JosephSmithSr.
So shall it be with my father: he shall be
called a prince over his posterity, holding
the keys of the patriarchal priesthood over the kingdom of God on earth, even the Church
of the Latter Day Saints, and he shall sit in the general assembly of patriarchs, even in
council with the Ancient of Days when he shall sit and all the patriarchs with him and shall
enjoy his right and authority under the direction of the Ancient of Days.
First Name:  Last Name: 
[Advanced Search]  [Surnames]
SMITH, Levira Annette Clark

SMITH, Levira Annette Clark

Female 1842 - 1888  (46 years)  Submit Photo / DocumentSubmit Photo / Document

Generations:      Standard    |    Vertical    |    Compact    |    Box    |    Text    |    Ahnentafel    |    Fan Chart    |    Media    |    PDF

Generation: 1

  1. 1.  SMITH, Levira Annette Clark was born on 19 Apr 1842 in Nauvoo, Hancock, Illinois, United States (daughter of SMITH, Samuel Harrison and CLARK, Levira); died on 18 Dec 1888 in St. Louis, St. Louis, Missouri, United States.

    Other Events:

    • _TAG: Reviewed on FS
    • WAC: 13 Jun 1856, EHOUS

    Levira married SMITH, Joseph Fielding on 4 Apr 1859 in Salt Lake City, Salt Lake, Utah, United States. Joseph (son of SMITH, Hyrum and FIELDING, Mary) was born on 13 Nov 1838 in Far West, Caldwell, Missouri, United States; died on 19 Nov 1918 in Salt Lake City, Salt Lake, Utah, United States; was buried on 21 Nov 1918 in Salt Lake City, Salt Lake, Utah, United States. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]

    Notes:

    ~SEALING_SPOUSE: Also shown as SealSp 5 Apr 1859, Salt Lake City, Salt Lake, Utah Territory.


Generation: 2

  1. 2.  SMITH, Samuel HarrisonSMITH, Samuel Harrison was born on 13 Mar 1808 in Tunbridge, Orange, Vermont, United States (son of SMITH, Joseph Sr. and MACK, Lucy); died on 30 Jul 1844 in Nauvoo, Hancock, Illinois, United States; was buried on 1 Aug 1844 in Nauvoo, Hancock, Illinois, United States.

    Other Events:

    • _TAG: Locked By FS
    • _TAG: Reviewed on FS

    Samuel married CLARK, Levira on 29 Apr 1841 in Nauvoo, Hancock, Illinois, United States. Levira was born on 30 Jul 1815 in Levonia, Livingston, New York; died on 1 Jan 1893 in Salt Lake City, Salt Lake, Utah, United States. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]


  2. 3.  CLARK, Levira was born on 30 Jul 1815 in Levonia, Livingston, New York; died on 1 Jan 1893 in Salt Lake City, Salt Lake, Utah, United States.

    Other Events:

    • _TAG: Reviewed on FS
    • WAC: 8 Nov 1856

    Children:
    1. 1. SMITH, Levira Annette Clark was born on 19 Apr 1842 in Nauvoo, Hancock, Illinois, United States; died on 18 Dec 1888 in St. Louis, St. Louis, Missouri, United States.
    2. SMITH, Louisa Clark was born on 28 Aug 1843 in Nauvoo, Hancock, Illinois, United States; died in 1843 in Nauvoo, Hancock, Illinois, United States.
    3. SMITH, Lucy J. C. was born on 20 Aug 1844 in Nauvoo, Hancock, Illinois, United States; died in Aug 1844 in Nauvoo, Hancock, Illinois, United States.


Generation: 3

  1. 4.  SMITH, Joseph Sr.SMITH, Joseph Sr. was born on 12 Jul 1771 in Topsfield, Essex, Massachusetts, United States (son of SMITH, Asael and DUTY, Mary Elizabeth); died on 14 Sep 1840 in Nauvoo, Hancock, Illinois, United States; was buried on 15 Sep 1840 in Smith Family Cemetery, Nauvoo, Hancock, Illinois, United States.

    Other Events:

    • _TAG: Locked By FS
    • _TAG: Reviewed on FS
    • WAC: 10 Apr 1877, SGEOR

    Notes:

    Biography: History of the Church - Ancestry of Joseph Smith the Prophet 13, 14, 15, 16) Joseph Smith, son of Asael Smith, and father of the Prophet, was born at Topsfield, Massachusetts, [Insert- Four generations of ancestors of the Prophet Joseph Smith lived in Topsfield, Mass. in the center of the village is this monument, above, in the Topsfield Common. Opposite the common is the Congregational Church of Topsfield, left the third religious edifice to be situated on the same site. Several of the Prophet's ancestors, including his father and grandfather, were baptized and worshipped in one of the earlier structures.]--Kenneth Mays July 12, 1771. He accompanied his father, Asael Smith, first to northern New Hampshire, thence to Tunbridge, Vermont, where he assisted in clearing a farm of which, four years after it was first cleared, he took possession to cultivate on the "half share" system, common to those times in New England; while his father and four other sons went on clearing a farm of which, four years after it was first cleared, he took possession to cultivate on the "half share" system, common to those times in New England; while his father and four other sons went on clearing other lands. Here he married Lucy Mack, daughter of Solomon Mack of Gilsum, Cheshire county, New Hampshire. The young people met during the repeated visits of Lucy to her brother, Stephen Mack, who was engaged in the mercantile and tinning business with John Mudget at Tunbridge. The marriage took place on the 24th of January, 1796. Soon after the marriage as the young people were starting on a visit to the bride's parents, at Gilsum, the matter of making Lucy a wedding present became a subject of conversation. "Well," said Mr. Mudget, "Lucy ought to have something worth naming, and I will give her just as much as you will;" this to Stephen Mack. "Done," said the brother, "I will give her five hundred dollars in cash." "Good," said the other, "and I will give her five hundred dollas more." They drew a check for one thousand dollars upon their bankers, and Lucy had been provided with her dowry.(10) (footnote #10 - History of the Project Joseph, Lucy Smith; Improvement Era, edition, published at Salt Lake City, 1902, with an Introduction by Joseph F. Smith, President of the L.D.S. Church and nephew of the Prophet.) "This check," says Lucy, "I laid aside, as I had other mens by me sufficient to purchase my house-keeping furniture" (11) (footnote #11 History of the Prophet Joseph. Lucy x. As it will be necessary to make frequent reference to this book, it is proper to say that it was originally published under the title Biographical Sketches of Joseph Smith the Prophet and his Progenitors for Many Generations, by Lucy Smith, mother of the Prophet. --------------------------------------- Seek Ye Earnestly - Background of the Prophet Joseph Smith pg. 177 Joseph Smith, Senior, was the first to accept the message of the Prophet. His life was from that time forth, interwoven in the history of the Church. He was the first Patriarch ordained in this dispensation, receiving that office by divine right as the firstborn descendants of Ephraim. All of these persons were highly respected and honored by their fellow citizens, until the knowledge went forth that the Lord had spoken to the youthful Prophet. From that day forth vicious and evil persons did everything in their power to destroy the character of Joseph Smith and his forebears, thus fulfilling the prophetic words of Moroni when he first came to the bedside of Joseph Smith with the definite call to his important mission. ----------------------------------------- The History of Joseph Smith by His Mother From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia The History of Joseph Smith by His Mother is a biography of the Latter Day Saint prophet Joseph Smith, according to his mother, Lucy Mack Smith. It was originally titled "Biographical Sketches of Joseph Smith, the Prophet, and His Progenitors for Many Generations" and was published by Orson Pratt in Liverpool in 1853. Contents /Background Shortly following the death of Joseph Smith in 1844, and into 1845, Lucy Mack Smith dictated her recollections and family story to Nauvoo school-teacher Martha Jane Coray. Coray worked with her husband to compile these books of notes and other sources into a manuscript, which was then copied. One copy was given to Brigham Young, and the other stayed with Lucy Smith in Nauvoo. Eventually, LDS Apostle Orson Pratt obtained Lucy's copy and published it in 1853, to great controversy.[1] Brigham Young's opposition After its publication, Brigham Young declared the book to be a "tissue of lies" and wanted corrections made.[2] In the Millennial Star in 1855, he said, There are many mistakes in the work… I have had a written copy of those sketches in my possession for several years, and it contains much of the history of the Prophet Joseph. Should it ever be deemed best to publish these sketches, it will not be done until after they are carefully corrected.[3] In 1865, Young ordered the church members to have their copies destroyed. There was no "corrected" version until the church published a 1901 serialization and 1902 book, which were done under the direction of Joseph F. Smith, Lucy's grandson.[1] Later historians theorized that Young opposed the book because of his own conflicts with its publisher, Orson Pratt,[4] as well as the book's favorable references to William Smith, Young's opponent and Lucy's son.[2] Lucy Smith portrayed the Smith family as the legitimate leaders of Mormonism, which Young may also have seen as a challenge to his leadership of the church. [5] Importance Noted LDS historian Leonard Arrington saw the book as "informative, basically accurate, and extremely revealing of Joseph Smith's early life and family background," and felt it "perhaps tells more about Mormon origins than any other single source.[4] Richard L. Anderson called it one of "the essential sources for Mormon origins."[5] Non-Mormon historian Jan Shipps identifies this history as being "of central importance in the Mormon historical corpus."[6] Editions The book has been republished several times, under various publishers, editors and titles. The following is a list of editions with significant changes to the text or title. Biographical Sketches of Joseph Smith the Prophet, and His Progenitors for Many Generations, by Lucy Smith, Mother of the Prophet. Liverpool: S.W. Richards for Orson Pratt. 1853. . Biographical Sketches of Joseph Smith the Prophet and His Progenitors for Many Generations. Plano, Illinois: Reorganized Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints. 1880. Smith, George A.; Smith, Elias, eds. (1902), History of the Prophet Joseph, by His Mother, Lucy Smith, as Revised by George A. Smith and Elias Smith, Salt Lake City, Utah: Improvement Era, . Nibley, Preston, ed (1945). History of Joseph Smith, By His Mother, Lucy Mack Smith. Salt Lake City, Utah: Stevens & Wallis. Later editions from Nibley were through Bookcraft. Biographical Sketches of Joseph Smith, the Prophet. New York: Arno Press. 1969. Tanner, Jerald and Sandra (1978). Joseph Smith's History By His Mother: The Book Brigham Young Tried to Destroy. Salt Lake City, Utah: Modern Microfilm Co.. Proctor, Scot Facer; Proctor, Maurine Jensen, eds. (1996), The Revised and Enhanced History of Joseph Smith By His Mother, Salt Lake City, Utah: Bookcraft, ISBN 1570082677. Anderson, Lavina Fielding, ed (2001). Lucy's Book: A Critical Edition of Lucy Mack Smith's Family Memoir. Salt Lake City, Utah: Signature Books. ISBN 1-56085-137-6. Ingleton, R. Vernon, ed (2005). History of Joseph Smith by His Mother, Lucy Mack Smith; the Unabridged Original Version. Provo, Utah: Stratford Books. ISBN 0-929753-05-4. Notes Anderson, Lavina Fielding (2001). "The Textual History of Lucy's Book". Lucy's Book. Salt Lake City, Utah: Signature Books. Retrieved on 2009-02-23. (Shipps 1987, p. 91) "Preface". Joseph Smith, The Prophet And His Progenitors For Many Generations. Retrieved on 2008-07-03. (Shipps 1987, p. 100) (Shipps 1987, p. 105) (Shipps 1987, p. 92) References Shipps, Jan (1987). Mormonism: The Story of a New Religious Tradition. Urbana: University of Illinois Press. ISBN 0-252-01417-0. The story of Joseph Smith By Lucy Mack Smith - Chapter 11 My (Lucy Mack Smith) husband (Joseph Smith, Sr. #47557), as before stated, followed merchandising for a short period in the town of Randolph. Soon after he commenced business in this place he ascertained that crystallized ginseng root sold very high in China, being used as a remedy for the plague which was then raging there. He therefore concluded to embark in a traffic of this article, and consequently made an investment of all the means which he commanded, in that way and manner which was necessary to carry on a business of this kind, viz., crystalizing and exporting the root. When he had obtained a quantity of the same, a merchant by the name of Stevens, of Royalton, offered him three thousand dollars for what he had, but my husband refused his offer as it was only about two-thirds of its real value, and told the gentleman that he would rather venture shipping it himself. My husband in a short time went to the City of New York with the view of shipping his ginseng and, finding a vessel in port which was soon to set sail, he made arrangements with the captain to this effect--that he was to sell the ginseng in China and return the avails thereof to my husband; and this the captain bound himself to do in a written obligation. Mr. Stevens, hearing that Mr. Smith was making arrangements to ship his ginseng, repaired immediately to New York and by taking some pains he ascertained the vessel on board of which Mr. Smith had shipped his ginseng and, having some of the same article on hand himself, he made arrangements with the captain to take his also and he was to send his son on board the vessel to take charge of it. It appears from circumstances that afterwards transpired that the ginseng was taken to china and sold there to good advantage or at a high price, but not to much advantage to us for we never received anything except a small chest of tea, of the avails arising from this adventure. When the vessel returned, Stevens, the younger, also returned with it, and when my husband became apprized of his arrival he went immediately to him and made inquiry respecting the success of the success of the captain in selling his ginseng. Mr. Stevens told him quite a plausible tale, the particulars of which had been brought for Mr. Smith from China was a small chest of tea, which chest had been delivered into his care for my husband. In a short time after this young Stevens hired a house of major Mack and employed eight or ten hands and commenced the business of crystallizing ginseng. Soon after engaging in this business, when he had got fairly at work, my brother, Major Mack, went to see him and, as it happened, he found him considerably intoxicated. When my brother came into his presence he spoke to him thus, "Well, Mr Stevens you are doing a fine business; you will soon be ready for another trip to China." Then observed again, in a quite indifferent manner, "Oh, Mr. Stevens, how much did Brother Smith's adventure bring!" Being under the influence of liquor, he was not on his guard and took my brother by the hand and led him to a trunk; then opening it, he observed, "There, sir, are the proceeds of Mr Smith's ginseng!" exhibiting a large amount of silver and gold. My brother was much astounded at this; however, he disguised his feelings and conversed with him a short time upon different subjects, then returned home, and about ten o'clock the same night he started for Randolph to see my husband. When Mr. Stevens had overcome his intoxication he began to reflect upon what he had done and, making some inquiry concerning my brother, he ascertained that he had gone to Randolph. Mr. Stevens, conjecturing his business--that he had gone to see my husband respecting the ginseng adventure--went immediately to his establishment, dismissed his hands, called his carriage, and fled with his cash for Canada, and I have never heard anything concerning him since. My husband pursued him a while, but finding pursuit vain, returned home much dispirited at the state of his affairs. He then went to work to overhaul his accounts in order to see how he stood with the world, upon which China adventure, he had lost about two thousand dollars in bad debts. At the tie he sent his venture to China he was owing eighteen hundred dollars in the city of Boston for store good, and he expected to discharge the debt at the return of the China expedition; but, having invested almost all his means in ginseng, the loss which he suffered in this article rendered it impossible for him to pay his debt with the property which remained in his hands. The principal dependence left him, in the shape of property, was the farm at Tunbridge, upon which we were then living, having moved back to this place immediately after his venture was sent to China. This farm, which was worth about fifteen hundred dollars, my husband sold for eight hundred dollars, which my brother and Mr. Mudget gave me, I added it to the eight hundred dollars obtained for the farm, and by this means the debt was liquidated. ---------------------------- Joseph Smith, Sr. at age 12 was involved in the Revolutionary War- 1783. ----------------------------- The Life of Joseph Smith by His Mother, Lucy Smith Chapter 13 - pg 46, 47, 48, 49, 50 - After selling the farm at Tunbridge, we moved only a short distance to the town of Royalton. Here we resided a few months, then moved again to Sharon, Windsor County, Vermont. In the latter place my husband (Joseph Smith Sr.#47557) rented a farm of my father (Solomon Smith #46869) which he cultivated in the summer teaching school in the winter. In this way my husband continued laboring for a few years, during which time our circumstances gradually improved until we found ourselves quite comfortable again. In the meantime we had a son whom we called Joseph after the name of his father; he was born December 23, 1805. I shall speak of him more particularly by and by. We moved then thence to Tunbridge. Here we had another son whom we named Samuel Harrison, born March 13, 1808. We lived in this place a short time, then moved to Royalton, where Ephraim was born, March 13, 1810. We continued here until we had another son, born March 13, 1811, whom we called William. About this time my husband's mind (Joseph Smith, Sr. herein #47557) became much excited upon the subject of religion; yet he would not subscribe to any particular system of faith, but contended for the ancient order, as established by our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ and His Apostles. One night my husband retired to his bed in a very thoughtful state of mind, contemplating the situation of the Christian religion, or the confusion and discord that were extent. He soon fell into a sleep, and before waking had the following vision, which I shall relate in his own words, just as he told it to me the next morning: "I seemed to be traveling in an open, barren field, and as I was traveling, I turned my eyes towards the east, the west, the north and the south, but could see nothing save dead, fallen timber. Not a vestige of life, either animal or vegetable, could be seen; besides, to render the scene still more dreary, the most death-like silence prevailed, no sound of anything animate could be heard in all the exception of an attendant spirit, who kept meaning of what I saw, and why I was thus traveling in such a dismal place. He answered thus: "This field is the world, which now lieth inanimate and dumb, in regard to the true religion, or plan of salvation; but travel on, and by the wayside you will find on a certain log a box, the contents of which, if you eat thereof, will make you wise, and give unto you wisdom and understanding.' I carefully observed what was told me by my guide, and proceeding a short distance, I came to the box. I immediately took it up, and placed it under my left arm; then with eagerness I raised the lid, and began to taste of its contents; upon which all manner of beasts, horned cattle, and roaring animals, rose up on every side in the most threatening manner possible, tearing the earth, tossing their horns, and bellowing most terrifically all around me, and they finally came so close upon me, that I was compelled to drop the box and fly for my life. Yet, in the midst of all this I was perfectly happy, though I awoke trembling." From this forward, my husband seemed more confirmed than ever in the opinion that there was no order or class of religionists that knew any more concerning the Kingdom of God than those of the world, or such as made no profession of religion whatever. In 1811, we moved from Royalton, Vermont, to the town of Lebanon, New Hampshire. Soon after arriving here, my husband received another very singular vision, which I will relate: "I thought," said he, "I was traveling in an open, desolate field, which appeared to be very barren. As I was thus traveling, the thought suddenly came into my mind that I had better stop and reflect upon what I was doing, before I went any farther. So I asked myself, 'What motive can I have in traveling here, and what place can this be?' My guide, who was by my side, as before, said, "This is the desolate world; but travel on.' The road was so broad and barren that I wondered why I should travel in it; for, said I to myself, Broad is the road, and wide is the gate that leads to death, and many there be that walk therein; but narrow is the way, and strait is the gate that leads thereat.' Traveling a short distance further, I came to a narrow path. This path I entered, and, when I had traveled a little way in it. I beheld a beautiful stream of water, which ran most the east to the west. Of this stream, I could see neither the source nor yet the mouth; but as far as my eyes could extend I could see a rope, running along the bank of it, about as high as a man could reach, and beyond me was a low, but very pleasant valley, in which stood a tree such as I had never seen before. It was exceedingly handsome, insomuch that I looked upon it with wonder and admiration. Its beautiful branches spread themselves somewhat like an umbrella, and it bore a kind of fruit, in shape much like a chestnut bur, and as white as snow, or, if possible, whiter. I gazed upon the same with considerable interest, and as I was doing so, the burs or shells commenced opening and shedding their particles, or the fruit which they contained, which was of dazzling whiteness. I drew near, 'I cannot eat this alone, I must bring my wife and children, that they may partake with me.' Accordingly, I went and brought my family which consisted of a wife and seven children, and we all commenced eating and praising God for this blessing. We were exceedingly happy, insomuch that our joy could not easily be expressed. While thus engaged, I beheld a spacious building standing opposite the valley which we were in, and it appeared to reach to the very heavens. It was full of people, who were very finely dressed. When these people observed us in the low valley, under the tree, they pointed the finger of scorn at us, and treated us with all manner of disrespect and contempt. But their contumely we utterly disregarded. I presently turned to my guide and inquired of him the meaning of the fruit that was so delicious. He told me it was the pure love of God, shed abroad in the hearts of all those who love him, and keep his commandments He then commanded me go and bring the rest of my children I told him that we were all there. 'No,' he replied, 'look yonder, you have two more, and you must bring them also.' Upon raising my eyes, I saw two small children, standing some distance off. I immediately went to them, and brought them to the tree; upon which they commenced eating with the rest, and we all rejoiced together. The more we ate, the more we seemed to desire, until we even got down upon our knees and scooped it up, eating it by double handfuls. After feasting in this manner a short time, I asked my guide what was the meaning of the spacious building which I saw. He replied, 'It is Babylon, it is Babylon and it must fall. The people in the doors and windows are the inhabitants thereof, who scorn and despise the Saints of God because of their humility.' I soon awoke, clapping my hands together for joy." .... ........... I shall now deviate a little from my subject, in order to relate another very singular dream which my husband (RIN 47557 herein) had about this time, which is as follows: "I dreamed," said he, "that I was traveling on foot, and I was very, and so lame I could hardly walk. My guide, as usual, attended me. Traveling some time together, I became so lame that I thought I could go no farther. I informed my guide of this and asked him what I should do. He told me to travel on till I came to a certain garden. So I arose and started for this garden. While on my way thither, I asked my guide how I should know the place. He said, 'Proceed until you come to a very large gate; open this and you will see a garden, blooming with the most beautiful flowers that your eyes ever beheld, and there you shall be healed.' By limping along with great difficulty, I finally reached the gate; and on entering it, I saw the before-mentioned garden, which was beautiful beyond description, being filled with the most delicate flowers of every kind and color. In the garden were walks about three and a half feet wide, which were set on both sides with marble stones. One of the walks ran from the gate through the centre of the garden; and on each side of this was a very richly carved seat, and on each seat were placed six wooden images, each of which was the size of a very large man. When I came to the first image on the right side, it arose and bowed to me with much deference. I then turned to the one which sat opposite me, on the left side, and it arose and bowed to me in the same manner as the first. I continued turning, first to the right and then to the left, until the whole twelve had made their obeisance, after which I was entirely healed. I then asked my guide the meaning of all this, but I awoke before I received an answer." I will now return to the subject of the farm. When the time for making the second payment drew nigh, Alvin went from home to get work, in order to raise the money, and after much hardship and fatigue, returned with the required amount. This payment being made, we felt relieved, as this was the only thing that troubled us; for we had a snug log- house, neatly furnished, and the means of living comfortably. It was now only two years since we entered Palmyra, almost destitute of money property, or acquaintance. The hand of friendship was extended on every side, and we blessed God, with our whole heart, for his "mercy, which endureth for ever." And not only temporal blessings were bestowed upon us, but also spiritual were administered. The scripture, which saith, "Your old men shall dream dreams," was fulfilled in the case of my husband, for, about this time, he had another vision, which I shall here relate; this, with one more, is all of his that I shall obtrude upon the attention of my readers. He received two more visions, which would probably be somewhat interesting, but I cannot remember them distinctly enough to rehearse them in full. The following, which was the sixth, ran thus: "I thought I was walking alone; I was much fatigued, nevertheless I continued traveling. It seemed to me that I was going to meeting, that it was the day of judgment, and that I was going to be judged. "When I came in sight of the meeting-house, I saw multitudes of people coming from every direction, and pressing with great anxiety towards the door of this great building; but I thought I should get there in time, hence there was no need of being in a hurry. But, on arriving at the door, I found it shut; I knocked for admission and was informed by the porter that I had come too late. I felt exceedingly troubled and prayed earnestly for admittance. Presently I found that my flesh was perishing. I continued to pray, still my flesh withered upon my bones. I was in a state of almost total despair, when the porter asked me if I had done all that was necessary in order to receive admission. I replied that I had done all that was in my power to do. "Then,' observed the porter, 'justice must be satisfied; after this, mercy hath her claims.' "It then occurred to me to call upon God, in the name of his Son Jesus; and I cried out, satisfied agony of my soul, 'Oh, Lord God, I beseech thee, in the name of Jesus Christ, to forgive my sins.' After which I felt considerably strengthened and I began to mend. The porter or angel then remarked that it was necessary to plead the merits of Jesus, for he was the advocate with the Father, and a Mediator between God and man. "I was now made quite whole and the door was opened, but on entering, I awoke." The following spring, we commenced making preparation for building another house, one that would be more comfortable for persons in advanced life. ----------------------- History of the Mack Family pg. 651 Joseph Smith Sr. He was the First Presiding Patriarch of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. Joseph Smith, Sr., the husband of Lucy Mack, owned a handsome farm in Tunbridge, which he rented in 1802, and engaged in the mercantile business. By the dishonesty of a trusted agent he became involved in debt and was obliged to sell his farm to cler himself. In 1816 he moved to Palmyra, Wayne Co., New York, and later to Manchester in the same state, where he again tilled the soil. He was a man six feet two inches high, very straight and well proportioned; in his young days he was strong and active and was famed as a wrestler. He was hospitable and benevolent, his home being always open for the entertainment of the stranger. When his son, Joseph Smith, Jr., organized the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints, he was ordained as Patriarch. -------------------------- The Revised and Enhanced History of Joseph Smith by His Mother Chapter 47 - Edited by Scot Facer Proctor and Maurine Jensen Proctor Editors' Reminder: The Revised and Enhanced History of Joseph Smith by His Mother is a copyrighted work and is protected under the copyright laws of the United States of America. None of this edited work is in public domain and cannot be published or republished in any form. Chapter 47 Joseph Smith Sr. and Lucy Mack Smith with twenty-two family members are driven from Ohio and take the nearly one-thousand-mile journey to Far West, Missouri. An account of their terrible suffering and trials along the way. Lucy catches a cold that persists and threatens her life. Catharine Smith Salisbury gives birth to a son on the journey. Mother Smith hobbles into the woods at Huntsville, Missouri, prays for three hours, and is completely healed. Lucy recounts the mob action at the election in Gallatin, Missouri. Eight mobsters enter the Smith home in Far West to murder Joseph the Prophet. Lucy withstands them and Joseph softens their hearts. The Missouri militia surround the city of Far West to lay it to ashes. May 1838 to October 1838 When we were ready to set out for Missouri, I went to New Portage [1] with a conveyance to bring my husband to the rest of his family, and we were shortly on our way together, right glad to meet again, alive and in good health, after so many perilous adventures. Almost as soon as we were well on our way, my sons began to have calls to preach, and they soon found that if they would yield to every solicitation, our journey would have been a preaching mission of very great length, which was quite inconsistent with the number and situation of our family. [2] They were obliged to notify the people where we stopped that they could not preach to them at all, as if they did, we would not have means sufficient to take us through. They, however, sowed the seeds of the gospel in many places and were the means in the hands of God of doing much good. We traveled on through many trials and difficulties. Sometimes we lay in our tents through a driving storm. At other times we traveled on foot through marshes and quagmires, exposing ourselves to wet and cold. Once we lay all night in the rain, which descended in torrents, and I, being more exposed than the other females, suffered much with the cold, and upon getting up in the morning, I found that a quilted skirt which I had worn the day before was wringing wet, but I could not mend the matter by changing that for another, for the rain was still falling. I wore it in this situation for three days. In consequence of this, I took a severe cold and was very sick, so that when we arrived at the Mississippi I was unable to sit up at any length and could not walk without assistance. After we crossed this river, we stopped at a Negro hut, a most unlovely place, but we could go no farther. Here my daughter Catharine gave birth to a fine son named Alvin. [3] The next morning we set out to find a more comfortable situation for her and succeeded in getting a place about four miles ahead, and my poor child was carried from the loathsome hut to this house in a double wagon. The same day it was agreed that my oldest daughter, Sophronia, and her husband, McLeary, should stay with Catharine, and that Mr. Smith and the remainder of the party would take me with what speed they could to Huntsville. [4] I was no longer able to ride in a sitting posture, but lay on a bedstead carefully covered, as the fresh air kept me coughing continually. My husband did not much expect me to live to the end of the journey, for I could not travel sometimes more than four miles a day. But as soon as we arrived at Huntsville, he sought a place where we might stop for some time, so that all that nursing could do for me could be done. Going as far as Huntsville was my own request, but they did not know why I urged the matter. The fact was, I had an impression that if I could get there and be able to find a place where I could be secluded and uninterrupted in calling upon the Lord, I might be healed. Accordingly, I seized upon a time when they were engaged, and by the aid of staffs I reached a fence, and then followed the fence some distance till I came to a dense hazel thicket. Here I threw myself on the ground and thought it was no matter how far I was from the house, for if the Lord would not hear me and I must die, I might as well die here as anywhere. When I was a little rested, I commenced calling upon the Lord to beseech his mercy, praying for my health and the life of my daughter Catharine. I urged every claim which the scriptures give us and was as humble as I knew how to be, and I continued praying near three hours. At last I was entirely relieved from pain, my cough left me, and I was well. Moreover, I received an assurance that I should hear from my sick daughter about the middle of the same day. I arose and went to the house in as good health as I ever enjoyed. At one o'clock, Wilkins J. Salisbury [5] came to Huntsville and said that Catharine was better and thought if she had a carriage to ride in, she could proceed on her journey. The next morning Salisbury returned to his wife, who was forty miles from Huntsville. The first day she rode thirty miles, and the day after ten miles, which brought her to Huntsville. When she got there, we were holding a meeting and did not expect her, as the rain had been pouring down in torrents all the forenoon. Although they had driven with great speed through the rain, she was cold, and her bed was very wet. As soon as she was put into a dry bed, she had a dreadful ague fit, and we called the elders to lay hands upon her. This helped her, but she continued weak and inclined to chills and fever for a long time. The day after she came, I washed a very large quantity of clothes with as much ease as though I had not been out of health at all. When the company was all gathered together, we started on our journey again and arrived at Far West without any further difficulty. [6] Here we met Joseph [7] and Hyrum in good health. They had heard by William and Carlos, who went into Far West before us, of my sickness and were surprised to see me in such good health as well. We moved into a small log house, having but one room, a very inconvenient place for so large a family. When Joseph saw how we were situated, he proposed that we should take a large tavern house, which he had recently purchased from Brother Gilbert, and we did so. Samuel, previous to this, had moved to a place called Marrowbone, Daviess County. William had moved thirty miles in another direction. We were all now quite comfortable. Nothing of importance occurred from this time until the first of August [8] when an election took place at Gallatin, the county seat of Daviess County. At this election the Mormon brethren went to the polls as usual for the purpose of voting, but a party of men were collected there who were determined to prevent them from exercising their franchise and forbid them from putting in a vote. [9] Without paying any attention to them, one of the brethren, named John Butler, [10] stepped up to the polls and voted, whereupon a man belonging to the adverse party struck him a severe blow. John Butler was a very high-spirited man and could not brook such treatment; consequently, the blow was returned with a force that brought his antagonist to the ground. Four others of the same party came to the assistance of the fallen man and shared his fate, for Mr. Butler was a man of extraordinary strength and, when excited, was not easily overcome. When the mob party saw the discomfiture of their champions, they were much enraged, and that night procured the assistance of the judge of the election, who wrote a number of letters in their behalf. These letters, which were sent in every direction to all the adjoining counties, stated that Joseph Smith had killed seven men at that place, and that the inhabitants had every reason to expect that he would collect his people together and exterminate all who did not belong to his church. They therefore begged the assistance of their neighbors against the Mormons. These letters were extensively circulated and as widely believed. We, who were living at Far West, heard nothing of this until a few days after when Joseph was at our house writing a letter. I was standing at the door of the room where he was sitting, and upon casting my eyes toward the prairie, I saw a large company of armed men advancing toward the city, but, supposing it to be a training day, I said nothing about it to anyone. I soon observed that the main body of men came to a halt. The officers dismounted and eight of them came up to the house. Thinking that they wanted refreshment or something of that sort, I set chairs. But instead, they entered and placed themselves in a menacing line like a rank of soldiers across the room. When I requested them to sit down they replied, "We do not choose to sit. We have come here to kill Joe Smith and all the Mormons." "Oh," said I, "what has Joseph Smith done that you should want to kill him?" "He has killed seven men in Daviess County," replied the foremost, "and we have come to kill him, and all his church." "He has not been in Daviess County," I answered, "consequently the report must be false. Furthermore, if you should see him, you would not want to kill him." "There is no doubt that the report is perfectly correct," rejoined the officer; "it came straight to us, and I believe it; and we were sent to kill the Prophet and all who believe him, and I'll be d--d if I don't execute my orders." "Then you are going to kill me with the rest, I suppose," said I. "Yes, we will," he replied. "Very well," I answered, "but I want you to act like a gentleman about it and do the job quick. Just shoot me down at once, for then it will be but a moment till I shall be perfectly happy. But I would hate to be murdered by any slow process, and I do not see the need of it either, for you can just as well dispatch the work at once as for it to be ever so long a time." "There it is again," said he. "That is always their plea. You tell a Mormon that you'll shoot him, and all the good it does is to hear them answer, 'Well, that's nothing. If you kill me, we shall be happy.' D--, seems that's all the satisfaction you can get from them anyway." Joseph had continued writing till now, but having finished his letter, he asked me for a wafer to seal it. Seeing that he was at liberty, I said, "Gentlemen, suffer me to make you acquainted with Joseph Smith the Prophet." He looked upon them with a very pleasant smile and, stepping up to them, gave each of them his hand in a manner which convinced them that he was neither a guilty criminal nor yet a cowering hypocrite. They stopped and stared as though a spectre had crossed their path. Joseph sat down and entered into conversation with them and explained the views and feelings of the people called "Mormons," what their course had been, and the treatment which they had received from their enemies since the first. He told them that malice and detraction had pursued them ever since they entered Missouri, but they were a people who had never broken the laws to his knowledge. They stood ready to be tried by the law - and if anything contrary to the law had been done by any of the brethren at Daviess, it would certainly be just to call them to an account, before molesting or murdering others that knew nothing of these transactions at Gallatin. After this he rose and said, "Mother, I believe I will go home. Emma will be expecting me." At this, two of the men sprang to their feet, saying, "You shall not go alone, for it is not safe. We will go with you and guard you." Joseph thanked them and they left with him. While they were absent, the remainder of the officers stood by the door, and I overheard the following conversation between them: First Officer: "Did you not feel something strange when Smith took you by the hand? I never felt so in my life." Second Officer: "I felt as though I could not move. I would not harm one hair of that man's head for the whole world." Third Officer: "This is the last time you will ever catch me coming to kill Joe Smith or the Mormons either." First Officer: "I guess this is my last expedition against this place. I never saw a more harmless, innocent-appearing man than the Mormon Prophet." Second Officer: "That story about his killing them men is all a d--d lie. There is no doubt of that, and we have had all this trouble for nothing. It's the last time I'll be fooled in this way." Those men who went home with my son promised to disband the militia under them and go home. They said that if Joseph had any use for them, they would come back and follow him anywhere. Thus, we considered that hostilities were no longer to be feared from the citizens. Joseph and Hyrum thought it proper, however, to go to Daviess County and ascertain the cause of the difficulty. They did so, and after receiving the strongest assurance of the future good attentions of the civil officers to administer equal rights and privileges among all the citizens, Mormons and anti-Mormons alike, they returned, hoping all would be well. Soon after this we heard that William and his wife, Caroline, [11] who lived twenty miles distant, were very sick. Samuel was at Far West at the time and set out immediately for William's house with a carriage in order to bring them to our house. In a few days they arrived, feeling very low, and seemed more likely to die of the disease than to recover from it when they got there. But with close attention and great care, they soon began to show signs of recovery. During the time when I was taking care of my son William and his wife, many things transpired that would probably be of interest to my readers, which I know nothing about, as I was so engaged with the care of my house and the sickness of my family, that I did not know, nor yet inquire or hear, what was going on. [12] In a little while after Samuel brought William and Caroline to our house, there was born unto Samuel a son, whom he called by his own name. [13] When he was but three days old, [14] his father was compelled to leave home. Samuel's family was, at this time, living in a desolate, lonely place about thirty miles from Far West then called Marrowbone, afterwards named Shady Grove. Samuel had not been gone long when a number of the men who lived near him went to his wife and told her that the mob was coming there to drive all the Mormons from the country into Far West and perhaps they would kill them. They accordingly advised her to go immediately to Far West at all hazards and proffered to find her a wagon and boy to drive the horses. She consented, and they brought an open lumber wagon and put her into it on a bed with a very little clothing for herself and her children. In this way, she started for Far West with no one but a small boy to take care of her, the children and the team, and nothing to eat by the way. When they had traveled for some miles they stopped for the night, and in the latter part of the night it began to rain. The water fell upon her in torrents, for she had no shelter for herself or her infant. The bedding was soon completely saturated as the rain continued falling for some time with great violence. The next day Samuel started from Far West to go to his own house, but met his wife along the way in this situation. He returned with her to Far West, where she arrived about thirty-six hours after she had left Marrowbone without having taken any nourishment. Every garment upon her body, as well as her bed and bedding, was so wet with the rain that the water might have been wrung from them. She was speechless and almost stiff with the cold and effects of her exposure. We laid her on a bed, and my husband and my sons administered to her by the laying on of hands. We then changed her clothing, put her into a bed covered with warm blankets, and after pouring a little rice water into her mouth, she was administered to again. This time she raised her eyes and seemed to revive a little. I continued to employ every means that lay in my power for her benefit and that of my other sick children. In this I was much assisted by Emma and my daughters. We soon reaped the reward of our labor, for in a short time they began to mend, and I now congratulated myself on the pleasure I should feel in seeing my children all well and enjoying each other's society again. After William began to sit up a little, he told me that he had a vision during his sickness, in which he saw a tremendous army of men coming into Far West, and that it was his impression that the time would not be long before he should see it fulfilled. I was soon convinced by the circumstances which afterwards transpired that he was not mistaken in his opinion. [15] I felt concerned about this, for I feared that some evil was hanging over us, but I knew nothing of the operations of the mob party, until one day Joseph rode up and told me to be not at all frightened, but the mob was coming, and we must all keep perfectly quiet. He wished the sisters to stay indoors and not suffer themselves to be seen in the streets. He could not stay with us, for he wanted to see the brethren and have them keep their families quiet and at home. He rode off, but I soon learned who the mob were. This was the state mob [16] that was sent by the governor, [17] a company of ten thousand men [18] that stationed themselves on Salt Creek. My son-in-law Mr. McLeary went out with some others to meet the mob and ascertain what their business was. They gave the messengers to understand that they would soon commence an indiscriminate butchery of men, women, and children, that their orders were to convert Far West into a human slaughter pen and never quit it while there was a lisping babe or a decrepit old woman breathing within its bounds. There were, however, three persons that they wished brought forth before they began their operations. They desired to preserve their lives, as some of them were related to one of the mob officers. These were Adam Lightner, John Cleminson and his wife, but after a short interview, John Cleminson, who was not a member of the Church, replied that they had lived with the Mormons and knew them to be an innocent people, "and if," said he, "you are determined to destroy them, and lay the city in ashes, you must destroy me also, for I will die with them." Notes: 1 New Portage, Ohio, was about fifty miles southwest of Kirtland. 2 It is noteworthy and poignant to look carefully at those of the Smith family in this party now being driven from their homes in Ohio. They numbered about twenty-four, and included Joseph Smith Sr., sixty-six years old, Lucy Mack Smith, sixty-two, and ten other adults: Sophronia and husband William McLeary; Samuel Harrison and wife Mary; William and wife Caroline; Catharine and husband Wilkins J. Salisbury; and Don Carlos and wife Agnes. Sixteen-year-old Lucy was along, as well as eleven children eight years old and under: Eunice Stoddard, eight; Maria Stoddard, six; Elizabeth Salisbury, six; Lucy Salisbury, three; Mary Jane Smith, three; Solomon Salisbury, two; Susanna Smith, two; Agnes Smith, twenty-two months; Caroline Smith, twenty-two months; Mary Smith, one; and Sophronia Smith, a few days or weeks old. One more baby, Alvin Salisbury, would be born on the banks of the Mississippi River, June 7, 1838. Mary, Samuel's wife, was seven months pregnant. Agnes, Don Carlos's wife, gave birth in New Portage on the trip; and Catharine was nine months pregnant and gave birth at the Mississippi. Joseph's and Hyrum's families had already moved to Missouri some weeks or months earlier. It must be noted that Sophronia's first husband, Calvin Stoddard, passed away in Kirtland, May 19, 1836. In the Preliminary Manuscript, Lucy incorrectly stated that in the hut Catharine gave birth to a daughter. Alvin was born, as stated, Friday, June 7, 1838. Huntsville, Missouri, was about eighty miles west of the crossing of the Mississippi River. This was Catharine's husband. The journey from Kirtland, Ohio, to Far West, Missouri, was approximately one thousand miles. 7 Joseph and his family arrived in Far West on March 14, 1838. 8 This was the first week of August. The election was held on Monday, August 6, 1838. 9 It is recorded in the History of the Church that Colonel William P. Peniston, who had led the mob in Clay County, gave an inflammatory speech on the occasion of this election to those gathered at the polls "for the purpose of exciting them against the 'Mormons,' saying, 'The Mormon leaders are a set of horse thieves, liars, counterfeiters, and you know they profess to heal the sick, and cast out devils, and you all know that is a lie.' He further said that the members of the Church were dupes, and not too good to take a false oath on any common occasion; that they would steal, and he did not consider property safe where they were; that he was opposed to their settling in Daviess county; and if they suffered the 'Mormons' to vote, the people would soon lose their suffrage; 'and,' said he, addressing the Saints, 'I headed a mob to drive you out of Clay county, and would not prevent your being mobbed now.'" (History of the Church 3:57.) 10 The name of John Butler was edited out by George A. Smith (see George A. Smith, Edited 1853, p. 221). George A. had desired a "note" to be arranged here explaining the change, but no note was added in the 1902 or later versions. 11 William Smith married Caroline Amanda (or Amelia) Grant on February 14, 1833, in Kirtland. Together they had two daughters, Mary Jane (January 1835) and Caroline (August 1836). William's wife, Caroline, died in Nauvoo, May 22, 1845. 12 This statement, left out of all previous editions, gives us an interesting insight into Lucy's everyday life. Even for one like Lucy, who was at the very center of the events of the Restoration, life's everyday cares sometimes swallowed up her attention to the point that she was oblivious to some of the dramatic events that led to the Missouri expulsion. 13 Samuel Harrison Bailey Smith was born on Wednesday, August 1, 1838, at Shady Grove, Polk County, Missouri. 14 In the 1853 and later editions, "three days" is changed to "three weeks." This would change Samuel's departure from August 4, 1838, to sometime around August 22, 1838. 15 This account describing William's vision was included in the 1853 edition, but cut from all subsequent editions. 16 Lucy refers to this group as "the state mob." It was the Missouri state militia. 17 Governor Lilburn W. Boggs. 18 Lucy's estimate is high. It is more likely that the militia consisted of up to three thousand men. 1999-2009 Meridian Magazine . All Rights Reserved. About the Authors: Maurine Jensen Proctor is the Editor-in-Chief of Meridian Magazine and the author with her husband Scot of several books. Scot is the Publisher of Meridian Magazine. Related Resources: History of Joseph Smith Archive -------------------------------------------- A Spiritual Experience In 1803 Lucy also had her well-known seeker dream in which she first saw Joseph Sr.'s spiritual flexibility as a tree bending gracefully in the wind, preparing to receive the gospel of the Son of God as compared with Joseph's brother Jesse's resistance as a pillar of marble. [17] Lucy was clearly conflicted by this family situation. However, to begin to understand this dream it is necessary to review the context of the development of the religious discourse in the upper Connecticut and White River Valleys. In 1769 Eleazar Wheelook founded Dartmouth College in Hanover, New Hampshire, to teach the Native Americans, prepare missionaries, and train ministers for the rapidly growing towns in the region [18] -- including Elijah Lyman [19] and Solomon Aikens, [20] uncles of Joseph Sr.'s later sisters-in-law, Clarissa Lyman and Mary Aikens. Spiritual Background of the Community Eleazar Wheelock was a Yale graduate and a product of the Great Awakening; he was mentored by Jonathan Edwards, a traditional Puritan Calvinist, and George Whitefield, a Methodist Arminian closely associated with John and Charles Wesley. [21] Wheelock leaned in the direction of the Arminian concept of free agency rather than the Calvinist concept of predestination. [22] He selectively used Edwards's work on the Freedom of the Will, which discussed both approaches, as his principal religious text. [23] Dartmouth trained hundreds of ministers in the region by the early 1800s. [24] Traditional Calvinism, however, gained increasing strength in the region by 1810 and vehemently opposed both Universalism, which applied Christ's Atonement broadly to everyone, and Arminianism, which applied the Atonement's highest degree of glory all those who would consecrate their lives to the service of Christ. Calvinism's __________ 15 Ibid., 274. 16 Smith, History of Joseph Smith, 83. 17 Ibid., 81. 18 Ralph Nading Hill, College on the Hill (Hanover, N.H.: Dartmouth Publications, 1964), 31. 19. George T. Chapman, Sketches of the Alumni of Dartmouth College (Cambridge: Riverside Press, 1867), 46. 20 Ibid., 33. 21 Hill, College on the Hill, 23. 22 John Wheelock, History of Dartmouth College and Moor's School (Hanover, N.H., 1815), 58 23 Ibid. 24 Chapman, Sketches of the Alumni, 13-150. (174) ...narrow definition of the elect of God could tolerate neither heresy. In 1803 Jesse was clearly in the Universalist camp, [25] Lucy was a still a bit Calvinist, and Joseph Sr. appears to be undecided. Joseph's willingness to attend Methodist meetings with Lucy suggests that they were both heading in that direction. [26] As Universalism began to fade in the region and Calvinist rigidity was on the rise, the Smith family began seeking for some satisfying alternative. The religious tension would begin to come to a climax in 1810 when control of the board of trustees of Dartmouth College shifted from a narrow Arminian to a narrow Calvinist majority. [27] Soon openly engaged disputation evolved into vehemently contested revivals. In the midst of this religious malaise in December 1805 Joseph Jr. was born on the Solomon Mack farm, which straddled the boundary between Royalton and Sharon, Vermont. There must have been some concern before Joseph's birth since Joseph Sr. made a twenty-four-mile round-trip to fetch Dr. Joseph Adams Denison from Bethel, Vermont, who was the best known baby doctor in the region. [28] Denison had been trained by his cousin Joseph Adams Gallup who had been the first graduate of the new Dartmouth Medical School, founded in 1796 by Nathan Smith. [29] (text deleted due to copyright restrictions) _________ 25 Smith, History of Joseph Smith, 79. 26 Ibid. 27 Wheelock, History of Dartmouth College, 43. 28 Porter, "Origins of the Church," 7. 29 Oliver Hubbard, The Early History of the New Hampshire Medical Institution (Washington, D.C.: The Globe Printing and Publishing House, 1880), 14. 30 Ibid., 3. 31 Smith, History of Joseph Smith, 83, 32 Anderson, Joseph Smith's New England Heritage, 25. 33 Smith, History of Joseph Smith, 83-84. (pg. 173/174) A Spiritual Experience In 1803 Lucy also had her well-known seeker dream in which she first saw Joseph Sr.'s spiritual flexibility as a tree bending gracefully in the wind, preparing to receive the gospel of the Son of God as compared with Joseph's brother Jesse's resistance as a pillar of marble. [17] Lucy was clearly conflicted by this family situation. However, to begin to understand this dream it is necessary to review the context of the development of the religious discourse in the upper Connecticut and White River Valleys. In 1769 Eleazar Wheelook founded Dartmouth College in Hanover, New Hampshire, to teach the Native Americans, prepare missionaries, and train ministers for the rapidly growing towns in the region [18] -- including Elijah Lyman [19] and Solomon Aikens, [20] uncles of Joseph Sr.'s later sisters-in-law, Clarissa Lyman and Mary Aikens. Spiritual Background of the Community Eleazar Wheelock was a Yale graduate and a product of the Great Awakening; he was mentored by Jonathan Edwards, a traditional Puritan Calvinist, and George Whitefield, a Methodist Arminian closely associated with John and Charles Wesley. [21] Wheelock leaned in the direction of the Arminian concept of free agency rather than the Calvinist concept of predestination. [22] He selectively used Edwards's work on the Freedom of the Will, which discussed both approaches, as his principal religious text. [23] Dartmouth trained hundreds of ministers in the region by the early 1800s. [24] Traditional Calvinism, however, gained increasing strength in the region by 1810 and vehemently opposed both Universalism, which applied Christ's Atonement broadly to everyone, and Arminianism, which applied the Atonement's highest degree of glory all those who would consecrate their lives to the service of Christ. Calvinism's narrow definition of the elect of God could tolerate neither heresy. In 1803 Jesse was clearly in the Universalist camp, [25] Lucy was a still a bit Calvinist, and Joseph Sr. appears to be undecided. Joseph's willingness to attend Methodist meetings with Lucy suggests that they were both heading in that direction. [26] As Universalism began to fade in the region and Calvinist rigidity was on the rise, the Smith family began seeking for some satisfying alternative. The religious tension would begin to come to a climax in 1810 when control of the board of trustees of Dartmouth College shifted from a narrow Arminian to a narrow Calvinist majority. [27] Soon openly engaged disputation evolved into vehemently contested revivals. In the midst of this religious malaise in December 1805 Joseph Jr. was born on the Solomon Mack farm, which straddled the boundary between Royalton and Sharon, Vermont. There must have been some concern before Joseph's birth since Joseph Sr. made a twenty-four-mile round-trip to fetch Dr. Joseph Adams Denison from Bethel, Vermont, who was the best known baby doctor in the region. [28] Denison had been trained by his cousin Joseph Adams Gallup who had been the first graduate of the new Dartmouth Medical School, founded in 1796 by Nathan Smith. [29] (text deleted due to copyright restrictions) The Dreams Begin In 1811 there was also a revival in the area that strongly affected Lucy's father, Solomon Mack, and caused him to write his history and embark upon on a preaching tour from town to town. [34] Joseph Sr. also reacted to the revival by having his first seeker dream in which he was uncomfortable with the images of bickering that, without true religion or a plan of salvation, were represented by fierce wild animals. Yet at the same time he was comfortable with his position. [35] This revival focused on many of the Calvinist vs. Arminian doctrinal issues that were continuing to be fiercely contested at nearby Dartmouth College. Joseph's focus on the plan of salvation appears to reflect his growing interest in Christ's atonement. For some reason in 1811 the Smith family moved on to Lebanon, New Hampshire, just south of Dartmouth. [36] Soon after arriving in Lebanon the Smith family was in sufficient financial condition to establish their second son, Hyrum, in the Moor's Academy at Dartmouth College in Hanover, New Hampshire. [37] Joseph Smith Sr. appeared to have approached Dartmouth Hall with a degree of anxiety as he dropped Hyrum off to join his cousin Stephen Mack at Moor's Academy. [38] The boarding school was probably Lucy's idea as she still wanted to keep up with Stephen, her brother, and his efforts to acquire the things of this world. Students were known to sit in the windows of the upper floors of Dartmouth Hall and look out and down on those approaching the tall building. Joseph Sr.'s feelings about leaving his son in such a situation are reflected in his concurrent dream that focused on family unity both in physical and spiritual terms challenged by the perceived appearance of Babylon to separate them. The dream dealt with his reluctant acceptance of the new situation. He appeared to be fascinated with the east-to-west-running Mascoma River behind their new home. When the guiding spirit explained that the tall building represented Babylon and that the people in the windows were the inhabitants thereof who scorn the saints of God because of their humility, [39] he was further concerned. In the new home, however, Joseph Sr. found the pure love of God shed abroad in the hearts of all those who love him and keep his commandments. [40] Also in 1812 Solomon Spaulding, who graduated from Dartmouth in 1785 completed his unpublished work on the origin of the Indians and reintroduced __________ 15 Ibid., 274. 16 Smith, History of Joseph Smith, 83. 17 Ibid., 81. 18 Ralph Nading Hill, College on the Hill (Hanover, N.H.: Dartmouth Publications, 1964), 31. 19. George T. Chapman, Sketches of the Alumni of Dartmouth College (Cambridge: Riverside Press, 1867), 46. 20 Ibid., 33. 21 Hill, College on the Hill, 23. 22 John Wheelock, History of Dartmouth College and Moor's School (Hanover, N.H., 1815), 58 23 Ibid. 24 Chapman, Sketches of the Alumni, 13-150. 25 Smith, History of Joseph Smith, 79. 26 Ibid. 27 Wheelock, History of Dartmouth College, 43. 28 Porter, "Origins of the Church," 7. 29 Oliver Hubbard, The Early History of the New Hampshire Medical Institution (Washington D.C.: The Globe Printing and Publishing House, 1880), 14. 30 Ibid., 3. 31 Smith, History of Joseph Smith, 83, 32 Anderson, Joseph Smith's New England Heritage, 25. 33 Smith, History of Joseph Smith, 83-84. 34 Anderson, Joseph Smith's New England Heritage, 39. 35 Smith, History of Joseph Smith, 85. 36 Ibid., 85. 37 Ibid., 90. 38 Moor's School Attendance Records, Rauner Special Collections library, Dartmouth College, Hanover, N.H. 39 Smith, History of Joseph Smith, 88. ----------------------- Relative/Proxy: Joseph Smith Sr.- Messages from IGI Joseph Smith Sr. was sealed in 1870 SLC to Catherine Messary. (No marriage date and he was dead.) ----------------------- Portraits of the Past (Deseret News Thursday, November 25, 2010) Smith Farm - The Joseph Smith Sr. family moved to Staford Road on a site located a mile and a half south of Main Street in Palmyra Village, N.Y. Local records found by Larry C. Porter show that the Smiths were there by 1818 or 1819. However, it is not known exactly when they moved to that site from west Main Street. In any event, they were there before the First Vision of the Prophet Joseph. ----------------------- Sources: The Family of Joseph Smith by C. Cecil McGavin; LDS Biographical Encyclopedia, by Andrew Jensen; The Diaries and Journals of Joseph Smith, edited by Scott H. Faulring; and Buddy Youngren. Information compiled by Kevin Stoker. The 'first family' of the Restoration - Joseph Smith, Sr. -- (b. 1771, Massachusetts-d. 1840, Nauvoo, Ill.) Was first to say Joseph's visions of Moroni were of God; aided in printing of the Book of Mormon; served as one of the eight witnesses of the Book of Mormon; took gospel to extended family in New York; thrown in jail for a month because he wouldn't deny Book of Mormon; ordained Church patriarch in 1833; died of consumption; ". . .sitteth with Abraham at his right hand, and blessed and holy is he, for he is mine." (D&C 124:19.) ------------------ Official Web site of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints @2010 Intellectual Reserve, Inc. All rights reserved.

    Joseph married MACK, Lucy on 24 Jan 1796 in Tunbridge, Orange, Vermont, United States. Lucy (daughter of MACK, Soloman Sr. and GATES, Lydia) was born on 8 Jul 1775 in Gilsum, Cheshire, New Hampshire, United States; was christened in in Palmyra, Wayne, New York, United States; died on 8 May 1856 in Nauvoo, Hancock, Illinois, United States; was buried on 15 May 1856 in Nauvoo, Hancock, Illinois, United States. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]


  2. 5.  MACK, LucyMACK, Lucy was born on 8 Jul 1775 in Gilsum, Cheshire, New Hampshire, United States; was christened in in Palmyra, Wayne, New York, United States (daughter of MACK, Soloman Sr. and GATES, Lydia); died on 8 May 1856 in Nauvoo, Hancock, Illinois, United States; was buried on 15 May 1856 in Nauvoo, Hancock, Illinois, United States.

    Other Events:

    • _TAG: Locked By FS
    • _TAG: Reviewed on FS
    • WAC: 11 Dec 1845, NAUVO

    Notes:

    Biography: The Ancestry of Lucy Mack Smith Researched and copiled by: Alice Clarkson Turley 40 North State Street #3D, Salt Lake City, Utah 84103 ---aliceturley@byu.net ---www.aliceturley.com (Author's Note: By publishing my family history in this format I do not make any claims to 100% accuracy in research or editing. I have done my best and hope you will accept this work as it is offered. This file is copyrighted and can only be reproduced for our individual use. Please send your updates, suggestions, and corrections to me so we can continue to correct and improve this, our shared family history.) The following is recorded here because these German "Macks were, at first considered to be the ancestral line of the Prophet Joseph Smith through his Mother, however, further research and with the evidence shown in this database, the proof was found that as earlier supposed, John Mack J. was from Inveress, Scotland. His father, John Mack, was a Coventor as shown in this database. General Notes: (Reviewed by Paul Hokanson, Genealogist of the Joseph Smith Jr. Family Foundation 15315 Country Ridge Drive, Chesterfield, Missouri 63017 - Church Educational System, CES Coordinator Phone 636-537-0164) (Bob Gunderson (retired) Medival Department) Debi Latimer - "Community Tree" 801-240-2705 6th floor JSMB From our History - Speaking to the Female Relief Society of Nauvoo, the Prophet Joseph emphasized holiness, explaining that as sisters became pure and holy, they would have a marked influence upon the world. He explained: "Meekness, love, purity--these are the things that should magnify you. . . . This Society . . . shall have power to command queens in their midst. . . . The kings and queens of the earth will come unto Zion, and pay their respects." Relief Society sisters living their covenants command the respect not only of noble people, but "if you live up to your privileges," Joseph promised the sisters, "the angels cannot be restrained from being your associates." As the sisters participated in the work of serving and saving others, they became personally sanctified. Lucy Mack Smith, the Prophet's mother, shared the good Relief Society could accomplish: "We must cherish one another, watch over one another, comfort one another and gain instruction, that we may all sit down in heaven together." What Can I Do? 1. How am I helping the sisters I watch over to cultivate and achieve "elevated aims"? 2. What am I doing to make my life "choice, virtuous, and holy"? ------------------------------ Church History has recorded and passed down for over 150 years that the ancestors of Lucy Mack came from Scotland. FROM THE ENCYCLOPEDIA OF MORMONISM The maternal ancestors of the Prophet Joseph Smith were named Mack(e). John Macke was born in 1653 in Scotland, a descendant of a line of clergymen. His son Ebenezer inherited his father's large estate in Lyme and married Hannah Huntley (Her ancestors were from the British Isles and came as Pilgrims). For a while Ebenezer was able to keep his family in good style, but their prosperity was short-lived. Their son Solomon, born in 1732, was apprenticed to a neighboring farmer in Lyme (at the age of four). Solomon later reported that he was treated as a slave and never given instruction in religion or taught to read and write, which was a great hardship to him in later life. In 1759 Solomon Mack married Lydia Gates, a young schoolteacher and a member of the Congregational church. She was well educated and from a well-to-do religious family. Although Solomon and Lydia came from contrasting backgrounds, theirs was an enduring marriage. Lydia took charge of both the secular and religious education of their eight children. They pioneered the upper Connecticut River Valley and settled Marlow, New Hampshire. They later moved to Gilsum, New Hampshire, where the Prophet Joseph's mother, Lucy Mack, was born in 1775. Lucy Mack Smith was given a Patriarchal Blessing on 9 Dec 1834 in Kirtland, Lake County, Ohio. Officiator: Joseph Smith, Sr. Sources: (1). "History of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints, Period I." History of Joseph Smith, the Prophet by Himself, Vol. 1. Published by the Church, The Deseret Book Company, SLC 1946; (2). Ancestral File (TM), data as of 2 January 1996, Family History Library, 35 North West Temple, Salt Lake City, Utah 84150; (3). "History of Joseph Smith By His Mother," Edited by Scot Facer Proctor & Maurine Jensen Proctor, 1996 Bookcraft, Salt Lake City, Utah, ISBN I-57008-267-7; (4). "LDS Family History Suite," The LDS Vital Records Library. Radical Origins: Early Mormon Converts and Their Colonial Ancestors by Val D. Rust University of Illinois Press, Copyright © 2004 Val D. Rust is a professor of education at UCLA and the author of "Toward Education for the Twenty First Century" 1997 and other works." Page 23 Ancestors of Early LDS Converts - Five Generations of Ancestors in America (Table 3 provides a general profile of the birthplaces of all six generations, based on the total number of ancestors identified birthplaces of Six Generations of Early LDS Converts and Their Ancestors - Europe, Outside New England, New England.) Page 25 "Joseph Smith Jr. on his mother's side - Her pedigree chart has a complete set of ancestors through the first four generations, including names as well as nearly all birth and death. While Lucy Mack was born in New Hampshire, all her first-, second-, and third generation ancestors were born in Massachusetts or Connecticut and died in Lyme, Connecticut. In other words, as far as can be determined, all Lucy Mack's ancestors, through three generations, died in New England. "The fourth generation of her ancestors, though not shown here because of space limitations, becomes a bit more complicated. Among the sixteen fourth-generation ancestors, two birth dates and three death dates are not known. The dates for the remaining fourth-generation ancestors are known, but only one, Orlando Bagley, was born in England, while the rest were born in New England; all of them died there. "Her fifth-generation profile (Joseph Smith, Jr.'s sixth) is similar to her fourth. Of thirty-two possible fifth-generation ancestors, seven were known to have been born in England and seventeen in New England; however, all twenty-four of them died in New England. This represents the generation of the Mack family that completed the migration from England and Scotland to America; however, all twenty- four of them died in New England. This represents the generation of the Mack family that completed the migration from England and Scotland to America. "Among Lucy Mack's known fifth-generation ancestors, three special and sometimes overlapping clusters, are noteworthy. First, some of them were children and grandchildren of Pilgrims who came to America on the Mayflower, such as John Howland Jr., who was the son of passenger John Howland Sr. (1602-72/73) was a servant of John Carver, first governor of Plymouth; Elizabeth accompanied her parents, John Tillie and Joan Hurst, on the initial Pilgrim voyage. Her parents died that winter in Plymouth. Samuel Fuller, another ancestor, was the son of Mayflower passenger Edward Fuller. "The second cluster of Mack ancestors belonged to the congregation of John Lathrop (1584-1653, the Separatist minister who settled Barnstable, in Plymouth Colony, with his congregation in 1638-39. Lathrop and his congregation had languished for two years in prison in London before being released on condition that they leave England. The daughter of John Lathrop, Jane, married Samuel, the son of Mayflower passenger Edward Fuller. Other Mack forebears in Lathrop's congregation include John Crocker and Mary Lee. "The third cluster of ancestors Henry Champion, Lewis Jones and Balthazar de Wolf, were members of a congregation that traveled together to Connecticut to settle Wethersfield, one of the first communities in the colony. They were among a large number of LDS forerunners who belonged to that religiously radical congregation." Excerpts from pp 60-71Puritan Ancestors in Connecticut From Massachusetts to Connecticut " Puritans who fled the problems plaguing Massachusetts moved to Connecticut and New Haven Colonies, where they set up small tightly knit theocratic polities.(1) A "small, inconspicuous agricultural colony," Connecticut was isolated from the main currents of New England's religious and political activity. (2) It did not fit the general Massachusetts profile of sharp class distinctions, and each small congregation was left to its own devices to form its individual community and character. Connecticut Puritans took pride in their independence, and their norms and politics reflected a strong sense of individualism. "Historians of Connecticut claim the colony, with its strong heritage of Congregationalism, was the birthplace of constitutional government. (3) As early as 1637, a year after Thomas Hooker and his group settled Hartford Hooker began formulating a constitution for the inhabitants of Windsor, Hartford, and Wethersfield. On 14 January 1639, residents agreed to a written constitution specifying representative government. Although Hooker is credited with having anticipated America's democratic form of government, the more impotent issue for him was to ensure that all political decisions be made according to "the blessed will and law of God." The written constitution defined for magistrates and others the "bounds and limitations" that the law of God placed on them. (4) "Connecticut Puritans expressed a religious fervor exceeding that of many other Puritans, leading to a "staunch determination to worship in purity and simplicity." (5) They strove to behave like saints and to lead lives as godly as possible. The first towns of Connecticut exemplify the Congregational wing of the broader Puritan movement. Even though Congregationalism had found a certain resonance in England, especially after Oliver Cromwell aligned himself with its cause, it was in the New England colonies that the so-called Congregational Way took permanent form. "Even though the Connecticut congregations remained formally within the framework of nonseparation, by the middle of the century they had become Separatist in almost every other way.(6) To begin with, the form of governance in Connecticut was very similar to that of Pilgrim Separatists. The Mayflower in Connecticut was very similar to that of Pilgrim Separatists. The Mayflower Pilgrims were a covenant people, which meant they had made a compact with the Lord to bind themselves to him and to each other. Further, because Plymouth was without a minister for almost ten years, the local congregation learned to manage its affairs without dependence on the hierarchical English Episcopal tradition. Finally, the Pilgrims cast off pomp and ceremony in favor of simplicity of worship. (7) All Puritan congregations incorporated some features of Pilgrim life, but they were particularly evident in Puritan Connecticut. "Because of the manner in which it was colonized Connecticut escaped the problems racking Massachusetts. Small groups located far from Boston for the specific purpose of establishing autonomous theocratic communities and avoiding the dictates of the hierarchically oriented Puritan leaders of Massachusetts These communities were theocratic, in that the church and its religious leaders instituted civil authority to secure "the purity and peace of the ordinances to themselves and their posterity" (8) "In their quest to establish some communal utopias, Congregational leaders rejected all divisive behaviors and feared schismatic doctrines. Consequently, they suppressed the development of dissenting sects or any form of religious liberty. In 1656, for example, when the first Quaker women arrived seeking proselytes, the Connecticut general court quickly forbade Quakers, Ranters, Adamites, or "such like notorious heritiques" from remaining in any town for more than fourteen day. (9) "In spite of attempts to suppress religious liberty certain internal developments in most congregations led to crises. (10) The major leverage for conformity a congregation exercised was dismissal or even excommunication, but that option only contributed to divisions, which the congregations wished to avoid. Another internal problem was caused by "withdrawers," who voluntarily removed themselves from the congregation in one town to join a congregation in another, to the dismay of those just abandoned inhabitants were generally identified as religious radicals. Excerpts from pp. 62-66 LDS Ancestors in Connecticut "A high concentration of fifth-generation ancestors of the early LDS converts was to be found in Puritan Connecticut. While the ratio of LDS ancestors to general inhabitants was not as high as in Plymouth Colony, it was substantial. In 1650, there were only some 4,100 inhabitants in Connecticut, about 18 percent of the New England population, but at least 27 percent of the LDS ancestors so far identified were from the colony. (12) From another perspective, almost one-third of the Connecticut population at that time were fifth- generation ancestors of early LDS converts, more than our overall finding that one-fifth of the New England population were ancestors. From yet another perspective, at least 309 (53 percent) LDS converts in this study could claim at least one fifth-generation ancestor from Connecticut. At least 28 of the 55 original heads of household who arrived in Hartford in 1635 were ancestors of LDS converts, including such early leaders of the LDS Church as members of the Quorum of Apostles, Orson and Parley Parker Pratt, the first bishop, Edward Partridge Sr. and the apostle and eventual LDS president, Wilford Woodruff On the other side were people such as magistrate John Talcott, ancestor of early LDS convert John Gould; .. The Mary and John, which set sail in March of 1630, was the first ships in the Winthrop fleet to land in Massachusetts. (27) . . . Among the converts who could claim ancestors from Windsor were some well-known leaders of the LDS Church, including Apostles W. W. Phelps, Luke John, and Orson Hyde; Lucy Mack, the mother of the prophet Joseph Smith Jr.; Polly Peck; Bishop Edward Partridge Sr., the apostle and eventual church president, Lorenzo Snow; and many others. pp. 95-99 Anabaptists, Quakers, Gortonists - Following the Reformation, the radical spiritualist awakening contributed to the establishment of many Christian church communities claiming an esoteric, mystical foundation. When New England was colonized, representatives of most of these groups migrated to the New World. According to George Washington Green, Cotton Mather expressed frustration with the developments in Rhode Island, which he declared was "a collunies of Antiomians, Familists, Anabaptists, Anti-Sabbatarians, Arminians, Socinians, Quakers, Ranters, everything in the world but Roman Catholics and true Christians."(1) Anabaptism, Quakerism, and Gortonism were the three religious movements thought to pose the greatest threat to Puritanism. Ancestors of LDS converts played active roles in all three groups. Anabaptists The first European Anabaptists, or rebaptizers, followers of Huldrych Zwingli (1484- 1531), believed the ancient church and the Holy Spirit already had been restored through contemporary divinely inspired apostles. Anabaptists belonged mainly to the disinherited classes, peasants, poor handicraftsmen, and the economically oppressed, who attempted to translate the idea of a primitive church into institutional reality. (2) One of their important tenets was adult baptism, withheld until the believer was old enough to be able to distinguish between good and evil. A number of Anabaptist branches sprang up in Europe, taking on a number of different names, each with its own peculiar orientation. While "Anabaptist" was a pejorative term, believers identified themselves by names such as Brethren." . . . One significant group was the Munster Anabaptists, initiated in 1534 by a group of Dutch religious radicals who claimed their church had been founded by twelve apostles representing the twelve tribes of Israel. They claimed Christ had charged them to go two by two, proclaiming an apocalyptic dispensation had begun that would usher in the "new world," the "millennial kingdom," the "restitution of all things," the reign of the saints," and the "Kingdom of God on earth."(4) Munster in Westphalia, Germany, was designated the new Jerusalem, which would prepare the way for the second coming of Christ. The city of Munster was a hothouse for radical Protestants, and its residents quickly responded to the efforts of Anabaptist missionaries. A wave of apocalyptic dispensation had begun that would usher in the "new world," the "millennial kingdom," the "restitution of all things," the "reign of the saints," and the "Kingdom of God on earth." (4) . . . The Munster experiment died almost as quickly as it was born . . . one that would spill over into England and then New England and would anticipate, even prophesy, Mormonism in America three hundred years later. Within these decades after the first settlers arrived in New England, Ana-baptists or rebaptizers, were present in a number of towns. They believed God had taken the church of Jesus Christ from the earth but that God was now restoring the church, and Anabaptists were to be part of its restoration. In the mid-seventeenth century, most Anabaptist activity in New England took place in the Rhode Island and Plymouth Colonies, though there was also a presence in Massachusetts, Connecticut, New Hampshire and Maine. Page 105 ""Many Rogerenes were ancestors of early LDS converts. One of the more important connections comes through the Mack family. Lucy Mack was Joseph Smith Sr.'s wife, and her grandfather, Ebenezer Mack, had belonged to the Open-Communion Baptist Church in Lyme, Connecticut. Ebenezer's father, John Mack Jr., had married the niece of Rogerenes -Samuel and Bathsheba Fox. Lucy's uncle, Elisha Mack, had also married into a family connected to the Rogerenes. (Footnote 48: Brooke, Refiner's Fire, p. 85.)" Pg 143 "Among [Joseph Smith's] earliest American ancestors, through his mother, Lucy Mack, one finds seven passengers of the Mayflower, including the Fullers, the Tillies, and John Howland (Footnote #4) These Mayflower ancestors developed close ties to John Lathrop's Separatist congregation in Barnstable. For instance, Samuel Fuller, also of the Mayflower, married Jane, daughter of John Lathrop. John Howland's daughter, Hannah, married a member of Lathrop's Barnstable congregation, Jonathan Crocker. "The Mack family arrived in America somewhat later than most of the LDS ancestors. Whereas most fifth-generation ancestors of LDS converts were born in America, John Mack Sr., (The Immigrant) , Lucy's third-generation ancestor, was born in Scotland and did not arrive in America until 1669 as a sixteen-year-old -teenager. John Mack came from a long line of Scottish clergymen. He settled in (Pennsylvania first) and then on to Lyme, New London, Connecticut, a town where, in the 1740s, at the time of the Great Awakening, the so-called New Lights of Evangelism would become affiliated with the Rogerenes, and later generations of his family belonged to the Open-Communion Baptist Church in Lyme. (see Footnote #5) "Lyme was a center of both the First and Second Great Awakenings. Lyme's mainstream Congregational minister during the 1 740s was Jonathan Parsons, one of the active initiators of revivals in the town and elsewhere. His revivals were so wrenching that there was said to be "plentiful Weeping, Sighs and Sobs" (see Footnote #6) The Macks, along with other Baptists, were undoubtedly involved. "On his father's side, Joseph Smith Jr. could claim descent from some of the earliest settlers of several towns in Essex County, Massachusetts. (see Footnote #7) His first American paternal ancestor, Robert Smith (fifth-generation ancestor), was an early resident of Topsfield, Essex County, Massachusetts. Robert was born in 1626, in Kirton, Lincolnshire, England, and came to Massachusetts with a brother in 1638 at the age of twelve. After working as a tailor in Boston for some time, he married the daughter of Thomas French, one of the early settlers, and first constable, of Ipswich. (see Footnote #8) The Smiths lived first in Boxford and then Topsfield, where Robert was active in civic and religious affairs. He chose not to join the Puritan Congregational Church in Topsfield, and some critical historians of Religion in America see this as an act of what Hall refers to as a "horseshed Christian," someone who hangs back from a total commitment to religion. (see Footnote #9) (Pedigree Chart included with all ending with the John Mack 1653-1721 in Lyme, Connecticut and for the Joseph Smith's line with the pedigree ending with the Gates, the Dutton, the Fuller, De Wolf and the Crocker Families.) From the Encyclopedia of Mormonism Smith, Lucy Mack Author: Anderson, Richard Lloyd Lucy Mack Smith (1775-1 856) was the mother of the Prophet Joseph Smith and his main biographer for the crucial formative years of the restored Church. A marked tenderness existed between the Smith parents and children, and Lucy lived near or in the Prophet's household through hardships in New York, Ohio, Missouri, and Illinois. Mother and son maintained the strongest mutual respect throughout these years of change, sacrifice, and persecution. Faith in God was central to Lucy Smith's personality. When a young mother, she became critically ill and spent a night very near death, but a voice promised her life after she pleaded for the power to "bring up my children, and comfort the heart of my husband," with a vow to serve God completely. More than forty years later, she publicly reviewed the result of her parental leadership with her husband, Joseph Smith, Sr. Of eleven children, nine reached maturity, and with typical intensity, Lucy said, "We raised them in the fear of God.. I presume there never were a family that were so obedient as mine" (MS conference minutes, Oct. 8, 1845, HDC). Her father, Solomon Mack, was a dynamic venturer who showed courage and self-reliance in close combat in the French and Indian Wars and afterward as merchant, land developer, contractor, miller, seafarer, and farmer. Unsatisfied with the seeming meaninglessness of his way of life, he finally found God after severe sickness. He then published his concise biography-the saga of how God protected him in his wanderings and at the end showered his soul with love and insight. Lucy Mack Smith identified deeply with her mother, Lydia Gates, who came from the home of a prosperous Congregational deacon. Lydia used her school teaching skills in the home, creating what Solomon called an atmosphere of "piety, gentleness, and reflection" (Anderson, 1971, p. 27). All of the Mack children possessed mixtures of the daring enterprise of their father and the assertive piety of their mother. Lucy was true to this heritage of seeking light and then sharing it. Lucy was born in Gilsum, New Hampshire, where town records enter her birthday as July 8, 1775, the year the American Revolution began. Her education included attending school there and at Montague, Massachusetts, supplemented by private instruction by her mother. Lucy Smith's speeches and writing reveal an intelligent believer who used English capably. In her late teens Lucy was also greatly influenced by the courageous deaths of her older sisters; each died in her early thirties, after testifying to personal revelations of the hereafter and of Christ's love. Anderson, Richard Lloyd. "The Reliability of the Early History of Lucy and Joseph Smith." Dialogue 4 (Summer 1969):13-28. Anderson, Richard Lloyd. Joseph Smith's New England Heritage. Salt Lake City, 1971. Anderson, Richard Lloyd. "Joseph Smith's Home Environment." Ensign 1 (July 1971 ):57-59. Anderson, Richard Lloyd. "His Mother's Manuscript: An Intimate View of Joseph Smith." BYU Forum address, Jan. 27, 1976. Anderson, Richard Lloyd. "The Emotional Dimensions of Lucy Smith and Her History." In Dedication Colloquiums, Harold B. Lee Library, pp. 129-37. Provo, Utah, 1977. (Retrieved from http://eom.byu/index.php/Smith%2C_Lucy_Mack (last modified 21:40, 28 March 2008.) For the incredible spiritual life of Lucy Mack Smith see "Lucy's Book - A Critical Edition of Lucy Mack Smith's Family Memoir" edited by Lavina Fielding Anderson 2001 by Signature Books Publishing, LLC The History of the Church Vol. l pg 14 - Footnote 11: History of the Prophet Joseph, Lucy Smith "As it will be necessary to make frequent reference to this book, it is proper to say that it was originally published under the title Biographical Sketches of Joseph Smith the Prophet and his Progenitors for Many Generations by Lucy Smith, mother of the Prophet, originally published under the title Biographical Sketches of Joseph Smith the Prophet, published by Orson Pratt in 1853. Mrs. Martha Jane Knowlton Coray was "Mother Smith's" amanuensis - (a Latin word for certain persons performing a function by hand, writing down the words of another) from 1844-1845. She made two copies of the work; one of which she left with Lucy Smith and the other Mrs. Coray took to Utah and deposited it in the hands of President Brigham Young. The first edition of this story was published in England in 1853. History of Joseph Smith By His Mother Luck Mack Smith born in Gilsum, Cheshire County, New Hampshire, on the 8th of July, 1776. Her mother was (Lydia Mack #28932) The Revised and Enhanced History of Joseph Smith by His Mother Edited by Scot Facer Proctor and Maurine Jensen Proctor See Chapter 47 Editors' Reminder: The Revised and Enhanced History of Joseph Smith by His Mother is a copyrighted work and is protected under the copyright laws of the United States of America. None of this edited work is in public domain and cannot be published or republished in any form. 1999-2009 (Meridian Magazine. All Rights Reserved. Used by Alice Turley in this file by Written Permission dated March 5, 2010. About the Authors: Maurine Jensen Proctor is the Editor-in-Chief of Meridian Magazine and the author with her husband Scot of several books. Scot is the Publisher of Meridian Magazine. Related Resources: History of Joseph Smith Archive General Notes for Joseph Smith Sr.: Reference: History of the Church - Ancestry of Joseph Smith the Prophet 13-16) Joseph Smith, son of Asael Smith, and father of the Prophet, was born at Topsfield, Massachusetts, July 12, 1771. He accompanied his father, Asael Smith, first to northern New Hampshire, thence to Tunbridge, Vermont, where he assisted in clearing a farm of which, four years after it was first cleared, he took possession to cultivate on the "half share" system, common to those times in New England; while his father and four other sons went on clearing a farm of which, four years after it was first cleared, he took possession to cultivate on the "half share" system, common to those times in New England; while his father and four other sons went on clearing other lands. Here he married Lucy Mack, daughter of Solomon Mack of Gilsum, Cheshire County, New Hampshire. The young people met during the repeated visits of Lucy to her brother, Stephen Mack, who was engaged in the mercantile and tinning business with John Mudget at Tunbridge. The marriage took place on the 24th of January, 1796. The book has been republished several times, under various publishers, editors and titles. The following is a list of editions with significant changes to the text or title. Biographical Sketches of Joseph Smith the Prophet, and His Progenitors for Many Generations, by Lucy Smith, Mother of the Prophet. Liverpool: S.W. Richards for Orson Pratt. 1853. Biographical Sketches of Joseph Smith the Prophet and His Progenitors for Many Generations. Plano, Illinois: Reorganized Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints. 1880. Smith, George ; Smith, A. Elias, eds. (1902), History of the Prophet Joseph, by His Mother, Lucy Smith, as Revised by George A. Smith and Elias Smith, Salt Lake City, Utah: Improvement Era . Seek Ye Earnestly - Background of the Prophet Joseph Smith pg. 177 "Joseph Smith, Senior, was the first to accept the message of the Prophet. His life was from that time forth, interwoven in the history of the Church. He was the first Patriarch ordained in this dispensation, receiving that office by divine right as the firstborn descendants of Ephraim. All of these persons were highly respected and honored by their fellow citizens, until the knowledge went forth that the Lord had spoken to the youthful Prophet. From that day forth vicious and evil persons did everything in their power to destroy the character of Joseph Smith and his forebears, thus fulfilling the prophetic words of Moroni when he first came to the bedside of Joseph Smith with the definite call to his important mission." Dreams, Visions and Visitations: The Genesis of Mormonism by Richard K. Behrens, The John Whitmer Historical Association Journal, XXVII, 2007, page 173-175. Excerpt from "Spiritual Background of the Community" In the midst of this religious malaise in December 1805 Joseph Jr. was born on the Solomon Mack farm, which straddled the boundary between Royalton and Sharon, Vermont. There must have been some concern before Joseph's birth since Joseph Sr. made a twenty-four-mile round-trip to fetch Dr. Joseph Adams Denison from Bethel, Vermont, who was the best known baby doctor in the region. [28] Denison had been trained by his cousin Joseph Adams Gallup who had been the first graduate of the new Dartmouth Medical School, founded in 1796 by Nathan Smith. [29] The Dreams Begin In 1811 there was also a revival in the area that strongly affected Lucy's father, Solomon Mack, and caused him to write his history and embark upon on a preaching tour from town to town. [34] Joseph Sr. also reacted to the revival by having his first seeker dream in which he was uncomfortable with the images of bickering that, without true religion or a plan of salvation, were represented by fierce wild animals. Yet at the same time he was comfortable with his position. [35] This revival focused on many of the Calvinist vs. Arminian doctrinal issues that were continuing to be fiercely contested at nearby Dartmouth College. Joseph's focus on the plan of salvation appears to reflect his growing interest in Christ's atonement. 28 Porter, "Origins of the Church," 7. 29 Oliver Hubbard, The Early History of the New Hampshire Medical Institution (Washington, D.C.: The Globe Printing and Publishing House, 1880), 14. 34 Anderson, Joseph Smith's New England Heritage, 39. 35 Smith, History of Joseph Smith, 85. The Refiner's Fire: The Making of Mormon Cosmology 1644-1844 by John L. Brooke Cambridge University Press, 1996. FOOTNOTES for the following excerpts can be found on pages 328-335 of his book. We recommend this book to those interested in the spiritual environment of the region in which the Mack and Smith families lived. pp. 78-87 "To complete this tour of the interpenetration of the visible and invisible worlds among the most important proto-Mormon families, we need to turn to the experience of Joseph Smith's mother's family, the Macks. Settling in the broader orbit of the Rogerenes, the Macks would carry their religious belief into the spiritual realms of visions, healings, and the quest for a new dispensation well before Joseph Smith Sr. married Lucy Mack in Tunbridge, Vermont, in 1796. "The founder of the family, John Mack, arrived in New England in 1669 at the age of sixteen, hailing from the Scottish town of Inverness. Again, like Robert Smith, we must assume that John Mack served an indenture of an apprenticeship. It is also interesting that he gravitated to a sectarian environment. In 1681 John Mack married Sarah Bagley in Salisbury, Massachusetts, just south of Hampton, New Hampshire, where Stephen Batchelor had established his Husbandmen, and where Quaker sentiments voiced in the 1660s anticipated the forming of a Monthly Meeting by 1705 (footnote 64). In 1692 his father-in-law, Orlando Bagley, was deputized as constable to arrest Susannah Martin on witchcraft charges, but John Mack had moved his family to Concord by 1684, and in 1696 moved on to Lyme, Connecticut. (Footnote 65) "When they arrived in Lyme the Mack family included six children, the eldest about thirteen, and six more would arrive by 1706. Lyme was a place where the older proprietary families held the advantage, and prospects were bleak for most newcomers. (Footnote 66) The town was still thinly settled, but the land was very stony and hilly, and the Macks arrived too late to gain a proprietorship. John Mack was granted an inhabitancy in July 1702, six week after the distribution of lots in the last division of Lyme's common lands. (Footnote 67) "Mack died at sixty-eight in 1721, and his sons did not fare well in the decades following. The eldest, John Jr., thirty-nine at his father's death, moved away from farming into the retail trade, selling dry goods brought in from Boston. Taken ill quite suddenly, he died in 1734. His younger brother Ebenezer had inherited the family farm and had - in the memory of his son Solomon - a "large property and lived in good style" until he suffered a sudden financial disaster in the late 1730s. Though he did not die until 1777, Ebenezer Mack's family was dispersed among neighboring households, including four-year-old Solomon Mack, the maternal grandfather of Joseph Smith, the Mormon prophet. Solomon's cousin Ebenezer Mack (son of John Jr.), who would become the (Ana-Baptist or Brethren minister in East Lyme), chose a rich landowner in north Lyme, Samuel Selden, as his own guardian, and it is possible that Solomon too worked in this household until he enlisted in the provincial forces in 1755 to take part in the fighting on Lake Champlain. Over the next several years Solomon Mack alternated between service with the army and farming in Lyme. In 1759 he married Lydia Gates of the Millington District of East Haddam, and in 1762 they joined the streams of migrants moving up the Connecticut River to settle first in Marlow and then in Gilsum, New Hampshire, where they would live among people from Lyme and people who would figure in the later story of the emergence of Mormonism. (Footnote 68) "These, then, are the outlines of the Mack family experience in Lyme. It is possible that John Mack, apparently of dissenting inclination, with no necessary commitment to the brand of Puritan orthodoxy in Massachusetts Bay, was attracted to Lyme because of the unorthodox reputation of its religious culture. If late immigrants were less likely to have had Puritan motivations, Lyme and its mother town of Saybrook would have been especially attractive. Saybrook was founded in 1635 by John Winthrop Jr. without the Puritan requirement of a settled minister or an established church, which was not organized until 1646. Lyme was even more aberrant. Settled in 1666 and set off from Saybrook in 1670, Lyme had regular preaching by Moses Noyes but no incorporated church until 1693, a circumstance that, as one historian has put it, "may have been unique" in seventeenth-century Connecticut. (Footnote 69) "As we have seen, Saybrook and Lyme constituted the western flank of a region stretching from the lower Connecticut River to Cape Cod where sectarian dissent challenged and often supplanted Puritan orthodoxy. In southeast Connecticut itself, sectarianism began in the 1670s, with the rise of the Seventh-Day Baptists in New London, the secession of Rogerenes, and the itinerancies of the Singing Quakers. By the 1720s Sixth Principle Baptist churches had been formed in Groton and New London with a spreading from their center at New London into Groton, East Lyme, Saybrook, Colchester, and Lebanon. (Footnote 70) The Great Awakening would bring even greater religious complexity to southeast Connecticut, with Separate churches hiving off from the establishment and Ana-Baptist meetings emerging from these, all in an environment intensified by James Davenport's violent revivalism in New London. (Footnote 71) And scattered through the region there were reminders of a radical religious tradition stretching back into the Reformation and the English Revolution. The New London Rogers family was descended from the martyr John Rogers, burned at the stake in 1560; the martyr's Bible was said to have been carried like a talisman to America, and passed down through Roger's kin among the Westerly, Rhode Island, Sabbatarians. Valentine Wightman, who ministered to the Groton Sixth Principle Baptist while remaining on good terms with the Rogerenes, was descended from Edward Wightman, who went to his execution in 1612 in full expectation of the coming of the prophet Elias and a new dispensation. In New London, the Sixth Principle Baptists were led by Stephen Gorton, descended from Samuel Gorton of Warwick and a son-in- law of James Rogers of New London. (Footnote 72) … "It was this regional culture, pervasively colored by sectarian controversy, highlighted by Rogerene spiritism and Davenport's enthusiasm, in which the Mack family lived for six decades before joining the migration up the Connecticut River to New Hampshire. John Mack Sr., (The Immigrant) . expressed his own hostility to the Congregational "standing order" in twice refusing to serve as a collector of the established minister's rate. (Footnote 75) The Macks were not immune to economic aspiration, as suggested by John Mack, Jr.'s venture in trade and manifested in Solomon Mack's lifelong neglect of religion as he tried "to lay up treasures in this world." (Footnote 76) But when Solomon was converted in 1811, it was in a family tradition of visionary experience, a tradition nurtured in the sectarian environment of southeast Connecticut. "On February 13, 1721, John Mack Sr., (The Immigrant) scrawled his signature on his last will and testament, distributing his worldly goods and, in the manner of English dissenters, announcing that he died "in hope of a joyful resurrection at the last day (illegible) justified in Christ Jesus." ((Footnote 77- Will of John Mack, Feb 13, 1721, Colchester Probate District Records, docket no. 3349. On pious clauses, see Margaret Spafford, Contrasting Communities: English Villagers in the Sixteenth and Seventeenth Centuries (New York, 1974), 320-344.)) Three weeks before, John Mack Jr. had signed another document, the petition of eighteen inhabitants that a separate parish be set off in north Lyme. One of the men witnessing his father's will, Jasper Griffing, also signed the parish .. men witnessing his father's will, Jasper Griffing, also signed the parish petition. In 1724 the north Lyme petition was granted, and then the Macks and the Griffings and their neighbors had to content with efforts to make another division, to encompass sections of Lyme and East Haddam along the Connecticut River, finally granted in 1742. (Footnote 78) North Lyme was the Third Parish in Lyme and followed the establishment of a Second Parish in east Lyme by only a few years; Had Lyme Parish made a fourth division, and a fifth was created in 1764 from parts of east and north Lyme and New London. (Footnote 79) Never a place deeply committed to the Puritan church tradition, religious unity in Lyme was breaking down in the 1720s, as people living on the edges of the town attempted to balance their interest in local worship with the costs of taxation, a contest that had men walking the roads with surveying chains. "As were the Macks, the Griffings were from Non-English origins, and these two families would maintain their alliance in the religious contests that wracked Lyme over the next decades. Jasper Griffing's father had arrived in New England from Wales in 1670 had made his way (like John Mack Sr., (The Immigrant) .) through Essex County, to Long Island, and eventually to Lyme, where he too was admitted to the privileges of inhabitancy just after Lyme's final land division. (Footnote 80) In 1743, the year that James Davenport gathered the New London Separates and his New Light school, the "Shepherd's Tent," on a wharf in the Thames River to burn the texts and symbols of Puritan orthodoxy, Griffings and one of the Macks signed a petition for a Separate Society in North Lyme. (footnote 81) Macks and Griffings were also among the signers of Solomon Paine's 1748 petition to the General Assembly, signed by 332 "Separates or Independents." (footnote 82) Separate meetings formed in each of Lyme's three older parishes. The north Lyme Separates, led by Daniel Miner, formed the Grassy Hill Church, the Separates in the First Parish followed John Fuller, and the east Lyme Separates followed Ebenezer Mack, son of John Jr. and Solomon's first cousin. By the 1760s, in Ezra Stile's estimate, roughly a third of the town attended these dissenting meetings, with the greater adherence in the east and the north Lyme parishes. These churches would be inclusive in their membership, accepting both "sprinkled" Separates and those advocating adult immersion in "Catholic Communion." Ebenezer Mack's church adopted open communion in 1752; by the late 1760s Mack, ordained as a Separate in 1749, could no longer "build and commune" with those who would not accept the closed- communion form being advanced by Isaac Backus. Resigning from the church, he joined the flow of migration to the north, joining his younger cousin Solomon Mack in Marlow, New Hampshire. (footnote 83) "During the years of revival and church building, Solomon Mack was growing up on the farm of a master who, he wrote in 1811, never spoke "at all on the subject of religion." Solomon emerged from his service "totally ignorant of divine revelation or anything appertaining to Christian religion." (footnote 84) His experiences over the next half-decade were equally unsuited for religious training. From this godless house Solomon entered the army in September 1755, serving for eight and a half months. Buying a farm in Lyme and two teams of oxen, he carried supplies for the army until 1758, when he set up a sutler's shop at Crown Point. (footnote 85) Apparently the dramas of the Great Awakening and its immediate aftermath passed him by, though later in life his family would be settled among people whose religious sentiments were shaped in great part by Ebenezer Mack's (Ana) Baptist church. However, Solomon Mack's children, among them Joseph Smith's mother, Lucy, would be most influenced by their mother, Lydia Gates. "Solomon Mack married Lydia Gates of East Haddam in January 1759, presumably on a brief visit from Crown Point. Laying to the north of Lyme on the eastern shore of the Connecticut River, East Haddam had been settled in 1670 as an extension of the town of Haddam, and the Gates family had been a leading family since settlement. Arriving in Hartford in 1751 as a young man, Captain George Gates had been one of the earliest settlers east of the river in the 1670s and one of the founding members of the East Haddam church in 1704. His grandson Daniel Gates, Lydia's father played a similar leading role in Millington Parish, formed in 1733 in the southeast corner of the town. A tanner and "a man of wealth," Daniel Gates served as selectman and deacon of the Millington church. (footnote 86) Lydia's mother was Lydia Fuller, from a family settling in East Haddam from Barnstable on Cape Cod in the 1690s who were greatly intermarried with the Gates. (footnote 87) Compared with the religious contentions in Lyme, the Millington church was rather quiet. Apparently the church was New Light (Ana-Baptist) in tendency, for when its minister, Timothy Symmes, wandered off in 1740 as a radical New Light itinerant the Millington people waited three years before dismissing him. For several decades before the Revolution, however, the church was divided by a controversy involving a group known as the "Ole Fathers and Dissenters of New England," a group of Anglican lay readers led by the family of Jonathan Beebe, originally of New London, who in 1704 was the first to settle in the Millington District. (footnote 88) "Judging by church membership, the Fuller and Gates families were not swept by religious fervor. Other than Deacon Daniel Gates, no other Gates or related Fuller appears to have joined the church in the decades between or related Fuller appears to have joined the church in the decades between the Awakening and July 1872, when Lydia Gates Mack was received into communion before departing for Marlow. (footnote 89) But here the lack of church membership In these families may not have meant a lack of piety. In Richard Bushman's assessment, Lydia Gates Mack "imparted faith to her children, but she did not give them a church." Growing up on the New Hampshire frontier and then after 1777 for some years in Montague, Massachusetts, the children's religious sensibilities were shaped by the family prayers conducted by Lydia. Lucy Mack Smith's detailed autobiography does not mention a church in relation to the family until 1791. (footnote 90) ------------------- Joseph Smith: An American Prophet: Joseph Smith's Forebears, page 25, 16 Lucy was the youngest of Solomon's 8 children. Her youth was one of toil, frustration, sickness and perseverance. At age 17 she nursed two of her older sisters through five years of struggle with tuberculosis until they died. ---------------------------- Our Pioneer Sisters - Lucy Mack Smith - Mother of the Prophet Joseph Smith, mother of 10 children, known as "first among the chosen women of the latter-day dispensation."

    Children:
    1. SMITH was born in 1797 in Tunbridge, Orange, Vermont, United States; died in 1797 in Tunbridge, Orange, Vermont, United States.
    2. SMITH, Alvin was born on 11 Feb 1798 in Tunbridge, Orange, Vermont, United States; died on 19 Nov 1823 in Palmyra, Wayne, New York, United States; was buried in Nov 1823 in Palmyra, Wayne, New York, United States.
    3. SMITH, Hyrum was born on 9 Feb 1800 in Tunbridge, Orange, Vermont, United States; died on 27 Jun 1844 in Carthage, Hancock, Illinois, United States; was buried on 30 Jun 1844 in Nauvoo, Hancock, Illinois, United States.
    4. SMITH, Sophronia was born on 17 May 1803 in Tunbridge, Orange, Vermont, United States; died on 28 Oct 1876 in Colchester, McDonough, Illinois, United States; was buried in Nov 1876 in Colchester, McDonough, Illinois, United States.
    5. SMITH, Joseph Jr. was born on 23 Dec 1805 in Sharon, Windsor, Vermont, United States; died on 27 Jun 1844 in Carthage, Hancock, Illinois, United States; was buried on 29 Jun 1844 in Nauvoo, Hancock, Illinois, United States.
    6. 2. SMITH, Samuel Harrison was born on 13 Mar 1808 in Tunbridge, Orange, Vermont, United States; died on 30 Jul 1844 in Nauvoo, Hancock, Illinois, United States; was buried on 1 Aug 1844 in Nauvoo, Hancock, Illinois, United States.
    7. SMITH, Ephriam was born on 13 Mar 1810 in Tunbridge, Orange, Vermont, United States; died on 24 Mar 1810 in Royalton, Windsor, Vermont, United States; was buried on 24 Mar 1810 in Tunbridge, Orange, Vermont.
    8. SMITH, William B. was born on 13 Mar 1811 in Royalton, Windsor, Vermont, United States; died on 13 Nov 1893 in Osterdock, Clayton, Iowa, United States; was buried on 15 Nov 1893 in Osterdock, Clayton, Iowa, United States.
    9. SMITH, Katherine was born on 8 Jul 1813 in Lebanon, Grafton, New Hampshire, United States; died on 1 Feb 1900 in Fountain Green, Hancock, Illinois, United States; was buried on 3 Feb 1900 in Webster, Hancock, Illinois, United States.
    10. SMITH, Don Carlos was born on 25 Mar 1816 in Norwich, Windsor, Vermont, United States; died on 7 Aug 1841 in Nauvoo, Hancock, Illinois, United States; was buried in Aug 1841 in Nauvoo, Hancock, Illinois, United States.
    11. SMITH, Lucy was born on 18 Jul 1821 in Manchester, Ontario, New York, United States; died on 9 Dec 1882 in Colchester, McDonough, Illinois, United States; was buried on 11 Dec 1882 in Colchester, McDonough, Illinois, United States.

  3. Children:
    1. 3. CLARK, Levira was born on 30 Jul 1815 in Levonia, Livingston, New York; died on 1 Jan 1893 in Salt Lake City, Salt Lake, Utah, United States.


Generation: 4

  1. 8.  SMITH, Asael was born on 7 Mar 1744 in Topsfield, Essex, Massachusetts, United States; was christened on 11 Mar 1744 in Topsfield, Essex, Massachusetts, United States (son of SMITH, Captain Samuel T. Jr. and GOULD, Priscilla); died on 31 Oct 1830 in Stockholm, St. Lawrence, New York, United States; was buried in Nov 1830 in Stockholm, St. Lawrence, New York, United States.

    Other Events:

    • _TAG: Reviewed on FS
    • WAC: 27 Jun 1879, SGEOR

    Notes:

    BIOGRAPHY: Known as "crooked-neck Smith" SUP Monthly Meeting from Karl S. Farnsworth to Earl Pierce (1999) and by Alice C. Turley at the National Sons of the Utah Pioneers Conference in 2002 - As you were commenting on the unusual events that took the Ashael Smith family to Vermont, I recalled this statement by President Joseph F. Smith, that I had heard Gerald Lund quote. "It has not been by the wisdom of man that this people have been directed in their course until the present; it has been by the wisdom of Him who is above man and whose knowledge is greater than that of man, and whose power is above the power of man, . . .. The hand of the Lord may not be visible to all. There may be many who can not discern the workings of God's work, but there are those who see in every hour and in every moment of the existence of the Church, from its beginning until now, the overruling, almighty hand of Him who sent His Only Begotten Son to the world to become a sacrifice for the sin of the world. (In Conference Report, April 1904, pg 2.) (See below) PROPHETIC STATEMENT OF ASHAEL SMITH In his declining years he moved to Stockholm, St. Lawrence County, New York, and made his home with his son Silas. ... stature - he was tall and he possessed unusual strength. On one occasion he said: "It has been borne in upon my soul that one of my descendants will promulgate a work to revolutionize the world of religious faith." (Essentials in Church History - Salt Lake City: Deseret Book Co., 1967 edition), p. 25) It is hardly possible that he expected to live to see his prophetic inspiration fulfilled, but he did. In his declining years, his son, Joseph, and grandson, Don Carlos, came to visit him bringing a copy of the Book of Mormon. He readily accepted their message and that of his grandson, Joseph, but was not baptized because of enfeebled heath. He died a short time later, October 31, 1830, when eighty-six years of age. His wife, Mary Duty Smith, joined the Church, moved to Kirtland where she died full of faith in the mission of her grandson, Joseph Smith. (History of the Mack Family- pg 648 Asael Smith removed from Topsfield, Massachusetts, to Tunbridge, Orange County, Vermont.) Revolutionary War - In ... 1776, Asael mustered under Captain John Nesmith in "a company raised for Canada service, "an act of obvious hardship for a family head with six dependents. His regiment was enrolled to defend New York's northern frontier. Possibly exertion and disease took their toll in 1776--a decade later Asael was "in a low state of healthy, entirely unable to labour for three years." (Anderson 118) Ashael Smith's letter to Peter Town: (God) had conducted us through a glorious revolution and has brought us into the promised land of peace and liberty.... And I believe that the stone is now cut out of the mountain without hands, spoken of by Daniel, and has smitten the image upon his feet, by which the iron, the clay, the brass, the silver and the gold, all the monarchial and ecclesiastical tyranny will be broken to pieces and become as the chaff of the summer threshing floor, the wind shall carry them all away, that there shall be no place found for them. Asael also said repeatedly: "It has been born in upon my soul that one of my descendants will promulgate a work that will change the course of religious history in the earth." ....... This may certify all whom it may concern that we whose names are here under written have regularly formed ourselves into a society and wish to be known by the name or forme (sic) of Universalists and whereas the laws of the state of Vermont allow free liberty of conscience, to worship God according to the dictates thereof and it being contrary to the dictates of our conscience, to pay money to support any teacher of a different denomination agreeable therefore the liberty of the laws of our State we wish not to be charged with any tax toward the support of any teacher of an different denomination whatever. Alexander Stedman, Asael Smith, Peter Grow, Samuel Branch, Abel Camp Jr., Abner Borough, David Grow, Levi Stedman, John Ridle, Joseph Smith, Edward Grow, Benoni Polly, Ebene Tilley, Wm. Clements, Deliverance Brown, Daniel Hunt Jr. The above is a true copy of the record by order of Asael Smith moderator and Wm Clements Clerk for said Society Tunbridge, December 6, 1797. ------------------------------ Seek Ye Earnestly pg. 175 - Ashael, grandfather of the Prophet, was born in Topsfield, March 7, 1744. He married Mary Duty of Windha, New Hampshire, and later moved to that place. During the Revolution he followed his honored father, and served faithfully with the Colonial forces. After the death of his father, he returned to Topsfield and made his home on the family estate, where some of his children were born, notably, Joseph father of the Prophet. Ashael was a man of liberal views. He had outstanding literary ability. Some of his views, far in advance of his time, have come down to us and are cherished by members of the family He was very frank and outspoken and wrote the things he firmly believed, without fear or favor. Many years before his death he wrote a document of sound advice for the guidance of his family. This advice could be followed very profitably by his descendants to this day. He was a devout believer in the atoning sacrifice of our Redeemer, but could not conform to the dogmas and religious notions of his day which brought down the wrath of some pious hypocrites upon his head. Time has vindicated his sound judgment. One item of interest in his remarkable epistle to his family I will here present. And first to you, my dear wife, I do with all the strength and power that is in me, beseeching God who is the husband of the widow, to take care of you and not to leave you nor forsake you, nor suffer you to leave nor forsake Him, nor His ways. Put your whole trust solely in Him; He never did not never will forsake any that trust in Him. ... And now, my dear children, let me pour out my heart to you and speak first of immortality; you have to deal with an infinite Majesty! you go upon life and death, therefore in this point be serious. Do all to God in a serious manner; when you make your address to His great Majesty, be in good earnest. Trifle not with His name, nor with His attributes, nor call him to witness to anything but in absolute truth, nor then, but when sound judgment and reason or serious consideration require it. (Smith, Life of Joseph F. Smith Salt Lake City: Deseret Book Co.), p. 24.) He had a good sense of humor which he mingled with his seriousness, but he knew when properly to use it. When, on one occasion, he declared his possessions to the tax assessor, he couched his statement in the following words: I have two poles, tho' one is poor; I have three cows and want five more; I have no horse, but fifteen sheep; No more than these this year I keep. Steers, that's two years old, one pair; Two calves I hae, all over hair; Three heffers two years old, I own; One heffer calf that's poorly grone. My land is acres eighty-two, Which search the record youle find true And this is all I have in store; I'll thank you if you'le tax no more. (Ibid, p. 21 above) --------------------------------- Ref: Joseph Smith Papers.org (some Smiths in this database). See "Works Cited" page 12, 13, and 14 for more complete Sources. --BYU L. Tom Perry Special Collections, Harold B. Lee Library, BYoung University, Provo, Utah --CCLA Community of Christ Library - Archives, Independence, Missouri --CHL Church History Library, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, SLC, Utah --FHL Family History Library, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, SLC, Utah -- Pedigree Chart, This chart provides documentation for the information published in the JS pedigree chart in Journals, Vol. 1: 1832-1839. In addition, this chart provides, where known, the month, day, and place of births, deaths, and marriages, with documentation. Other Sources: -- Lyme, Ct, Records of Births, Mariages, and Deaths, 1700-1921 -- US and Canada Record Collection -- Family History Library Salt Lake City, Utah. -- Hayward, History of the Town of Gilsum -- Bennett, Solomon Mack and His Family -- Anderson, Ancestry and Posterity of Joseph Smith, 160 -- Fuller, Genealogy of Edward Fuller -- Anderson, Joseph Smith's New England Heritage -- 2nd Congregational Church/Ecclesiastical Society, East Haddam, CT, Church Records, vol. 1 -- Lyme, CT, Records of Births, Marriages, and Deaths, 1700-1921, 92, microfilm, US -- Canada Record Collection, FHL. -- Lucy Mack Smith, History, 1844-1845, bk. 1, 8-(9) -- Spilman, Semi-Centenarians of Butler Grove Township -- Lucy Mack Smith, Biographical Sketches; -- Montague, MA, Town Records, 1719-1859, 201, microfilm -- U.S. and Canada Record Collection, FHL. AFN: Merged with a record that used the AFN 1XV8-M1 DEATH: Also shown as Died Stockholm, St Lawrence, New York, USA. ~BAPTISM: Also shown as Baptized 16 Dec 1939 ~ENDOWMENT: Also shown as Endowed 12 Jan 1940, ARIZO. ~SEALING_PARENTS: Also shown as SealPar 4 Nov 1959

    Asael married DUTY, Mary Elizabeth on 12 Feb 1767 in Topsfield, Essex, Massachusetts. Mary (daughter of DUTY, Moses and PALMER, Ann Mary) was born on 11 Oct 1743 in Rowley, Essex, Massachusetts, United States; was christened on 16 Oct 1743 in Rowley, Essex, Massachusetts, United States; died on 27 May 1836 in Kirtland, Lake, Ohio, United States; was buried on 28 May 1836 in Kirtland, Lake, Ohio, United States. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]


  2. 9.  DUTY, Mary ElizabethDUTY, Mary Elizabeth was born on 11 Oct 1743 in Rowley, Essex, Massachusetts, United States; was christened on 16 Oct 1743 in Rowley, Essex, Massachusetts, United States (daughter of DUTY, Moses and PALMER, Ann Mary); died on 27 May 1836 in Kirtland, Lake, Ohio, United States; was buried on 28 May 1836 in Kirtland, Lake, Ohio, United States.

    Other Events:

    • _TAG: Reviewed on FS
    • WAC: 11 Jul 1998, ARIZO

    Notes:

    Irish Descent.

    BIOGRAPHY: “Silas’ father, Asahel Smith was a somewhat visionary man. He predicted that something would come forth in his family that would transmit his name with honor to posterity. When near his death (in Stockholm, New York in 1830, he was visited at Silas’ home by his son Joseph (the Prophet’s father) and grandson Don Carlos, having with them the Book of Mormon and
    the tidings of the restored gospel. He received with gladness the testimony of his son, and remarked that he had always been expecting the coming forth of the true gospel. Asahel died a few days later, being over 86 years old.”
    “Jesse N’s father, Silas Smith, was baptized in the summer of 1835 by Hyrum Smith. He was ordained first an elder, and afterwards a high priest. Mary Duty Smith (Silas' mother) moved to Kirtland, Ohio with her son Silas and family in 1836, but died soon after, being 93 years of age.”
    “Silas moved with his family from Kirtland in April, 1838, bound for Far West, MO, but was turned back at Huntsville by some who were fleeing from their homes and bearing Gov. Lilburn W. Bogg’s ‘exterminating order.’ He died on Sep. 13, 1839 in Pittsfield, IL, where he had been appointed president of a branch of the church. His widow (Mary Aikens Smith) moved to Nauvoo where she was kindly received by relatives, and where she taught school for subsistence.”
    The family of Jesse N. Smith 1834-1978 pg 1 (Jesse Nathaniel Smith and His Wives by Joseph W. Smith (his son)

    Notes:

    ~SEALING_SPOUSE: Also shown as SealSp 25 Aug 1897

    Children:
    1. SMITH, Jesse was born on 20 Apr 1768 in Topsfield Essex, Massachusetts, United States; was christened on 20 Apr 1768 in Topsfield, Essex, Massachusetts, United States; died on 16 Mar 1853 in Stockholm, St. Lawrence, New York, United States; was buried in Mar 1853 in Buckton, St. Lawrence, New York, United States.
    2. SMITH, Priscilla was born on 21 Oct 1769 in Topsfield, Essex, Massachusetts, United States; was christened on 21 Oct 1769 in Topsfield, Essex, Massachusetts, United States; died on 17 Apr 1860 in New York City, New York, United States; was buried in Apr 1860 in Topsfield, Essex, Massachusetts, United States.
    3. 4. SMITH, Joseph Sr. was born on 12 Jul 1771 in Topsfield, Essex, Massachusetts, United States; died on 14 Sep 1840 in Nauvoo, Hancock, Illinois, United States; was buried on 15 Sep 1840 in Smith Family Cemetery, Nauvoo, Hancock, Illinois, United States.
    4. SMITH, Asahel was born on 21 May 1773 in Windham, Rockingham, New Hampshire, United States; died on 21 Jul 1848 in Wapello, Louisa, Iowa, United States; was buried on 22 Jul 1848 in Salima, Wapallo, Iowa, United States.
    5. SMITH, Mary was born on 4 Jun 1775 in Derryfield, Hillsborough, New Hampshire, United States; died on 24 May 1844 in Lebanon, Grafton, New Hampshire, United States; was buried in May 1844.
    6. SMITH, Samuel IV was born on 15 Sep 1777 in Derryfield, Hillborough, New Hampshire, United States; was christened in in Windham, Rockingham, New Hampshire, United States; died on 1 Apr 1830 in Potsdam, St. Lawrence, New York, United States; was buried in May 1830 in Bayside Cemetery, Potsdam, St. Lawrence, New York, United States.
    7. SMITH, Silas was born on 1 Oct 1779 in Derryfield, Hillsborough, New Hampshire, United States; died on 13 Sep 1839 in Pittsfield, Pike, Illinois, United States; was buried on 14 Sep 1839 in Pittsfield, Pike, Illinois, United States.
    8. SMITH, Patriarch John was born on 16 Jul 1781 in Derryfield, Hillsborough, New Hampshire, United States; died on 23 May 1854 in Salt Lake City, Salt Lake, Utah, United States; was buried in May 1854 in Salt Lake City, Salt Lake, Utah, United States.
    9. SMITH, Susannah was born on 18 May 1783 in Deerfield, Rockingham, New Hampshire, United States; died on 22 Mar 1849 in Potsdam, St. Lawrence, New York, United States; was buried in Mar 1849 in Potsdam, St. Lawrence, New York, United States.
    10. SMITH, Stephen Knowlton was born on 23 Apr 1785 in Derryfield, Hillborough, New Hampshire, United States; died on 25 Jul 1802 in Royalton, Windsor, Vermont, United States; was buried in Jul 1802 in North Royalton Cemetery, Royalton, Windsor, Vermont, United States.
    11. SMITH, Sarah was born on 16 May 1789 in Derryfield, New Hampshire, United States; died on 27 May 1824 in Derryfield, Hillsborough, New Hampshire, United States; was buried in Jun 1824.

  3. 10.  MACK, Soloman Sr. was born on 15 Sep 1732 in Lyme, New London, Connecticut, United States (son of MACK, Elder Ebenezer and HUNTLEY, Hannah); died on 23 Aug 1820 in Gilsum, Cheshire, New Hampshire, United States; was buried on 25 Aug 1820 in Marlow, Cheshire, New Hampshire, United States.

    Other Events:

    • _TAG: Reviewed on FS
    • WAC: 19 May 1920

    Notes:

    From Puritan to Yankee: Character and the Social Order in Connecticut, 1690-1775 by Richard Bushman (Center for the Study of the History of Liberty in America.) Here is a serious, but entertaining analysis of the currents of thought and action moving in Connecticut from 1690 to 1765 including the information and discussion of the dissenters, "New Light," and resulting changes. On page 152, Bushman mentions that Jonathan Parsons, Congregational minister of Lyme, Connecticut renounced the Saybrook Platform. General Marlow References Overviews of Marlow history, when approached with a fine toothed comb, often yield important clues. They are also helpful to those doing genealogical research. Gazetteer on Marlow, N.H. - Nineteenth century gazetteers take a different view than we might today. After an "Our Town" introduction to each town, (Gazetteers must be a source of Thornton Wilder's inspiration.) the authors summarize the stories of "important people." That would include successful framers and businessmen and probably the authors' friends. 1790 Census, Marlow, N.H.- Our first national census shows about 65 heads of households in Marlow, most of them from Lyme, Connecticut and some from nearby Connecticut towns such as Saybrook, Haddam, Essex, and New London. (There were others not found by the census taker.) Most are interrelated. We can see it's a family affair! Marlow Historical Society Forum - This interactive forum posts a great deal of information about Marlow, N.H. history including excerpts from early town records, stories of local conflicts, and some military information. The most popular part of the Forum is the genealogy section. The forum is a work in progress with more information added as we discover it. Our Forum members have been most helpful in providing new information. ... These are the genealogical research starting places we have found most useful. New Hampshire - Cyndi's List Connecticut - Cyndi's List Huntley Association - "Notes on History of the Town of Marlow, N.H." by Elgin Jones. Sentinel Printing Co. Keene, N.H. 1941 ... shows on pp. xii and xii that ten Huntley heads of households purchased a total of 38 parcels of Marlow land between 1767 and 1826. These were all purchases from the original Proprietors to whom the Marlow grant was made. (There may have been more land transfers to Huntleys during this time, second-hand, so to speak.) These parcels range from one to 500 acres, but most are substantial, 40 to 100 acres. These Huntleys trace their ancestry back to John Huntley Lyme, CT, mostly through his son Aaron. "Images of America: Old Lyme, Lyme, and Hadlyme" "John Huntley received a grant from the British crown for a home lot on July 12, 1666." . . . The house served as home for some of the wealthiest people in Lyme until it was demolished in 1898. Through generations Huntleys have been prominent in Marlow town affairs, and many of their descendants still live here Other Sources: Huntley Genealogy Forum - . . . Posted by Virgil Huntley who has researched his family for a lifetime and written three volumes on the descendants of John Huntley of Lyme, Connecticut Mack Family Tree - The Mack family in general has been unusual in its participation in bringing about the new American liberty and making good use of it. Although there are many resources on Mack genealogy, this one is particularly helpful because it allows us to see the entire family at a glance. This goes back to John, an immigrant, which is as far as anyone has been able to follow so far. . . A Mack and Huntley Meeting Place Marlow's West Yard Burying Ground Mack Family Tree Marlow, New Grantham and Protectworth, Cheshire County, New Hampshire 1790 Census Sorted by Head of Household - Beckwith Family Gee Family (Asa, Laman, Nathan, Solomon, Stephen) Huntley, (Barthuel, Elisha, Isaiah, Jonathan, Luman, Nathan, Nathan Jr., Rufus, Russel, Sylvanus and others - not shown here) Mack, Grace and Silas The town of Lyme was set off from Saybrook (now known as Deep River), which is on the west bank of the river mouth, on February 13, 1665. Old Lyme was later incorporated from Lyme in 1855, but Old Lyme contains the oldest-settled portion of the Lymes. Old Lyme occupies about 27 miles of shoreline, tidal marsh, inland wetlands and forested hills. Its neighbor to the north is the Town of Lyme and to the east, East Lyme. Other place names from the same root are Hadlyme, Connecticut (north of Lyme) and South Lyme (a beach resort area of Old Lyme). The place name Lyme derives from Lyme Regis, a small part on the coast of Dorset, England from which it is believed the early settlers migrated in the 17th Century. (Caulkins, F.M. History of New London, Connecticut. From the first survey of the coast in 1612, to 1852. H. D. Utley, New London, 1895, 696 pp.) History of the Town of Gilsum, New Hampshire Records- Brigham and Charlotte his wife, William Campbell and Nancy his wife, Simon Carpenter and Anna his wife, David Chapin, Fanny Chapin, Joseph M. Chapin and Dimmis his wife, Justus Chapin (afterwards Deacon) and Annis his wife, Martha Chapin, Rebecca Chapin, Huldah Clark, Jonathan Clark and Delilah his wife, Joseph Clark and Rizpah his wife, Mercy Clark, Polly Clark, Samuel Clark and Sally his wife, Ira Emerson Cornstock, William E. Comstock, Abram Converse, Daniel Converse and Ruth his wife, Deliverance Converse, Polly Converse, Rosanna Converse, Sally Converse, David Dean, Moses Farnsworth, Mason Guillow and Ormacinda his wife, Artemas P. Hemenway, Luther Hemenway and Finis his wife, Josiah Hendee, Andalusia Howard, Andrew J. Howard and Rizpah his wife, Harriet P. Howard, Mary Catherine Howard, Thomas Howard and Pamela his wife, Betsey Ishani, Polly Isham, Rebecca Isham, Esther Loveland, Syrena E. Loveland, Chilion Mack, Capt. Solomon Mack and Esther his wife, Solomon Mack, Jr., and Adeline his wife, Betsey Mark, James Mark (afterwards MORMONS. 123 Deacon) and Lois his wife, Louisa Mark, Luther W. Mark and Mary his wife, Orinda wife of Waldo May, Asa Nash (afterwards Deacon,) David Smith and Lucy his wife, Samuel Smith, Benjamin Thompson and Anna his wife, Hannah Thompson, John Thompson and Sally his wife, Julia Thompson, Lydia Thompson, Polly Thompson, Jonathan Twining and Eliza A. his wife, Elijah Ware, Mary wife of David Ware, Samuel White and Abigail his wife, Abigail White, and Lucy Whitney. Of these 84 about twenty are supposed to be living. MORMONS, OR LATTER DAY SAINTS. The fact that Lucy Mack, the mother of Joseph Smith, was a native of Gilsum, and that her brother and his family resided here, was undoubtedly the principal cause of the introduction of Mormonism into Gilsum. In 1836, Joseph Smith, Sen., father of "the prophet," and his brother John, visited their relatives in Gilsum, and vainly endeavored to convert them to their new doctrines. In 1841, Elders E. P. Maginn and Austin Cowles came and held a protracted meeting in the old Meeting House. They received 16 converts from this and the neighboring towns. A church was organized, called " Gilsum Branch of Latter Day Saints." The exact date of organization is not known. The first record is dated " Tuesday Morning 8 o'clock A. M. October 1842." Meetings were held in the following years at Dort's Hall and various other places, with considerable success. The Elders seem to have been itinerant. The following- Elders are named in the records, as being here, during the history of " Gilsum Branch " : E. P. Maginn, Austin Cowles, Ormus Bates, Luther Reed, Charles A. Adams, and Jesse C. Little. The records are evidently incomplete. The first recorded choice of President of the Gilsum Branch is that of Elder Adams, Ap. 30, 1843. Chilion Mack was the only Clerk. In August following, Elder Little was chosen President, and apparently continued in office as long as the " Gilsum Branch " retained its organization. After five or six years this Branch got into quarrels in matters of discipline. The cause is not clear in the record, but old members say it was connected mainly with the subject of intemperance. The records of the new Branch intimate that the trouble was an unwillingness on the part of some, to submit to the church authorities. In 1849, Elder Joseph Grover, recommended by the " Twelve Apostles," came to Gilsum, and after holding meetings, and investigating the troubles, organized a new Branch, at the dwelling House of Solomon Mack, Jr., May 28, 1849. After some appropriate remarks by Elder Grover Showing the importance of saints being united and living in love and fellowship with each other that our faith may be strengthened, and that we instruct one another in principles of Righteousness as we shall obtain information through the means prepared of God for that purpose even through his Servants possessing the Priesthood and the Revelations which are or shall be given for the benefit of the Saints in the Last Days That such Love and union does not exist in the Gilsum Branch is plain and obvious to every thinking mind and contention is calculated to destroy the Saints Therefore it is not wisdom to introduce new members into a blanch full of contention And as there are members that do not belong to any Branch we will Organize a branch to be Called the Cheshire County Branch of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints. To be subject to the proper Authority of said Church at all times The following persons were then Organised as a branch under the above name Joseph Grover and his wife Rebecca D Grover Willard S Cady and wife Abigail M Cady by appointing Joseph Grover President and Willard S Cady Clerk Recommended that we pray for the Constituted Authority of said Church uphold and sustain them for where the Priesthood and records with a majority of the Church goes there is the true Church Therefore we discountenance all Apostasy from the Presidency and Council of said Church we will uphold the Chorum of the Twelve Apostles and all the Chorums of the church We will hold ourselves ready at all times to Abide by the council and instruction of the above named Authority. And that all shall be united for union is our motto Peace our theme the Glory of God and Salvation of Man our object May the Blessings of Heaven and Earth Attend us is our Prayer in the name of Jesus, Amen. Joseph Grover President Willard S. Cady Clerk A part of these original members, and some received soon after, were those who had been excluded from the Gilsum Branch. Having been duly organized, they speedily retaliated, at a 124 GILSUM, Conference held in Dort's Hall, July 21 and 22, 1849, by cutting off the remaining members of Gilsum Branch. At this conference much was said about sustaining the authority of the church, and the ostensible reason for the exclusion of these members was for " rejecting authority, and quiriling for slander and abusing the authority of the church and for apostacy, &c." Elder Solomon Mack was chosen President, which office he held as long as any organization was sustained. This Branch seems to have been very inactive as there are almost no records till Aug. 21, 1855, when the Branch was " re-organized by Martin H. and E. M. Peck." Solomon Mack was re- elected President, and John Young, Clerk. In 1856, Benjamin H. Horton was chosen Clerk and no other has since been chosen. In 1857, the Branch was visited by " Elder Win. H. Branch on a Mission from Utah to the State of New Hampshire," who re-baptized most of the members. The remaining records consist mainly of visits by various messengers from Utah, and baptisms, rebaptisms, and ordinations. The resident members of the Gilsum Branch as shown by the records in order of joining, were the following Daniel Converse, Edna Beckwith, AVilliam Barns [Barron,] Solomon Mack, Jr., Rebecka Davis, Dolly Converse, Lucy Gates, Cynthia Barron, Martha Metcalf, Rebecca Chapin, David Adams, Sophia Foster, Nancy B. Foster, Allice Adams, Joanna Beckwith. William Campbell, Alvah Foster, Nancy Heudee, Susan Gates, Stephen Foster, Chilion Mack, Zenas D. Metcalf, Kimbal Metcalf, Sally Loveland, Finice Guillow, Luther S. Hemming- way, Alvira Hemmingway, Nancy Campbell, Hemon Gates, Abigail Davis, Elisha Foster, Betsey Foster, Adaline Mack, Hannah Mack, Eliza G. Nash, Zerua Guillow, Asa Nash, Paul Farnsworth, Israel Loveland, Sally Murphy, Fanny Hendee, Lydia Foster, and Bethany Barron. The original members of the Cheshire Co. Branch were : - Joseph Grover, Rebecca D. Grover, Willard S. Cady, Abigail M Cady, Solomon Mack, Jr., and Adaline K. Mack. Of those not members of the Gilsum Branch, the following are recorded Lorena Howard, John H. A. Young, Elisha Nash, George S. Howard, Deliverance Nash, J. W. Pierce, Beuj. H. Horton, Andrew I. Gates, Ellen Gates, Lucy Gates, and John Dustin. Under the re-organization of 1857, there were only eight resident members, with no new names. Some other of our citizens are reported to have been baptized by Elder Mack, but these are all that the records show. We find also the record of the following ordinations of Gilsum men. At Walpole Ap. 13, 1844, William Campbell and Luther S. Hemmenway. At Peterboro'. July 13 or 14, 1844, " Under the hands of Elder's Brigham Young & Orson Pratt," Solomon Mack, Zenas D. Metcalf, Stephen Foster, Elisha Foster, Alvah Foster, Chilion Mack, and Asa Nash. July 1 1857, Heman Gates, by William Walker and Solomon Mack. At Philadelphia, Penn. Dec. 25. 1856 Solomon Mack was ordained to the High Priesthood, by Elders John Taylor and N. H. Felt. No meetings have been held for a long time, and most of these members have apparently fallen away from Mormonism, some to other churches, and some to no church. It is impossible to say how many quietly retain their faith in the Mormon church. Elder Mack is the only one who openly maintains the doctrine at present. John H. A. Young and his wife Edna, William Campbell and his wife Nancy, Luther S. Hemmenway and his wife Elvira, went to join the body of the faithful at Utah. Several of them perished on the way. Elder Solomon Mack went as far as Kansas, but his family not being willing to go with him, he returned home. MARLOW MEN PLAY MAJOR ROLES Solomon Mack, Our First Settler- Solomon Mack, cousin of The Reverend Ebenezer Mack, was the first citizen of Lyme, Connecticut to settle in Marlow. He was here before the Marlow Charter of 1761. He played a role in the French and Indian War near Ft Anne, NY with Rogers's Rangers and saw service at Crown Point in 1759. He later took up a grant of land at Granville, NY, but lost it when he could not fulfill requirements of settlement because of illness. He bought land in Lyme, CT, in 1759 and 1761. He lived in Lyme, CT until 1762 when he sold out and moved to Marlow, New Hampshire, where he was deer reeve(?) in 1767. He is listed as a proprietor by purchase in 1771. He and his brother, Elisha, built and operated saw mills and grist mills in Marlow and later in Gilsum, New Hampshire, in 1773, he sold his land in Marlow and later in Gilsum, New Hampshire. In 1773, he sold his moved to Gilsum, New Hampshire. During the Revolutionary War, we find him learning to make salt peter (presumably for gun powder) just before the Revolution and being called from town to town to teach others. He joined an artillery company which went to the defense of Fort Ticonderoga near Skeenesboro New York. He was badly hurt by a fall of a tree and was scarcely recovered from that when he was again injured. As a result he seems to have lost not only the land in Granville, New York, but suffered severe financial reverses at Gilsum. About 1779, he moved to Montague, MA, and engaged in privateering and later in fishing off the Grand Banks. We find him taking his sons to sea as privateers. After his son, Stephen, went to Tunbridge, VT, Solomon and his wife went there to live, also. His grave is in Gilsum, N.H. There is much else about him to discover. For instance, his daughter Lucy married Joseph Smith, Sr. and became the mother of Joseph Smith, Jr., the Mormon founder. Elisha Mack's Enthusiasm for Liberty- Elisha Mack, another of Solomon's cousins, moved from Lyme, Connecticut to Marlow, N.H. to Gilsum near Marlow. He was an impetuous and enterprising young man. Following his family's footsteps, he was active in the cause of liberty. Read about his attempt to eliminate Tories in Keene, N. H. Elisha Mack's Inventiveness- Elisha Mack is credited with building several early bridges and dams, including a Gilsum bridge and the first bridge to span the Connecticut at Bellows Falls, Vermont. Elisha eventually moved down the Connecticut River to Montague, Massachusetts. Hayward's History of Gilsum, N. H. explains that he had invented a leather diving suit which allowed him to work in the water dry. Perhaps this is really a holdover from working on ship afloat. Read about Elisha's adventures in Montague. Some Misc. facts about the New England Macks: Solomon Mack, mentioned by Sherman Brown and Ron Moore, was born 26 Sep 1735 in Lyme, New London, Conn. according to his daughter Lucy (Mack) Smith in "Biographical Sketches of Joseph Smith, The Prophet, and His Progenitors for many Generations," 1853. ...John Mack's will dated 5 Jan 1721, proved 28 Mar 1721, which names his wife and children. John Mack married Sarah Bagley, ... Their father, Orlando, was constable in the district, and arrested another of my ancestors, Susannah (North) Martin, for being a witch. She was tried and on 19 Jul 1692 executed as one of the last victims of the witchcraft hysteria. Ref: Paul R. Swan - CygnalSoft@aol.com (mailto:CygnalSoft@aol.com)

    MOCK/MACK/MAUCK/MAUK, etc. NARRATIVE OF THE LIFE OF SOLOMON MACK CONTAINING AN ACCOUNT OF THE MANY SEVERE ACCIDENTS HE MET WITH DURING A LONG SERIES OF YEARS, TOGETHER WITH THE EXTRAORDINARY MANNER IN WHICH HE WAS CONVERTED TO THE CHRISTIAN FAITH By WINDSOR. I, SOLOMON MACK, was born in Connecticut, in the town of Lime near the mouth of [the] Connecticut River, September 26, 1735, my parents, (Ebenezer and Hannah Mack.) Ebenezer Mack departed this life in 1777. He went to the door to fetch in a back-log and returned after a fore-stick and instantly dropped down dead on the floor. You may see by this our lives are dependent on a supreme and independent God. Hannah Mack departed this life in 1796 with a long fit of sickness; she experienced the power of God from an early age, with all the good morals of life, and instructing the youth for about thirty years. She died rejoicing and wishing her last moments to come. Rejoicing she went home to meet her Father in the realms of eternal bliss. My parents had a large property and lived in good style. From various misfortunes, and the more complicated evils attendant on the depravity of the sons of men, my parents became poor, and when I was four years old the family, then consisting of five children, were obliged to disperse and throw themselves upon the mercy of an unfeeling and evil world. I was bound out to a farmer in the neighborhood. As is too commonly the case, I was rather considered as a slave than a member of the family, and, instead of allowing me the privilege of common hospitality and a claim to that kind protection due to the helpless and indigent children, I was treated by my master as his property and not as his fellow mortal; he taught me to work and was very careful that I should have little or no rest. From labor he never taught me to read or spoke to me at all on the subject of religion. His whole attention was taken up on the pursuits of the good things of this world; wealth was his supreme object. I am afraid gold was his God, or rather he never conversed on any other subject, and I must say he lived without God in the world, and to all appearance God was not in his thoughts. I lived with this man (whose name, for many reasons, I did not think proper to mention) until I was 21 years of age lacking 2 months, when a difficulty took place between me and my master, which terminated in our separation . . . at that time. I, however, at his request returned and fulfilled the indenture; which in consequence of being frequently abused, I had found my indentures in my master's custody, and I burnt them. My mistress was afraid of my commencing a suit against them, she took me aside and told me I was such a fool we could not learn you. I was totally ignorant of divine revelation or anything appertaining to the Christian religion. I was never taught even the principles of common morality and felt no obligation with regard to society and was born as others, like the wild ass's colt. I met with many sore accidents during the years of my minority. I had a terrible fever sore on my leg, which had well nigh proved fatal to my life, which it seems was occasioned by a scald that terminated in a severe fit of sickness. In these trials my master was very kind to me, he procured the best physicians and surgeons and provided everything necessary for my comfort, all which as I suppose that he might again reap the benefit of my labour, for although it was thought for a time that I could not live; yet my master never spoke to me of death, judgment or eternity, nor did he ever to my recollection discover that he himself had any idea that he was made to die, or that he had here no continuing [city], or ever thought of seeking one to come. Soon after I left my master, I enlisted in the service of my country under the command of Capt. Henry and was annexed to a regiment commanded by Col. Whiting. I marched from Connecticut to Fort Edwards; there was a severe battle fought at the half way brook in the year 1755. I had been out [on] a long scout, and I caught a bad cold and was taken sick and remained so all the rest of the winter, and in the spring, 1756, I was carried to Albany in a wagon, where I saw five men hung at one time. I remained sick the biggest part of the summer. I went [Compare this page with final ERRATA.] to Lime and purchased a farm -- in the year 1757, I mustered two teams in the King's service for one season. I then went to Stillwater with the General's baggage. One morning I went out to yoke up as usual and found there was three of my oxen missing; the officer was so angry that he drew his sword to run me through but immediately exclaimed, get thee out three of any you can find; which I accordingly did. Then I went on with the baggage and arrived at Fort Edward; then I returned back after my oxen; when I got about half way I espied at about thirty rods distance, four Indians coming out of the woods with their tomma-hawks, scalping-knives and guns. I was alone, but about twenty rods behind me there was a man by the name of Webster. I saw no other way to save myself only to deceive them by stratagem -- I exclaimed like this -- Rush on! rush on! Brave boys, we'll have the Devils! we'll have the Devils! -- I had no other weapon only a staff; but I ran towards them and the other man appearing in sight, gave them a terrible fright, and I saw them no more, but I am bound to say the grass did not grow under my feet. I hastened to Stillwater and found my oxen; the same night I returned back through the woods. alone; which was about seven miles, the next morning I was ready to go on my journey again. From thence I went to Lake George. I followed teaming the remainder of the season, but by accident I was taken with the small pox at Albany. I entrusted a man to convey my teams to Litchfield, and gave him 15 dollars for his services. But instead of doing as he agreed, he went twenty miles & sold one team, then went a short distance and left the other. But after I regained my health I went and bought them again and returned to Lime. Soon after I enlisted under Major Spencer, in 1758, and went over the Lakes. There was a severe battle fought; Lord Howe was killed. His bowels were taken out and were buried; his body was embalmed and carried to England. The next day we marched to the breastworks and were obliged to retreat with the loss of five hundred killed and as many more wounded; but I escaped very narrowly by a musket ball passing under my chin, perhaps within half an inch of my neck. In this rencountre I had no reflection, only that I thought I had by my good luck escaped a narrow shot. The army returned back to Lake George. A large scouting party of the enemy came round by Skenesborough, at the half-way brook, and cut off a large number of our men and teams. One thousand of our men set out to go to Skenesborough after the enemy; five hundred of them were sent back, and just as we got to South Bay the enemy got out of our reach. - The enemy went to Ticonderoga & got recruited, they then came after us, we scouted by Wood- Creek. On the 13th day we got to Fort Ann. The sentry came and told me that the enemy was all around us. Major Putnam led out the party. Maj. Rogers bro't up the rear; marched in an Indian path three-quarters of a mile -- the Indians lay in a half-moon; Major Putnam went through their ranks; they fired upon us -- Major Putnam was taken and tied to a tree, and an Indian would have killed him had it not been for a French Lieut. who rescued his life -- the enemy rose like a cloud and fired a volley upon us, and my being in the front brought me into the rear -- I turned little to the right -- the tomahawks and bullets flying around my ears like hail stones, and as I was running, I saw a great wind fall [a] little forward, which seemed impossible for me or any other man to mount, but over I went, and as I ran I looked little one side, where I saw a man wounded, (the Indians close to him) who immediately with my help got into the circle. Gershom Bowley had nine bullets shot thro' his clothes and remained unhurt. Ensign Worcester had nine wounds, scalped and tomahawked, who lived and got well. The battle commenced in the morning and continued until three o'clock, when they left us. We gathered our dead and wounded up in a ring; there was half of our men killed and wounded and taken. We sent to Fort Edward for relief to help carry our wounded, it being 80 in number; we made biers to carry them, many of whom died on the passage, the distance being 14 miles. I was almost beat out, but I went to Albany after stores and returned to the army. -- From thence I went home, it being in the fall, and tarried through the winter. In the Spring, 1754, I set out on another campaign. I went to Crown Point, and there I set up a sutler's shop, which I kept two years by means of a clerk I employed for that purpose, not knowing myself how to write, or read to any amount, what others had written or printed. I lost my Clerk, and not being able properly to adjust accounts, lost what I had accumulated by hard industry for several years, all for the want of youthful education. After leaving the army I accumulated, by industry, a handsome sum of silver and gold. With it I purchased in the town of Granville, sixteen hundred acres of land and paid for it on delivery of the deed, but besides I was to clear a small piece of land on each right and build a log house, but previous to this I married in the year 1761. I then proceeded into the back country to clear me a farm, soon after I began to work in the woods, but unfortunately cut my leg and lay under the Doctor's care the whole season, [Compare this page with final ERRATA.] which cost me a large sum and well nigh took my life. I underwent every thing but death, but thought nothing of the hand that inflicted the chastisement. My family arrived, and we were in the wilderness and could do no business. Previous to this, however, I freighted a vessel and went to New-York, where I sold my cargo extremely high and returning was overtaken by a gale of wind, my vessel was much damaged, but we made shift and got to Long Island, and there we left the vessel. I arrived at home sometime in the winter, poor enough; the vessel did not arrive till the next spring. Afterwards I broke my wrist, with which I had a great deal of pain and expense; for a long time I was unable to do any labour. Though I still sought to make myself great and happy, in the way I was educated, the Lord would not suffer me to prosper. l was not yet discouraged. Soon after I went to Moudus and learnt of my brother-in-law how to make Salt-Peter; though being a cripple, I went to Old Springfield and Long Meadow to show them the art of making Salt-Peter. I was sent for from town to town; my wages was one dollar per day; this was in our revolutionary war. I then enlisted into the American army. I soon mustered two teams and carried baggage to Skenesborough, I afterwards enlisted into a company of artillery for a short Campaign, but on my return home I was taken sick, as soon as I recovered I went to see my son; he was cutting trees, when unfortunately a tree fell on me and crushed me almost all to pieces; beat the breath out of my body; my son took me up for dead, I however soon recovered, but have not to this day recovered the use of my limbs, which was 34 years ago. I lay sixty days on my back and never moved or turned to one side or the other, the skin was worn off my back from one end to the other. I was then taken by six men in a sheet and moved from time to time for sixty or seventy days more; when I was able to walk by the help of crutches. I had a man to work in a saw-mill, it got out of order, I hobbled down to show him how to mend it, and by accident I fell on the water-wheel and bruised me most horribly. I was indeed helpless and in dreadful pain; confined month after month, unable to help myself, but at last I was restored to health; but being destitute of property, and without my natural strength to get my bread, with a young and dependent family whose daily wants were increasing, and none to administer relief. But strange to relate and unaccountable as it may appear to a thinking mind, I never once thought on the God of my salvation, or looked up to him for blessing or protection; I was stupid and thoughtless. Owing to my misfortune I could not attend to my contract at Granville, so I lost all my land; however, I regained my strength, so I could walk a little and ride side-ways. Soon after this I was wounded by a limb falling from a tree upon my head, which again nearly deprived me of life. I was carried in wholly unable to help myself. I, however, recovered again; I can say like this, "the time of my departure was not yet come, and there was yet more trouble for me to pass through." I afterwards was taken with a fit, when traveling with an ax under my arm on Winchester hills, the face of the land was covered with ice. I was senseless from one until five P. M. When I came to myself I had my ax still under my arm, I was all covered with blood and much cut & bruised. When I came to my senses I could not tell where I had been, nor where I was going; but by good luck I went right and arrived at the first house, was under the Doctor's care all the winter. In the next place I fell [sic] seven large trees against another, and very imprudently went to cut away the prop; -- when suddenly the whole fell together, and I in the midst of them, this time I remained unhurt; but thought nothing of the power that protected me, (blind as ever). Soon after I, and my two sons went out a privateering. We ship't aboard a privateer of 114 tons, commanded by Capt. Havens, there was about eighty men on board, we were chased by five British privateers; they drove us in upon Horse-neck, where we got some of our guns on shore; we brought them to bear upon the enemy, we exchanged a great many shots; they shattered our vessel and cut away our rigging. The next day our officers went up into town, and five repaired our vessel -- then hauled off from the wharf -- then cast anchor -- every man on board went to their rest except myself, in the month of March and very soon I espied two Row-gallies, two sloops, two schooners; I rallied all hands on deck; they quick obeyed and we weighed anchor; then hauled by the side of the wharf but had only time to get two cannon out on the point of land, and two on the stern of the vessel; this engagement began in the morning -- the enemy gave us a broad-side and where the bullets struck it had the appearance of a furrow made by a plough. Staddles in gun shot was all cut asunder; one of the row-gallies went round the point of land to hem us in, and they had near ran aground, but with our small arms we killed forty of the enemy. We sent our cabin boys up to a house near the shore with a wounded man. Just as the boys entered the door there came an eighteen pounder into the house, and the woman was frying cakes over the fire. Says the woman to the boys, take the cakes, and I will go down cellar. By our killing so many of the enemy they thought proper to leave us, pleased enough at the fight; for if we had been taken, what would our punishment have been -- but I thought nothing of futurity, which if I had considered a moment and viewed a watery grave already made, it appears as if I must have shuddered at the thought, my God must have given me some warnings of my danger, but if he did his calls I would not hearken to. The devil had great hold on me and I served him well, but the Lord was with me -- yes, he has supported me to this day through trials and fatigues, but now I feel to sing praises with the celestial bands above. -- How thankful my friends I am to join with christian friends now in my old age; but I must leave this subject. Next we hoisted sail and made for New London. After the war we freighted a vessel and went to Liverpool and sold our loading and shipt aboard Capt. Foster's and went [on] a fishing voyage. And so I went [on] two [voyages], and the third voyage I was in the cabin when I heard a rout on deck. I sprang up as quick as possible and there being a terrible hurricane as ever I saw in my life, both masts was carried overboard and if they had not we must all have found watery graves; we ought to have been thankful and bless the Lord for it. Our capt. and all hands appeared to be greatly surprised but we was all spared through the tempest, we ought to be thankful to our God for a few moments for repentance, but we thought nothing of these things. The hands all left her but myself and my son; we stuck fast by the hull, and that night we caught 25 large fish; but by jury masts we worked her into Liverpool -- we went on board another vessel and sailed for Halifax; meanwhile Capt. Foster repaired his schooner and proceeded to Halifax and there he found me; I bought his vessel, and by good fortune I was able to pay the whole purchase except eight pounds. I then took a freight and went to St. John's, and on our return to Halifax we were overtaken by a gale of wind and well nigh lost all hands, vessel and cargo. We however made for Mount desert and obtained it; I was very uneasy about my property, but thought of nothing else. We repaired our vessel and returned to Halifax; this was the first of January, such a day I never saw before nor since; nothing but confusion; almost every sailor was in-toxicated, myself amongst the rest. After I came to myself I reflected a little on such conduct; resolving to amend from such practices, but soon I forgot amidst the bustle of the world. The next day I sailed up the bay of Fundy and wintered at Hawton. There I made an agreement to take thirty passengers on board (at eight dollars per head) and carried them to New-London and brought them back again in the spring; so I returned to Halifax and took in a freight of dry goods, and again sailed for Hawton; on our passage we struck on a reef and employed other small vessels to take her loading and carry it to Liverpool harbour and secure it; and then I informed the sundry owners of the circumstance, but I soon got my vessel off again, but it cost me one dollar an hour for each man. The cost being so much, I was obliged to sell her to defray the expenses. Again I was left destitute of property. I had by this time recovered my health, and was not willing to return empty. I immediately went to work and again obtained the same vessel by honest industry. My next business was to follow coasting, but late in the fall I landed at Salem and was taken very sick; I lay there some weeks when I recovered and returned to my family after an absence of four years, in which time I had not heard from them. I had very little property and my family had been turned out of doors on account of placing confidence in those that I took to be my friends, but by unjust dealing they took hundreds of dollars of my property. When I went from home, I owed John Cordy at Lime one hundred dollars; Nathaniel Peck of Lime owed me one hundred dollars; he gave me a note; I gave that note to John Cordy to pay that debt. Nathaniel Peck went to sea and died. John Cordy [administered] upon Nathaniel Peck's Estate. Mr. Cordy got just D.26,66 of his debt; Mr. Cordy came up here and asked me if I would let his brother Samuel take the note, I gave him leave. I then drove two yoke of oxen to Samuel M. Cordy, Surry. -- Those oxen with the D.26,66 paid the debt. John Cordy at Lime did not know it, and on his death [bed] he willed me half of the said debt (his widow and son signed the will), likewise, when I was at sea Samuel M. Cordy got all the writings and turned my family out of doors. This I can prove by Abisha Tubbs, Esq. -- Kind reader, look at the nature of mankind, what they will do for silver and gold, but after all this earth, hard labor and perplexity of mind, I had won nothing and the best of my days were past and gone and had to begin entirely anew. I now thought all was gone, and I did not care whether I lived or died, but however, I went to work and shifted from plan to plan till at length I moved to Tunbridge, in Vermont. On my passage I undertook driving cattle, but by accident I fell and broke my wrist. I walked eight miles before I could get it set, by that time I had gained some property, altho I was all this time a cripple and afflicted with broken bones and sore sicknesses, and some fits. To add to all the rest, I became bail for a number of people, and all that I was bondman for, and took all I had. I had to pay ... To add to all the rest, I became bail for a number of people, and all that I was bondman for, and took all I had. I had to pay every farthing, and it reduced me to poverty again, in advanced age without the means of hiring or anyone to relieve our wants. Who is able or willing to bear our burden. A few particulars which were forgotten. As I was passing through Woodstock, a number of troopers rode by in haste struck my side, my horse run, and I immediately fell backwards and almost was killed; and I did not recover for a number of months. At another time I fell and broke my shoulder. At another time at Hawton, I was riding in the road a boy in making his obeisance, started my horse and I fell to the ground and was much bruised. At another time at Royalton my horse fell and through the mercy of God my life was spared and not much hurt; at another time I fell in a fit at Tunbridge, and was supported for the benefit of my soul and others in the fall of the year 1810, in the 76th year of my age, I was taken with the Rheumatism and confined me all winter in the most extreme pain for most of the time, I under affliction and dispensation of providence, at length began to consider my ways and found myself destitute of knowledge to extol me to enquire. I thought on the best that is recorded in the 11th Chapter of Matthew, and 28th to the 30th verses came to my mind. I asked my wife whether those words were in the Bible or not, she told me they were; that gave me a shock, & very uneasy I was not knowing where they were. I began to search the bible, but often before this I had trials, but I would not hearken. I had practically said unto God, depart from me I desire not the knowledge of thy ways. I had all my days set at naught his councils and words, I often [slighted] till an advanced age, but now I experienced personal deliverance, yet I had all these number of years been totally blind to the things that belonged to my peace. I had fears and put up prayers before God in this situation. I had incurred, as I thought, the denunciation, I will pour out my fury upon the heathen and upon the families that call not on my name. My mind was imagining, but agitated I imagined many things; it seemed to me that I saw a bright light in a dark night, when contemplating on my bed which I could not account for, but I thought I heard a voice calling to me again. I thought I saw another light of the same kind, all which I considered as ominous of my own dissolution. I was in distress that sleep departed from my eyes and I literally watered my pillow with tears that I prayed eagerly that God would have mercy on me, that he would relieve me and open the eyes of my understanding, and enable me to call on him as I ought. It brought passages of scripture to my mind, those particular Christ's lamentations over Jerusalem struck me very forcibly to think that often the Lord had called, and I was stubborn & would not; therefore I [was] left desolate. The whole force of the scripture seemed to be out against me as far as I could learn; my wife was my only instructor: I had never read the bible; nor had I any knowledge of it; could only recollect some taught parts, such as I had heard and laid up for the purpose of ridiculing religious institutions and characters. I however, had my intention; I believe these things have turned to my advantage, but I hope and trust I found mercy; I do believe that God did appear for me and took me out of the horrible pit and mirey clay, and set my feet on the rock of Christ Jesus -- Blessed be the name of Jehovah that I have reason to hope that I have found him of whom the prophets did write and that he has told me all things that ever I did, has enabled me to cast my burthen on the Lord, and to believe that he will sustain me, to whom be glory for ever and ever. A few words upon the Universal principle -- I have experienced it through the early part of my life, but I say it was like building on sand. A certain learned man built seven years upon it, but upon his death bed he damned the principle, and made this reply, "I shall be damned to all eternity for this principle." He went out of the world smiting his fists almost in despair, and I having no learning, thinking of him who made me believe it would deceive me. I have tried and reached much after property and several times obtained it, but by misfortunes time after time I lost it. I at length got wholly discouraged of trying to lay up on earth, where moth and rust doth corrupt, and thieves break through and steal, which put me to thinking something of death and eternity till I thought myself almost a Christian, and was so religious that I once went to talk with a sick man on his death bed. But if the Lord had taken me away with such false hopes, I should have been miserable to all eternity (this is Universalists that I am speaking of) this will not answer; deceived man and woman. Last fall I was again almost a christian, but I found it would not answer to depend on such foundation. Those verses still run in my mind, Mathew, the 11th Chapter and 28th, 29th verses, come unto me all ye that labour and are hevy [sic] laden, and I will give you rest; take my yoke upon you, and learn of me, for I am meek and lowly in heart, and ye shall find rest unto your souls. for my yoke is easy and my burthen is light. I was so stupid that I did not know whether these words were in the Bible or not; I asked my wife, and she told me they were, and where they were, I then discovered how ignorant and stupid I had been even to a great age, and I saw what offers of mercy I had; but I slighted them. It brought to my mind Christ's sayings in St. Matthew, 23d chapter and 37th verse: O Jerusalem, thou that killest the prophets and stonest them that are sent unto thee; how often would I have gathered thy children together even as the hen gathereth her chickens under her wings, and ye would not. Reader, you may think I was in great distress. I could not sleep and took to reading. I was distressed to think how I had abused the Sabbath and had not taken warning from my wife. About midnight I saw a light about a foot from my face as bright as fire; the doors were all shut and no one stirring in the house. I thought by this that I had but a few moments to live, and oh what distress I was in. I prayed that the Lord would have mercy on my soul and deliver me from this horrible pit of sin. I thought myself that I had been such a vile wretch that the Lord would not have mercy on me, and I thought as I had slighted so many warnings from my companion and so abused the Sabbath; but I perceived my body and soul was in danger; oh reader, you may think I was in distress. Another night soon after, I saw another light as bright as the first, at a small distance from my face, and I thought I had but a few moments to live. And not sleeping nights and reading, all day I was in misery; well you may think I was in distress, soul and body. At another time in the dead of the night I was called by my christian name; I arise up to answer to my name. The doors all being shut and the house still, I thought the Lord called, and I had but a moment to live. Oh what a vile wretch I had been. I prayed to the Lord to have mercy on my soul. I called upon the Lord the greatest part of the winter, and towards spring it was reviving and light shined into my soul. I have often thought that the lights which I saw were to show me what a situation I was in. I had slighted his calls and invitations and warnings from my companion, and what a sandy foundation I was on. The calls, I believe, were for me to return to the Lord who would have mercy on me. All the winter I was laid up with the rheumatism, so that my wife was obliged to help me to bed and up again, but in the spring the Lord appeared to be with me. But for my own satisfaction, I thought like this as I was setting one evening by the fire. I prayed to the Lord, if he was with me, that I might know it by this token -- that my pains might all be eased for that night; and blessed be the Lord, I was entirely free from pain that night, and I rejoiced in the God of my salvation, and found Christ's promises verified that what things soever ye ask in prayer, believing, ye shall receive, and found that Christ would fulfil all his promises, and not one jot or tittle would fail; and the Lord so shined light into my soul that everything appeared new and beautiful. Oh how I loved my neighbors; how I loved my enemies -- I could pray for them; every thing appeared delightful. The love of Christ is beautiful; there is more satisfaction to be taken in the enjoyment of Christ one day, than in half a century serving our master, the devil. You that have children under your care, that have no parents, when you put any thing upon them to do, consider them as your own, that when death overtakes you, you need not fear their apparitions, appearing in your sight, for tyranny and misusage of the fatherless and motherless. Time will come when we shall all be called for, sooner or later, when money cannot buy our breath one moment. Parents, a little caution how to train up your children in the sight of the Lord. Never bid them to do any thing that is out of their power, nor promise them only what you mean to fulfil; set good examples in word, deed, and action. We aged parents have a Father to go to and to guide us if we will but obey and hearken to his calls. How often we hear, but do not obey him; but why? because we will say there is time enough yet, and I have something more to attend to of my worldly business. But how, am I bringing up my children, in the fear of the Lord? I answer no, but in all manner of evils, sabbath breaking, lying, swearing, &c. giving them no counsels from the command of our God. Bless the rising generation with his outpouring from corner to corner. I invite you to hearken to the calls that often presses into your minds, and put it not away for another day. I give you a weak advice; I am almost brought to the ground with sore accidents, and greatly advanced in years. I always lived in sin, an enemy to God till in my seventy-sixth year -- then I began to hearken to these calls -- made alive through the blessedness of Christ -- reconciled to God. Oh! my friends, what views I had -- the love I had to God and my fellow mortals, I cannot express. The remainder of my days, I mean to spend in my father's service, though a poor cripple; cannot get on or off my horse without help -- I have a love to all: rich and poor, kings and nobles, black and white, come all to Jesus, my friends, come to Jesus and he will in no wise cast you off; oh! come come, how sweet is the love to Jesus -- how beautiful is the love of God. This invitation is from my heart to hear of your repenting and turning to my God. Take no pattern from me for I would not hearken till I arrived to advanced age -- swared from time to time; now I have a love for your souls; now listen to me, though like a child, but shun that path that I used to walk in -- this is the prayer of Solomon Mack. "This is quite a miracle of my daughter in the town of Sunderland in the state of Massachusetts, the wife of Joseph Tuttle, she was sick about one year. At the expiration of her first sickness, the doctor had given her over, and the nurses removed her by the use of sheets, to make her bed, for some days before her recovery. For three days she ate only the yoke of one egg -- she was an anatomy to appearance. Her friends were often weeping around her bed expecting every important moment to be her last. The day before her recovery, the doctor said it was as much impossible to raise her, as it would one from the dead. The night following she dreamed a dream; it was that a sort of wine would cure her, it was immediately brought to her, and she drank it. The next morning she awoke and called to her husband to get up and make a fire -- he arose immediately, but thought she was out of her head; but soon he found to the contrary, quickly she arose up on end in the bed (said the Lord has helped both body and soul) and dressed herself. She then asked for the Psalm book and turned to the 30th Psalm, 2d part (readers look for yourselves) and again she mentioned the 116th first part. Soon after the same morning she went to the house of her father-in-law, *which was about ten rods) and back again on her feet her eyes and countenance appeared lively and bright as ever it was in her past life. It was on Thursday following, she went to meeting which was a mile and a half. On the first singing she offered them the 116th Psalm first part. The minister preached an excellent sermon but her exhortation was said to exceed the minister's sermon and on the last singing she turned to the 116th Psalm 2d part. After meeting returned home and after she regained her strength she went about her usual labour, which she moderately followed one or two years, when she was taken down again she grew uneasy and went to her fathers in Gilsum in New Hampshire, and there staid some months; at the same time I had another daughter sick with the consumption and died. My other daughter grew uneasy and I carried her back again, where she staid part of one summer and she was disconted [sic], and I went after her and got her to Montangue to landlord S_____, I took her out of the carriage and set her in a chair and she instantly died. I immediately got a coffin made and then carried her home. My friends when you read this journal remember your unfortunate friend Solomon Mack, who worried and toiled until an old age, to try to lay up treasures in this world, but the Lord would not suffer me to have it, but now I trust I have treasures laid up that no man can take away, but by the goodness of God through the blood of a bleeding Saviour. Although I am a poor cripple unable to walk much, or even to mount or dismount my horseI hope to serve my God by his assistance to [divine] accceptance, that I may at last leap for joy [to] see his face and hold him fast in my embrace. Jesus is mine, and I am his; In union we are joined. Oh how sweet to me it is, To feel my Saviour mine. My friends, for you I long, That you might happy be; I long to hear you sing the song, Jesus has died for me. How short and fleeting are my days, And chiefly spent in sinful ways; O may those few which now remain Be spent eternal life to gain. I'm passing through this vale of tears beneath the weight of numerous years, My body maimed; what have I done Beneath the light of yonder sun. The bloom of life I spent in vain, Some earthly treasures to obtain; But earthly treasures took their flight, For which I laboured day and night. I've ranged the fields of battle o'er Midst dying groans and cannon's roar; Whilst death surrounded all the plain, I'm spared amidst the thousands slain. I've been preserved by sea and land By the Almighty's gracious hand, ... For causes then unknown to me, Which since I trust I'm brought to see. I hope through grace that God has given I'm led to seek a place in heaven; Where sin and pain shall never come, I hope to find a peaceful home." FINIS ERRATA. In the year 1755, I enlisted under Captain Harris and went to Fort Edwards; there was a large army come from South Bay (now called Skenesborough) upon a scouting party of our men at Halfway Brook: there was a scouting party of the enemy attacked our men, and Kendricks horse was shot under him, and he was killed; when they heard the guns, Gen. Lyman and Col. Johnson had not a log put up. The enemy fought seven miles and killed them all the way; when they got there the breast work was finished. This battle lasted all day; many were killed on both sides; the remainder of the enemy went back to half-ways brook (being seven miles) and refreshed themselves upon their spoil. Then a party of New-Hampshire troops come upon them and killed a great number of them. I was married in the year 1759, instead of [1721] -- same page, instead of 1754 -- 1759. Then I went to Crown Point and kept a Suttler's shop 27 [sic, 2?] years. In the year 1757 a large army came from Quebec and took Fort William Henry. The French guarded the prisoners fourteen miles. The blood-thirsty Indians kept breaking in upon the guard and killing them all the way. Transcriber's Comments A Narraitve [sic] of the Life of Solomon Mack, Containing An Account of the Many Severe Accidents he met with during a long series of years, together with the Extraordinary Manner in which he was converted to the Christian Faith (Windsor [VT]: Printed at the Expense of the Author [1811]). Ref: The History of the Church pg 18 - Solomon Mack was born at Lyme, Connecticut, September 15th, 1732.(3) (footnote #3 - This date is the one given in Five Colonial Families, Lucy Smith gives the date of birth September 26, 1735. The date of the text is most probably the right one, since Solomon Mack's Narrative states that he left his "master" at twenty-one, to enlist in the service of his country, and describes an engagement with the enemy at Half Way Brook in 1755. If Lucy Smith's date were the right one, it would have been 1756 before Solomon enlisted. The author of the History of the Town of Gilsum, however, (Silvanus Hayward--1881) gives Lucy Smith's date for the birth of Solomon Mack. (p. 357). When misfortune befell his father's family, Solomon was but four years of age. He was apprenticed to a farmer of the neighborhood, and experienced the hardships of an "apprenticed hand"--long hours of incessant toil cold neglect, with no schooling, and but little opportunity for self improvement. Not until he attained his majority was Solomon Mack set free from this semi-bondage. Then he entered the service of his majesty, King George II, the French and Indian War being at its height. He saw active service during the next four years, being in a number of importance engagements with the French and Indians about Lake George; at Fort Edward, Fort William Henry, Ticonderoga and Crown Point. At the last named place in the spring of 1759 Solomon Mack received his discharge; and the same year he married Lydia Gates, the daughter of Nathan Gates of East Haddam, Connecticut. Lydia was a school teacher. Solomon speaks of her as an "accomplished young woman;" and later in his Narrative justifies the description by a further reference to her in the most complimentary terms, in connection with the rearing of their family. The money that accumulated in Solomon's hands by four years' service in the army was invested in lands in Grandville, Washington County, New York, east of Lake George, and near the Vermont line. Part of the settler's contract was to build a number of log houses on the land he had purchased. About this time Solomon had the misfortune to cut his leg and he was disabled for work throughout the summer. The man whom he employed to build the aforesaid log houses, and whom he paid in advance, absconded with the money, the part of the contract pertaining to building the houses was not fulfilled, and consequently the land with the investment was lost. After this the family settled in Marlow, Cheshire county, New Hampshire. "No other than a desolate, dreary wilderness," is Solomon's description of it, "only four families within forty miles." But here the talents and virtues of Lydia, his wife, shone out. The pair now had four children, and the husband says: LYDIA GATES "Here I was thrown into a situation to appreciate more fully the talents and virtues of my excellent wife; for, as our children were deprived of schools, she assumed the charge of their education, and performed the duties of an instructress as none, save a mother, is capable of. Precepts accompanied with examples such as hers, were calculated to make impressions on the minds of the young, never to be calculated to make impressions on the minds of the young, never to be forgotten. She, besides instructing them in the various branches of an ordinary education, was in the habit of calling them together both morning and evening, and teaching them to pray; meanwhile urging upon them the necessity of love towards each other, as well as devotional feeling towards him who made them. In this manner my first children became confirmed in habits of piety, gentleness, and reflection, which afforded great assistance in guiding those who came after them, into the same happy channel. The education of my children would have been more difficult task if they had not inherited much of their mother's excellent disposition."(4) (footnote 4: The passage recalls the lines of Burns: "I've scarce heard aught describ'd sae weel, What generous, manly bosoms feel." This lady, it should be remembered, was the maternal grandmother of Joseph Smith, the Prophet. In 1776 Solomon Mack enlisted in the American army, serving for some time in the land forces, but subsequently with his two sons, Jason and Stephen, he served in a privateering expedition under Captain Havens. After serving his country for four years he returned to Gilsum, New Hampshire. Owing to exposure and the hardships of his early life Solomon Mack's health failed him in his later years he was feeble and much afflicted with rheumatism. In making journeys about the country in those days he rode on horseback, and for his greater comfort used a woman's saddle-a circumstance pressed into service to emphasize the existence of an "abnormality" in one of the ancestors of Joseph Smith!(5) (footnote 5-The Story of the Mormons, Alexander Linn, MacMillan Company, 1902, ch. ii. The Founder of Mormonism, I. Woodbridge Riley, Dodd, Mead & Co., 1902.) The circumstances that he was subject to occasional lapses into unconsciousness is made to do service in the same manner. This defect was occasioned by a severe injury in the head caused by a falling tree upon him in middle life; so, too, some hallucinations of extreme old age attended with failing health.(6) (footnote 6-Founder of Mormonism, Riley, pp. 63-5. "He served also in the Revolution . . . He was afterwards severely crippled by the falling of a tree and is remembered as riding about town on a side saddle." (History of the Town of Gilsum, p. 207). Yet this old, Revolutionary soldier, bequeathed to the country, whose liberties and institutions he had risked his life to establish, a noble family. His two sons, Jason and Stephen, both served their country in the American Revolution. Jason, who is described as "a studious and manly boy," was of a religious turn of mind, even in his youth, and became a preacher of the gospel and a social reformer. The chief scene of his activities was in New Brunswick, where he purchased a tract of land upon which he settled some thirty families of the poorer class, and taught them how to become self- supporting; supervising their temporal labors as well a ministering to their spiritual comport. In such labor the greater part of his life was spent.(7) (footnote 7 - History of the Prophet Joseph, Lucy Smith, ch. xii. History of the Town of Gilsum, N. H. "Jason Mack, oldest son of Solomon, became a Christian Minister, and preached for many years in Vermont and New York." "Stephen Mack, second son of Solomon enlisted in the Revolutionary army at the age of fourteen, and was promoted to Brigadier General." p. 207) ------------------------ Joseph Smith: An American Prophet: Joseph Smith's Forebears, pg. 25 and 26 [Note: Portraits of the past - Patriarch Hill - From the Old Turnpike Road that runs through the property that was once the Solomon Mack farm in Sharon, Vt., a path leads up to a little summit known as Patriarch Hill. The hike to Patriarch Hill is moderately steep and perhaps a mile in length. The sumit can also be accessed by four-wheel-drive vehicles. This marker informs visitors that they have reached the summit, a site whre four different townships meet. From Patriarch Hill, trees block the same view of the area that was available a century ago, but one can see the top of the Joseph Smith monument that was erected near the site of his birth. - Kenneth Mays.] The Revised and Enhanced History of Joseph Smith by His Mother Chapter 1 - Edited by Scot Facer Proctor and Maurine Jensen Protor - A brief sketch is given of the life of Solomon Mack, father of Lucy Mack from his own writings. His early military service. His marriage to Lydia Gates and service in the Revolutionary War. His final devotion to God and family. Oliver Cowdery's Writings | Oliver Cowdery Home Page revised May 20, 2003 Corrected by Preston Nibley's as follows: The History of Joseph Smith by his mother, Lucy Mack Smith with Notes and Comments by Preston Nibley - Bookcraft Salt Lake City, Utah 1956 Chapter 1- My Father, Solomon Mack, was born in the town of Lyme, New London county, State of Connecticut, September 26, 1735. His father, Ebenezer Mack, was a man of considerable property, and lived in good style, commanding all the attention and respect which are ever shown to those who live in fine circumstances, and habits of strict morality. For a length of time he fully enjoyed the fruits of his industry. But this state of things did not always continue, for a series of misfortunes visited my grand- parents, by which they were reduced to that extremity, that a once happy and flourishing family were compelled to disperse, and throw themselves upon the charity of a cold, unfeeling world. My father was taken into the family of a neighboring farmer, where he remained until he was nearly twenty-one years of age, about which time he enlisted in the service of his country. I have a sketch of my father's life, written by himself, in which is detailed an account of his several campaigns, and many of his adventures while in the army. From this I extract the following: "At the age of twenty-one years, I left my master. Shortly after which I enlisted in the services of my country under the command of Captain Henry, and was annexed to the regiment commanded by Col. Whiting. "From Connecticut, we marched to Fort Edwards, in the state of New York. We were in a severe battle, fought at Half-way Brook in 1755. During this expedition I caught a heavy cold which rendered me unfit for business until the return of warm weather. I was carried the ensuing spring to Albany. "In the year 1757, I had two teams in the King's service, which were employed in carrying the general's baggage. While thus engaged, I went one morning to yoke my tea, but three of my oxen were missing. When this knowledge came to the officer, he was very angry, and drawing his sword, threatened to run it through me. He then ordered me to get three other oxen, which I accordingly did, and proceeded with the baggage to Fort Edwards, and the next day I returned in order to find my missing oxen. "While I was performing this trip, the following circumstance occurred. About half way from Stillwater to Fort Edwards, I espied four Indians nearly thirty rods distant, coming out of the woods; they were armed with scalping knives, tomahawks and guns. I was alone, but about twenty rods behind me was a man by the name of Webster. I saw my danger, and that th

    Soloman married GATES, Lydia on 4 Jan 1759 in Haddam, Middlesex, Connecticut, United States. Lydia (daughter of GATES, Daniel Jr. and FULLER, Lydia) was born on 3 Sep 1732 in Haddam, Middlesex, Connecticut, United States; was christened on 29 Oct 1732 in Haddam, Middlesex, Connecticut, United States; died on 9 Mar 1817 in Royalton, Windsor, Vermont, United States. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]


  4. 11.  GATES, Lydia was born on 3 Sep 1732 in Haddam, Middlesex, Connecticut, United States; was christened on 29 Oct 1732 in Haddam, Middlesex, Connecticut, United States (daughter of GATES, Daniel Jr. and FULLER, Lydia); died on 9 Mar 1817 in Royalton, Windsor, Vermont, United States.

    Other Events:

    • _TAG: Reviewed on FS
    • WAC: 22 Apr 1910, SLAKE

    Notes:

    MARRIAGE: Also shown as Married Lyme, New London, Connecticut, USA. ~SEALING_SPOUSE: Also shown as SealSp 27 Aug 1957

    Children:
    1. MACK, Minister Jason was born in 1760 in Lyme, New London, Connecticut, United States; died in 1835 in Marlow, Cheshire, New Hampshire, United States.
    2. MACK, Lovisa was born in 1761 in Marlow, Cheshire, New Hampshire, United States; was christened in in Marlow, Oakland, New Hampshire, United States; died in 1789 in Hadley, Hampshire, Massachusetts, United States; was buried in Gilsum, Cheshire, New Hampshire, United States.
    3. MACK, Lovina was born in 1762 in Marlow, Cheshire, New Hampshire, United States; was christened in in Marlow, Cheshire, New Hampshire, United States; died on 31 Jan 1780 in Gilsum, Cheshire, New Hampshire, United States; was buried in Feb 1780 in Gilsum, Cheshire, New Hampshire, United States.
    4. MACK, Lydia was born in 1764 in Marlow, Cheshire, New Hampshire, United States; was christened in 1764 in Marlow, Cheshire, New Hampshire, United States; died on 8 Jan 1826 in Marlow, Cheshire, New Hampshire, United States; was buried on 10 Jan 1826 in Gilsum, Cheshire, New Hampshire, United States.
    5. MACK, Colonel Stephen was born on 15 Jun 1766 in Marlow, Cheshire, New Hampshire, United States; was christened in in Marlow, Cheshire, New Hampshire, United States; died on 11 Nov 1826 in Pontiac, Oakland, Michigan, United States; was buried on 13 Nov 1826 in Pontiac, Oakland, Michigan, United States.
    6. MACK, Daniel Gates was born in 1770 in Marlow, Cheshire, New Hampshire, United States; died on 28 Oct 1851 in Gilsum, Cheshire, New Hampshire, United States; was buried in Nov 1851.
    7. MACK, Captain Soloman Jr. was born on 28 Jan 1773 in Marlow, Cheshire, New Hampshire, United States; died on 28 Oct 1851 in Gilsum, Cheshire, New Hampshire, United States; was buried in Oct 1851 in Gilsum, Cheshire, New Hampshire, United States.
    8. 5. MACK, Lucy was born on 8 Jul 1775 in Gilsum, Cheshire, New Hampshire, United States; was christened in in Palmyra, Wayne, New York, United States; died on 8 May 1856 in Nauvoo, Hancock, Illinois, United States; was buried on 15 May 1856 in Nauvoo, Hancock, Illinois, United States.



  Copyright © 2010-2021 Joseph Smith Jr. and Emma Hale Smith Historical Society