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ARAGON, Queen Petronilla

ARAGON, Queen Petronilla[1]

Female 1136 - 1173  (37 years)  Submit Photo / DocumentSubmit Photo / Document

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  • Name ARAGON, Petronilla 
    Prefix Queen 
    Born 29 Jun 1136  Huesca, Aragón, Espagne Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Female 
    _TAG Reviewed on FS 
    Buried Oct 1173 
    Died 13 Oct 1173  Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Headstones Submit Headstone Photo Submit Headstone Photo 
    Person ID I28642  Joseph Smith Sr and Lucy Mack Smith
    Last Modified 19 Aug 2021 

    Father ARAGON, Ramiro Sanchez II,   b. 24 Apr 1086, Pamplona, Navarra, Navarra, Spain Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 16 Aug 1157, Huesca, Aragón, Spain Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 71 years) 
    Mother AQUITAINE, Abbess Maud,   b. 1100, Aquitaine, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 7 Mar 1147, Anjou, Isère, Rhone-Alpes, France Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 47 years) 
    Married 1134  Spain Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Notes 
    • MARRIAGE: Also shown as Married 1114 ~SEALING_SPOUSE: Also shown as SealSp JRIVE.
    Family ID F15367  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family ARAGON, Count Ramon Berenger IV,   b. 4 Apr 1113, Barcelona, Cataluña, España Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 6 Aug 1162, Borgo San Dalmazzo, Cuneo, Piemonte, Italia Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 49 years) 
    Married 1151  Huesca, Aragon, Spain Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Children 
    +1. ARAGON, King Alfonsez II,   b. 25 Mar 1157, Valle, Aragon, Spain Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 25 Apr 1196, Perpignan, Pyrennes, France Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 39 years)
    +2. ARAGON, Princess Dulce,   b. 4 Apr 1152, Aragón, Espanha Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1 Sep 1198, Coimbra, Reino de Portugal Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 46 years)
     3. BARCELONA, Princess Aldonza Raimundez,   b. 4 Apr 1152, Aragón, Espanha Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1 Sep 1198, Coimbra, Coimbra, Portugal Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 46 years)
    Last Modified 24 Jan 2022 
    Family ID F16012  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsDied - 13 Oct 1173 - Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Earth 

  • Photos At least one living or private individual is linked to this item - Details withheld.

  • Notes 
    • BIO: fromhttp://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/ARAGON%20&%20CATALONIA.htm#Petronilladied1174B as of 2/8/2016
      Infanta doña PETRONILA de Aragón, daughter of RAMIRO II “el Monje” King of Aragon and Navarre & his wife Agnès d’Aquitaine ([Jul] 1136-Barcelona 17 Oct 1174, bur Barcelona, Church of the Holy Cross and Santa Eulalia). The Brevi Historia Comitum Provinciæ records the marriage of "Berengarius primogenitus filius…" of "Raymundus-Berengarii vulgo Cap-De stoupes…dictus, Comes Barcinonæ in Catalonia" & his wife and "Petronillæ filiæ Ranemiri primo monachi…Aragonum regis"[268]. She succeeded her father in 1157 as PETRONILA Queen of Aragon. She made a donation of the kingdom of Aragon to her son Alfonso I in 1164[269].

      m (Barbastro 11 Aug 1137, consummated early 1151) RAMON BERENGUER IV Comte de Barcelona, son of RAMON BERENGUER III "el Grande" Comte de Barcelona & his third wife Dulce Ctss de Provence (1113-San Dalmacio near Turin 6 Aug 1162, bur Monastery of Santa María de Ripoll). "Raymondi comes Barchinonensis, Dulciæ comitissæ uxoris eius, Raimundi et Berengarii filiorum suorum…" subscribed the charter dated [4/12] Feb 1114 under which "Bernardus Wilelmi…comes Ceritaniensis" donated property to the abbey of la Grasse[270]. “Raymundus Berengarii…comes Barchinonæ” donated “monasterium…sancti Petri de Gallicant” in Girona to “monasterio Crassensi” by charter dated 20 Jan 1117, subscribed by “Raimundi comitis Barchinonensis, Raimundi Berengerii, Berengerii et Bernardi filiorum eius, Dulciæ comitissæ uxoris eius…”[271]. The testament of "Raimundus Berengarii…Barchinonensis comes et marchio" dated [8 Jul] 1130 names "Raimundo Berengarii filio meo…"[272]. He succeeded his father in 1131 as Comte de Barcelona, Cerdanya, Besalú, Girona i Ausona. Barcelona's territorial stability was threatened by Aragonese advances on Lérida and Tortosa, cut short by the death of Alfonso I King of Aragon in 1134. After his betrothal to the heiress of Aragon, he successfully negotiated settlements with the military orders of the Holy Land to whom Alfonso I had bequeathed his kingdom. The Orders of the Hospital and the Holy Sepulchre renounced their claims in Sep 1140. By a charter Nov 1143 (agreement confirmed by the Pope), the Templars accepted compensation (six Aragonese castles, a tenth of royal revenues plus 1000 sous a year from those from Zaragoza, a fifth of all lands conquered from the Moors, and exemption from land tolls). His father-in-law conceded the government of Aragon to him 13 Nov 1137[273]. He accepted the suzerainty of the Pope over Aragon and Barcelona. He allied himself with his brother-in-law Alfonso VII King of Castile, conducting a joint expedition against the Moors of Murcia in 1144 and conquering Almería in 1147. He conquered Tortosa in Dec 1148, and Lérida and Fraga 24 Oct 1149. He styled himself Marques de Tortosa y Lérida. In 1154, Pope Anastasius IV revived the supremacy of the archbishopric of Tarragona over the sees of Girona, Barcelona, Urgel, Osona, Lérida, Tortosa, Zaragoza, Huesca, Pamplona, Tarragona and Calahorra. Ramon Berenguer established the monastery of Poblet in 1150-53. He regained the tribute of Valencia, and by the treaty of Tudillén (1151) confirmed Castile’s recognition of a sphere of prospective influence over Valencia and Murcia. He was elected lord and tutor of the infant Gaston V Vicomte de Béarn in 1154. He died while travelling to meet Emperor Friedrich "Barbarossa" at Turin. The Annales Sancti Victoris Massilienses record the death in 1162 of "Raimundus comes Barchinonensis princeps Aragonensis et marchio Provincie seu Tortuose"[274]. The Gestis Comitum Barcinonensium records his death "apud Burgum S Dalmatii iuxta Januensem urbem in Italia…1162 VIII Id Aug" and his burial "in Rivipullensi Monasterio"[275]. An epitaph records the death "1162 VIII Id Aug" of "Marchio…Dominus Raymundus Berengarii Comes Barchinonensis Princeps et Rex Aragonensis et Dux Provinciæ…in Italia apud Vicum Sancti Dalmatii" and his burial in "Monasterium Rivipullense"[276].

      Queen Petronila & conde Ramón Berenguer IV had five children:
      1. Infante don PEDRO de Aragón (Barcelona 4 May 1152-young Huesca).
      2. Infante don RAMÓN de Aragón (Villamayor del Valle, Huesca 1/25 Mar 1157-Perpignan 25 Apr 1195, bur Poblet, monastery of Nuestra Señora). He succeeded his father in 1162 as RAMÓN Conde de Barcelona, Girona, Osona, Besalú, Cerdagne/Cerdaña and Roussillon. He founded Teruel 1169-72. He secured the vassalage of Marie Ctss de Béarn 1170. Comte de Roussillon (including the see of Elne) in 1172 on the death of Guinard II Comte de Roussillon without heirs. He succeeded his mother in 1174 as ALFONSO II “el Casto” King of Aragon.
      3. Infante don PEDRO de Aragón ([1158]-murdered Montpellier 5 Apr 1181, bur Melgueil). Conde de Cerdagne/Cerdaña. He succeeded his cousin in 1166 as RAYMOND BERENGER III Comte de Provence.
      4. Infanta doña DULCIA de Aragón ([1160]-Coimbra 1 Sep 1198, bur Church of the Cross Coimbra). m (1175) Infante dom SANCHO Martino de Portugal, son of AFONSO I King of Portugal & his wife Mathilde de Savoie (Coimbra 11 Nov 1154-Coimbra 26 Mar 1212, bur Church of the Cross Coimbra). He succeeded his father 1185 as SANCHO I “o Pobledor” King of Portugal.
      5. Infante don SANCHO de Aragón ([1161]-1226). He succeeded in 1167 as Comte de Roussillon et de Cerdagne/Cerdaña. He succeeded his brother in 1181 as SANCHO Comte de Provence, but was deprived of this in 1185. He was Regent and Procurator General of Aragon 1214 until 1218, when he resigned. m firstly ERMESINDA [Garsenda] de Rocaberti, daughter of JOFRE [I] Vizconde de Rocaberti & his wife Ermesinda de Vilademuls (-before [1185]). m secondly SANCHA Núñez de Lara, daughter of NUÑO Pérez Conde de Lara & his wife Teresa Fernández de Traba (-1210).

      Ramón Berenguer IV had one illegitimate child by an unknown mistress:
      6. RAMÓN BERENGUER de Aragón (-[1212]). Abbot at Montearagón. Bishop of Lérida 1176-1191. Archbishop of Narbonne.

      ** from Wikipedia listing for Petronilla of Aragon as of 2/8/2016
      Petronilla (29 June[1]/11 August[2] 1136 – 15 October 1173), whose name is also spelled Petronila or Petronella (Aragonese Peyronela or Payronella,[3] and Catalan: Peronella), was the Queen of Aragon from the abdication of her father in 1137 until her own abdication in 1164. She was the daughter and successor of Ramiro II by his queen, Agnes. She was the last ruling member of the Jiménez dynasty in Aragon, and by marriage brought the throne to the House of Barcelona.

      Reign
      Petronilla came to the throne through special circumstances. Her father, Ramiro, was bishop of Barbastro-Roda when his brother, Alfonso I, died without an heir in 1134, and left the crown to the three religious military orders. His decision was not respected: the aristocracy of Navarre elected a king of their own, restoring their independence, and the nobility of Aragon raised Ramiro to the throne. As king, he received a papal dispensation to abdicate from his monastic vows in order to secure the succession to the throne. King Ramiro the Monk, as he is known, married Agnes of Aquitaine in 1135; their only child, Petronilla, was born the next year in Huesca. Her marriage was a very important matter of state. The nobility had rejected the proposition of Alfonso VII of Castile to arrange a marriage between Petronilla and his son Sancho and to educate her at his court. When she was just a little over one year old, Petronilla was betrothed in Barbastro on 11 August 1137 to Raymond Berengar IV, Count of Barcelona, who was twenty-three years her senior.[4] At El Castellar on 13 November, Ramiro abdicated, transferred authority to Ramon Berenguer and returned to monastic life.[4] Ramon Berenger de facto ruled the kingdom using the title of "Prince of the Aragonese" (princeps Aragonensis).

      In August 1150, when Petronilla was fourteen, the betrothal was ratified at a wedding ceremony held in the city of Lleida.[5] Petronilla consummated her marriage to Ramon Berenguer in the early part of 1151, when she reached the age of 15. The marriage produced five children: Peter (1152–57), Raymond Berengar (1157–96), Peter (1158–81), Dulce (1160–98) and Sancho (1161–1223). While she was pregnant with the first, on 4 April 1152, she wrote up a will bequeathing her kingdom to her husband in case she did not survive childbirth.[6]

      While her husband was away in Provence (1156–57), where he was regent (since 1144) for the young Count Raymond Berengar II, Petronilla remained in Barcelona. Accounting records show her moving between there and Vilamajor and Sant Celoni while presiding over the court in Raymond Berengar's absence.[7]

      Widowhood
      After her husband's death in 1162, Petronilla received the prosperous County of Besalú and the Vall de Ribes for life. Her eldest son was seven years old when, on 18 July 1164, Petronilla abdicated the throne of Aragon and passed it to him. When Raymond Berenguer inherited the throne from his mother, he changed his name to Alfonso out of deference to the Aragonese. The second son named Peter then changed his name to Raymond Berenguer.

      Petronilla died in Barcelona in October 1173 and was buried at Barcelona Cathedral; her tomb has been lost. After her death, Besalú and Vall de Ribes reverted to the direct domain of the Count of Barcelona, her son Alfonso, who by 1174 had bestowed Besalú on his queen, Sancha.[8] In the Ribes, the local bailiff, Ramon, had carved out for himself "a virtually independent administrative authority" there. He had conducted an inventory for Petronilla after Raymond Berenguer's death, and his son and namesake was in power in 1198.[9]

      Historical significance
      In 1410, after the death of King Martin without living legitimate descendants, the House of Barcelona went extinct in the legitimate male line. Two years later, Fernando of Trastámar

  • Sources 
    1. [S72] Ancestral File (TM), The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, (June 1998 (c), data as of 5 JAN 1998).