela's mother married her fourth husband, Gilbert de Malesmains.
      Marriage and issue
      In 1196, the same year she became countess and inherited her father's numerous estates, Ela married William Longespée, an illegitimate son of King Henry II of England, by his mistress Ida de Tosny, who later married Roger Bigod, 2nd Earl of Norfolk. Longespee became 3rd Earl of Salisbury by right of his wife. The Continuator of Florence recorded that their marriage had been arranged by King Richard I of England, who was William's legitimate half-brother.
      Together William and Ela had at least eight or possibly nine children:
      William II Longespée, titular Earl of Salisbury (c.1209- 7 February 1250), married in 1216 Idoine de Camville, daughter of Richard de Camville and Eustache Basset, by whom he had four children. William was killed while on crusade at the Battle of Mansurah.
      Richard Longespée, clerk and canon of Salisbury.
      Stephen Longespée, Seneschal of Gascony and Justiciar of Ireland (1216–1260), married as her second husband 1243/1244 Emmeline de Ridelsford, daughter of Walter de Ridelsford and Annora Vitré, by whom he had two daughters: Ela, wife of Sir Roger La Zouche, and Emmeline (1252–1291), the second wife of Maurice FitzGerald, 3rd Lord of Offaly.
      Nicholas Longespée, Bishop of Salisbury (died 28 May 1297)
      Isabella Longespée (died before 1244), married as his first wife shortly after 16 May 1226, William de Vescy, Lord of Alnwick, by whom she had issue.
      Petronilla Longespée, died unmarried
      Ela Longespée, who first married Thomas de Beaumont, 6th Earl of Warwick, and then married Philip Basset. No issue.
      Ida Longespée, married firstly Ralph who was son of Ralph de Somery, Baron of Dudley, and Margaret, daughter of John Marshal; she married secondly William de Beauchamp, Baron of Bedford, by whom she had six children, including Maud de Beauchamp, wife of Roger de Mowbray.
      Ida II de Longespée (she is alternatively listed as William and Ela's granddaughter: see notes below), married Sir Walter FitzRobert, son of Robert Fitzwalter, by whom she had issue including Ela FitzWalter, wife of William de Odyngsells. Ela's and Williams's grandsons include William de Clinton and John de Grey.[
      Mary Longespée, married. No issue.
      Pernel Longespée.
      Lacock Abbey, founded in 1229 by Ela, Countess of Salisbury
      Later life
      In 1225, Ela's husband William was shipwrecked off the coast of Brittany, upon returning from Gascony. He spent months recovering at a monastery on the Island of Ré in France. He died at Salisbury Castle on 7 March 1226 just several days after arriving in England. Ela held the post of Sheriff of Wiltshire for two years following her husband's death.
      Three years later in 1229, Ela founded Lacock Abbey in Wiltshire as a nunnery of the Augustinian order. In 1238, she entered the abbey as a nun; she was made Abbess of Lacock in 1240, and held the post until 1257. The Book of Lacock recorded that Ela founded the monasteries at Lacock and Henton. During her tenure as abbess, Ela obtained many rights for the abbey and village of Lacock.
      Ela, Countess of Salisbury died on 24 August 1261 and was buried in Lacock Abbey. The inscription on her tombstone, originally written in Latin, reads:
      Below lie buried the bones of the venerable Ela, who gave this sacred house as a home for the nuns. She also had lived here as holy abbess and Countess of Salisbury, full of good works.
      Her numerous descendants included English kings Edward IV and Richard III, Mary, Queen of Scots, Robert Devereux, 2nd Earl of Essex, Sir Winston Churchill, Diana, Princess of Wales, the Dukes of Norfolk, and the English queen consorts of King Henry VIII: Anne Boleyn, Jane Seymour, Catherine Howard, and Catherine Parr.
      Ela has been described as having been "one of the two towering female figures of the mid-13th century", the other one being Margaret de Quincy, Countess of Lincoln.
      References
      Charles Cawley, Medieval Lands, England, Earls of Salisbury 1196-1310 (Longespée)
      The Earls of Salisbury are sometimes mistakenly assigned the surname "d’Evreux," but it is spurious, arising from confusion over the nickname of a fictitious ancestor, Walter le Ewrus (Walter the Fortunate). The family of the Earls of Salisbury never used the name "d’Evreux," they do not descend from the Norman Counts of Evreux, nor do the later Devereux derive from them. See Cokayne, George (1982). The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain, and the United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct, or Dormant XI. Gloucester England: A. Sutton. p. 373, note (b). ISBN 0-904387-82-8.
      Thomas B. Costain, The Conquering Family, pp.291-92, published by Doubleday and Company, Inc., New York, 1949.
      Richardson, D. (2011) Plantagenet Ancestry: A Study ... (via Google) pg 577 (Mowbray) pg 94 (Fitzwalter) pg 429
      This Ida is sometimes confused with Ida II Longespée, who married Sir Walter FitzRobert of Woodham Walter, Essex, by whom she had issue including Ela FitzWalter, wife of William de Odyngsells. Ida II Longespée has been given different parents by different genealogists; G. Andrews Moriarty suggested the two Idas were sisters; Gerald Paget suggests Ida II who married Walter FitzRobert may have been the daughter of William Longespée II, Earl of Salisbury, by his wife, Idoine de Camville.
      "History of Chitterne: Ela, Countess of Salisbury" at chitterne.com, retrieved on 22 May 2009
      Linda Elizabeth Mitchell, Portraits of Medieval Women: Family, Marriage, and Politics in England 1225-1350, p.42, Google Books, retrieved on 14-11-09
      Deveraux Counte, Ela Fitz Patrick Countess S of Salisbury
      Longespee, Joan Mrs Ela Fitz Patrick Countess Salisbury was born about 1191 in , Amesbury, Wiltshire, England. She died on 24 Aug 1261 in , Lacock, Wiltshire, England. She was buried in Lacock Abbey, Lacock, Wiltshire, England. She married William Longespee, Prince of England, Earl of Salisbury, in 1198 in of, Salisbury, Wiltshire, England.
      They had the following children:
      i Isabel Longespee
      ii Petronella Longespee was born in 1209 in of,Salisbury,Wiltshire,England. [Notes]
      iii Richard Longespee Canon Salisbury was born about 1214 in of,Salisbury,Wiltshire,England. He died in ,Lacock,Wiltshire,England. tes]
      iv Nicholas Longespee Bishop of Salisb was born about 1218 in of,Salisbury,Wiltshire,England. He died in 1297 in ,,,England. He was buried in Ladies Chapel Ca,,,England. [Notes]
      v Ela Longespee Countess Warwick was born about 1220 in of,Salisbury,Wiltshire,England. She died in Feb 1297. [Notes]
      vi Ida Idonea Longespee
      vii Lora Longespee Nun At Lacock was born about 1224 in of,Salisbury,Wiltshire,England. [Notes]
      viii Ela Longespee
      ix William Longespee Earl of Salisbu
      x Stephen Longespee Earl of Ulster
      xi Ela Longespee

  • Sources 
    1. [S72] Ancestral File (TM), The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, (June 1998 (c), data as of 5 JAN 1998).

    2. [S64] International Genealogical Index, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints.
      Ela Fitz Patrick; Female; Birth: 1187 Amesbury, Wiltshire, England; Death: 1261 Laycock, , , England; Father: William Fitz Patrick; Mother: Alinore de Vitrie; Spouse: William Longspee; Sealing to Spouse: 27 MAY 1957; Marriage: 1198; Film Number: 458317
      Record submitted by a member of the LDS Church
      Search performed using PAF Insight on 01 Oct 2004

    3. [S64] International Genealogical Index, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints.
      Ela DEVERAUX; Female; Birth: < 1177> ; Baptism: 19 NOV 1994 OAKLA; Endowment: 20 MAY 1995 OAKLA; No source information is available.
      Record submitted after 1991 by a member of the LDS Church to request LDS temple ordinances.
      Search performed using PAF Insight on 22 Sep 2004

    4. [S64] International Genealogical Index, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints.
      Ela Fitz Patrick; Female; Birth: 1187 Amesbury, Wiltshire, England; Death: 1261 Laycock, , , England; Baptism: 01 DEC 1934; Endowment: 10 JAN 1935; Sealing to Spouse: 27 MAY 1957; William Longspee; Father: William Fitz Patrick; Mother: Alinore de Vitrie; Spouse: William Longspee; Sealing to Spouse: 27 MAY 1957; Marriage: 1198; Relative/Proxy: Levi W. Reed; Film Number: 458317
      Record of LDS Church ordinance (living or proxy).
      Search performed using PAF Insight on 01 Oct 2004

    5. [S64] International Genealogical Index, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints.
      William OR earl Salisbury DE Longespee; Male; Death: 07 MAR 1225; Spouse: Ela Fitz Patrick; Marriage: 1198 Of, Amesbury, Wiltshire, England; No source information is available.
      Record submitted after 1991 by a member of the LDS Church.
      Search performed using PAF Insight on 30 Sep 2004