1137 - 1188 (50 years) Submit Photo / Document
Set As Default Person
||CASTILE, Fernando |
||15 Aug 1137
||Toledo, Toledo, Castilla-La Mancha, Spain
||Reviewed on FS |
||22 Jan 1188
||Benavente, Zamora, Castilla-Leon, Spain
||21 Feb 1188
||Santiago de Compostela, La Coruña, Galicia, Spain
||Joseph Smith Sr and Lucy Mack Smith
||19 Aug 2021 |
||CASTILE, King Alfonsez VIII, b. 1 Mar 1105, Toledo, Castilla-La Mancha, Spain d. 21 Aug 1157, La Fresneda, Teruel, Aragon, Spain (Age 52 years) |
||CASTILE, Queen Ryksa, b. 1131, Wrocław, Wrocław, Poland d. 16 Jan 1185, Spain (Age 54 years) |
||4 Dec 1152
||Wrocław, Wrocław, Poland
||Group Sheet | Family Chart
||LEON, Queen Urraca Alfonsez, b. 1151, Coimbra, Coimbra, Portgal d. 16 Oct 1188, Valladolid, Castile-León, Spain (Age 37 years) |
||Coimbra, Coimbra, Portugal
||24 Jan 2022 |
||Group Sheet | Family Chart
||At least one living or private individual is linked to this item - Details withheld.|
- Fernando II de Castilla y León, rey de León also Known As:"Fernando II de Borgoña", "King Fernando II of Leon", "King Of Leon /Fernando Ii/", "Rei de León" Born 1137, Died January 22, 1188 in Benavente, Castille and Leon, Spain, Place of Burial:Cathedral de Santiago el Mayor, Santiago de Compostela, Galicia, Spain. Immediate Family: Son of Alfonso VII el Emperador, rey de Castilla y León and Berenguela de Barcelona, reina consorte de León y Castilla. Husband of Urraca de Portugal, reina consorte de León; Teresa Núñez de Lara, reina consorte León and Urraca López de Haro, reina consorte León. Father of Alfonso IX el Baboso, rey de León y Galicia; Fernando Fernández, infante de León; N.N., infante de León; García Fernández, infante de León; Alfonso Fernández de León, infante de León and 1 other. Brother of Constance de Castille, reine consorte de France; Sancho III el Deseado, rey de Castilla; Sancha, Reina consorte de Navarra; Ramón, Infante de Castilla; García, Infante de Castilla and 1 other. Half brother of Urraca la Asturiana Alfonso de Castilla; Estefanía la Desdichada Alfonso; Fernando de Castilla, infante de León; Sancha de Castilla, reina consort de Aragón and Sancha of Castile
Occupation: Rey de León y Galicia (1157-1188), Râegent de Castille.
Ferdinand II de León ou Fernando II, né en 1137, mort à Benavente le 22 janvier 1188, fut roi de Léon et de Galice de 1157 à 1188. Il était fils d'Alphonse VII, roi de Castille, Léon et Galice, et de Bérengère de Barcelone.
Il succéda à son père en 1157, tandis que son frère Sanche III hérita de la Castille. Il se distingua pendant un règne de 30 ans par sa prudence, sa valeur et son affabilité. Régent en Castille, après la mort de Sanche III de Castille, pendant la minorité d'Alphonse VIII, son neveu, il apaisa les troubles qu'y avait causés la rivalité des Castro et des Lara.
Il enleva aux Maures plusieurs places importantes, recula les limites de ses États, et mourut en 1188, au moment où il se préparait à une croisade. C'est de son règne que date l'ordre militaire de Saint-Jacques, destiné à la défense des domaines des Chrétiens.
Il avait épousé en mai 1165 Urraque de Portugal (1151 † 1188), fille d'Alphonse Ier, roi de Portugal et de Mathilde de Savoie. Ils eurent :
Alphonse IX (1171 † 1230), roi de Léon
Il se remaria avant 1178 avec Thérèse († 1180), fille de Ferdinand de Trava, seigneur de Trastamare, et de Sanha Gonzalez, et eut :
Ferdinand (1180 † 1187)
Il prit ensuite comme maîtresse Urraque Lopez de Haro, fille du comte Loup Diaz de Haro et d'Aldonza Ruiz, qu'il épousa en mai 1187. Ils avaient eu :
Garcia Fernandez, né vers 1182 avant le mariage de ses parents, et mort en 1184
Sanche (1188 † 1220), seigneur de Monteagudo et d'Aguilar.
BIO: from http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/CASTILE.htm#AlfonsoIXLeondied1230A, as of 11/12/2014
Infante don FERNANDO de Castilla y León, son of ALFONSO VII "el Emperador" King of Castile and León & his first wife Berenguela de Barcelona (1137-Benavente 22 Jan 1188, bur Santiago de Compostela, Cathedral Santiago el Mayor). The De Rebus Hispaniæ of Rodericus Ximenes names "Sancium et Fernandum, Elisabeth et Beatiam" as the children of "Aldefonsi Hispaniarum Regis" and his wife "Berengariam". The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names "Fernando" as brother of "rex Sanctius". "Santius et…Fredinandus et Garsias filii ymperatories" confirmed the charter dated 12 Sep 1142 under which Alfonso VII King of Castile donated "uillam…Taranna" to "Martino Didaci". "Sancius et…Fernandus et Garsias filii imperatoris…" confirmed the charter dated 19 Aug 1146 under which Alfonso VII King of Castile donated "ecclesiam…sanctam Mariam de Uelerda" to "Martino Didaci". “Adefonsus Imperator Hispaniæ...cum uxore mea Imperatrice Domina Rica et cum filiis meis Sancio et Ferrando Regibus” donated property to the bishop of Segovia by charter dated 28 Jan 1155. He succeeded his father in 1157 as FERNANDO II King of León, Galicia and Extremadura. Regent for his nephew Alfonso VIII King of Castile. He founded the brotherhood of the knights of Cáceres (“hermandad de freiles de Cáceres”) shortly after capturing the town in 1170. This soon developed into the Order of Santiago, which received the confirmation of the Papacy 1175, when the archbishop of Santiago entered the order as an honorary knight and donated a standard of the saint. The Annales Compostellani record the death in 1187 of “Fernandus Rex Legionis”. The Anales Toledanos record the death in 1188 of “el Rey D. Ferrando, fillo del Emperador”.
m firstly ([May/Jun] 1165, repudiated [Feb 1171/1172]) Infanta dona URRACA de Portugal, daughter of AFONSO I Henriques King of Portugal & his wife Mathilde de Savoie (-Valladolid 16 Oct 1188). The De Rebus Hispaniæ of Rodericus Ximenes names "Sancium et Urracam…et aliam filiam…Tarasia" as the children of "Aldefonsum" & his wife, specifying that Urraca married "Fernandi Regis Legionensis". The Chronicon Lusitanum records that “D. Orracam” daughter of “Rex Donnus Alfonsus” and his wife “Donnam Matildam, Comitis Amadæi de Moriana filiam” married “Regi Legionensium Donno Fernando”, adding in a later passage that they married in Aug 1209 (1171). The Crónica Latina records that “el rey Fernando” married “Urraca, hija de Alfonso rey de Portugal” but that they were related in the third degree of consanguinity. "Regina Sancia comitis Raymundi et regine Urrache regia proles" donated an inn near Mucientes to Sahagún monastery by charter dated 15 Mar 1158, subscribed by "Regina Urracha de Asturias, Stephania Infantissa filia imperatoris…". The dating clause of a charter dated 13 Feb 1171 records "regnante Rege Donno F. in Legione, Galesia, Asturiis et Extrematus…cum uxore sua regina donna Urracha". Lucas de Tuy records that "Rex Fernandus" repudiated "uxorem suam Urracam filiam Regis Adefonsi, eo quod erat consanguinea eius propinquo gradu".
m secondly ([1172/6 May 1173]) TERESA Núñez de Lara, daughter of NUÑO Pérez de Lara & his wife Teresa Fernández de Traba (-León 7 Feb 1180, bur León, monastery of San Isidro). Salazar y Castro states that the Coronica General records the marriage of "el Rey D. Ferrando" and "Doña Teresa fija del conde D. Nuño de Castiella". However, Lucas de Tuy records that "Rex Fernandus" married secondly "Tharasiam qua fuerat uxor Nunii comitis de Castella", and Rodrigo de Jiménez that the king married "Tarasiam filiam comitis Fernandi, quæ fuerat uxor comitis Nunii de Castella". Salazar y Castro highlights the chronological impossibility that this is correct, although he cites no earlier source which confirms that the king´s wife was the daughter of Nuño Pérez de Lara. A charter dated 6 May 1173 records property of "Rege F. et Regina domina Tarasia…in Montenigro…Villar ripam de Goaa". Szabolcs de Vajay accepts the second marriage of Teresa Fernández with the king, but supposedly finds the solution to the chronological difficulties by saying that she was Fernando Pérez´s daughter "by Sancha González (and not, as is often alleged, by the Infanta Teresa of Portugal)". Unfortunately, this does not resolve the issues. The marriages of Fernando Pérez de Traba´s children by his legitimate wife are noted between 1142 and 1150, which would place their births in the period [1120/30]. This is still too early for the possible birth date of the second wife of Fernando II King of León, given the births of the couple´s children in [1178/80]. The only satisfactory solution is that the second wife of King Fernando was the daughter, not the widow, of Nuño Pérez. This is also consistent with Queen Teresa being named in May 1173, which was four years before the death of Nuño Pérez. A monument in San Isidro, León records the burial of "Regina…coniux Tarasia Regis Fernandi". She died in childbirth.
m thirdly (May 1187) URRACA López de Haro, widow of NUÑO Menéndez Señor de Ceón y Riaño, daughter of conde LÓPE Díaz de Haro, Señor de Vizcaya & his second wife Aldonza Rodríguez (-Cistercian monastery of Vilena 1223, bur Vilena). She was the king’s mistress from at least May 1182. Señora de Aguilar y Monteagudo 1187. “Regina domna Vrraka Lupi...cum filio meo infanti Santio et filia mea Maria Nunez” donated “hereditate de Magroueio...in Mafules” to “magistro Michaeli” by charter dated 1195. "Domna Urraca Lupi Regina filia comitis Lupi" donated property to the monastery of Las Huelgas de Burgos for the foundation of the monastery of Vileña, for the soul of "filiique mei Sanci Ferrandi", by charter dated Apr 1222.
King Fernando II & his first wife had one child:
1. Infante don ALFONSO de León (Zamora 15 Aug 1171-Villanueva de Sarría 24 Sep 1230, bur Santiago de Compostela, Cathedral Santiago el Mayor). He succeeded his father in 1188 as ALFONSO IX King of León and Galicia.
King Fernando II & his second wife had two children:
2. FERNANDO Fernández (1178-1187, bur León, monastery of San Isidro).
3. child (b and d 6 Feb 1180, bur León, monastery of San Isidro).
King Fernando II & his third wife had three children:
4. GARCÍA Fernández (1182-1184, bur León, monastery of San Isidro).
5. Infante don ALFONSO Fernández de León (1184-before 22 Jan 1188).
6. Infante don SANCHO Fernández de León (1186-Cañamero 25 Aug 1220, bur Cistercian monastery of Santa María de Perales). Governor of Montenegro and Sarría 1210-1219. m ([after 1210]) TERESA Díaz de Haro, daughter of DIEGO López “el Bueno” Conde de Haro, Señor de Vizcaya & his second wife Toda Pérez.
King Fernando II had one illegitimate child by an unknown mistress:
7. SANCHO Fernández . m TERESA Gómez de Roa, daughter of ---.
** from The Ill Enc of Medieval Civ (Aryeh Grabois) p 308--
Ferdinand II (1137-88) King of Leon (1157-88). Son of Alfonso VII of Castile and Leon, he inherited the latter kingdom and fought against the powerful nobility, imposing royal authority. He successfully combatted the
Almohades and conquered the provinces of Extremadura, whee he initated a project of colonization intended to replace the population of Moslem peasants which had been expelled. In order to maintain the independece of his kingdom, he fought against the neighbouring areas of Castile and Portugal. In 1158 he granted royal protection to the new order of Calatrava in an attempt to attract the knights to Leon, and in 1175 he allowed the foundation of the military order of Santiago.
** from Wikipedia listing for Ferdinand II of León, as of 11/12/2014
Ferdinand II (c. 1137 – 22 January 1188) was King of León and Galicia from 1157 to his death.
Born in Toledo, Castile, he was the son of King Alfonso VII of León and Castile and of Berenguela, of the House of Barcelona. At his father's death, he received León and Galicia, while his brother Sancho received Castile and Toledo. Ferdinand earned the reputation of a good knight and hard fighter, but did not display political or organising faculty.
He spent most of his first year as king in a dispute with his powerful nobles and an invasion by his brother Sancho III. In 1158 the two brothers met at Sahagun, and peacefully solved the heritage matters. However, Sancho died in the same year, being succeeded by his child son Alfonso VIII, while Ferdinand occupied parts of Castile. The boundary troubles with Castile restarted in 1164: he then met at Soria with the Lara family, who represented Alfonso VIII, and a truce was established, allowing him to move against the Muslim Almoravids who still held much of southern Spain, and to capture the cities of Alcántara and Alburquerque. In the same year, Ferdinand defeated King Afonso I of Portugal, who, in 1163, had occupied Salamanca in retaliation for the repopulation of the area ordered by the King of León.
In 1165 he married Urraca, daughter of Afonso of Portugal. However, strife with Portugal was not put to an end by this move. In 1168 Afonso again felt menaced by Ferdinand II's repopulation of the area of Ciudad Rodrigo: he then attacked Galicia, occupying Tui and the territory of Xinzo de Limia, former fiefs of his mother. However, as his troops were also besieging the Muslim citadel of Badajoz, Ferdinand II was able to push the Portuguese out of Galicia and to rush to Badajoz. When Afonso saw the Leonese arrive he tried to flee, but he was disabled by a broken leg caused by a fall from his horse, and made prisoner at one the city's gates. Afonso was obliged to surrender as his ransom almost all the conquests he had made in Galicia in the previous year. In the peace signed at Pontevedra the following year, Ferdinand got back twenty five castles, and the cities of Cáceres, Badajoz, Trujillo, Santa Cruz and Montánchez, previously lost by León. When in the same years the Almoravids laid siege to the Portuguese city of Santarém, Ferdinand II came to help his father-in-law, and helped to free the city from the menace.
Also in 1170, Ferdinand created the military-religious Order of Santiago de Compostela, with the task to protect pilgrims travelling to the tomb of the apostle James in the cathedral of Compostela. The order had its seat first in Cáceres and then in Uclés.
In 1175 Pope Alexander III annulled Ferdinand II and Urraca of Portugal's marriage due to consanguinuity. The King remarried to Teresa Fernández de Traba, daughter of count Fernando Pérez de Traba, and widow of count Nuño Pérez de Lara. In 1178 war against Castile broke out. Ferdinand surprised his nephew Alfonso VIII, occupied Castrojeriz and Dueñas, both formerly lands of Teresa's first husband. The war was settled in 1180 with the peace of Tordesillas. In the same year his wife Teresa died while bearing their second son.
In 1184, after a series of failed attempts, the Almohad caliph Abu Yaqub Yusuf invaded Portugal with an army recruited in Northern Africa and, in May, besieged Afonso I in Santarém; the Portuguese were helped by the arrival of the armies sent by the archbishop of Santiago de Compostela, in June, and by Ferdinand II in July.
In 1185 Ferdinand married for the third time to Urraca López de Haro (daughter of Lope Díaz, lord of Biscay, Nájera and Haro), who was his mistress since 1180. Urraca tried in vain to have Alfonso IX, first son of Ferdinand II, declared illegitimate, to favour her son Sancho.
Ferdinand II died in 1188 at Benavente, while returning from a pilgrimage to Santiago de Compostela. He was buried in the cathedral of Compostela.
Sepulcher of Ferdinand II in the Royal Pantheon of the cathedral of Santiago de Compostela.
Ferdinand married Urraca of Portugal around 1165, they had one son:
Following her repudiation, he formed a relationship with Teresa Fernández de Traba, daughter of count Fernando Pérez de Traba, and in August 1179 he married her, having:
Ferdinand (1178–1187), legitimized through his parents' subsequent marriage
child, b. and d. 6 February 1180, whose birth led to the death of its mother
He then formed a liaison with Urraca López de Haro, daughter of Lope Díaz I de Haro, whom he married in May 1187, having:
Alfonso, b.1184, legitimized through the subsequent marriage of his parents, died before his father.
Sancho (1186–1220), lord of Fines
Busk, M. M., The history of Spain and Portugal from B.C. 1000 to A.D. 1814, (Baldwin and Cradock, 1833), 31.
The Encyclopædia Britannica, Vol.9, Ed. Thomas Spencer Baynes, (Henry G. Allen and Company, 1888), 80.
Leese, Thelma Anna, Blood royal: issue of the kings and queens of medieval England, 1066–1399, (Heritage Books, 1996), 47.
Medieval Iberia: an encyclopedia, Ed. E. Michael Gerlis and Samuel G. Armistead, (Taylor & Francis, 2003), 329.
Busk, M. M., The history of Spain and Portugal from B.C. 1000 to A.D. 1814, Baldwin and Cradock, 1833.
Leese, Thelma Anna, Blood royal: issue of the kings and queens of medieval England, 1066–1399, Heritage Books, 1996.
Medieval Iberia: an encyclopedia, Ed. E. Michael Gerlis and Samuel G. Armistead, Taylor & Francis, 2003.
Szabolcs de Vajay, "From Alfonso VIII to Alfonso X" in Studies in Genealogy and Family History in Tribute to Charles Evans on the Occasion of his Eightieth Birthday, 1989, pp. 366–417.
Cawley, Charles, Fernando II, king of León 1157–1188, Foundation for Medieval Genealogy, retrieved August 2012
Cawley, Charles, Medieval Lands Project on the kings and counts of Castile & León, Foundation for Medieval Genealogy, retrieved August 2012,