So shall it be with my father: he shall be
called a prince over his posterity, holding
the keys of the patriarchal priesthood over the kingdom of God on earth, even the Church
of the Latter Day Saints, and he shall sit in the general assembly of patriarchs, even in
council with the Ancient of Days when he shall sit and all the patriarchs with him and shall
enjoy his right and authority under the direction of the Ancient of Days.
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PALMER, Sargeant John

PALMER, Sargeant John

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  • Name PALMER, John 
    Prefix Sargeant 
    Born 1625  Rowley, Essex, Massachusetts, United States Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Male 
    Buried Jun 1695  Topsfield, Essex, Massachusetts, United States Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Died 17 Jun 1695  Topsfield, Essex, Massachusetts, United States Find all individuals with events at this location 
    WAC 6 Sep 1929  SLAKE Find all individuals with events at this location 
    _TAG Reviewed on FS 
    Headstones Submit Headstone Photo Submit Headstone Photo 
    Person ID I32705  Joseph Smith Sr and Lucy Mack Smith
    Last Modified 19 Aug 2021 

    Family ID F18605  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 1 ACYE, Ruth,   b. 14 Mar 1621, Kirk Ella, Yorkshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 13 Oct 1649, Rowley, Essex, Massachusetts, United States Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 28 years) 
    Married 17 Sep 1645  Rowley, Essex, Massachusetts Bay Colony, British Colonial America Find all individuals with events at this location 
     1. PALMER, Hannah,   b. 1 Sep 1647, Rowley, Essex, Massachusetts, United States Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 25 Oct 1670, Rowley, Essex, Massachusetts, United States Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 23 years)
     2. PALMER, John,   b. 7 Oct 1649, Rowley, Essex, Massachusetts, United States Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Oct 1649, Rowley, Essex, Massachusetts, United States Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 0 years)
    Last Modified 24 Jan 2022 
    Family ID F6717  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 2 NORTHEND, Margaret,   b. Mar 1620, Rowley, Ripplingham, Yorkshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 20 Feb 1706, Rowley, Essex, Massachusetts, United States Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 85 years) 
    Married 14 May 1650  Topsfield, Essex, Massachusetts Find all individuals with events at this location  [1
    • ~SEALING_TO_SPOUSE: Also shown as SealSp 11 Feb 1955, SLAKE. MARRIAGE: Also shown as Married Rowley, Essex, Massachusetts, USA. ~SEALING_SPOUSE: Also shown as SealSp 11 Feb 1955, SLAKE.
    +1. PALMER, Elizabeth,   b. 1 Oct 1652, Bradford, Essex, Massachusetts, United States Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 21 Jan 1740, Rowley, Essex, Massachusetts, United States Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 87 years)
     2. PALMER, John,   b. 15 Mar 1656, Rowley, Essex, Massachusetts, United States Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 6 Aug 1683, Rowley, Essex, Massachusetts, United States Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 27 years)
    +3. PALMER, Francis,   b. 4 Dec 1657, Rowley, Essex, Massachusetts, United States Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 19 Apr 1733, Rowley, Essex, Massachusetts, United States Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 75 years)
     4. PALMER, Sarah,   b. 13 Jan 1662, Rowley, Essex, Massachusetts, United States Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 30 Jun 1688, Rowley, Essex, Massachusetts, United States Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 26 years)
    Last Modified 24 Jan 2022 
    Family ID F7045  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsBorn - 1625 - Rowley, Essex, Massachusetts, United States Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsMarried - 14 May 1650 - Topsfield, Essex, Massachusetts Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsWAC - 6 Sep 1929 - SLAKE Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Earth 
    Pin Legend  : Address       : Location       : City/Town       : County/Shire       : State/Province       : Country       : Not Set

  • Notes 
    • BIOGRAPHY: The name is traced to the time of the Crusades in the twelfth and thirteenth centuries. The palm tree and branches have been long used as emblems of superiority or triumph, winning this recognition because of the peculiar habit of the tree of regaining its true position after being bent or pressed out of shape. The Bible has many evidences of its emblematic use in this way. So throughout the centuries the idea prevailed, and those bands of devotees who sought the deliverance of the Holy Land and its sacred Sepulcher, often carried in their hands as they returned home, branches of the palm tree, as a pledge of their having made the pilgrimage. Thus evolved the name PALMER.

      On Heraldry there is a distinction drawn between a pilgrim and a palmer of the Crusade period. A pilgrim had some dwelling place, a palmer none; a pilgrim traveled to some certain place, the palmer to all; the pilgrim must go at his own charge, the palmer must confess poverty whether real or willful; the pilgrim might give over his profession, but the palmer might not. Thus these religious wanderers, who had trodden the long and weary path that led to the Holy Sepulcher, -- The faded palm branch in his hand, -- have a permanent memorial in the multitudes who today bear the family name, Palmer. The coat-of-armor under the name have varying mottoes which but emphasize the religious fervor of the early bearers of the cognomen.

      I. John PALMER, our immigrant ancestor, was born in 1623 as in 1693 he deposed of land and said that he was 70. He was born in England, but his parents, his birth, the events of his early life, and his coming to America are unknown to early historians and have not been found in early records of New England. One source states that he was of Boston in 1640 where he was made a freeman 2 April 1640. His stay in Boston must not have been long for he is in Rowley, Essex, Massachusetts by 1643 when he is said to be a carpenter by trade and that he had become a proprietor in Rowley by that year.

      Though he was not one of the first settlers of Rowley when it was founded by 60 families in 1639 under Rev. Ezekiel Rogers, a puritan, it was not long before he had moved there where he remained the rest of his life. Some of the details of this early settlement, the people, the culture, the customs and the way of life of early Rowley are included from the preface of "Early Settlers of Rowley, Mass." under the title of "The Planting of a New England Town." The Puritan exodus to New England began with the sailing of the "Mayflower" and the Pilgrims were, as Bradford says, "by the blessing of God the first beginners (sic) and (in a sort) the foundation of all the Plantations and Colonies in New England." The great migration however occurred during the years 1629-1640, in which Charles I governed without a parliament. When the Long Parliament met this migration practically came to an end, a fact which becomes at once apparent to the student of genealogy.

      We are not concerned with the cause which led to this migration nor with those who left England at this time and founded colonies in other parts of the New World. We are interested in the planting of one of the towns of the Bay Colony, (Rowley) the type of people who came and their purpose in coming. They were mostly from the middle classes, "men of substance, will-making families;" and so exclusively English that, according to Savage, at the close of the eighteenth century more than ninety-eight out of one hundred of the new England people could trace their ancestry to England.

      John Fiske, in his "beginnings of New England," says, "They were drawn from the sturdiest part of English stock", and "In all history there has been no other instance of colonization so exclusively effected by picked and chosen men." Again, "It was the simple truth that was spoken by William Stoughton in his election sermon of 1668, when he said, 'God sifted a whole nation that he might send choice grain over into the wilderness.'" Edward Johnson, in his "Wonder-Working Providence of Zion's Saviour in New England," 1654 writes:

      "The Lord Christ intends to achieve greater matters by this little handful than the world is aware of. The compelling motive for their coming was to gain freedom of worship for themselves, according to their own interpretation of the teachings of the Bible. It was not, as has often been said, to establish a place of religious liberty; for religious liberty, as we now enjoy it was the result rather than the intention of their coming."

      In the summer of 1638, toward the close of the great migration, the ship "John" of London sailed, according to tradition, from Hull for New England. On board were about twenty families, nearly all of whom were from Yorkshire, under the leadership of Rev. Ezekiel Rogers, formerly pastor of the church at Rowley, Yorkshire, near Hull. He says in his will, "for refusing to read the accursed book which allowed sports on God's Holy Sabbath or Lord's Day, I was suspended and by it and many other sad signs of the times driven, with many of my hearers, in New England.”

      The ship dropped anchor in Salem Harbor, but we know little of the whereabouts of the passengers during the next few months. During the winter Mr. Rogers asked leave of Mr. Wilson's church in Boston, for himself and his people, to commune with them, and the request being granted, he made a statement of the religious position of his company. Before winter was over, after consulting with the ministers, he requested of the General Court a tract of land between Ipswich and Newbury, which was granted. The settlement was begun in the spring of 1639. The company consisted of sixty families, having been increased during the winter of about forty families, many of whom had preceded Mr. Rogers to New England. The larger part of them were, or soon became, freemen, which previous to 1664, meant that they were members of some Congregational Church, had taken the freeman's oath, and were entitled to vote. A town government was set up, although of the general affairs of the town nothing remains of record before August 1647.

      The charter gave to the freemen of the Company of Massachusetts Bay the election of the Governor and Council of Assistants. This charter permitted Governor and Assistants to elect more freemen, all freeman having the right to make the Colony's fundamental laws. When presently the freemen grew so numerous that a meeting of all became unwieldy, the system of electing deputies followed. The towns had soon learned to exercise a right of expressing opinions on every question before the country. In a town meeting, the great secret of political science was uncovered, and the problems solved, how to give every individual his fair weight in the government. In consequence of this institution--not a school house, bridge, meeting place, or mill dam could be set up, or pulled down, or altered, or bought, or sold, without the whole population -- both rich and poor, just and unjust -- having a voice in the matter.

      In 1641, It is evident that Puritans did not come to Massachusetts to obtain freedom for everyone to worship God, but first and always to get freedom to worship God in their particular way, and to see to it that everybody else worshiped as they did. The freeman's oath made the church and State one, and a man who was not a freeman had no standing in the settlement and so our John Palmer had the status of being a freeman with all of its privileges.

      John Palmer's first marriage to Ruth ACY (Acie) lasted only four years when she died a few days after the birth of her second child. Records of the Acy family can be found in the Parish Records of Kirk Ella near Hull, Yorkshire, England. Ruth was christened there 14 March 1621. Her parents William ACY and Margaret HAITON were married there 25 March 1620. These parents along with their four children came to America with Rev. Roger's group or joined him when Rowley, Mass. was founded as they are numbered with the first settlers there. William Acy is mentioned often in the town and court records of Rowley. He was made a freeman Mar. 31, 1646. Both of Ruth's parents outlived her by many years. Ruth and John were married 17 Sept. 1645.


      Hannah, born 1 Sept. 1647. An interesting note concerning her affections being "intrigued, and her Uncle John Acy breaking up the match," is on record. She died unmarried at the age of 23.
      John, born 7 Oct. 1649 died in infancy and his mother was buried a few days after his birth 13 Oct. 1649. John Palmer then married the widow Margaret NORTHEND Cross on 14 July 1650.

      Records of the Northend family can be found in the parish records of Rowley, Yorkshire, England which is not far from Kirk Ella and Hull. Margaret was christened in the Rowley Parish in Yorkshire 30 March 1620, a daughter of John NORTHEND and Elizabeth COLE. She was the sixth of eight children. Northend records are covered by clicking this link. Margaret lost her parents when she was about 5. There is no record as to how she was raised. Margaret's first marriage to a man by the name of Leonard Crosse took place in Rowley and was recorded in the Puritan Records of Rev. Rogers. These records were brought to America by him, but were burned in a fire that destroyed the Reverend's home the night that he married for the third time. The rumor at that time was the fire had been set by a woman who had been spurned by the Reverend and had hoped to become his next wife.

      Margaret Crosse, a widdowe was admitted to the First Church in Boston on Jan. 6, 1639. This is before the Roger's group left to found Rowley. She is mentioned in the will of Robert Hunter dated Aug. 4, 1647 and is of Rowley Church and is given 10 shillings. She is also mentioned in the will of William Bellingham, who died in 1643, but his will was not proved until 1650. Then on May 14, 1650 she married John PALMER at Rowley, Massachusetts.

      The information on John Palmer and his activities in Rowley, Massachusetts are meager. We find him in court records and in the town records of Rowley and there are no reports to blemish his character. In May 1649, John Palmer appeared in court to have an earlier purchase of land ratified that not been recorded. After several legal procedures this was successfully completed in 1650. John Palmer is often listed as Sergeant John Palmer. He served in King Philip's War as a corporal under Captain Thomas Lathrop (also and ancestor of ours) and in the Pequot War as Sergeant.

      In 1661, Sergeant John Palmer bought land in the Marsh Field "at the farme house where Domer dwelt." An interesting statement showing the care of the animals follows the above statement. Again in June, 1662, "itt is ordered & declared that if any cattell or horses be found in the marsh field comanly called Mr. Dumer's farme therie being none present tending their own proprietys they shall forfeit five shillings." The offices of fence viewer included the supervision of the erection and maintenance of fences and boundaries. Practically every family kept livestock, and earliest records mention cattle, cattle fencing etc. In the town Orders made 11 month 1649 (or Jan. 1650 by our calendar) much space is given over to those concerning cattle and swine and the building of sufficient fences to confine them. Early in the history of Rowley small enclosures of stone or wood were built for the confining of cattle, sheep, horses or swine found running at large, and men were regularly chosen to the office of pinder.

      The first one of record is John Palmer 1650-1. Pinder is an old English word meaning the pound keeper of a manor, and pinfold the enclosure in which the animals were confined. These terms seem to be peculiar to Rowley and were probably common back in Yorkshire. The office of tithing-man is first mentioned in the records of the General Court in 1677. The tithing-man has come in for his share of ridicule and subjected to various caricatures at representation of old time worship. His was by no means an enviable position, or an office to be desired, nevertheless he was a very useful member of the body politic. The law enjoined him to inspect disorderly persons, and to present the name of single persons that live out from under family government, to enter ordinaries and inspect them, -- and whatever else tends to religion. He was to admonish all offenders against the law and if this proved ineffectual was bound to make complaint to the court.

      Tithing men were at first appointed by the selectmen and sworn before a Justice of the Peace to faithfully discharge the duties of the office. Later they were elected at the annual meeting of the town. The office was abolished in Rowley in 1845. “At a meeting of the select men of Rowley November 2, 1677 the persons that are chosen for the well keeping of the Sabbath according to a law maid by the General Court May 23, 1677 and it is intended that they shall have the special inspection into ten families that are nearest to there house of ether or of both sides of them, and theire names are as followeth." This included John Palmer a tithing man and the 10 men (or families) that he was to inspect are listed including Andrew Heedon (Hidden), our ancestor.

      At a Town meeting in 1679/80, Mr. Nelson, Ezekiel Northend, John Todd and John Palmer were chosen lot layers to lay out land in the Town Commons. Mr. Nelson and Ezekiel Northend refused so it is assumed that the other two carried on. Lot layers were chosen from time to time to dispose of the common lands. John Palmer was granted lands in 1677. In 1682, John gives land to his son, Francis, when he marries Elizabeth Hunt. In 1693 at the age of 70 he deposes of land. Thus we have a clue to the time when he was born.


      Elizabeth born 1 Oct. 1652 in Rowley, Mass., married Nicholas Wallingford at Bradford, Mass. on 4 Dec. 1678. Elizabeth had at least one child by this marriage, Nicholas Wallingford, Jr., who is mentioned as a minor in his Grandfather's will. Elizabeth married second on 15 Feb. 1686/7 Anthony Bennett who died 11 May 1697. They had two children: Rebecca born 9 Oct. 1687 who married William DUTY and John born 1 Aug. 1690 who married Mary Chadwell. Elizabeth married third on 12 Dec. 1700 the widower Henry Riley, the village blacksmith. Elizabeth died 21 Jan. 1740/1 at 88 years of age.
      John born 15 Mar. 1656. He was buried 6 Aug. 1683.
      Francis, our ancestor, born 4 Dec. 1657 and married on 3 Dec. 1682 Elizabeth Hunt.
      Sarah born 13 Jan. 1661/2 and married Jonathan Harriman. She had one daughter, Margaret born 19 Aug. 1686, before her death 30 June 1688.

      Sergeant John Palmer died 17 June 1695 at Rowley. His will was dated 23 Aug. 1693. Margaret Northend Palmer's death was recorded in the deaths of The First Church at Rowley and reads: The widow aged Sister Palmer Feb. 20, 1705/6.
      Francis Palmer

      II. As recorded in the Rowley, Essex, Massachusetts vital records Francis Palmer was born 4 Dec 1657. Those unaware of the old style calendar have believed him born in October - our tenth month. However, our calendar didn't come into general use until 1752, so he was really born in December - the tenth month of the old calendar whose new year began March 25. Francis was born at a time when the old original settlers of Rowley were dying and a new generation was rising. The town was thriving and the towns people had become prosperous.

      Francis PALMER met Elizabeth HUNT of Ipswich, a neighboring county, and wed with the approval of both parents on 3 December 1682. Samuel HUNT, father-in-law, promised that he would "give his daughter as much as any man in Ipswich should give theirs for portion." This was to come from the inheritance she should receive from her grandfather Redding upon the death of his wife Agnes. John Palmer promised Francis he would deed him one third of his land upon his marriage to be made one half when his wife Margaret Northend died.

      Their first child, Elizabeth, was christened two years later on 21 December 1684. Their first boy was christened 1 July 1687 and named John. He, too, died and was buried 10 Aug. 1687. Their next child was christened 21 June 1689 and named John. He grew up to be our ancestor. John's mother was not as fortunate for 18 days later on 9 July 1689 after seven years of marriage she died leaving Francis a young widower with two children as his father had been left a widower with one child before him. As was with his parents, Francis remarried a second time. On 10 June 1690 he married Ann JEWETT born 20 June 1667 daughter of Abraham and Ann Allen (Alin) JEWETT of Rowley.

      Samuel HUNT, Elizabeth's father, had not kept his extravagant promises to Francis and his not dead daughter, so Francis went to court to claim what he felt was rightfully his. On March 29, 1693 Francis told the court of Samuel Hunt's promises and added, "Some estate I have received which the said Samuel saith now his daughter is dead, is part of said Joseph Reding's legacy to his daughter who married, but it was inconsiderable to what he promised with his daughter when he engaged my Father Palmer to give me half his lands in Rowley."

      The court decreed that Samuel Hunt should give the legacy to Francis, so under duress, Samuel complied. In 1698, Samuel, evidently still feeling that Francis had no right to the property, bought it back. With his property secured Francis was ready to settle down and begin life anew.


      Sarah, born 3 April 1691; married 25 October 1721, Elihu Warfield, of Mendon - the same day as her sister Ann's wedding.
      Francis, born 22 May 1694; married first to Sarah Stickney on 30 October 1716, who died 10 Nov. 1722, six days after the birth of a child. He remarried Elizabeth BROCKLEBANK, on 20 May 1725.
      Ann, born about 1696.

      Francis outlived his second wife also. She died in 1715 leaving him a widower for 18 years. When he died 19 April 1733 he had 29 living grandchildren among his posterity.
      John PALMER

      III. John PALMER was born 21 June 1689, his mother dying eighteen days after his birth. He married 18 November 1709, Mary, daughter of Lieutenant John and Hannah Brocklebank) STICKNEY, born 1 March 1686. Her sister Sarah married Francis Palmer, half-brother to John.

      John Palmer inherited the homestead of his father, Francis. On 4 Decembers 1717, he and his wife sold to Joshua Jewett about two acres of this land. On 17 June 1711, John and Mary Palmer were admitted to the First Church of Rowley, and upon its records are found the dates of their deaths, which occurred but a few days apart, hers on 2 November 1763, and his on 22 December, same year. His will, dated 24 November 1763, proved 2 January 1764, mentions his son John, who was to be executor and have the homestead; his son Daniel; his daughters Elizabeth Hood, Jane Gould, Mary Duty, Hannah Walker, Sarah Barker, and Mehitable Smith, the last named, deceased.


      Elizabeth, born May 1710; married 6 March 1731 Nathan Hood, of Topsfield. She died 10 June 1782, "in a very sudden manner." He died, aged 87, 4 May 1792. The births of six sons and six daughters are recorded at Topsfield.
      Daniel, born 31 July 1712; married in Ipswich, 28 October 1736, Elizabeth Wheeler, of Ipswich.
      Jane, born 24 December 1714; married in Topsfield, 9 October 1740, Simon Gould, born 8 March 1709/10, and died, aged 93, 3 Jan. 1803. Three sons and four daughters are recorded at Topsfield.
      Mary, born 1 June 1717; married Moses DUTY.
      Hannah, born 30 December 1719; married 23 February 1741, Gideon Walker, of Arundel.
      Sarah, born 7 February 1721/2; died 21, June 1723, scalded to death.
      Sarah, born 17 April 1724; married 10 January 1758, Joseph Barker.
      Mehitable, born 18 March 1726/7; married 30 October 1751, John Smith of Newbury.
      John, born 30 November 1729; married 5 March 1754, Elizabeth Bennett. She lived with her aunt and uncle, Rebecca and William Duty, until her marriage. She was living in 1772.

      Mary PALMER

      IV. Mary PALMER, born 1 June 1717, married 1 May 1741, Moses DUTY, son of William and Rebecca (Bennett) DUTY. Moses and his cousin, Elizabeth Bennett, who was reared in his home, married sister and brother.

      For continuation of this line click DUTY sketch for the biography and continuation of this family line.

      SOURCE: The Ancestry & Posterity of Joseph Smith and Emma Hale by Audentia Smith Anderson (1926)

  • Sources 
    1. [S989] International Genealogical Index(R), The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, citing microfilm 178001, page 315, reference number 10122, downloaded 2 Nov 2009 (Reliability: 3).